Archive for June, 2019



By Ustaz John Garang Ayii Riak, Zhejiang, China

Friday, June 28, 2019 (PW) —- When South Sudan gained her independence in 2011 from Sudan is trying to fix its’ education, in order to have its own recognizable educational system like any other country in the world, but there are many challenges that are dragging back its educational development and such factors that annihilating and thrashing the educational development included wars conflicts that are resulted from political struggling by greedy politicians who are impatient to give the president a chance to complete his term. Another key factor that is affecting education is ongoing endless and awful economic crisis that terrorized every citizen in the country and lack of sufficient and well qualified teachers in the country.

In fact South Sudan is rich with qualified staff but they are not in teaching career due to the lack of funds because many deserted there for NGO jobs. The main aim of writing this article is to appeal to the government importance of education toward the national building in order it should prioritize and inject more money into the education sector because the relation between educational development and financial inputs South Sudan as a young nation cannot develop without the government periodization because there is a serious need to invest a lot of money in the education unit in order to speed up the development and improvement of our national education system, today the money given to the education sector is too insufficient since education demands a lot, such as teachers’ salary and operational cost plus other allowances.

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The National Housing and Population census could be viable determining factor for number of states in South Sudan: It can neither be IBC nor IGAD’s decision.

By Adv. Bol Chol Kucdit, Juba, South Sudan

Map of 28 states

Friday, 28 June 2019 (PW) — It appeared recently that the IBC that was established under terms of R-ARCSS, 2018 reached stalemate as to the number of states in South Sudan. The preliminary report of their work indicated the IBC failed to adopt (10) states in their voting exercise by lack of one vote to meet the qualified majority stipulated under R-ARCSS. The preliminary report also suggested that the IBC referred the matter of states to IGAD for further consideration.

Though everything in this country is accepted for the sake of peace which may turn out to be war at any hour, I beg to share a different view that the R-ACRSS created a sort of condominium ad hoc body called IBC to decide some important national issues for South Sudanese. The IBC in fact has membership of (10) South Sudanese that were appointed by parties to R-ARCSS respectively with different ratios. The other (5) members were appointed by African Union High-Level Ad hoc Committee on South Sudan mainly from South Africa, Nigeria, Chad, Rwanda and Algeria. The membership of these foreign countries beats my reasoning as to why should our national affairs be decided by foreigners.

The inclusion of South Sudanese in the committee was a matter of formality but the actual control of the process was a kin to 1947 Juba conference event. It was just meant to confirm the premeditated decision in favour of colonist. The IBC which is chaired by a foreigner was given unnecessary powers to collect opinions of South Sudanese as to how many states do they want. They were also tasked to adopt any number of states through voting and their decision should be binding on parties to R-ARCSS and entire citizens of South Sudan. They were also tasked to restructure council of states in National parliament after redrawing new states’ boundaries.

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When will president Kiir’s daily relief and appointment of Ministers, governors and government officials stop?

Deng Atak ken, Perth, Australia

Governor Philip Aguer of Jonglei state

Friday, June 28, 2019 (PW) — My fellow South Sudanese people inside/outside of the country, I want to take this enormous and tremendous opportunity to talk to you about something which bothers most people, and myself included and that’s ‘President Kiir’s daily relief and appointment’. I’m fully aware that relieving and appointment of Government Officials does happen in any government around the world. That’s fine but what is happening right now in our country is absolutely  exceptional and beyond imagination because it is out of context of normality, and it is louder than any other activities the Government of South Sudan does  in the country because it keeps happening every day, every minute and every second in all government Institutions. 

So, nothing in the new nation’s television apart from firing and appointing people, to the extent that it becomes boring and silly to many. It is unacceptable. Some people can be appointed to the new positions and end up fired with less than three months without even completing the handover process with an outgoing office. It is disgraceful and should come to an end if there are real people who care about the sustainability of this nation. Who is the problem? Is it the President and his advisors or government officials? 

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By Tong Kot Kuocnin, Juba, South Sudan

I. Introduction

Friday, June 28, 2019 (PW) —- Defamation is the publication of a defamatory statement concerning a person without lawful justification. Defamation seeks to protect a person’s reputation but in the process seeks to have a balance between protecting reputation and upholding the freedom of speech.

A defamatory statement is one which injures the reputation of another by exposing him to hatred, contempt, or ridicule or which tends to lower him in the esteem of right thinking members of society. As per Lord Atkin in Sim v. Stretch, defamation is usually in words but pictures, gestures and other acts can also be defamatory. Insults directed to the claimant himself do not in themselves constitute defamation since the tort is not primarily concerned with the claimant’s wounded feelings.

Instead the gist is that the defendant either lowers the claimant in the estimation of reasonable, right thinking members of society or causes such people to shun or to avoid the claimant. Reputation extends to both character of the individual as well as his trade. A statement which only amounts to an insult without causing injury to reputation would not be actionable.

Defamatory statements are of two kinds; Libel, which is in permanent form which for example connoted in pictures, writing, pictures, effigy, radio and television broadcasts, public performances, plays. It is addressed to the eye.  Slander is defamatory matter that is in transitory form for example spoken or oral, it is usually addressed to the ear.

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By Dut Deng kok, Juba, South Sudan

Thursday, June 27, 2019 (PW) — South Sudan has been in economic decline since the late 2013. In this economy, how many South Sudanese live under the poverty datum line? Such a claim supposed to be made by the other opposition political parties to challenge the ruling party, people are taking guns and rebel against their own people. Claim: 3years after independence, 82% of people still live under the poverty datum line.

The World Bank defines extreme poverty as living on less than US$1.90 per day in south Sudan as of October 2015. Prior to that, the global line was $1.25 a day. It was projected that in 2015, just over 9 million people were living in extreme poverty down from 12.8 million, census of 2008.  The poverty line was initially set at $1.  The World Bank also has standards of poverty for people living in middle and high income countries.           

Historically south Sudan was a good country in 2010-2012 for living. The country poverty was reduced to 57% but the beginning of 2014 till  now, the poverty rising, four million children live under poverty in south Sudan according to UNCIEF report 2019; Nutrition; 220,700 children aged 5 to 59 months admitted for SAM treatment. 984,700 caregivers of children age 0 to 23 months reached with infant and young child feeding counseling.

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The Genius of Dr. John Garang: Speeches on the War of Liberation Paperback – November 26, 2015 by Dr. John Garang (Author), PaanLuel Wël (Editor)
The Genius of Dr. John Garang: Speeches on the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) Paperback – November 26, 2015 by Dr. John Garang (Author), PaanLuel Wël (Editor)
The Genius of Dr. John Garang: Tributes to the Late SPLM/A’s Leader Dr. John Garang de Mabioor (Volume 3) Paperback – July 11, 2015 by PaanLuel Wël (Author)
Who Killed Dr. John Garang Paperback – July 27, 2015 by PaanLuel Wël (Author)

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Community policing or policing the community: The challenges and prospects of community policing in South Sudan

By Akuot Aquila Apiu, Juba, South Sudan

Jonglei state Director of traffic police Col Solomon Mabior Ruar on fouth independence day picture by Mach Samuel

Tuesday, June 25, 2019 (PW) — Community oriented policing is a proactive philosophy that promotes solving problems that are either criminal, affect the quality of life, or increase citizens fear of crime. It involves identifying, analyzing and addressing community problems at their source. Strategies involve in community policing include community partnership, problem solving and change management. However, in South Sudan, we are saddled with major challenges of policing.

These are manpower shortage; inadequate funding, corruption, inadequate logistic support and infrastructure, lack of serviceable information and technological equipment to cover all the areas of the State are responsible for the current state of the police. Therefore, it is recommended that there should be serious retraining towards attitudinal change and professional efficiency and proficiency among both the rank and file and other officer cadre of the police.

Community policing is anchored on a systematic relationship between the police and the entire citizenry. Police roles and functions are not simply law enforcement but also include tackling a huge range of community problems. The transition from traditional policing to community policing is a global phenomenon and the South Sudan police cannot be an exception. Indeed, community policing as a philosophy and practice is a veritable vehicle for police reforms.

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By Deng Akok Muoradid, Juba, South Sudan

Molana Deng Gai Gatluak

Monday, June 24, 2019 (PW) — I would like to condemn in the strongest term possible the concocted fake report entitled “Top Leaked Secret” written by some anonymous individuals against Molana Deng Gai Gatluak Deng, a presidential candidate for South Sudan National Youth Union (SSNYU). The unnamed individuals through their politically motivated document falsely attempted to betray and victimize Molana Deng Gai Gatluak and his associates in the broad day light with unfounded allegations.

The individuals who authored such a document were deliverately trying to tarnish the image of committed and loyal supporters of H.E. Salva Kiir Mayardiit like Molana Deng Gai Gatluak for no clear reason. The alleged Secret Report was prepared by its authors at the bar and that is why it was brimful of misleading ideas. Therefore, I want to reiterate frankly clear that, Cde. Deng Gai Gatluak has never met with anyone or any group at Pyramid Hotel.

It’s indisputable that, most of those desperate propagandists are previous NCPs and Arab slaves who were in Khartoum when the real patriotic South Sudanese were fighting the war of liberation for the independence of South Sudan for more than 22 years. They merely joined SPLM recently and wanted to forge a fake loyalty with H.E. Salva Kiir Mayardiit on the pretext of those who remain in the mainstream SPLM in the aftermath of 2013 conflict.

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John Garang’s prophecy

“The history of the Sudanese people has been one of continuous struggle between the oppressed and the oppressors, the invaded and the invaders, between the exploited and the exploiters. From our ancient past to the present day, the Sudanese people have always struggled for freedom, justice, and human dignity and for a better life. Our present revolutionary struggle, spearheaded by the SPLM/SPLA, is an integral part and a continuation of these past struggles of our people. The SPLA recourse to armed struggle in 1983 was a resumption of earlier wars before, during and after colonialism. All these wars and struggles were aimed and are aimed at regaining African dignity and nationhood that has been mutilated over the centuries. If we visit the corridors of history from the biblical Kush to the present, you will find that the Sudan and the Sudanese have always been there. It is necessary to affirm and for the Sudanese to remind themselves that we are a historical People, because there are persistent and concerted efforts to push us off the rails of history. The concept of the African nation must stick and become a living ideological weapon of struggle for the unity of the Africa people. The concept of the African nation with a historical mission and destiny, must be taught in all our schools beginning from childhood, and African students and youth must put pressure, including demonstrations, against African leaders who do not actively promote the cause.”

The late Dr. John Garang, in his paper, delivered on his behalf by Dr. Barnaba Marial Benjamin, to the 17th All Africa Students Conference (AASC), held in Windhoek, Namibia, 28-29th May 2005.

Dr. John Garang: The Man of the People

By PaanLuel Wel, Bor, South Sudan, 23 April 2015

Garang Mabioor Atem Aruai—popularly known as Dr. John Garang—was born on 23rd June 1945 into a peasant Dinka family in Buk Village of the Awulian community, Kongor District in Jonglei State, Upper Nile Region of the historical Sudan. Garang was the sixth of ten children—six boys and four girls—born to Mabioor Atem Aruai from the Awulian clan (Patem, pan-ayen) and Gak Malual Kuol from the Kongor clan (Padool, pareng), both of Twic Dinka from the Greater Bor Dinka Community.

Young Garang left his home district of Kongor at the age of ten after the death of his father to attend school in Bahr el Ghazal. He went to Tonj Primary School (1954), followed by Bussere Intermediate School (1958), and then Rumbek Secondary School (1962) when the Anyanya One war broke out. Just after joining Rumbek Secondary School, teenage Garang was expelled for participating in a Southern-wide student-led strike—one that was fomented by the legendary Southern freedom fighter, Marko Rume.

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Can we trust the government in Juba to protect and preserve the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the Republic of South Sudan: The case of the Ilemi Triangle involving Juba, Nairobi and Addis Ababa? I think the answer, based on the track records of the government in Juba, is simply NO. The government of Kenya and Ethiopia will definitely and naturally do everything within their powers to cater to the interests of their respective nations and citizens; however, the same thing can’t be said for the government of South Sudan. Therefore, the fossilized issue of the Ilemi Triangle should be pushed to the foreseeable future when we shall, once more, be on our firm feet — to have settled our internal differences before embarking on resolving bilateral disputes with other nations, which are numerous: with Sudan, Kenya, Uganda, DR Congo and Ethiopia — PaanLuel Wel Mediai Editorial note

June 20, 2019

To: Hon. Peter Marcello Jelenge, Chairperson, IBC

Presented by: Hon. Peter O. Kleto Aharanya.

Friday, June 20, 2019 (PW) — Dear Hon. Chairperson, On June 18, 2019, It was announced that officials from the ministries of foreign affairs of Kenya and South Sudan respectively agreed to find amicable solution to the question of Ilemi triangle. It is worth noting that ilemi triangle has long been an area of interest both during colonial and post-colonial eras because of its strategic location to Kenya, Ethiopia, Uganda and Sudan, and with the new discovery of Oil, huge deposit of gold, uranium and other minerals, Kenya is now trying to assume the area as its own official territory and this is the point of contention between Kenya and South Sudan and most importantly the people of Eastern Equatoria who are inhabitants of this important area called the “ilemi triangle. There has been inter-ethnic conflicts between the Akara( Toposa), South Sudan, Turkana of Kenya, and Nyangatom of Ethiopia in the area. When the colonial government allowed the Turkana to move freely into the Sudanese territory of ilemi triangle for grazing and water, it was under the understanding that they do it with respect and knowing that the land belongs to the Sudan.

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By Dut Deng Kok, Juba, South Sudan

Friday, June 21, 2019 (PW) — South Sudan is now just one of 11 countries in the world where women running the country make up the same proportion as they do in society. There are nearly 200 countries in the world. It is absurd that we should need to celebrate that our leaders reflect the diversity of our society. But this is where we are and we do need to celebrate this moment.

The SPLM has long pushed for equality in its senior positions. This is all the more laudable in a society where violence towards women is endemic, and where other political parties are less interested in equality but take a look from SPLM party.

These parties’ arguments, reflected in too many other countries, boil down to merit: leaders should be chosen on merit. This is a handy trick creating the illusion that we live in a system where everyone has equal opportunities. But, to get to the top, a woman has to make it through a system that has been refined, over centuries, to exclude anyone that does not conform to a narrow definition of leaders.

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Lieutenant General Chagai Atem Biar: The Inspirational and Illustrious Biography of the Most Respected Veteran of the Anyanya One and the SPLM/SPLA Armed Liberation Struggle for the Independence of of the Republic of South Sudan

By Atem Ayuen Biar (Ayuen Matok), Melbourne, Australia

Gen Chagai Atem Biar.png
Lt. Gen. Chagai Atem Biar, one of the founders of the SPLM/SPLA

Thursday, June 20, 2019 (PW) —- Well Done Lt-Gen Chagai Atem Biar! No one could love South Sudan more than you. Patriotism is all about loving one’s own country and its people above anything else, and you certainly did that. Rather than gold medals, your reward is our country of South Sudan. You are a hero because you dedicated your life to something greater than yourself. With much gratitude to the President of South Sudan, Salva Kiir Mayardit, Lt Gen Chagai Atem still survives because of the President’s huge support in terms of money to pay for Chagai’s medication and medical expenses. Mr. President Mayardit you have shown real friendship to Lt Gen Chagai Atem and his family. May God Almighty reward you for the work you have done!

Comrade Chagai Atem, Comrade William Nyuon, Comrade John Garang, Comrade Kerubino Kuanyin and Comrade Salva Kiir, respectively, at the founding of the SPLM/SPLA in 1983 - photo by Comrade Atem Yaak Atem
Comrade Chagai Atem, Comrade William Nyuon, Comrade John Garang, Comrade Kerubino Kuanyin and Comrade Salva Kiir, respectively, at the founding of the SPLM/SPLA in 1983 – photo by Comrade Atem Yaak Atem

Lt-Gen Chagai Atem Biar is the one of the founders of the Sudan People Liberation Moment and the Sudan Liberation Army (SPLM/A) and eventually became facilitator, mediator, peace negotiator among his colleagues for the SPLM/A party to survive up-to-date. During the Civil war between SPLM/A and Sudan government there were many issues among senior commanders and Mr. Chagai Atem was nominated as the chief negotiator between the deputy chairperson Salva Kiir Mayardit and the chairperson of SPLM/A, Dr. Garang de Mabior Atem in 1994 and he settled that matter peacefully between the two senior leaders. Both men trusted Chagai Atem and that is why he was chosen to handle these factional issues over anyone else. Following the conflict of 2004 between Comrade Salva Kiir Mayardit and Dr. Garang de Mabior, Mr. Chagai Atem was also involved together with Dr. Riek Machar, who was a head of mediation.

Comrade Salva Kiir, Comrade Kerubino Kuanyin and Comrade Chagai Atem Biar at the founding of the SPLM/SPLA in 1983 - photo by Comrade Atem Yaak Atem
Comrade Salva Kiir, Comrade Kerubino Kuanyin and Comrade Chagai Atem Biar at the founding of the SPLM/SPLA in 1983 – photo by Comrade Atem Yaak Atem

Lt General Chagai was born to his father Atem Biar Achuoth and his mother Riak Aguer Diing at Akoy Village in Awulian Clan, Ayuak Payam in Twic East area, Jonglei State in South Sudan. He was the third child of the family and was raised along with his four brothers surrounded by many cousins. Chagai Atem Biar was an energetic, well-organized, carer and problem solver who grew up with respect for his relatives and the community at large. His parents had strict traditional beliefs regarding Atem-Yaath (traditional god) but when he moved to Malakal he was baptized as a Christian. As his parents were farmers, he would wake up very early in the mornings to clean up the cattle dung and then graze the cattle during the day. From a young age, he gained the respect of many community elders who often described him as “smart” and “energetic”.

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What is President Kiir’s Stance in the Nasty Battle between his nephew Thiik Machar and his Press Secretary Ateny Wek? How could a father carry two rivalry kids on same back? The case of Ateny Wek and Thiik Machar! One wonders if they are really helping or undermining President Kiir?

By Kuach Loch Garang Deng, Calgary, Canada

Deputy Mayor of Juba, Thiik Thiik Mayardit: 'My war with Ateny Wek is that he made some wrong reports on behalf of the President'
Deputy Mayor of Juba, Thiik Thiik Mayardit: ‘My war with Ateny Wek is that he made some wrong reports on behalf of the President’

Thursday June 20, 2019 (PW) — About two weeks ago or so, many South Sudanese were shocked to hear sensitive accusations traded between Thiik Thiik Mayardit President’s nephew and Ateny Wek Ateny President Kiir’s Press Secretary.

Since then, No any message came out from President office to stop them, or refute their arguments. Therefore, I am kind of wondering where is President Kiir in this nasty battle between his nephew Thiik Machar and his Press Secretary Ateny Wek?

What he, the president knows about these criminal accusations? Is it true he is being misled by his officials and the accusations that his Press Secretary Ateny Wek sold his brothers to National Security is true or false?

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By Kanybil Noon, Juba, South Sudan

Corruption

Thursday, June 20, 2019 (PW) — According to the Revitalised Peace agreement on the resolution of Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan, the National Pre-transitional Committee (NPTC) shall be formed as follow by the President of the Republic of South Sudan within two weeks of signing the Revitalised ARCSS. The NPTC shall comprise of ten members (10) representing the Parties as follows;

Five (5) for incumbent TGoNU, two (2) for SPLM/A-IO, one (1) for SSOA, one (1) for FDs and One (1) for OPP (Other Opposition Parties and it says, the NPTC shall be chaired by the incumbent TGoNU representative with two deputy chairs to be nominated by SPLM/A-IO and SSOA respectively.

Thus, having trusted Honourable Tut Gatluak, the presidential advisor on Security, President Kiir decided to appoint him as the head of NPTC despite the fact that he hardly understands or writes a word in English. President Kiir too forgot to acknowledge the existed person with significant bad records in the Crisis Management Committee who squandered million of dollars in a similar (a body established in 2013 to loot resources) way and that is none other than Martin Elia Lomoro, the current Minister of Cabinet Affairs whom he entrusted as Secretary General of the NPTC.

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By Dut Deng Kok, Juba, South Sudan

President Bush with President Salva Kiir at the Oval Office, White House

Wednesday, June 19, 2019 (PW) —- The SPLM and South Sudan more broadly, always ask questions about the role of the West and the United States in particular during the war of 2013. Beginning in the 1980s, a small group of SPLM backers in Washington helped Dr. John Garang assemble a diverse and bipartisan coalition that would grow to have an outsize, and arguably unprecedented, impact in shaping U.S. foreign policy.

The coalition mobilized popular support for the South’s freedom fighters, punished the Sudanese government for its abuses, and engineered legislation to aid the Southern cause. Bite-size messages helped solidify a narrative about Sudan’s war North versus South, Arab versus African, Islam versus Christianity, and of course abuse: slavery, racism, and the domination of helpless and hungry victims. The themes were based in reality, as no one could deny the horrors being perpetrated against Sudan’s marginalized people. But the complexities of the war and Sudan’s turbulent postcolonial experience were smudged out.

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South Sudanese Students in Zimbabwe Shut Down the South Sudanese Embassy in Harare Over Unpaid $1.4 million School Arrears that was approved by the Council of Ministers in Juba, South Sudan

By Mabil Manyok Nhial, Gweru, Zimbabwe

South Sudanese Student Shut Down the Embassy in Harare.jpg
South Sudanese Student Shut Down the Embassy in Harare.jpg

Wednesday, June 19, 2019 (PW) — A group of 130 South Sudanese students on a Government Scholarship, have, today shut down the Embassy of South Sudan to Southern African Countries of Zimbabwe, Malawi and Mozambique, which is based in Harare, Zimbabwe. The South Sudanese Students came to Zimbabwe four ago on a Government Scholarship with the hope of coming to study their various courses and going back with their academic documents. However, what has now seen the light of day is sadly unfortunate. Some 79 students, who recently finished their four-year programmes, have been denied their academic testimonials as a result of substantial arrears, which the Government of South Sudan has not yet paid.

All 130 students have now occupied and shut down the Embassy because they believe that the Embassy of South Sudan to three Southern African countries, based in Harare, represents their Government. They tried all the possible means to talk to the Government, but their intention did not bear any fruits. Therefore, they decided to occupy and shut the Embassy down because this would give pressure to the Minister of Finance to release the approved amount of money as soon as reasonably needed.   

Zimbabwean Public Universities have been so kind in that they have been providing accommodation, feeding and lectures to students even when the arrears have not been cleared. Now, these universities have been forced by the situation to deny giving students their transcripts because of fees, which have not been paid for three semesters. Students’ fees in their accounts have gone as high as US$7000 and above per student.

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By Malith Alier, Sydney, Australia

The Genius of Dr. John Garang: Speeches on the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) Paperback – November 26, 2015 by Dr. John Garang (Author), PaanLuel Wël (Editor)

Tuesday, June 18, 2019 (PW) — I wanted to have a different title for this piece but because I found another piece on wordpress.com authored in remembrance of another person of the same name as our John, I had no choice but to follow the lead. The similarities may not be striking but the first names and the titles have a perfect symmetry one can’t ignore. Well, Dr. John Garang is a character many will cite in political discourse maybe until the end of the earth/world.

We’re right now in June and July the month Dr. John perished on the fateful chopper crash on the mountains close to Uganda. John was heading to his beloved Newsite between Narus and Ngatinga in what is now known as Kapoeta State. When the news broke that evening of the 29 July 2005, I was putting final touches to my studies at Murdoch University in Western Australia.

I didn’t, as an individual believed that what was unfolding before the world was going to have a long lasting impact for another generation in South Sudan. The news was mildly headlined as ” A helicopter Carrying Sudan’s First Vice President has Disappeared.” Has disappeared, what a joke?” Many rhetorical questions came forth chief among them was why did the chopper leave Entebbe Airport for the bushes of Southern Sudan late in the evening?

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