Archive for the ‘HLRF’ Category


By Tito Awen Bol, Juba, South Sudan

Saturday, November 10, 2018 (PW) — I keep wondering if peace can divide or unite the partners. I am not so young nor unmindful not to have known what happened after signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) or not to have read other cases of peace in the World so as to draw comparison to the recently signed peace agreement in South Sudan duped as R-ARCISS. After signing of the CPA, some of the Southern and Northern Parties joined Sudan People Liberation Movement (SPLM) as opposition coalition while some of the Northern and Southern Parties joined the National Congress Party (NCP) as ruling coalition. Hold on reader: just know that my writing is not so much of the opinion leathered and loathed with any form of negative interest but just drawing the observation for future correction and reference by the analysts and opinion leaders of my kind.

To begin with, the word revitalization means rejuvenation or resuscitation of the Agreement on the Resolutions of Conflict in South Sudan (R-ARCISS) which was at death bed then as a result of the J1’s ‘‘dogs fight’’ as popularly termed by most of the analysts and political commentators. That supposedly means that the agreement that was signed would have been the best agreement capable of addressing the root causes of post-independence issues and differences which possibly were the ones that led to 2013 and repeatedly led to 2016 aggressions and subsequently the present polarization & conflicts.

Papers were still not dry of the ink when the Revitalized-Agreement on the Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan (R-ARCIS) was signed on 12th September, 2018 when several breakaways emerged from different political parties that were parts and parcels or simply the signatories to the agreement (R-ARCISS). South Sudan Opposition Alliance (SSOA) which is the major opposition coalition was the first victim of split when most of its member parties defied & refused the call from the chairperson to sign the agreement though some were at a later date ‘intimidated’ to sign. They made their position real after the final signature by its leader-Mr.Changson Chang. (more…)



Wednesday October 03, 2018, Juba, South Sudan

Festus Mogae in Malakal

Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission (JMEC) Chairperson Festus Mogae visits Malakal.

Buy textbooks, not guns; departing JMEC Chairperson asks South Sudanese political leaders, calls for the full implementation of the Revitalized Agreement

“Instead of buying guns, buy textbooks and turn swords into ploughshares.” This was the parting shot of former Chairperson of the Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission (JMEC), H.E Festus Mogae to the political leaders of South Sudan.

Speaking during a farewell reception held in his honour in Juba on Tuesday evening, H.E Mogae said,

“I appeal to you (South Sudanese) to build bridges. Come together and build this youngest and beautiful African nation. Many things may have gone wrong but it is time to concentrate on the future and implement the Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in South Sudan (A-ARCSS), which we all painstakingly brought to fruition,” he said.

Although the objective of a peaceful South Sudan is yet to be realized, the President said, he remains “hopeful that tragedy that befell this country, will one day come to an end” and that South Sudan leaders “many of whom are religious, will ultimately see the necessity of turning swords into ploughshares.”

“I am more optimistic because South Sudan political leaders must be tired of fighting, instead of destroying the country, they could use the natural resources to build social and physical infrastructure,” he said.

President Mogae, who stepped down as the Chairperson of JMEC at the end of last month, appealed to the regional and international community to fully support the now more inclusive Transitional Government of National Unity (TGoNU) for the successful implementation of the R-ARCSS.

He thanked IGAD leadership for giving him “the opportunity to be part of the pursuit to stabilize the Africa’s youngest nation.”

“That was a big honour and it is a pity that I am leaving when peace has not been completely achieved. But together, much has been achieved as well, including the constitution of key institutions and mechanisms which remain critical to the implementation of the Revitalized Agreement,” he said.


President H.E Festus Mogae during the farewell reception in Juba on Tuesday
The President reflected on the missed opportunities and challenges he encountered while at the helm of the Commission, whose mandate is to monitor, evaluate and report the implementation of the Agreement.

“At one time, I pushed for the one voice message among IGAD member states. I think they listened but I don’t think they spoke with one voice, as I would have wanted them to do,” he said.

“However, my appeal to launch a process for the revitalization of the 2015 Agreement was accepted,” he said.

“I depart with hope and best wishes to the people of South Sudan. Much remains to be done. I pray for the peace and tranquility that this country deserves,” he said

ENDS

JMEC

The Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission (JMEC) was established by terms decreed under Chapter Seven of the Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan (ARCSS), signed on 17th August 2015 in Addis Ababa.
Under the terms of the Agreement, JMEC shall be responsible for monitoring, overseeing and supporting the implementation of the Agreement and the mandate and tasks of the TGoNU (Transitional Government of National Unity), including adherence of the Parties to agreed timelines and schedules; and in the event of non-compliance, shall recommend appropriate corrective action to the TGoNU.
JMEC is responsible for overseeing the work of CTSAMM (Ceasefire and Transitional Security Monitoring Mechanism), EFMA (Economic and Financial Management Authority), and other transitional institutions created by the Agreement.

Khartoum Declaration Agreement: The Signed Copy of the Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in South Sudan (R-ARCISS), 12 September 2018  (PDF)

CEPO Fact sheet on the final proposal on outstanding issues on governance

CEPO Fact sheet on the final proposal on outstanding issues on governance

CEPO Fact Sheet on the Expected Agreement on Outstanding Issues on Governance


What next after our leaders have inked this agreement?

By Majok Arol Dhieu, Juba, South Sudan

 img_1603

Monday, 17 September 2018 (PW) — According to some critics, they call it a politics when we talk about issues, those that are surrounding our daily lives. They went further, to criticised the institutions where the writers who always contribute bitter facts graduated or pursuing their degrees from, to call them as institutions in the handbags. I call this as a misplaced criticism because an institution with buildings cannot fit in the metallic box leave alone handbag, unless the critics say, “some institutions with mode of study in handbags” this’s where I’d literally agree with them.

What I always say about this destructive criticism is that, even a sword must have a very powerful holder in order to slay enemies perfectly and if the holder is too weak, then his perceived or real enemies would grow in his watch. That’s that. Today, let’s talk about four issues and their solution throughout the implementation of the recently signed agreement. These are, “the want-to-haves, the have-not & the haves,” and lastly, “the governing authorities”.

First, let start it with the want-to-haves. The peace is signed only between the want-to-have and the government. I assumed, the want-to-haves are happy because they’ll have what they’ve desired all along. Though the war has been blanketed in civilians’ oppression by the rebels, it’s just a war of positions to be sincere and the evidence is that, if the reactionaries are reinstated in their positions, they’d close their mouths and feed their accounts with public funds. This time, there’s hope that they’ll not agitate this peace anymore.

(more…)

IGAD: Riek Machar can stay in the country of his choice until he goes to Juba

Posted: September 17, 2018 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in HLRF, IGAD, Junub Sudan


For immediate release

COMMUNIQUÉ OF THE 33rd EXTRA-ORDINARY SUMMIT OF IGAD ASSEMBLY OF HEADS OF STATE AND GOVERNMENT

12TH SEPTEMBER 2018,
ADDIS ABABA, ETHIOPIA

The IGAD Assembly of Heads of State and Government held its 33rd Extra-Ordinary Summit on 12th September 2018, in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia under the Chairmanship of H.E. Dr Abiy Ahmed, Prime Minister of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia and Chairperson of the IGAD Assembly of Heads of State and Government to deliberate on the final status of the Revitalized Agreement of Resolution of the Conflict in South Sudan (R-ARCSS).

The Assembly was attended by H.E Ismail Omar Guelleh, President of the Republic of Djibouti; Cabinet Secretary Amb. Monica Juma representing H.E Uhuru Kenyatta, President of the Republic of Kenya; H.E. Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed, President of the Republic of Somalia; H.E Salva Kiir Mayardit, President of the Republic of South Sudan; H.E. Omar Hassan Al-Bashir, President of the Republic of Sudan; and H.E. Yoweri Kaguta Museveni, President of the Republic of Uganda.

The Summit was also attended by H.E Amb. Mahboub Maalim, the Executive Secretary of IGAD; H.E Festus G. Mogae, the Chairperson of the Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission (JMEC); H.E Dr. Ismail Wais, IGAD Special Envoy for South Sudan.

The Special Envoys and High Representatives of the AU, UN, EU, the Co-Chairperson of the IGAD Partners Forum (IGAD-IPF), the representatives of the Troika on South Sudan (US, UK, Norway), and representatives of China were also present at the opening session and made statements. (more…)

“Do not squander this opportunity again”- JMEC tells parties

Posted: September 13, 2018 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in History, HLRF, Junub Sudan

“Do not squander this opportunity again”- JMEC tells parties
The Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission (JMEC) outgoing Chairperson, H.E. Festus Mogae, on Wednesday appealed to the South Sudan parties not to squander the opportunity to bring lasting peace in South Sudan.

The former President of Botswana was speaking at the 33rd Extra Ordinary Assembly of the IGAD Heads of State and Government held in Addis Ababa. The main agenda of the meeting, was the signing of the Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in South Sudan (RARCSS) by all Parties.

In his last speech to the Heads of State as the Chairperson of JMEC, President Mogae said, “It is my earnest hope that the signing of the Revitalized Peace Agreement will herald a new chapter for the Republic of South Sudan”.

“It is important to underline that the HLRF process has afforded all the parties and stakeholders every opportunity, to make their case and reach compromises.  The outcome we are witnessing today is therefore a reflection of a thorough and inclusive process”, he added.

In addition, the President also noted the immense contribution and involvement from various stakeholders that had made the Revitalization Forum a success. In particular, he applauded the South Sudanese parties and Stakeholders, the IGAD Council of Ministers, the IGAD Special Envoy for South Sudan, the High-Level Facilitators, the Mediators of the Khartoum phase of the HLRF as well as the International Partners.

“In particular, I want to also acknowledge the contribution of my staff, the JMEC members of the HLRF taskforce, without whom this progress may not have been achieved as timeously as has been the case”, he stated.

While making the remarks, the outgoing Chairperson also used the opportunity, to thank the IGAD Heads of State for his appointment as the Chairperson of JMEC in 2015 as well as the support extended to him during his tenure. He noted how proud he was of the many challenges that the JMEC members had collectively overcome in discharging the mandate of monitoring and evaluating the progress of the implementation of the 2015 Peace Agreement, over the last two years and eight months.

“I am also proud, that through my leadership, we recommended the revitalization of the ARCSS 2015 and today we conclude with a more inclusive peace agreement. This revitalized agreement, if fully implemented, promises sustainable peace and prosperity in the Republic of South Sudan”, he added.

President Mogae steps down as the JMEC Chairperson at the end of September.

ENDS

JMEC

The Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission (JMEC) was established by terms decreed under Chapter Seven of the Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan (ARCSS), signed on 17th August 2015 in Addis Ababa.
Under the terms of the Agreement, JMEC shall be responsible for monitoring, overseeing and supporting the implementation of the Agreement and the mandate and tasks of the TGoNU (Transitional Government of National Unity), including adherence of the Parties to agreed timelines and schedules; and in the event of non-compliance, shall recommend appropriate corrective action to the TGoNU.
JMEC is responsible for overseeing the work of CTSAMM (Ceasefire and Transitional Security Monitoring Mechanism), EFMA (Economic and Financial Management Authority), and other transitional institutions created by the Agreement.

Yakani of CEPO

Friday, September 07, 2018 (PW) — Today evening the IGAD Special Envoy to South Sudan Ambassador Ismail Wise brief the delegates of the South Sudan peace mediation process that On Tuesday all the delegates will be airlift to Ethiopia-Addis Ababa to be alongside the IGAD Council of Minister Ordinary meeting that will discuss the South Sudan peace outcomes on 12 Sept. 2018.

The council of ministers meeting will be held in the morning hours. On Same day evening hours, the Head of State and Government will hold an ordinary summit to endorse the initialed Revitalized ARCSS. Both meetings will proposed resolution on the presented reservations by the conflicting parties of South Sudan.

If IGAD meetings were able to draw resolution on the reservations and their resolution is accepted by all conflicting parties of South Sudan then immediately the final signing of the revitalized ARCSS will be conducted. Today all the parties and stakeholders initialed the minutes of the ceasefire workshop. (more…)


National Dialogue Steering Committee Report – Final Report from the Sub-Committee on Central Equatoria states (PDF)


National Dialogue, concept reflictions by Mading Deng

“In this polarized and polarizing conflict, perceptions can overshadow reality, and whatever the equation of the power structures, the Dinka are being seen as having replaced the Arabs as the rulers in an ethnically unjust system. As the various ethnic groups converge against what they perceive as Dinka domination, the Dinka in turn begin to perceive themselves as targeted and paradoxically as in imminent danger of a genocidal onslaught. They therefore strive to mobilize themselves in self-defense.” – Dr Francis Mading Deng – SOUTH SUDAN NATIONAL DIALOGUE; Conceptual Reflections page 43

National Dialogue Steering Committee – Final Report from Central Equatoria Sub–Committee

Executive Summary

1.1 Introduction

The Central Equatoria Sub-Committee of the National Dialogue was in the field for 45 days, beginning in Yei River State in October 2017, and proceeding to Juba, Capital of Jubek State. The team continued with consultations in Terekeka State and finalized the assignment by conducting meetings in Ganji and Lokiliri counties of Jubek State and in Tali County in Terekeka State in March 2018. The estimated total number of the people consulted, in 37 meetings, is 3,200, inclusive of all sectors of the communities targeted.

The mandate of the Sub-Committee was to guide the process of the National Dialogue, listen and document the concerns raised by the participants and ensure an environment of inclusivity, transparency, freedom of speech and full participation in the consultations.

The stakeholders were asked: What, in their opinion, are the causes of the political and communal violence in the country that has caused unnecessary deaths, displacement into the bush, refugee camps as well as the suffering from hunger and disease? What, in their opinion, is the solution to bring the Republic of South Sudan back to peace, stability, and development?

The process of consultations was highly successful, due to the cooperation and support from Governors of Yei River State, Jubek State and Terekeka State. The Sub-Committee would like to convey its gratitude for the popular reception accorded to the team by the Governors of these three States. Each of the State Governments formed a committee to mobilize, coordinate and facilitate the work of the Sub-Committee. In each State, the committee was provided with transport, security escort to counties and lecture halls. Their support extended to contribution of fuel, feeding and accommodation of the team in Morobo, Kaya, Lainya and Tali Counties.  The participants were very keen to meet with the National Dialogue Sub-Committee and they responded enthusiastically. (more…)


Khartoum Declaration Agreement: The Initialed Revitalized ARCSS, August 2018.pdf


Adija


By Roger Alfred Yoron Modi, Kampala, Uganda

Tribute to Isaiah Abraham

Tribute to Isaiah Abraham: The Dark Ages of South Sudan Liberation

Tuesday, September 4, 2018 (PW) — The last week initialed Revitalised-Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in South Sudan R-ARCSShas enshrined several legal and institutional reforms to be undertaken but failed short of providing for the improvement of the media sector in the young nation.

Two media laws: The Media Authority Act, 2013; and The Right of Access to Information Act, 2013 badly need reforms to ensure that the ought to be autonomous media regulatory body aka Media Authority, and the information commission operate independent of the executive arm of the government and ensure adherence to democratic principles, human rights law and international best practices.

Media Authority is established, according to the Act, for the regulation, development and promotion of an independent and professional media in South Sudan. (more…)


CEPO: SMOOTHLY DELIBERATIONS ON REVITALISED ARCSS IMPLEMENTATION MATRIX

Yakani of CEPO

Sunday, September 2, 2018 (PW) — Today in Sudan the conflicting parties of South Sudan are smoothly deliberating on the implementation matrix of the revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan through formed three committees.

The three committees are committee I: Review of draft implementation matrices for Chapters I, III & V, committee II: Review of draft implementation matrices for Chapters IV, VI, VII and VIII and committee III: Review of draft implementation matrices for Chapter II.

Community Empowerment for Progress Organization appreciates the spirit demonstrated by the conflicting parties in the committees’ deliberations. It is clear demonstration of taking responsibility for making peace prevail in South Sudan.

Mr. Edmund Yakani, Executive Director of CEPO said the sense of commitment for making peace happen in South Sudan is clear demonstrated by the conflicting parties of South Sudan. The citizens should be hopeful for attainment of peace and stability soon as per the current on-going deliberations among the warring parties in the committees for revitalizing ARCSS implementation matrix.

The demand for Peace and Stability in South Sudan is urgent matter of the citizens that requires the warring parties to urgently reach consensus on the implementation matrix of revitalized ARCSS. Avoiding delay in making revitalized ARCSS implementation matrix initial within this week is paramount. Mr. Yakani stressed

Finally, CEPO will be launching dissemination of the revitalized ARCSS next week across the country.

The Community Empowerment for Progress Organization (CEPO) is a non-profit, civil society, South Sudanese organization, registered by the Ministry of Justice on 17th November 2010. The organization was initially formed in Khartoum in 1999 and consisted of mostly University students, but its scope broadened after it was established in Juba, Southern Sudan as a separate entity. Presently, CEPO is engaged in the areas of Peace and conflict mitigation, human rights, rule of law, livelihood, governance and democratic transformation. Mr. Edmund Yakani Berizilious is the Executive Director of CEPO.

The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made is the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël Media (PW) website. If you want to submit an opinion article, commentary or news analysis, please email it to paanluel2011@gmail.com. PaanLuel Wël Media (PW) website do reserve the right to edit or reject material before publication. Please include your full name, a short biography, email address, city and the country you are writing from.


The “SPLM/SPLA Factor” in the fundamental root causes of the December 2013 Crisis and the present civil war in the Republic of South Sudan (Part 4)

By PaanLuel Wël, Juba, South Sudan

The Flag of the Republic of South Sudan

The Flag of the Republic of South Sudan

  1. Introduction

Saturday, August 18, 2018 (PW) — “Politics,” declares Carl von Clausewitz, the former Prussian general and military theorist, “is the continuation of war by other means.” The great Athenian historian and general, Thucydides, the author of The History of the Peloponnesian War, added that, in warfare, as in politics, “the strong do what they can and the weak suffer what they must.” And like any other forms and means of warfare, politics invariably produces both losers who “suffer what they must” and winners who “do what they can”. The acrimonious political fallout within the ruling SPLM party, which preceded and triggered the December 2013 crisis and the present destructive civil war in South Sudan, is a classic case study of Carl von Clausewitz’s aphorism that politics is war by other means, with sullen losers and haughty winners.

Underpinning the power struggle that precipitated the ongoing civil war is the prevailing contention from the opposition groups, as advanced and defended by Comrade Mabioor Garang de Mabioor, that the December 2013 crisis was generated by President Kiir’s fateful decision to eschew democratic institutions and processes by resorting to draconian and undemocratic means to preserve and exercise power in the country. To the government, the seditious machinations by the power hungry Riek Machar to take power by force define and constitute the fundamental root cause of the December 2013 crisis and the raging distractive civil war. In contrast, the veteran South Sudanese journalist, author and politician, Hon. Arop Madut Arop, maintains that the fundamental root cause of the December 2103 crisis was the institutional failure by the SPLM party to attain democratic transformation, as exemplified by the ambiguity of the presidential term limits which triggered political wrangling within the ruling party.

Therefore, this article will constructively respond to, and critically analyze, both Hon. Arop Madut Arop’s article, “How Political Wrangling in the Ruling SPLM Party Wrecked South Sudan Apart in 2013” and Comrade Mabioor Garang de Mabioor’s article, “The Root Cause of the December 2013 Crisis in South Sudan: The SPLM/SPLA Factor.” The evaluation and critiquing will be done on the basis of what is legal and democratic as the opposition leaders are fond of presenting their political actions preceding the December 2013 crisis, and what is a threat to national security as the government often portrays the political maneuvers of the opposition leaders on the eve of December 2013 crisis and the current conflict.

(more…)


By Roger Alfred Yoron Modi, Kampala, Uganda

CEPO Fact Sheet on the Signed Khartoum Peace Agreement on the Revitalization of the 2015 ARCSS

Saturday, August 18, 2018 (PW) — After armed conflict erupted in South Sudan in July 2016, one of the main issue of contention that led to the resumption of a full-scale war was the question of whether or not the replacement of Dr. Riek Machar as First Vice President was valid (in line with the Igad-brokered Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in South Sudan ARCSS.)

Though the question has not been satisfactorily answered by the relevant authorities up to date, the ongoing Igad-led ARCSS revitalization (Khartoum process) aimed at ending the South Sudan civil war should use the current chance and make clear provisions on the procedures for removal of post holders in the agreed transitional government which shall be formed under the revitalized ARCSS.

The senior post holders in the transitional government to be formed per the revitalized ARCSS include the President, the First Vice President, Four Vice Presidents, Speakers and Deputy Speakers of the two houses of the National Legislature, Members of the Legislative Assembly and Members of the Council of States, National Cabinet Ministers, State Governors, State Members of Parliament and State Cabinet Ministers, etc. (more…)

South Sudan: Let us support the Khartoum Declaration Agreement

Posted: August 13, 2018 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in HLRF, Junub Sudan, Pal Chol Nyan

By Pal Chol Nyan, Juba, South Sudan

CEPO Fact Sheet on the Signed Khartoum Peace Agreement on the Revitalization of the 2015 ARCSS

Monday, August 13, 2018 (PW) — Warring parties inked a deal in Khartoum on the 5th August 2016 but the question that begs itself is, will it hold? All the Factions along with the Government of General Salva Kiir signed except NAS.

The leader of NAS cited that the root causes of the conflict have not been addressed. The issue of Federalism has been skipped, and that the 32 States be abolished. Dr Hakim Dario of PDM (People Democratic Movement) refused to sign the agreement. The rest including the main SPLMIO made concessions and signed.

A splinter group from NAS signed on his behalf which prompted him to dismiss them. There are lingering and vociferous voices saying that this peace will not hold despite M7 and President Bashir support it. The terrified South Sudanese who know their leaders for their hostile differences are skeptical as to whether it will be implemented or not given the level of animosity in their political genes. (more…)


Press Release: JMEC lauds the signing of the outstanding issues on Governance as part of the revitalization of the ARCSS

CEPO Fact Sheet on the Signed Khartoum Peace Agreement on the Revitalization of the 2015 ARCSS

Tuesday, August 07, 2018 (PW) — The Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission (JMEC) welcomes the signing of the outstanding issues on Governance between Parties to the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan, which took place in Khartoum on Sunday 5th August 2018.

This most-recent signing strengthens efforts to revitalize the 2015 Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in South Sudan (ARCSS), and is expected to lead to the achievement of an inclusive, comprehensive peace, restore security, stability and promote national reconciliation in the Republic of South Sudan. (more…)


KPA1

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The “Big Tent Policy Factor” in the fundamental root causes of the December 2013 Crisis and the present civil war in the Republic of South Sudan (Part 3)

By PaanLuel Wël, Juba, South Sudan

The Flag of the Republic of South Sudan

The Flag of the Republic of South Sudan

  1. Introduction

Saturday, August 04, 2018 (PW) — On the 4th of July, 2013, the Vice President of South Sudan, Dr. Riek Machar, few hours after returning from Khartoum, summoned the Guardian newspaper into his office, denounced his boss, President Kiir, as incompetent and corrupt, and then declared his interest in contesting for the office of the president in the 2015 presidential election. While few people had any inkling as to why Dr. Riek Machar would declare a public revolt against his boss of 10 years, what is crystal clear though was that this was at a time when the Nuer was at the peak of their military predominance in the Republic of South Sudan, both at the top echelon, as well as among the rank and file, of the national army.

Gen. James Hoth Mai was the Chief of Staff of the SPLA, while John Koang Nyuon was the Minister for Defense. Of the three (3) sectors of the SPLA, two were headed by the Nuer. Gen. Charles Lam Chuol was the commander of the SPLA Sector Three in Torit, while Gen. Johnson Gony Bilieu was the commander of the SPLA Sector Two in Malakal. Of the eight (8) divisions of the SPLA, three were headed by the Nuer. Gen. James Koang Chuol was the commander of SPLA Division 4 in Bentiu; Gen. Peter Gatdet Yak was the commander of SPLA Division 8 in Bor, while Gen. Yien Makuach Mut was the commander of SPLA Division 6 in Yambio. Of the two directors of national security (internal and external), Gen. Thomas Duoth was in charge of external security. Moreover, 70% of the national army was reportedly composed of Nuer soldiers. And the vice president of the republic was also a Nuer.

How was it possible that a single community whose percentage share of the national population is merely 19% would account for such a lion share of the national army in a nation of “64 tribes”? The spectacular and magnificent success of the South-South dialogue, what the South Sudanese intellectual and politician, Dr. Luka Biong Deng, has dubbed as the “Big Tent Policy” of President Salva Kiir. (more…)


Responding to JOHN PEN Article: “Taking War to the People Through the 32-State Referendum and his claim that the Khartoum Agreement is too Weak Compared to 2015 ARCRSS” 

By Nathaniel Pierino; Head of IO Governance Team, IGAD HLRF

CEPO Fact sheet on the final proposal on outstanding issues on governance

CEPO Fact sheet on the final proposal on outstanding issues on governance

Saturday, July 28, 2018 (PW) — Thank you very much for your article John. I have this observations in your article;

  1. You and a consortium of your colleagues indeed have been in Khartoum city but never at the venue in Sobba. I remember seeing you once or twice in the entire one month or more before you “quit”. But you are able to put up this splendid article laden with “value addition. Your colleagues in the venue as well couldn’t do much because of the less attention given to them by the mediators. The fact that there has never been plenary in the talks. They were not part of the discussions we had unlike in Addis Ababa where they attended plenary sessions. Therefore It may not be accurate to conclude thus.
  2. “Taking war to the people” is appropriate description I can’t agree with you more. You should have added that War is as old as human society. From the time man left his solitary confinement to establish a community of whatever description war was invented as an industry to mitigate injustice, oppression, deprivations etc. when it became costly people again invented diplomacy (dialogue) to handle disagreements and war. Note that when diplomacy fails there will be war. Every party to war will seek to ensure advantage of numbers and weaponry. If “war is taken to the people” in South Sudan, I wouldn’t want to over state which party to the conflict at hand scored in this respect. This takes me to your point that;

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SSOA Press Release – Peter Gatdet suspended for initialing the Khartoum deal (PDF)