Archive for the ‘HLRF’ Category


The Legal Status of Establishing a Revitalized Transitional Government of National Unity (R-TGONU) without the Participation of Riek Machar’s SPLM-IO Faction

By Bol Chol Kucdit, Juba, South Sudan

Friday, 26 April 2019 (PW) — It has been observed since last week that one of signatories to R-ARCSS in person of Riek Machar and his SPLM-IO faction requested for the extension of timeline of 12th, May, 2019 for other six months to form the Transitional government of National Unity in South Sudan. This news was received by peace lovers of this country as bad news.

Many people were perplexed by this one step backward approach by Riek Machar again. People thought Riek Machar shall never be the same again given his commitment to come to Juba for official celebration of peace last year at Dr. John Garang Mausoleum. People’s positive thoughts about his commitment were later corroborated by the high level spiritual retreat to Vatican City but all in vain.

No wonder to those who have been eye witnesses to Riek Machar’s war series! Many people who witnessed his volume of war series of 1991, 2013 and 2016 respectively, still held some doubts that South Sudanese should be prepared to watch for his 4th edition of war in 2019 or later date. Pathetic!

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Public Service Announcement: The Failure of the SPLM and the Illusion of SPLM Reunification

By Captain Mabior Garang de Mabior, Nairobi, Kenya

Saturday, February 23, 2019 (PW) — Fellow South Sudanese, as the SPLM aristocracy continues to make political maneuvers to help them stay in power, it is important that our people remain vigilant in order to avoid a complete loss of their hard-won struggle for self-determination. It would be marvelous if the wounds inflicted on our people could be healed magically by the SPLM reunification. The problem with the reunification however, is that the SPLM reunification comes partly as a result of a misdiagnosis of the problem and partly as a tactic by the SPLM(IG) to isolate the SPLM/SPLA(IO).

This is part of the regimes long term strategy, it is part of their futile attempts to continue usurping the people’s power. The catalyst to the current civil war, as we all know, was the failure of leadership in the SPLM. What has changed since December 6, 2013 that justifies this reunification that can convince the public their failures have been overcome? In order to have a more concrete understanding of this failure, it is paramount that we breakdown the genesis of this failure:

Beloved Countrymen/women!

1. The genesis of the SPLM leadership failure can be traced back to the unfortunate manner in which the first Chairperson of the SPLM, Dr. John Garang de Mabior, met his end.

2. To this day, the leadership which emerged and formed the government after the demise of our first Chairman, has never made public the results of the investigation into the crash which killed him. (more…)


By John Youhanes Magok, Juba, South Sudan

The Treasure of South Sudan

Friday, February 15, 2019 (PW) — Five month already gone wasted since the signing of the revitalized agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan in September 12, 2018. The peace was echo with a wide jubilation in Khartoum, other capital cities in the region and finally it was hauled to Juba with the name “Peace Celebration” under the auspicious of president of the Republic H.E. Salva Kiir Mayradit in the presence of regional leaders among them the main guarantors Omer Al-Bashir of Sudan and his counterpart Yoweri Museveni of Uganda, President of Ethiopia Sahle-Work Zewde was among the attendee and other IGAD mediation teams.

The celebration was a good gesture and a new commitment toward peace return in a nation that suffered for the last five years yarning for stability and lasting security. Unfortunately, the event was an analogy of putting chariot before the horse and the hidden load only floated after the celebration, where the main melody turned to be lack of financial “funds” or “Money” to operationalize the terms of the revitalized agreement stipulated in the pre-interim period that is projected to last for eight months to pave a way for the formation of the Revitalized Transitional Government of National Unity (R-TGoNU) accommodating the former foes, the fragmented SPLM/A.  (more…)


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By Roger Alfred Yoron Modi, Kampala, Uganda

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Monday, January 28, 2019 (PW) — The latest South Sudan peace deal signed between the government of President Salva Kiir, various armed and unarmed opposition groups and other parties, including the SPLM/A-IO led by the former First Vice President Dr Riek Machar is facing implementation challenges and at the centre of it, according to officials, is lack of funds.

The pact dubbed Revitalised Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan (R-ARCSS) was signed in September last year through the Igad-led revitalisation process of the 2015 Peace Agreement (known as ARCSS) which remains largely unimplemented due to the resumption of armed conflict in July 2016, barely three months after a unity government was formed then.

Now the R-ARCSS provides for the establishment of a “Revitalised Government of National Unity (RTGoNU)” whose term of office shall be thirty-six (36) months, commencing eight (8) months after signing of the R-ARCSS (as of September 12) or on completion of redeployment of “necessary unified forces.”

According to the R-ARCSS, Kiir shall continue as President of the Republic of South Sudan, and Dr Machar shall assume the position of the First Vice President of the Republic of South Sudan respectively. (more…)


By Oliver J. Lomeri, Minnesota, USA

Tuesday, January 08, 2018 (PW) — The celebration of the revitalised peace agreement between the government of South Sudan and the Opposition parties in Juba was a dubious event with its complexity for the people of Central Equatoria State and South Sudan. The onus of the success of this revitalised peace agreement mostly lies on the implementation phase of the peace process in Central Equatoria State or Yei River State. There are already different indicators in the political scene in the country which show doubts about the prospect of the peace implementation benchmarks. Nevertheless, the people of the country are ready to embrace peace at all costs.

Unfortunately, the potential of crisis emerging with the security Arrangements’ implementation in Central Equatoria or Yei River state is inevitable. Interestingly, with the celebratory peace between the warring parties to the conflict in Juba, it is worthy to point out the continuous military operations carried out by the government in Yei River State against the signatory forces to the peace agreement. Undoubtedly, some of the underlying issues of implementing this agreement in the country would be attributed to the question of funding, the creation of military cantonment and governance.

Acquisition of funding from the international community to implement the peace agreement is an uphill battle for the government of South Sudan. All of the donors and South Sudanese friends are sceptical about the commitment of the South Sudanese leadership to maintain and implement the security arrangements. Furthermore, the level of expenses already incurred by the government’s preparations for the peace celebration in Juba was a turn-off point for the donors.

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By Malith Alier, Perth, Australia

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Friday, 28 December, 2018 (PW) — Not very many days of 2018 are left to write or at least say something economic, religious, or somehow political to the people of South Sudan, Africa or the wider world at large.

These are indeed turbulent times. Omar El Bashir is struggling with the bread and butter price rises all over his country that has been in the grip of NCP since 1989. Yoweri Museveni is fighting young people who are tired of his long rule since 1986. The new generation he often referred to as “bazukulu” or grandchildren have had a voice through Bobi Wine, the musician turned politician who combines music and politics to combat dictatorship in Uganda.

Better things are right now happening in Ethiopia, a country that had peacefully witnessed transfer of power to young people in the person of Abiy Ahmed. Ahmed has made it a priority to make peace within and without specifically Eritrea. Political prisoners are freed, political parties are allowed to join the legitimate political activities at the same level as the ruling party and above all women groups have began to have their fair share and presidents of the country and high court appointed. These measures maybe are what a country like Ethiopia needed to have total peace. (more…)


Edmund Yakani

MR. EDMUND YAKANI BERIZILIOUS is the Executive Director of the Community Empowerment for Progress Organization (CEPO), a Juba-based South Sudanese civil society organization.

Tuesday, November 27, 2018 (PW) — Juba 27th November, 2018. The signed revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan dated 12th Sept. 2018 mandated the parties’ signatories to the agreement to establish a security mechanism called Joint Defense Board (JDB). JDB is composed of the Chiefs of Staff and Directors General of National Security Service, Police, and all other organized forces.

The heads of the armed opposition groups will continue as Commanders-in-Chief of their forces until the end of the Pre-Transitional Period or until the end of the unification process. On 25th Nov. 2018 first meeting for the formation of JDB was held in Khartoum under the chair of the Sudanese General Isam al-Din Mubarak while the IGAD Special Envoy Ismail Wasi delivered the opening speech.

The meeting discussed the regulations and timetables before to launch the implementation process of security arrangements including troop’s disengagement, cantonment, and joint training before the formation of unified forces. Community Empowerment for Progress Organization welcomes the formation of the JDB. It is remarkable move for speeding up the implementation of Chapter two of the revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of the conflict in South Sudan. (more…)


By Tito Awen Bol, Juba, South Sudan

Saturday, November 10, 2018 (PW) — I keep wondering if peace can divide or unite the partners. I am not so young nor unmindful not to have known what happened after signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) or not to have read other cases of peace in the World so as to draw comparison to the recently signed peace agreement in South Sudan duped as R-ARCISS. After signing of the CPA, some of the Southern and Northern Parties joined Sudan People Liberation Movement (SPLM) as opposition coalition while some of the Northern and Southern Parties joined the National Congress Party (NCP) as ruling coalition. Hold on reader: just know that my writing is not so much of the opinion leathered and loathed with any form of negative interest but just drawing the observation for future correction and reference by the analysts and opinion leaders of my kind.

To begin with, the word revitalization means rejuvenation or resuscitation of the Agreement on the Resolutions of Conflict in South Sudan (R-ARCISS) which was at death bed then as a result of the J1’s ‘‘dogs fight’’ as popularly termed by most of the analysts and political commentators. That supposedly means that the agreement that was signed would have been the best agreement capable of addressing the root causes of post-independence issues and differences which possibly were the ones that led to 2013 and repeatedly led to 2016 aggressions and subsequently the present polarization & conflicts.

Papers were still not dry of the ink when the Revitalized-Agreement on the Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan (R-ARCIS) was signed on 12th September, 2018 when several breakaways emerged from different political parties that were parts and parcels or simply the signatories to the agreement (R-ARCISS). South Sudan Opposition Alliance (SSOA) which is the major opposition coalition was the first victim of split when most of its member parties defied & refused the call from the chairperson to sign the agreement though some were at a later date ‘intimidated’ to sign. They made their position real after the final signature by its leader-Mr.Changson Chang. (more…)



Wednesday October 03, 2018, Juba, South Sudan

Festus Mogae in Malakal

Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission (JMEC) Chairperson Festus Mogae visits Malakal.

Buy textbooks, not guns; departing JMEC Chairperson asks South Sudanese political leaders, calls for the full implementation of the Revitalized Agreement

“Instead of buying guns, buy textbooks and turn swords into ploughshares.” This was the parting shot of former Chairperson of the Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission (JMEC), H.E Festus Mogae to the political leaders of South Sudan.

Speaking during a farewell reception held in his honour in Juba on Tuesday evening, H.E Mogae said,

“I appeal to you (South Sudanese) to build bridges. Come together and build this youngest and beautiful African nation. Many things may have gone wrong but it is time to concentrate on the future and implement the Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in South Sudan (A-ARCSS), which we all painstakingly brought to fruition,” he said.

Although the objective of a peaceful South Sudan is yet to be realized, the President said, he remains “hopeful that tragedy that befell this country, will one day come to an end” and that South Sudan leaders “many of whom are religious, will ultimately see the necessity of turning swords into ploughshares.”

“I am more optimistic because South Sudan political leaders must be tired of fighting, instead of destroying the country, they could use the natural resources to build social and physical infrastructure,” he said.

President Mogae, who stepped down as the Chairperson of JMEC at the end of last month, appealed to the regional and international community to fully support the now more inclusive Transitional Government of National Unity (TGoNU) for the successful implementation of the R-ARCSS.

He thanked IGAD leadership for giving him “the opportunity to be part of the pursuit to stabilize the Africa’s youngest nation.”

“That was a big honour and it is a pity that I am leaving when peace has not been completely achieved. But together, much has been achieved as well, including the constitution of key institutions and mechanisms which remain critical to the implementation of the Revitalized Agreement,” he said.


President H.E Festus Mogae during the farewell reception in Juba on Tuesday
The President reflected on the missed opportunities and challenges he encountered while at the helm of the Commission, whose mandate is to monitor, evaluate and report the implementation of the Agreement.

“At one time, I pushed for the one voice message among IGAD member states. I think they listened but I don’t think they spoke with one voice, as I would have wanted them to do,” he said.

“However, my appeal to launch a process for the revitalization of the 2015 Agreement was accepted,” he said.

“I depart with hope and best wishes to the people of South Sudan. Much remains to be done. I pray for the peace and tranquility that this country deserves,” he said

ENDS

JMEC

The Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission (JMEC) was established by terms decreed under Chapter Seven of the Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan (ARCSS), signed on 17th August 2015 in Addis Ababa.
Under the terms of the Agreement, JMEC shall be responsible for monitoring, overseeing and supporting the implementation of the Agreement and the mandate and tasks of the TGoNU (Transitional Government of National Unity), including adherence of the Parties to agreed timelines and schedules; and in the event of non-compliance, shall recommend appropriate corrective action to the TGoNU.
JMEC is responsible for overseeing the work of CTSAMM (Ceasefire and Transitional Security Monitoring Mechanism), EFMA (Economic and Financial Management Authority), and other transitional institutions created by the Agreement.

Khartoum Declaration Agreement: The Signed Copy of the Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in South Sudan (R-ARCISS), 12 September 2018  (PDF)

CEPO Fact sheet on the final proposal on outstanding issues on governance

CEPO Fact sheet on the final proposal on outstanding issues on governance

CEPO Fact Sheet on the Expected Agreement on Outstanding Issues on Governance


What next after our leaders have inked this agreement?

By Majok Arol Dhieu, Juba, South Sudan

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Monday, 17 September 2018 (PW) — According to some critics, they call it a politics when we talk about issues, those that are surrounding our daily lives. They went further, to criticised the institutions where the writers who always contribute bitter facts graduated or pursuing their degrees from, to call them as institutions in the handbags. I call this as a misplaced criticism because an institution with buildings cannot fit in the metallic box leave alone handbag, unless the critics say, “some institutions with mode of study in handbags” this’s where I’d literally agree with them.

What I always say about this destructive criticism is that, even a sword must have a very powerful holder in order to slay enemies perfectly and if the holder is too weak, then his perceived or real enemies would grow in his watch. That’s that. Today, let’s talk about four issues and their solution throughout the implementation of the recently signed agreement. These are, “the want-to-haves, the have-not & the haves,” and lastly, “the governing authorities”.

First, let start it with the want-to-haves. The peace is signed only between the want-to-have and the government. I assumed, the want-to-haves are happy because they’ll have what they’ve desired all along. Though the war has been blanketed in civilians’ oppression by the rebels, it’s just a war of positions to be sincere and the evidence is that, if the reactionaries are reinstated in their positions, they’d close their mouths and feed their accounts with public funds. This time, there’s hope that they’ll not agitate this peace anymore.

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IGAD: Riek Machar can stay in the country of his choice until he goes to Juba

Posted: September 17, 2018 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in HLRF, IGAD, Junub Sudan


For immediate release

COMMUNIQUÉ OF THE 33rd EXTRA-ORDINARY SUMMIT OF IGAD ASSEMBLY OF HEADS OF STATE AND GOVERNMENT

12TH SEPTEMBER 2018,
ADDIS ABABA, ETHIOPIA

The IGAD Assembly of Heads of State and Government held its 33rd Extra-Ordinary Summit on 12th September 2018, in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia under the Chairmanship of H.E. Dr Abiy Ahmed, Prime Minister of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia and Chairperson of the IGAD Assembly of Heads of State and Government to deliberate on the final status of the Revitalized Agreement of Resolution of the Conflict in South Sudan (R-ARCSS).

The Assembly was attended by H.E Ismail Omar Guelleh, President of the Republic of Djibouti; Cabinet Secretary Amb. Monica Juma representing H.E Uhuru Kenyatta, President of the Republic of Kenya; H.E. Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed, President of the Republic of Somalia; H.E Salva Kiir Mayardit, President of the Republic of South Sudan; H.E. Omar Hassan Al-Bashir, President of the Republic of Sudan; and H.E. Yoweri Kaguta Museveni, President of the Republic of Uganda.

The Summit was also attended by H.E Amb. Mahboub Maalim, the Executive Secretary of IGAD; H.E Festus G. Mogae, the Chairperson of the Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission (JMEC); H.E Dr. Ismail Wais, IGAD Special Envoy for South Sudan.

The Special Envoys and High Representatives of the AU, UN, EU, the Co-Chairperson of the IGAD Partners Forum (IGAD-IPF), the representatives of the Troika on South Sudan (US, UK, Norway), and representatives of China were also present at the opening session and made statements. (more…)

“Do not squander this opportunity again”- JMEC tells parties

Posted: September 13, 2018 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in History, HLRF, Junub Sudan

“Do not squander this opportunity again”- JMEC tells parties
The Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission (JMEC) outgoing Chairperson, H.E. Festus Mogae, on Wednesday appealed to the South Sudan parties not to squander the opportunity to bring lasting peace in South Sudan.

The former President of Botswana was speaking at the 33rd Extra Ordinary Assembly of the IGAD Heads of State and Government held in Addis Ababa. The main agenda of the meeting, was the signing of the Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in South Sudan (RARCSS) by all Parties.

In his last speech to the Heads of State as the Chairperson of JMEC, President Mogae said, “It is my earnest hope that the signing of the Revitalized Peace Agreement will herald a new chapter for the Republic of South Sudan”.

“It is important to underline that the HLRF process has afforded all the parties and stakeholders every opportunity, to make their case and reach compromises.  The outcome we are witnessing today is therefore a reflection of a thorough and inclusive process”, he added.

In addition, the President also noted the immense contribution and involvement from various stakeholders that had made the Revitalization Forum a success. In particular, he applauded the South Sudanese parties and Stakeholders, the IGAD Council of Ministers, the IGAD Special Envoy for South Sudan, the High-Level Facilitators, the Mediators of the Khartoum phase of the HLRF as well as the International Partners.

“In particular, I want to also acknowledge the contribution of my staff, the JMEC members of the HLRF taskforce, without whom this progress may not have been achieved as timeously as has been the case”, he stated.

While making the remarks, the outgoing Chairperson also used the opportunity, to thank the IGAD Heads of State for his appointment as the Chairperson of JMEC in 2015 as well as the support extended to him during his tenure. He noted how proud he was of the many challenges that the JMEC members had collectively overcome in discharging the mandate of monitoring and evaluating the progress of the implementation of the 2015 Peace Agreement, over the last two years and eight months.

“I am also proud, that through my leadership, we recommended the revitalization of the ARCSS 2015 and today we conclude with a more inclusive peace agreement. This revitalized agreement, if fully implemented, promises sustainable peace and prosperity in the Republic of South Sudan”, he added.

President Mogae steps down as the JMEC Chairperson at the end of September.

ENDS

JMEC

The Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission (JMEC) was established by terms decreed under Chapter Seven of the Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan (ARCSS), signed on 17th August 2015 in Addis Ababa.
Under the terms of the Agreement, JMEC shall be responsible for monitoring, overseeing and supporting the implementation of the Agreement and the mandate and tasks of the TGoNU (Transitional Government of National Unity), including adherence of the Parties to agreed timelines and schedules; and in the event of non-compliance, shall recommend appropriate corrective action to the TGoNU.
JMEC is responsible for overseeing the work of CTSAMM (Ceasefire and Transitional Security Monitoring Mechanism), EFMA (Economic and Financial Management Authority), and other transitional institutions created by the Agreement.

Yakani of CEPO

Friday, September 07, 2018 (PW) — Today evening the IGAD Special Envoy to South Sudan Ambassador Ismail Wise brief the delegates of the South Sudan peace mediation process that On Tuesday all the delegates will be airlift to Ethiopia-Addis Ababa to be alongside the IGAD Council of Minister Ordinary meeting that will discuss the South Sudan peace outcomes on 12 Sept. 2018.

The council of ministers meeting will be held in the morning hours. On Same day evening hours, the Head of State and Government will hold an ordinary summit to endorse the initialed Revitalized ARCSS. Both meetings will proposed resolution on the presented reservations by the conflicting parties of South Sudan.

If IGAD meetings were able to draw resolution on the reservations and their resolution is accepted by all conflicting parties of South Sudan then immediately the final signing of the revitalized ARCSS will be conducted. Today all the parties and stakeholders initialed the minutes of the ceasefire workshop. (more…)


National Dialogue Steering Committee Report – Final Report from the Sub-Committee on Central Equatoria states (PDF)


National Dialogue, concept reflictions by Mading Deng

“In this polarized and polarizing conflict, perceptions can overshadow reality, and whatever the equation of the power structures, the Dinka are being seen as having replaced the Arabs as the rulers in an ethnically unjust system. As the various ethnic groups converge against what they perceive as Dinka domination, the Dinka in turn begin to perceive themselves as targeted and paradoxically as in imminent danger of a genocidal onslaught. They therefore strive to mobilize themselves in self-defense.” – Dr Francis Mading Deng – SOUTH SUDAN NATIONAL DIALOGUE; Conceptual Reflections page 43

National Dialogue Steering Committee – Final Report from Central Equatoria Sub–Committee

Executive Summary

1.1 Introduction

The Central Equatoria Sub-Committee of the National Dialogue was in the field for 45 days, beginning in Yei River State in October 2017, and proceeding to Juba, Capital of Jubek State. The team continued with consultations in Terekeka State and finalized the assignment by conducting meetings in Ganji and Lokiliri counties of Jubek State and in Tali County in Terekeka State in March 2018. The estimated total number of the people consulted, in 37 meetings, is 3,200, inclusive of all sectors of the communities targeted.

The mandate of the Sub-Committee was to guide the process of the National Dialogue, listen and document the concerns raised by the participants and ensure an environment of inclusivity, transparency, freedom of speech and full participation in the consultations.

The stakeholders were asked: What, in their opinion, are the causes of the political and communal violence in the country that has caused unnecessary deaths, displacement into the bush, refugee camps as well as the suffering from hunger and disease? What, in their opinion, is the solution to bring the Republic of South Sudan back to peace, stability, and development?

The process of consultations was highly successful, due to the cooperation and support from Governors of Yei River State, Jubek State and Terekeka State. The Sub-Committee would like to convey its gratitude for the popular reception accorded to the team by the Governors of these three States. Each of the State Governments formed a committee to mobilize, coordinate and facilitate the work of the Sub-Committee. In each State, the committee was provided with transport, security escort to counties and lecture halls. Their support extended to contribution of fuel, feeding and accommodation of the team in Morobo, Kaya, Lainya and Tali Counties.  The participants were very keen to meet with the National Dialogue Sub-Committee and they responded enthusiastically. (more…)


Khartoum Declaration Agreement: The Initialed Revitalized ARCSS, August 2018.pdf


Adija


By Roger Alfred Yoron Modi, Kampala, Uganda

Tribute to Isaiah Abraham

Tribute to Isaiah Abraham: The Dark Ages of South Sudan Liberation

Tuesday, September 4, 2018 (PW) — The last week initialed Revitalised-Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in South Sudan R-ARCSShas enshrined several legal and institutional reforms to be undertaken but failed short of providing for the improvement of the media sector in the young nation.

Two media laws: The Media Authority Act, 2013; and The Right of Access to Information Act, 2013 badly need reforms to ensure that the ought to be autonomous media regulatory body aka Media Authority, and the information commission operate independent of the executive arm of the government and ensure adherence to democratic principles, human rights law and international best practices.

Media Authority is established, according to the Act, for the regulation, development and promotion of an independent and professional media in South Sudan. (more…)