Archive for the ‘mabioor Garang de Mabioor’ Category


Public Service Announcement: The Failure of the SPLM and the Illusion of SPLM Reunification

By Captain Mabior Garang de Mabior, Nairobi, Kenya

Saturday, February 23, 2019 (PW) — Fellow South Sudanese, as the SPLM aristocracy continues to make political maneuvers to help them stay in power, it is important that our people remain vigilant in order to avoid a complete loss of their hard-won struggle for self-determination. It would be marvelous if the wounds inflicted on our people could be healed magically by the SPLM reunification. The problem with the reunification however, is that the SPLM reunification comes partly as a result of a misdiagnosis of the problem and partly as a tactic by the SPLM(IG) to isolate the SPLM/SPLA(IO).

This is part of the regimes long term strategy, it is part of their futile attempts to continue usurping the people’s power. The catalyst to the current civil war, as we all know, was the failure of leadership in the SPLM. What has changed since December 6, 2013 that justifies this reunification that can convince the public their failures have been overcome? In order to have a more concrete understanding of this failure, it is paramount that we breakdown the genesis of this failure:

Beloved Countrymen/women!

1. The genesis of the SPLM leadership failure can be traced back to the unfortunate manner in which the first Chairperson of the SPLM, Dr. John Garang de Mabior, met his end.

2. To this day, the leadership which emerged and formed the government after the demise of our first Chairman, has never made public the results of the investigation into the crash which killed him. (more…)


PRESS RELEASE: PHASE II OF THE HIGH LEVEL REVITALIZATION FORUM (HLRF)

Mabioor Garang, minister for water and irrigation

Mabioor Garang de Mabior is the former minister for water and irrigation in Juba under the KiiRiek TGONU, and the current Chairman of the SPLM-IO National Committee for Information and Public Relations

Monday, May 21, 2018 (PW) — The leadership of the SPLM/SPLA (IO) would like to update our members and the people of South Sudan at large on the progress of Phase II of the High-Level Revitalization Forum (HLRF) since its resumption on May 17, 2018. After a two-day workshop on governance and on security on the 15th and 16th of May, the HLRF was officially launched on May 17, 2018. The issues for negotiation were the sticking points on governance and security which we have been discussing since the beginning of Phase II of HLRF in February 2018.

In February 2018, Faith-based Groups requested the IGAD Mediation to give South Sudanese an opportunity to discuss these issues among themselves without the mediation. On May 17, the IGAD Mediation after officially launching the session, asked the faith-based groups to facilitate the discussions, while IGAD maintained an observer status in the sessions facilitated by the faith-based groups. Though the faith-based groups have been facilitating the discussions since May 18, there has been no major breakthrough. However, there is some little progress in the security committee and we encourage our members and people of South Sudan to remain hopeful, your Movement shall update you with time. (more…)


The Root Cause of the December 2013 Crisis in South Sudan: The ‘Sectarian Culturalism’ Factor – A Response to Hon. Arop Madut Arop’s Article “How Political Wrangling in the Ruling SPLM Party Wrecked South Sudan Apart In 2013

By Mabior Garang De Mabior, Nairobi, Kenya

young mabior garang

Young Mabior Garang in Bowtie

April 10, 2018 (SSB) — It is a known fact that the December 2013 conflict in South Sudan arose out of tensions within and among the SPLM/SPLA leadership. However, there are many factors which contributed to and eventually lit the fuse leading to the outbreak of war. The prominent party leaders who challenged the status quo were from a diversity of South Sudanese communities but the Nuer community in Juba would be singled out and would bear the brunt of the punitive measures that followed. The targeting of Nuer civilians in Juba is well documented in the final report of the African Union Commission of Inquiry on South Sudan (The Obasanjo Report). Targeting of Nuer civilians was a tactic by the regime to arouse tribal sentiments, marshal Dinka ranks and divert the attention from the political failures of the movement. The SPLM/SPLA called this “Sectarian Culturalism” during the liberation war and identified it as one of the leading problems in the old Sudan. It is unfortunate that it continues to remain a leading factor in the causes of war in the Republic of South Sudan.

The concept of ‘Sectarian Culturalism’ as defined by the SPLM/SPLA was the use of cultural differences to enhance selfish rise to political power by using one’s tribe/region, or the use of one tribe against another in furtherance of selfish political ambitions, patronage and hegemony.

The abandonment and departure from the SPLM/SPLA’s vision, objectives and program meant that the movement forgot the struggle against sectarian culturalism. The leadership failed to recognize the emergence of new contradictions in our society which needed the struggle against sectarian culturalism. The late Chairman in a lecture to officers of the SPLM/SPLA Shield Five (1988) explained, ” … if you take it from one point of view and say it will be Arab culture, or Dinka culture, or Nuer culture, or Shilluk, or Nuba, or Fur and you stick to that, this is ‘sectarian culturalism’. You cannot create a new nation out of imposition of one culture …” The ‘sectarian culturalism’ factor has been the impetus to the other factors leading to the conflict and the ‘Riek Machar’ Factor is really a euphemism for tribalism which in the context of politics the SPLM/SPLA has labelled ‘sectarian culturalism’.

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The Root Cause of the December 2013 Crisis in South Sudan: The SPLM/SPLA Factor– A Response to Hon. Arop Madut Arop’s Article “How Political Wrangling in the Ruling SPLM Party Wrecked South Sudan Apart In 2013

By Mabior Garang De Mabior, Nairobi, Kenya

in the company of Dr. John Garang: once upon a time, we were united.

Introduction

March 28, 2018 (SSB) — The December 2013 conflict in South Sudan has often been portrayed as a power struggle between the President Salva Kiir and his then Vice President Riek Machar – a Vice President who was seen as and continues to be depicted as a power-hungry individual. We have branded this as “The Riek Machar Factor”. The conflict has also been portrayed as a tribal war between the Dinka and the Nuer. This is not true. It is a known fact that the causes of war are economic in nature; and war, as theorized by Carl Von Clausewitz is, “the continuation of politics by other means”. The attempts to politicize the root causes of the current conflict are an attempt by a regime, waging a war of attrition on its own civil population, to hide the heinous crimes which led to the outbreak of war.

The following is an attempt by the author/s to discuss the failure of the SPLM/SPLA as one of the many factors leading up to the December 2013 conflict. It would be important to define some terms in order to avoid confusion. The abbreviation SPLM/SPLA shall be used here to refer to the liberation struggle during the first civil war in the old Sudan (1983-2005) and the term SPLM/SPLA (IO) refers to the movement currently spearheading the struggle against the regime in Juba.

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The Root Cause of the December 2013 Crisis in South Sudan: The Riek Machar Factor – A Response to Hon. Arop Madut Arop’s Article “How Political Wrangling in the Ruling SPLM Party Wrecked South Sudan Apart In 2013

By Mabior Garang de Mabior, Nairobi, Kenya

Mabioor de Garang with Riek Machar in the bush

Armed rebel leader Riek Machar with Mabior Garang de Mabior in Pagak, July 2014

Introduction

March 21, 2018 (SSB) — The current civil war in the Republic of South Sudan is now entering its sixth year and a negotiated resolution to the conflict seems more elusive with the passage of time. There are various challenges to the peace process, however, the most immediate challenge has been the chronic failure to address the root cause of the conflict. The social sciences teach us that in order to resolve a difficult problem, one of the best approaches is the “root cause analysis”. In order for us to overcome the uncertainty currently surrounding the prospects for peace, it is important to revisit the genesis of the problem we are trying to mitigate, so that we can approach the solution to the crisis in a scientific manner and not based on our personal opinions. The following shall be an attempt by the authors to address the known facts leading up to the December 2013 crisis. It is in the analysis of this that we may perhaps be able to find a way out of the current abyss.

Historical Background

The SPLM crisis of 2013 was a culmination of several months of tension within the SPLM Political Bureau (PB) caused by the then forthcoming SPLM National Convention, scheduled for May 2013. The SPLM Convention was set to discuss among many issues, the Constitution, Basic Documents, Code of Conduct, term limits of office holders (including the SPLM Chairman) and the flag-bearer for the 2015 general election. The crisis escalated when the Chairman of the SPLM/SPLA, Salva Kiir, acting in his capacity as the President of the Republic, decided to sack the Vice President, the National Ministers and their Deputies, and the SPLM Secretary General, on July 23rd, 2013. The president also dissolved all the SPLM structures during a speech at the opening of the SPLM House in Juba on the November 15th, 2013.

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