Archive for the ‘Mapuor Malual’ Category


By Mapuor Malual Manguen

athielei

Zambians are already on streets chanting their dissatisfactions over sacking of the ruling party Secretary General by interim president Guy Scot. The acting president who also doubles as defacto leader of the ruling party fired Secretary General of ruling Patriotic Front party before his former boss; Michael Sata who died last week is buried.

Michael Sata died in London Clinic of undisclosed illness after disappearing from public scene for many months. His body was flown back to the country on Saturday where it is awaiting state burial on November 11. But, politics of power struggle for a full time successor of the late Sata are spiraling out of control in the southern African country.

The struggle raises question whether the late President will be accorded a dignified burial. Scot’s sacking spree when the country is mourning is seen as insult and reminder to Whiteman’s colonial era where African cultures were considered irrelevant. Guy scot is the first white President to set foot at the helm of the country in Africa after defeat of South Africa’s apartheid white supremacist government in 1994. So, is it the clash of cultures that derived Scot’s decision or is it a succession politics? Obviously it is the later that swept aside everything.

Still, the succession politics after the death of the President is not exclusively a Zambian problem; it is an African phenomenon. In neighboring Malawi for instance, power struggles led to split of the then ruling party after the demise of former President Bingu wa Matharika in April 2012. The current president Peter Matharika logged horns with former vice president Joice Banda – the rightful successor as per constitution – over who should occupy Statehouse following the death of the President in South Africa.

When it comes to context of democracy, African leaders approach it with hypocrisy despite its explicit text in the constitution. For African strongmen (presidents), succession politics means grooming their siblings or relatives for President after their retirement. Some resort to constitutional amendment to allow them rule for life until they die in power after which their next of kin becomes automatic successor. We have seen living examples in Gabon, Democratic Republic of Congo and Togo where sons of deceased Presidents became automatic Presidents to date. This practice is borrowed from African traditional political arrangement where son or brother of a village Chief would be enthroned upon his death.

Another obstacle to smooth succession is the issue of court cases file against former heads of state after their exit from corridors of power. This is the most avoided problem by sitting presidents. But, avoiding court cases during retirement is a very fluid undertaking. You have to die in power in Africa to avoid political witch-hunt because no one will take dead president to court.

The author is journalist, blogger and political commentator. He can be reached at mapuormanguen85@gmail.com


By Mapuor Malual Manguen

Facebook is the most used social networking website in the world. One interesting thing about it is that many of its users know its drawbacks but cannot stop using it. This is because it is the most addictive social media. Once you get connected with your facebook friends you will realize how frequently you open Facebook and also spend so much time in commenting, viewing other’s pictures, playing games or doing other stuff.

Apart from causing troubled relationships and intrusion to someone’s privacy, facebook can ruin people’s professional life. This can happen through what information or pictures you post to your profile page. The kind of pictures and information you share with friends can describe individual character. I believe many South Sudanese facebook users are not aware of this shortcoming. I made this conclusion as a result of what I have always seen and read from my friend’s profile updates.

 Besides, the job seekers of this country should note that one can lose chances for employment because of individual social networking website’s profile page. Often employers search for applicants’ social networking website’s profile page to know more about you.  Maybe you have put some nude pictures in your profile or maybe you have entered wrong information (perhaps just for fun) in your profile; your employer will be shocked to see all that and you will not be given the job offer.

Worst of all, facebook is producing so many quack journalists in South Sudan than any other social networking. Throughout their session, facebook users post any information that come to their minds or came across without first weighing impacts this information may cause. I have seen many of my facebook friends posting death announcement in their pages. They don’t care how this information might affect the aggrieved relatives; friends and family members of the dead. The worst situation of this frenzy is when someone rushes to fackebook and post that so and so is killed when in fact the very person is alive and kicking.

One such example happened last week when some facebookers posted in their pages the purported killing of Lakes State citizens in Gogrial in Warrap state. This was a fabrication but it caused unnecessary tension which prompted authorities of both Lakes and Warrap states to quickly come out and denied such information as “dangerous lie.” This is how social media would plant seeds of disunity in the public.

It should be note that facebook is a useful tool for networking, entertainment and communication. But if misuse, it can cause serious damage to individual integrity.

This article was published on The Juba Telegraph on Wednesday, October 15, 2014. The author is journalist, blogger and political commentator based in juba. He can be reached at mapuormanguen85@gmail.com


By Mapuor Malual Manguen, Juba

bakulu2

Until this week, accidents that had involved Bakulu Transport Company are beyond remorse. Since 2011 when Bakulu coaches hit market in South Sudan, the company has made more money in the same speed it took lives of many passengers when its drivers made frequent accidents along Juba-Nimule-Kampala high. The most recent fatal incidence killed over thirty passengers. It is making more deaths than money in the country. In other words, Bakulu is becoming another source of insecurity in South Sudan.

On July this year, over 16 people were critically injured in a fatal accident involving a coach belonging to Bakulu Bus Company at Pageri Trading center; about 40 kilometers from the Nimule border post. This Monday, 31 passengers died in the same company in an accident that happened in Nesitu, 25km from Juba. The bus registration number UAS 073P collided with a trailer registration number UAB 300E while on its way to Kampala. Some sources reported death toll reached 56.

This is the latest accident that involved devastating Bakulu bus after past similar incidences that claimed dozens of lives along Juba-Kampala highway. Base on information I gathered, 2011 contains worst records of that fatal transport company.

On July 03 and 26, 2011, two Kampala bound Bakulu buses with registration numbers UAQ 409D and UAM 727H crashed killing three passengers and 28 more injured along Juba-Nimule Road and Nimule-Gulu road respectively. Reckless driving and sticking to Uganda traffic rule of keeping left instead of observing right when crossing into South Sudan were blamed.

In June the same year, a deadly head on collision involving a Bakulu bus and Baby Coach in Nimule left 29 people dead and over 77 others injured. The bus that involved in accident was one of other Bakulu buses grounded at Gulu Central Police station following suspension of licenses of the bus company by Uganda’s Transport Licensing Board (TLB). It resumed operations after TLB ordered long distance buses to assign at least two drivers for each journey.

This directive from Uganda side did not end deaths of South Sudanese and foreign nationals in dreaded Bakulu Company. Moreover, whether Uganda police shared such information with their counterpart in South Sudan is another matter. Otherwise, Bakulu Transport Company Management has failed to contain reckless driving and accidents often commit by their drivers plying Kampala-Juba highway.

So far, South Sudan government has not made road safety laws to regulate road usage and mitigate daily accidents occurring in the country. But, if there is no such law, should Bakulu continue take more lives of passengers until National Assembly passes regulatory laws? Bakulu operations in the country should cease immediately.

A life of our people is more precious than money made by Bakulu Transport Company. If Uganda’s TLB cannot act on this fatal company, its operation should confine within Uganda borders.

This article was first published in The Juba Telegraph on Thursday, October 2, 2014. The author is journalist, blogger and political commentator based in Juba. He can be reached at mapuormanguen85@gmail.com

The conspiracy behind Khartoum’s alleged leaked memo

Posted: September 30, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël in Mapuor Malual

By Mapuor Malual Manguen

In August this year Riek Machar and his entourage visited Khartoum to drum up support for Addis Ababa peace talks between his rebel movement and the government of South Sudan. About two months later, it is emerging that his visit was not a peace tour as reported in the media but, in fact a soliciting drive for military support from the archenemy of his country, the republic of Sudan. On 24 September, Prof. Eric Reeves, a distinguished analyst of South Sudan and Sudan published a secret memo on Sudan Tribune from a meeting of top military and security officials in Khartoum that took place on August 31 this year. This was three weeks after Riek visit. In the memo, senior Sudanese officials allegedly agreed to support the Sudan People’s Liberation Army-In Opposition (SPLM-IO) with advanced weapons and trainings to change balance of power in South Sudan.

Sudan 1st Vice President Bakri Hassan Saleh is quoted that his regime “Recognizes Dr. Riek Machar Liaison office and all organs are required to provide protection and security to them. “I met Riak Machar, Dhieu Mathok and Taban Deng Gai and they are regretting the decision to separate the South and we decided to return his house to him. He [Riek Machar] requested us to assist him and that he, has shortage in the M.I. personnel, operations command and tank technicians. We must use the many cards we have against the South in order to give them unforgettable lesson.”

But inevitably Prof. Reeves raised questions about the authenticity of this document, marked internally as “secret, confidential, and restricted.” Most of the reasons for believing the document to be authentic, on Reeves’ reading, have to do with the extremely close resemblance of much of what is said by officials in this meeting and what has been said and done publicly by the National Congress Party/National Islamic Front regime, but in the minutes with more detail, specificity, and nuance of expression.

Nevertheless, this purported memo is not far from reality on the battlefields in Upper Nile and Unity States. After acquiring trainings and weapons from Sudan, the rebels of SPLM-IO recently crossed borders into the country and launched attacks on government controlled areas. The Chief of Joint General Staff of the Sudan Armed Forces, 1st Lt. General Hashim Abdalla Mohammed, adds his voice in this conspiracy theory and I quote,

“We must change the balance of forces in South Sudan. Riak, Taban and Dhieu Mathok came and requested support in the areas of training in M.I. and especially in tanks and artillery. They requested armament also. They want to be given advanced weapons. Our reply was that we have no objection, provided that we agree on a common objective. Then we train and supply with the required weapons,” end quote.

But what is that “common objective” that Khartoum regime is forging with South Sudan rebels? Is it a common objective for regime change in Juba? Or is it for reunification of Sudan with South Sudan? Just as I mentioned in my previous article, the recent rebels activities in Renk is strong evidence to Khartoum’s leaked memo.

The objective of Sudan may not necessarily intend to re-occupy the whole South Sudan but aims to take up contested areas along the border. Rebels on their part are desperate to capture or destroy operating oil facilities through Sudan’s help to starve Juba with oil proceeds which it depends for running state institutions. This is bitter pill for Sudan to swallow because it also relies on oil infrastructure fees that Juba pays per every barrel of crude that passes through Sudan’s territory.

This article was first published by The Juba Telegraph on Tuesday 30, September 2014. The author is journalist, blogger and political commentator based in Juba. mapuormanguen85@gmail.com

Are we Justifying that South Sudan is a Young Nation?

Posted: September 21, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël in Mapuor Malual

By Mapuor Malual Manguen

From rags to riches: the amazing transition of the South Sudanese Minister

From rags to riches: the amazing transition of the foreign workers in South Sudan

Just a day after Labour Ministry issued Order directing NGOs and private companies to hire competent South Sudanese in certain positions currently occupied by aliens, South Sudan’s government made a disgraceful U-turn. The Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, Dr. Barnaba Marial Benjamin said his government will not expel foreign workers.

In effect, the previous order issued by Labour Minister, Mr. Ngor Kolong Ngor is annulled and buried in the dustbin of history of similar circulars.

Dr. Marial argued that the labour ministry was still in the process of working on employment regulations that would give skilled locals a fair chance to get jobs in private companies and non-governmental organizations. This argument appeared to contradict or veto an earlier circular issued by the labour ministry giving an October 15 notice as deadline for declaring mentioned positions vacant.

If Dr. Marial’s argument that there was no government policy ordering foreign workers to give up certain positions by October 15 is anything to go by, why did Labour Ministry issued that Order in the first place? Was this Ministerial Order issued prematurely? Didn’t the Minister of Labour make consultations with other stakeholders to assess its legality and ramifications in the region?

If these questions were not asked or unanswered before issuing Order, was it meant to gauge public mood? Or are we justifying our usual phrase that “South Sudan is a young nation?”

The way it was responded depicts weakness of the government. It exposes the government to more foreign interferences in its internal policies because this U-turn makes the government as weak as an institution which can just give in to any foreign pressure.

The negative interpretations, mockery, vilifications, threats and intimidations of South Sudan by neighboring countries of Uganda and Kenya shouldn’t have been responded in such an embarrassing way. Some sorts of dignified withdrawal of Kolong’s Order should have been devised to face-save image of the country.

To relax the October 15 deadline, the whole Circular should not be wish away just like that. Four months or so extension deadline should save both sides’ interests. It may give enough time to the would-be affected companies to adjust to new policy without disrupting their programs.

On the other hand, the government of South Sudan would be able to complete its employment regulation policies after which it will lay out strong grounds to defend its future undertakings on employment.

Moreover, four months extension deadline may serve a strong warning to private companies and NGOs that it is no longer “business as usual;” that they should not continue to overlook qualifications of local expertise as pretext of bringing aliens to take up South Sudanese jobs.

The author is journalist, blogger and political commentator based in Juba. He can be reached at mapuormanguen85@gmail.com


By Mapuor Malual Manguen

circular

When the Minister of Public Service, Labor and Human Resource Development issued circular this week directing Nongovernmental Organizations and private Companies to hire competent South Sudanese nationals in certain positions currently occupied by foreigners, the move sent shock waves in the region and beyond.

As an attempt to bully Government of South Sudan to reverse its new employment policy, foreign media not least in neighboring countries are making their own interpretations. A Kenya base Daily Nation newspaper resorted to sensational coverage and I quote some of its headlines ran in its front page: “Leave now, SPLA tells non-locals”…; “Fears for South Sudan’s future after foreign worker ban”.

It went on to say that “A move by war-torn South Sudan to turf out foreign workers has been met with shock, consternation and dire predictions that the country is being led towards total collapse.” The paper further likened South Sudan’s decision to Ugandan dictator Idi Amin’s expulsion of Asians in 1970s.

This kind of reporting is what forced me to write this article. It’s disproportionate and does not represent real intent of the Circular issued by Labor Ministry. Moreover, it paints South Sudanese as xenophobic and unfriendly.

Apparently, the Circular did not target any particular country neither did it mention confiscation of foreign businesses in the country. So, why should it be likened with Idi Amin’s ruthless action on Asians? Kolong’s Circular is only meant to create jobs for thousands of South Sudanese who are unemployed despite having attained necessary qualifications. This should not be blown out of proportion because South Sudan government is doing what any responsible government should do to protect rights of its citizens. After all, Kolong’s Circular is widely welcome by South Sudanese.

This Circular is double-edge: first, if implemented, unemployment level will be reduced. Secondly, it will be another milestone towards full control of our internal affairs. Because aliens have penetrated all national sectors, they tend to develop patronage over South Sudan by interfering or influencing its internal policies. This behavior is unacceptable because it is a threat to sovereign rights of this country.

Yes, the literacy level in this country is very low. But it shouldn’t be taken as advantage by foreign companies to continue exporting employment of their compatriots to South Sudan even when the country is producing professional force every year. Until now, thousands of South Sudanese that got their trainings abroad and within the country are jobless.

Last year when Minister of Interior issued similar Circular banning foreign motor cycle (boda boda) riders in South Sudan, the country unfairly received sustained barrage of criticisms and intimation from affected foreign nationals particularly Ugandans. They returned to Uganda and misrepresented the issue as “expulsion.” This almost affected cordial diplomatic relations between Uganda and South Sudan. However, the two governments quickly clarified the issue logically. The order was implemented fully and jobs were created for South Sudanese. Therefore, Mr. Kolong’s Order is no different. It serves the same purpose like bodaboda policy of last year. Implementing authorities should go ahead to effect it.

The author is journalist, blogger and political commentator base in Juba. He can be reached at mapuormanguen85@gmail.com


By Mapuor Malual Manguen

SPLM House

The chaos and insecurity in Lakes State has reached an alarming level as Jieng National Community Leaders’ Council try to salvage methods to arrest the situation.

From 11 to 12 September, 2014, Jieng Elders held meeting with Lakes state community in Juba at Nyakouron Cultural Centre under the theme “Together we stand, divided we fall” to find answers to what should be done to end inter-clan fighting and restore peace in the state.

The meeting was well attended by National and State Legislators, elders, women, traditional leaders and youth residing in Juba.

As meeting was progressing, bad news were coming in from Rumbek. Five people were killed in Mayadh along Cueibet-Rumbek Road when the car they were traveling in was ambushed and sprayed with bullets by suspected local youth of the area in what could be a revenge of their kin killed earlier by youth from Rumbek North.

The incident ignited chaos and panic in Rumbek town and Pachong where relatives of the deceased reside. Three army officers who were enroute to Warrap suffered the same fate at Pachong not on their line of duty but, from intersectional vendetta killings.

The upsurge of crises in Lakes state is a headache to many citizens of this country including the author of this article but, to some elitist politicians from the State; it is bait for cheap politicking.

In Nyakouron for instance, while Jieng elders consistently directed participants to stick to agenda of finding route causes and solutions for Lakes state crises, some MPs were making noise on calling for removal of Caretaker Governor, Matur Chut Dhuol because he did not roll out red carpet for them when they visited Rumbek last July.

This is cheap politics or tag of war if you like which I believe cannot address any crises.

Already, different groups have fronted candidates for Governorship to replace incumbent Governor putting the public at electioneering mood for nothing.

This is what I stated in my previous article that Lakes state politicians are largely united in their call for Matur Chut’s removal but would be divided on who should replace him.

The crises in Lakes state should no longer be seen through lenses of mere communal conflicts. Elements of politics have encouraged in. I am afraid when politicians are on each other’s neck in Juba or Rumbek, the local youth known as Gelweng would hype inter-clan and intersection fights.

This is a questionable coincident if at all there were no political motivations behind the scenes!

If otherwise, a solution to Lakes state crises should include punishing those who might be using Gelweng as tool for settling their political interest.

The author lives in Juba. He can be reached at mapuormalual@yahoo.com

Why Gen Matur Chut political enemies are multiplying

Posted: September 2, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël in Mapuor Malual

By Mapuor Malual Manguen

Just one and half years ago since he was appointed as Caretaker Governor of Lakes state, Maj. Gen. Matur Chut Dhuol has made more enemies than friends among state politicians and population. I shall take sneak peek as to why there is seemingly no love lost between the veteran army general or maverick politician if you like, and his yesterday’s staunch backers.

When Gen. Dhuol occupied the top hot political seat of Lakes state through Presidential Decree, it caught many with surprise but, it was widely welcomed with high expectations. Without squandering time, he immediately ventured into what I may call “dangerous political gamble” which his predecessors had knowingly avoided or never dire to contemplate.

In his first few months in office, he began to assert repossession of all public lands that were grabbed or dubiously owned by some powerful politicians and senior army officers from the state. They were using these lands as private property for residence or business entity. General Dhuol identified and confiscated all these property and re-asserted full government ownership over them. At the moment, one of these centers has been renovated and become official resident of Deputy Government.

The ownerships of Panda Hotel, APEX, APARD, Kony-Rot among others were affected by this policy. He also evicted people who were illegally living in dozens of public plots and declared government reclamation over them. This sowed first seeds of elitist group of anti-Dhuol establishment among state politicians. Meanwhile, the public welcomed his fearless character. And the SPLA General briefly became the Robert Mugabe of Rumbek.

As this policy became a talking point at every cafe in State, he quickly turned his attention on alcohol; ordering the ban of making or sales of all types of alcohol in Lakes state. With exception of a few big hotels, the General sent out his blue eyed boys to search, confiscate and destroy any alcohol they could find and arrest those who did not heed to his orders. His argument was that alcohol is a major trigger of criminal activities that could evolve to intersectional conflicts in state. Until then, state revelers switched side to anti-Dhuol establishment.

Having spent most of his time in military career, Gen. Dhuol buffoonery personality would score him very low points when it comes to language of modern day politics. Since he’s a man who can not mince his words when giving directives to his subordinates, critics took this part of his character as advantage to concoct some abusive, immoral, and vulgar statements allegedly said by Gen. Matur. And the numbers of his critics keep multiplying while his public popularity waned.

As time ticks to the next general elections in the country, Gen. Dhuol in my view appears to be an obstacle and a big threat to some seasonal politicians who might wish to vie for certain seats come elections time. The militant and iron fist policy of the military Governor signals non conducive environment to easy march back to political system of those politicians. They have to fight for his removal before it is too late.

Recently, the General has become a talking point in Rumbek and Juba because many state politicians conspired to oust him from power by instigating a motion in the National Assembly asking the president to remove him under article 101 of National Transitional Constitution of South Sudan just like how his predecessor, Eng. Chol Tong Mayay was relieved.

Others have gone more vulgar on social media by calling for his removal because he is “illiterate”? What is the rationality of this argument? Given the fact that all predecessors of Matur Chut are educated, did this attribute help in ending madness of Rumbek people?

If otherwise, the argument of education in this case is baseless because it cannot address root causes and solutions of intersectional deaths in Lakes state. Yes, leaders like state Governor should have acquired formal education, but does this question address current problems of Rumbek?

I beg not to be accused of conflict of interest here since I have blood relation with Gen. Matur Chut. It is just a coincident and I am quite frank in this article. Our politicians and critics of Matur Chut have not been objective enough to answer question of “why every Governor has failed to address clan and communal killings” in Lakes state.

Yes, the President can invoke article 101 as recommended on August 25 by National Assembly to sack Gen. Dhuol, but the question is, has he succeeded before in this approach when he sacked and appointed…in the past? If otherwise, it is not necessary, if not a waste of time to keep using the same unworkable method.

The author is journalist, blogger, social and political commentator based in Juba. He can be reached at mapuormalual@yahoo.com


By Mapuor Malual Manguen

The hostile behavior of Riek Machar rebels known as Sudan Peoples’ Liberation Movement – In Opposition (SPLM-IO) towards peace is now crystal clear. They intend to continue their violence objective to overthrow government of South Sudan.

This avenue is against cardinal principal of democracy where regime can be changed through ballot box.The world including regional body, the Inter-governmental Authority on Development (IGAD) or so, is realizing the impossibility of Riek Machar’s dangerous ambitious path to get country’s highest political post.

At its 27th extraordinary summit on August 25, in the Ethiopian capital, Addis Ababa, the regional bloc approved the protocol on the agreed principles on transitional arrangements to end the ongoing conflict. President Kiir signed this protocol as a gesture to end the war in the country.

The summit calls on the stakeholders to conclude, within six weeks, negotiation of the details necessary to fully operationalise the agreed principles on the transitional arrangements towards resolution of the crisis in South Sudan.

However, the opposition group, led by former vice-president Riek Machar, said it is committed to the peace process and to reaching a negotiated political solution which should first address the root causes of the conflict.

Despite regional and international pressure, the SPLM-IO so far failed to approve a regional plan prepared by IGAD mediators to end the more than eight-month-long conflict. This is because it prevents its leader, Dr. Riek Machar from running for presidency after elapse of a two-year transitional period should he occupy position of Prime Minister to co-govern the country with President Salva Kiir Mayardit.

His negotiation Team leader to the Addis Ababa peace process, Gen. Taban Deng Gai later on released a statement to media re-affirming their rejection to power sharing protocol and accused IGAD of bias against his movement.

In the same IGAD summit, both President Salva Kiir Mayardit and Dr. Riek Machar signed Matrix for full implementation of Cessation of Hostilities (CoH) agreement where they reaffirmed their commitment to cease violence; allow free movement of humanitarian aids to people affected by war; and to end continuous breach and media propaganda.

But, barely two days after Addis Ababa summit, the rebels based in hotspot Unity State allegedly downed a United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) helicopter, 10km from state capital Bentiu. Evidences largely blame a notorious warlord and rebel commander, Maj.Gen. Peter Gatdate Yak for shooting down UN plane. Three Russian crew members were killed and one survived with injuries in this crash.

The helicopter is owned by Russian company, Utair and hired by UNMISS to transport food for IDPs from Wau in Western Bahr el Ghazal state to Bentiu where thousands of people are camped in UN compound and where roads are impassable due to floods menace.

A few days earlier, the same rebel commander who is under US and European Union’s assets freeze and travel ban, detained six members of CoH’s Monitoring and Verification Team (MVT).

The rebels tortured to death a government representative in the Team before releasing other members who are foreigners from IGAD member countries. The rebels later on accused MVT of spying for Juba.

Moreover, MVT reports indicate that out of recent five violations since their deployment, rebels are responsible for four of these violations. This revelation touched the nerves of some radical members of SPLM-IO who are used to attitude of “bite and cry” if victim reacted.

As rebels appear to be unhappy with outcome of recent summit which largely favors government side, nevertheless, the behavior of SPLM-IO towards peace agreement exposes their underlying character.

This stance is likely to antagonize international community which has been mounting strong pressure to both government and rebel to reach peaceful settlement and end sufferings.

Apparently, if Riek Machar and his group do not check their violent objective to unseat legitimate regime in Juba, they are likely to be slapped with targeted sanctions by IGAD, UN and the West. This would put rebels to further isolations.

But, sanctions may not work in any way in South Sudan whether on rebel, government side or both. Instead, it might pushed the likes of warlords in the name of Peter Gatdate and Gathoth Gatkuoth of Nasir to take the way of fugitive Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) leader, Joseph Kony and his followers who refused to sign peace up to now as a result of ICC arrest warrants against movement’s top leadership for crimes committed in Northern Uganda.

Since International Criminal Court (ICC) does not have police to arrest its suspects, Joseph Kony and his group exported their ruthless killings, looting and rape to South Sudan, DRC and Central Africa Republic.

Riek Machar’s SPLM-IO will not be cowed by sanctions as long as they continue to acquire arms and diplomatic support from some IGAD member states and their sponsors elsewhere.
The author is journalist, blogger, social and political commentator based in Juba. He can be reached at mapuormalual@yahoo.com.