Archive for the ‘Opinion Writers’ Category

By Majok Arol Dhieu, Juba, South Sudan

Riek Machar arrival in Addis Ababa, 20 June 2018.jpg

Riek Machar arrival in Addis Ababa, 20 June 2018

Wednesday, 20 June 2018 (PW) — Whoever relaxes reading will disarm himself academically and land himself in a passive position. For those who refused to be cowed into alcoholic’s friendship, your knowledge hasn’t yet evaporated but with lapse of time, should you sip one cup of an alcopop made from dried yeast, you will risk frittering the knowledge away. Help yourself!

A magician without sick people brought before him for some days would slaughter a chicken in conjuring people so that problem befalls them, and then he would benefit in solving those problems. This’s the same case with IGAD in solving South Sudan problems.

The decaying classes and the labouring masses are tired of peace process being repeatedly postponed. What is wrong with this compromise peace and its revitalization forum whereas other peace deals have been hastily signed as if bees were chasing the signatories out of hall?



By PaanLuel Wël, Juba, South Sudan


President Kiir and Dr. Riek Machar, Addis Ababa, 2015

Tuesday, June 19, 2018 (PW) — President Salva Kiir and Dr. Riek Machar are reportedly conducting their long-awaited face-to-face meeting tomorrow in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. This crucial meeting – their first contact since the infamous dogfight at J-1 in July 2016 – comes against a backdrop of the dismal failure of the IGAD-led Intensive Interlinked Consultation (IIC) in Addis Ababa, which collapsed yesterday without any major breakthrough on the main outstanding issues pertaining to chapter 1 and 2 of the 2015 ARCSS.

The main point of contention among the warring parties appears to be the spirited attempt by opposition parties to change the status quo in Juba by demanding the total dissolution and reconstitution of all state apparatus, and the strong determination by the government to maintain and perpetuate the status quo as presently constituted, with few changes here and there to placate the opposition and international community.

Various attempts by IGAD to break the deadlocks, including the introduction of a revised abridging proposal of the High Level Revitalization Forum (HLRF) of the 2015 ARCSS fell flat on its face. The revised bridging proposal of the HLRF is not a great improvement from its predecessor, however. (more…)

Another tedious search for peace: What the South Sudanese leaders should learnt from regional and international handshakes

By Longar Mathiec Wol, Juba, South Sudan

Raila and Riek

Former Kenyan PM, Raila Odinga, meeting South Sudanese opposition leader, Riek Machar, in South Africa, in the lead up to the face to face meeting in Khartoum between President Kiir and Dr. Riek Machar

Tuesday, June 19, 2018 (PW) — As the negotiation teams expected to resume another phase of negotiation in Addis Ababa, IGAD led peace mediation after face meeting schedule in Khartoum between President Salva Kiir Mayardit and Dr. Riek Machar Teny, if that initiative succeed; till then, the suffering masses will have to continue to patiently wait for the peace they have been yearning for a little longer. It has been painful experience and set back since Junubeen world turned a part in 2013.  Since then, the struggle to restore peace and stability rage on, the despair seems to overcome hope. Many people see the strategies deployed by the mediation organization, country and the opposition to be defective; people felt led down, the suffering continues.

In the view of the people of South Sudan, peace is the only way forward, and for the peace to come the politicians at this time are expected to sacrifice. They are expected to at least do right things. People have suffered enough. The analyses have it that, the country failed to achieve lasting peace because our leaders put their personal interest above all interests. The real peace will never come till when the leaders stop demanding for positions, instead of diagnosing the real root causes of this tragic civil war that led million to displacement camps in East Africa. (more…)

A socioeconomic perspective: High Bride Price is the main driver of rampant conflicts in the Lakes region in particular and South Sudan in general

By Makur Garang Apadieer, Juba, South Sudan

The Wedding of Amer Mayen Dhieu and Makwei Mabioor Deng, 14 October 2017

The Wedding of Amer Mayen Dhieu and Makwei Mabioor Deng, 14 October 2017

  1. Synopsis

Tuesday, June 19, 2018 (PW) — This article focuses mainly on the bride price, its history, benefits and consequences. The main theme of writing this article is to highlight both advantages and disadvantages and how the interrelation of both positive and negative aspects of the high bride price can be harnessed by creating and institutionalizing the guidelines that can regulate the conduct of marriage to meet the interests of the bride and family, the groom and family and the bride and groom respectively.

The article follows a specified sequence or outline which includes definition, introduction and history of bride wealth, merits of bride wealth, and evidence of practice and consequences of high bride price, existing control mechanisms, coping mechanisms and demerits of bride price and proposed policy option for addressing current and prospective negative consequences emanating from high bride price.

The work draws examples mainly from pastoral ethnic communities within South Sudan. Citations from earlier work on same topic have also made. The article is an attempt to advocate and bring to the platform the most pressing issue of our time for collective resolution by multiple stakeholders: government, community, CSOs, NGOs and UN agencies. (more…)

By Hon. Shadrack Bol Machok, Rumbek, South Sudan

Mangar Buong Aluenge

Security improves as disarmament begins -Governor Mangar Buong Aluenge of Eastern Lakes state

Sunday, June 17, 2018 (PW) — First and foremost I would like to bring to the attention of all that H. E. Maj. Gen. Matur Chut Dhuol; Governor of Western Lakes State and who was also the most capable and strong Governor of the defunct Lakes State is a man of peace. He aims at seeing peace and stability prevailing in the region not only the State that he is governing, taking into consideration that he had once been responsible for the lives and properties of the people of greater Yirol now Eastern Lakes and the lives and properties of the people of greater Cueibet which is now Gok State.

Based on these facts H. E. Matur Chut Dhuol upon realizing that our civil population in the region are finishing themselves at gunpoint took a bold step by requesting H. E. The President of the Republic to intervene with declaration of state of emergency in the whole of Lakes. This was done on the 8th of December 2017; upon which H. E. The President in consultation with SPLM Politburo accepted and subsequently declared State of emergency in the three states of greater Lakes and directed Bilpam to deploy SPLA forces in the region in order to simultaneously disarm the armed civilians in Western lakes, Eastern lakes and Gok state. (more…)

Okay Africa Foundation Executive Director Believes Unity of Youth is paramount and can end the Political Conflict in the Country!

By Emmanuel Ariech Deng, Juba, South Sudan

Mr. Wani Michael in his Office in Juba

Mr. Wani Michael, the Executive Director of Okay Africa Foundation, in his Office in Juba, South Sudan

Sunday, June 17, 2018 (PW) — The Executive Director of the National Non-Governmental Organization – Okay Africa Foundation a youth oriented and empowerment think tank has genuinely expressed concerns over the imperativeness of youth unity to help bring lasting peace to the country devastated by political conflict since 2013. Speaking in the courtesy interview in his office to this analyst, the eloquent young character with the contemporary leadership skills and qualities, Mr. Wani Michael had this to say!

Question 1. Can you in a nutshell tell me about yourself and Okay Africa Foundation within the scope of what it does to the public in South Sudan?

Response 1. Thank you, my name is Wani Michael, I am the Executive Director of Okay Africa Foundation. Okay Africa Foundation is a National Non-Governmental Organization. we work with the young people, youth of South Sudan trying to empower them to participate in nation building, also trying to empower them to participate in some of the political processes that are on-going in the country to mention but few the peace process, the HLRF process to ensure that the voice of the youth is also heard and ensure that also the forum trying to fundamentally address some of the issues that the youth are facing, so our main focus currently is empowering the youth, also we are looking at how we can be able to influence policies that are youth related policies, for example, the South Sudanese development policy. (more…)

By Hon Arop Madut Arop, Juba, South Sudan

President Kiir and Ambassador Nikki Halley

Thursday, June 14, 2018 (PW) — Dear David Mayen, I write in reply to your kind letter dated May 21st 2018, the day on which I arrived in Juba. I would have responded immediately, unfortunately I could not do so due to lack of Internet access in our Capital. It was only a week ago that I managed to have access to internet service in one of the Hotels. It was then that I came across your last kind comments on the incentive debate. But before we conclude our public debate as you have suggested it, I would like, if you could allow me, to make few comments.

Frankly, I quite agree with you that throughout your childhood to adolescent life, you were a very humble and indeed the most respectful child in the family. For instance, whenever your late father had mutual chats with visitors, I can recall seeing you beside him listening attentively and would only smile with no comment. This led me to ask your dad what he made of such a humble and soft spoken child who would only smile on the topic being discussed by elders. Your late dad told me that ‘’this boy, David, will one day be full of surprises.

The first surprise was that after more than twenty years of absence, when one morning, I saw you sitting next to The Right Hon Speaker James Wani Igga, during the assembly debate, in the place of the Assembly official legal counsel. When we later met in the Lobby of the Assembly you told me that you had completed your legal studies and was being considered for employment at the legal department in the assembly.


The MPs of our national assembly have betrayed their colleague, Hon. Atem Garang de Kuek

By Pal Chol Nyan, Juba, South Sudan


Wednesday, June 13, 2018 (PW) — My senior colleague Michael Koma wrote an impressive and a touching article titled “Rebel MPs” except Hon Atem Garang. He spoke his mind against the move by the SPLM lawyers to top up their salaries, a move rejected outright by Hon Atem Garang, the former Chair of the SPLM Caucus and the Chief Whip prompting him to quit his position.

When he felt let down by his own caucus, he tendered his resignation which was accepted with the announcement of his successor. Hon. Atem ‘s argument makes a lot of sense ,which to his self-seeking colleagues, a backstabbing, simply because he wants the salaries of the civil servants, army and other organized forces increased to cope with the prevailing economic hardships. He thought he was going to win the support of his colleagues but disappointed.

Hon Atem did not do anything wrong. He is a true patriot whose concern is the welfare of his people more than his belly. If that is his mistake, then he has our support as people who are subjected to an abject poverty by their own leaders. Ustaz Atem Garang has glittering leadership qualities and that made him won the election by acclamation in 2010. (more…)

All religions and its religious convictions are not true, not even the ones that are most ancient and most widespread, for they offer incompatible accounts of the ultimate realities

By Daniel Both Koang, Juba, South Sudan

freedom of choice

Freedom of Choice

Wednesday, 13 June 2018 (PW) — Until now, one has been deceiving himself/herself into thinking that, one has taken an interest in a religion. All religions doctrines and rituals are nothing but merely symbols and symbolic actions that are held to be the underlying common language, hence, all religions and their scriptures represent no more at bottom than the human imagination, is more or less successful attempt to come to clench with unfathomable cosmic mysteries.  Religion is thus, something that is produced out of man’s own mind, expressing his individual thoughts and desires.

This was created out of socio-political activism and pursuit of good time, encouragements and other good Manners in the society. The positive idea that people seek to install in the society is that, when a religion is created, there are some rationales that lead to outset of every religion like; personal division of time between serving others with what they need and helping oneself with what one want.  All these are designated values to earn social justice and pleasure than it being measured as a man kind’s true source of salvation and liberation. (more…)

The name of the county in Lou-Mawien Community should not deeply divide them along family and sectional lines

By Abraham Mabioor Rioch, Juba, South Sudan


Wednesday, June 13, 2018 (PW) —- Following the creation of 32 states in 2015 by the president of the Republic H.E. Salva Kiir Mayardit, new problems seem to be gaining momentum in communities with regards to the naming of some of the administrative units such as state, county, Payam or Boma. Though the decision was received with mixed reactions by many South Sudanese communities, it is one of the bold and wisest decision the president has ever made. To many critics, the idea of the president to increase the number of states and other administrative units was not a bad idea. Nevertheless, it was meant to take basic services closer to the people. In this context, Lou-Mawien/Lou Ariik community was later given a status of County called Lou Ariik County and later changed to Alabek County due to the demand of the majority.

As far as the name of the county was/is concerned, a seemingly endless controversy emerged among the Lou-Mawien community members with others want it called Alabek County while others called Lou Ariik County. In lieu of sitting together and find a better solution to the controversial name, some of the community members take it upon themselves to campaign against others. In reality, all these campaigns seem to be taking precious lives of the innocent people of Lou-Mawien community. In fact, people from the same community are deeply divided along sectional or family lines as usual love and cooperation have been affected and are staggering. (more…)

By Akoi Manyiel Guong, Juba, South Sudan

Friday, June 8, 2018 (PW) — Experiences and time since creation have proved it that violence is a rare interest of anyone in life but circumstances force others to become violent.

Natural science puts it “survival of the fittest”. The very predatory habit of human life, of egotistical and jealousy based setting, make the world not an easy place to live in comfortably.

A world full of desperations, pains, hopelessness to mention few, simply put, it is not fair.

Humans beings in the centre of God’s creation have wants and needs which pressure them to be fulfilled, thus exert profound effects on other small creatures which in the process suffer terribly.

This is where adaptation sets in, those disadvantaged small creatures either assimilated or force to surrender to the strong or join powerful group in the ecology to survive the ordeal of such unending earthly wants.

This is the world of strong eat and weak/small perish. The world of majority controls and minority suffers.


Position on the involvement of Sudan to bring Salva Kiir Mayardit and Dr. Riek Machar for a face-to-face talk


Sharing the plate: peacefully or violently is what is being decided in Khartoum, Sudan

Thursday, June 07, 2018 (PW) — “Peace comes from being able to contribute the best we have, and all that we are, towards creating a world that supports everyone. But it is also securing the space for others to contribute the best that they have and all that they are.” Hafsat Abiola.

It is high time we forgot about the past and worked together to bring a lasting solution to the civil war that is ravaging our country. Foreign intervention might not really bring the solutions we need as a country but will give us a platform in which we will be able to find our own solutions as South Sudanese. Therefore, we thank Sudan for giving us a platform on which President Salva Kiir Mayardit and Dr. Riek Machar will be able to meet on a face-to-face basis.

However as they also meet, it is very important to be cognizant of the fact that we have quite a number of movements in South Sudan who may have been aggrieved by the way things are run in the country. These parties also need to be included in the peace talks and given a chance at the table. I believe if all parties are brought together , we would be fostering quite a number of things, first, we would be bring all the different ideas to the table. (more…)

Joseph Lual Achuil: A Calm and Pure Leader that frequently falls victim of Deluded Media Warfare.

By Peter Makuach Manyuat, Juba, South Sudan

Monday, June 4, 2018 (PW) — At the outset, I will begin by providing a brief biographical information of Hon. Joseph Lual Achuil as provided by Wikipedia. Joseph Lual Achuil was born in 1948 in Kuajok where he completed his primary school in 1957.

He attended secondary school at Ricks Institute in Liberia and received in 1973 a degree in Business Administration at the University of Liberia From 1973 to 1978 Mr. Lual was a teacher at Ricks Institute, after which he joined the Liberian Ministry of Finance as a senior tax officer.

In early 1980s he returned to Sudan and worked for the Bahr el Ghazal state administration till 1989. In the following decade years Mr Lual worked for the Sudanese Red Crescent Society and the administrations of Gogrial province and Warrap State. (more…)

Dear Manyang David Mayar,

By Zack Mayul, Nairobi, Kenya


Monday, June 04, 2018 (PW) — This is June 2018, so let’s glance back at our New Year’s predictions, and see how much has come to pass. Let’s start, shall we?

Thank you! I read your thrilling article that you wrote on 7th of January 2018 as a response to my article “WHO REALLY CARES FOR THE NEW YEAR, 2018”, in which I foresaw what the New Year would look like.

Indeed, I must say, you had a very strong argument and I enjoyed reading it. Kudos!

Some people who read your article in response to mine — especially the part where you branded me as a “reactive individual” — had tried to attack you in their responses. On their behalf, I must apologize and tell you that you should not take anything to heart.


By Hon. Agel Ring Machar, Juba, South Sudan

Sunday, June 3, 2018 (PW) — It’s self evident that the civil unrest in the country was sparked by SPLM internal leadership contradictions, but tragically fuelled to great heights by what I would term here as “NUER -DINKA Siblings Rivalries”. The two largest ethnic groups with inherent propensity to extreme violence, coupled with other “unfavourable” Nilotic traits.

It’s therefore, extremely of importance to keep in mind, that, as we embark on the final stages of the Reunification (M7 45 days are running out) of SPLM, the crucial repair of the social fabric severely damaged by the current civil unrest between the NUER and DINKA.

Any SPLM reunification initiative that ignores the NUER -DINKA UNITY will likely struggle to achieve its central objective of ensuring National Unity and tranquillity in my humble opinion. Majority of NUER Community feel unfairly targeted and mistreated by their DINKA brothers. This fact isn’t rocket science.


By Sally Nyalony Gatwang, Kampala, Uganda

Sunday, May 27, 2018 (PW) — We walk and work night and day in search for you, today countries like; South Sudan, Congo, Somalia are suffering as a result of money, power, and ignorance. There are so many death reports, displacement of people and distraction of property. This is not because we don’t want peace or our enmity is excess that we can’t forgive ourselves but its simply because of money and power plus ignorance. Today so many great people would be with us to celebrate this day but unfortunately they are not with us today not because they didn’t want to but they were caught pants down.

Michael Jackson one of the biggest musician and that is still remembered in the music industry died because of chemicals, trying to change his skin color. Why would a person wish to change the color if it wasn’t due to ignorance. Today so may people are bleaching their beautiful skins due to ignorance. People bleaching kills and that black color you are ashamed of one day it will be ashamed of you.

Nelson Mandela and Doctor John Grang today are no more, simply because of power. This great men fought for their countries freedom and respect of their rights. In south Africa, blacks were being mistreated which even led to apathey policy and the same in Sudan where Arabs were mistreating the blacks.

This men gave up their personal interest for the interest of their countries, to see their people in harmony was what they wanted though they were not advocating for separation but rather unity even though they knew the whites had really made their lives a leaving hell. Today we all celebrate their great work while remembering them. (more…)

By Amb John Kassara Koang Nhial, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Saturday, May 26, 2018 (PW) — Riek Machar have failed and placed the entire Nuer Community into an ugly shape. The nature of Riek Machar’s politics have destroyed both the political career, dignity, and the culture of Nuer Community.

For instance; Nuer Community before Riek Machar’s war of 1991, the Nuer tribe were known worldwide as ” WARRIORS ” , brave fighting men and women, people with good culture and dignity.

After Riek Machar’s war of 1991, Riek Machar’s reckless, unsuccessful and cowardice politics have made the Nuer Community to be a choatic tribe who just make choas out of blue. Riek Machar’s politics have made the Nuer Community coward who starts the war and end up surrendering themselves to what they termed as an ” ENEMY “.

Riek Machar’s politics made us a community of no respect where you fine an elders abusing and insulting the young ones as well as the young one abusing and insulting an elder. (more…)

No Agreement at the IGAD-led HLRF – Only Patriotic Sons and Daughters can Save South Sudan from Itself and her Neighbors

By Dr. Peter Adwok Nyaba, Nairobi, Kenya

Hon. Michael Makwei Lueth, Dr. Lam Akol Ajawin, Hon. Nhial Deng Nhial, and Hon. Ezekiel Lol Gatkuoth at the second round, phase II, of the IGAD-led High Level Revitalization Forum (HLRF) of the 2015 ARCSS, in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, May 17-25, 2018

Hon. Michael Makwei Lueth, Dr. Lam Akol Ajawin, Hon. Nhial Deng Nhial, and Hon. Ezekiel Lol Gatkuoth at the second round, phase II, of the IGAD-led High Level Revitalization Forum (HLRF) of the 2015 ARCSS, in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, May 17-25, 2018

 Introductory remarks

Saturday, May 26, 2018 (PW) — The IGAD mediation (2014 -2018) like the Round Table Conference on the problem of southern Sudan (1965) produced a dead rat in the name of Agreement on the Resolution of Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan (ARCISS). Like the resolutions of the Round Table Conference, the parties did not implement ARCISS to its letter and spirit. President Salva Kiir exploiting the political cleavages within the SPLM/A (IO) engineered with the treacherous collaboration of Taban Deng Gai and Ezekiel Lol Gatkuoth the situation that returned the country to war after a short lull.

The Obama administration through Secretary of State John Kerry cobbled the IGAD region into acquiescence to recognize as de facto Kiir – Taban coup against the SPLM/A (IO). President Festus Mogae, the JMEC Chair, choreographed the false reporting to IGAD, AU and UN Security Council that TGoNU was implementing the ARCISS at a time the security and humanitarian situation deteriorated in the country.

“Had the JMEC Chair been courageous and declared ARCISS dead immediately after the fighting erupted in J1, the situation could have been different and HLRF would have been unnecessary.”

Finally, in June 2017, President Festus Mogae admitted that fighting in J1 wounded ARCISS seriously and that it needed surgical intervention in the form of high-level revitalization forum (HLRF) to shift the timelines. 17 May 2018 marked the expiry of ARCISS and hence the legitimacy of Salva Kiir as president as well as all the institutions formed in accordance with ARCISS provisions. Had the JMEC Chair been courageous and declared ARCISS dead immediately after the fighting erupted in J1, the situation could have been different and HLRF would have been unnecessary.


By Dut kuot Akok, Aweil, South Sudan

Dinka and Nuer

Dinka and Nuer under one nation, one people

Thursday, May 24, 2018 (PW) —- According to sociological perspective, the word ethnocentrisms refer to tendency to view one’s own culture, tribe, section or clan as superior. It can make any type of compromise or borrowing between individuals or tribes difficult or even impossible for the reason that, each and every person perceived that their tribe or section as omnipotent and superior particular in the distribution of state resources. Currently, south Sudan is comprises of valor tribes who are all good in physical confrontation , threats of human life, used of abusive languages toward others and inhuman killing with impunity since others are intentionally and selfishly said to be above the laws since the possess state power.

There is nothing called sorry in south Sudanese societies since we are all hostile toward each other we perceived to be our direct enemy, we have abandoned our Nationality and camped behind our respective tribes as our everlasting shield in which we engineer our political decisions and actions to satisfy the interests of few who seem like to have been weaned using public resources for their own. Always, for smooth prosperity of any society according to sociological school of thought, there should be diffusion between different tribes whether in materials or non materials objects. (more…)

By Deng Kur Deng, Pennsylvania, USA


Wednesday, May 23, 2018 (PW) — We can all pretend to be leaders when our desire is to mislead and embrace leadership to destroy what is logical and instrumental among communities. This is the case of those who are less than remorseful about the issues which matter to people, but rather have pretentiously emerged as leaders in Jonglei for their awful acts. Men of ideas are known to be very thoughtful.

These so called ‘leaders’ have tried to vilify individuals attempting to stand in the context of the community who have found their commitment to community to definitely be a hazard. These men of lesser ideas are not politicians and they certainly shouldn’t be treated as such. Their petty politics have no basis at all. In all honesty, no one appreciates a community in which his or her identity is overshadow or insulted on a daily basis.

Sadly, these ‘pretend’ leaders do not understand the precariousness of the situations associated with their immature intentions to lower the standards of our people. It is unacceptable for our traditional shared values to be disassembled in such manner. As such, those of us who believe in these standards and values must maintain them for betterment of our communities. (more…)