Archive for the ‘Opinion Writers’ Category

“What makes one sleepless is one’s own cause.” Says the Nuer.

By Matai Manuoi Muon, Nairobi, Kenya

Riek Machar Teny, the armed rebel leader

The Nuer and Politics

Monday, September 16, 2019 (PW) — The Nuer (formerly Nath) is a significant political unit strategically located at the northern most part of South Sudan. It is the only nation out of more than 63 political units of the world’s nascent country that borders two foreign lands. The Nuer borders Ethiopia in the East and Sudan in the northwest. This is a strategic geographical advantage in political terms. By some measures, the Nuer is the second largest political unit by demography and land mass. The Nuer’s major occupation is farming; cattle herding in particular. Although the Nuer has some tradition in crop farming and fishing, nothing beats the Nuer’s love of and desire for cattle. The rest serves as a supplement to the Nuer’s cow.

In historical context, it was in the Nuerland that the “southern problem” as it was known then was first contextualized. The Nuer’s contributions in political and social foundations of what is now South Sudan does not require a lecture. It is abundant in our national archives. The Nuer, like no any other nation in South Sudan has paid the biggest price before, during and even after the war of struggle. Its proximity to Sudan and Ethiopia both served as a strategic advantage and at the same time, a disadvantage. The war of struggle for example, cost the Nuer heavily both in material and human terms. At the same time, it had opened up the Nuer to the life of modernity especially the eastern and central Nuer.

Riek Machar and his wife, Angelina Teny

The trillion dollar question that begs every analyst for answers then is: why is the Nuer here? Why for over 70 years since the times of John Both Diu, has the Nuer languished in endless political dilemmas? A dilemma is a situation in which one has to make a difficult decision. In this situation, the dilemma for the Nuer is to either diversify their politics or perish altogether as a misled political organism in the 21st century. Let us begin this debate with some rhetoric. If the Nuer does make up such a strategic position in South Sudan, why are they suffering politically? Is it because someone hates the Nuer? Is it because the Dinka does not want the Nuer in leadership? Has the Nuer been cursed into this?


By Deng Vanang, Kampala, Uganda

President Kiir and Riek Machar, Face to Face meeting in Juba, September 2019
President Kiir and Riek Machar, Face to Face meeting in Juba, September 2019

Sunday, September 15, 19 (PW) — Kiir and Machar have once again warmed up to each other bosoms, at least for now, since this future of unwilling buyer and willing seller business is increasingly less promising. Many are not fooled, except bewitched hard-line followers who resigned themselves to idiocy on every ugly twists and turns of current political dynamics.

Every thinking person knows Kiir signed a peace pact that disregards all reforms elements he never wanted. He detained his archrival Machar and virtually feeds him helpless in his open cell in Khartoum. Only to briefly release him whenever he so wishes to be frogmarched to Juba or Addis before him as he sits up tight and pretty a satisfied man in a mocking mood in dark glasses.

This man is none other than his subdued prisoner rival {Machar} whom he duped into turning on oil tapes which once ran dry. Filled with cash to the brim all pockets of possible fair thinking foreign mediators and would be sympathizers.  He beyond reasonable doubt won the war he fought long and hard for six good years against SPLM/A-IO. What is left of vanquished and disgruntled Machar is total surrender without reservation as evidenced in the recently announced transfer of IO’s H. quarters from Pow state to capital Juba.


By Biong Deng Biong, Melbourne, Australia

Kerbino Wol Agok and Peter Biar Ajak

Saturday, September 14, 2019 (PW) —- On the 4th December 2012, Isaiah Abraham was tragically gunned down in cold blood outside his residence in the South Sudan capital, Juba. The gunman was apparently ‘unknown’. Many quickly concluded that Abraham’s tragic murder was connected to his habit of openly expressing anti-government opinions. This incident, and many to follow, gave birth to what become the new normal in South Sudan.

The ‘Unknown Gunman’ struck again, on multiple occasions, killing only citizens actively engaged in politics. Recently I wrote a piece equating President Kiir to Nelson Mandela. The reaction I received prompted me to think a lot about citizen-participation in South Sudanese politics. I expected the article to be controversial, aware that I was discussing a sensitive subject, but I was surprised by the reaction to it.

Kerbino Wol Agok and Peter Biar Ajak

While I received overwhelming support through my messenger and emails, my public posts on Facebook did not receive anywhere near the same attention. This raised questions for me around our people’s willingness to participate in South Sudanese Politics. I don’t want to draw conclusions here, but I sense people are not comfortable discussing political issues in public, particularly if the issue is of a sensitive nature. It seems that it is becoming worse and I found myself wondering: are people fed up or scared?


The face-to-face meeting in Juba between President kiir and Dr. Riek Machar has done nothing to break the political deadlock in South Sudan.

Peter Adwok Nyaba, Juba, South Sudan

Thursday, September 12, 2019 (PW) — The arrival in Juba on Monday 9 September, 2019 of Dr. Riek Machar at the head of 69-man delegation, and his meeting with President Salva Kiir did nothing either to break the ice, as observers of the situation expected, or add any value to the work of his Advance Team. If anything, the visit spurred bad memories of the July 2016 fighting in J1, it raised the political temperament to complicate their chemistry of the two men, and indeed clogged the gears of the R-ARCISS implementation machinery. 

Travelling with such a huge delegation with his security guarantor, Mohammed Daglo (Hemiti), who was in Juba on an entirely different mission, Dr. Riek Machar spent three days and returned to Khartoum on Thursday. He had an agenda-less meeting with President Salva Kiir on Wednesday. To observant spectator, the face to face meeting was more of a public relations stint than anything serious warranted by the gravity of the political situation in South Sudan. This is gleaned from the casual and informal the two leaders constituted a committee to follow up on the issues they failed to address. It is not clear whether that unnamed committee would play the role of National Pre-Transitional Commissions. 


By Samuel Reech Mayen, Juba, South Sudan

President Kiir and Riek Machar, Face to Face meeting in Juba, September 2019
President Kiir and Riek Machar, Face to Face meeting in Juba, September 2019

Thursday, September 12, 2019 (PW) — For a start, this piece is an introduction to the series of articles which the constant readers will be consuming on weekly basis under the theme “Streamlining thoughts and Actions for Peace.” These pieces of writing are purposely for peace building. With the nation still in a fragile state, trapped in deep conflict and hatred, the citizens are divided along ethnic and regional lines. There is no trust amongst the people. The notion of “us versus them” defines the relations amongst the citizens.

The propaganda continues to fuel the conflict. This situation has paralyzed and retarded the economy and social progress. To join the voices which are committed to address and mitigate these issues, I have chosen the above theme to help the readers think for the betterment of this country. Human actions are driven by thoughts. Those who think positively act in a similar manner and vice versa. Thoughts affect a society in form of actions. As we begin the journey of reading the series of articles which will be appearing in this column weekly, I urge readers to embrace peace as a mechanism for recovery from the devastations of war.


By Clement Maring Samuel, Kampala, Uganda

Pagan amum, Paul Malong Awan, Thomas Chirillo, Chirino Hiteng and Oyai Deng Ajak launch the South Sudan Opposition Movement in the Netherlands
Pagan amum, Paul Malong Awan, Thomas Chirillo, Chirino Hiteng and Oyai Deng Ajak launch the South Sudan Opposition Movement in the Netherlands

Wednesday, September 11, 2019 (PW) — When I read a tripartite agreement signed by Gen. Thomas Cirilo; Gen. Pagan Amum Okiech; and Gen. Paul Malong Awan who represented their parties of SSNDA; R-SPLM, and SSUF in the Netherlands on August 30th 2019, it was a surprise to see Gen. Thomas Cirilo Swaka succumbing to the philosophy of “the enemy of my enemy is my friend”. At last he has come to realization that joining hands with a political foe is strength. NAS has swallowed its bitter pills of describing some Equatorians who join hands with Gen. Paul Malong weirdly. When the FDS were arrested in Juba and kept in detention for couple of weeks, it was Dr. Riak Machar who heralded for their release, but after they were released, they abandoned him and treated him as a war monger disregarding the effort he did for them. Their decision has led to prolongation of the war. Had they join hands together with Dr. Riak Machar; the war would have ended long time ago. They haven’t use the philosophy of the enemy of my enemy is my friend.  

When Dr. Riak Machar was detained in South Africa, the SPLM-IO became a standstill Movement. In this period, on 27th March 2018, SSUF conceives eleven members from Bahr el Ghazal, Equatoria and Upper Nile to form a revolutionary Movement. These eleven members constitute the founding body of SSUF/A. On 28th March 2018, SSUF gave birth to a new Movement called “South Sudan united Front and Army (SSUF/A)” in Nairobi, Kenya. After its formation, the members chose Gen. Paul Malong Awan from greater Bahr el Ghazal as Chairman and commander in Chief. SSUF/A was committed to remove the regime in Juba militarily and the task requests joint efforts from all opposition forces which took arms against Juba regime. Gen. Paul Malong relied heavily to make alliance with Gen. Pagan Amum Okiech; Gen. Oyai Deng Ajak; and Gen Thomas Cirilo including the non armed groups headed by Gabriel Sangsong Sang. There wasIntellectual resistance from SSOA members who described Gen. Malong as an uneducated leader to ally with. Besides, they were afraid of being targeted by TROIKA on the issue of sanction of Gen Paul Malong. The long awaited Generals made SSUF/A a standstill Mill which delayed the Military and political structures. This contributed to the founding members of SSUF leaving the Movement like Ambassador Telar, Lino Ajang, Clement Maring, Ambassador Lumumba, Elly Magok, Ambassador Ayok, and Simon Wieu, later followed by Ustaz Lewis Anei.


By Biong Deng Biong, Melbourne, Australia

Salva Kiir Mayaardit: The Joshua of South Sudan. Grab your copy at

Monday, September 9, 2019 (PW) — There is no reservation that Nelson Mandela was a great leader, but how does President Kiir fair? More often, we focus on the negative performance of leaders while forgetting 70% plus of their largely positive actions. Consequently, we end up creating a leader of our own imaginings rather than enabling a potentially great leader to thrive. In this piece, I aim to pit President Kiir against a strong leader like Nelson Mandela and determine if Kiir has the capacity to steer his nation with the same power and purpose as the South African revolutionary. I hope that this will help to identify areas of improvement for President Kiir and more importantly, identify where his energy needs to be focused in order to rescue his legacy. And so, the real question is, is it too late or still possible for Kiir to become the Nelson Mandela of South Sudan? I offer my thoughts on the matter below.

It costed Nelson Mandela his entire life, his family, friends, comrades and often his patience to undertake what later became the greatest political legacy of the modern era. In 1994, while in Kakuma refugee camp, members of SPLA/M staged a large screen in a field in Kakuma for us to watch the inaugural of Nelson Mandela elected as the first black President of South Africa. I did not know who he was at the time but the admiration he elicited from our leaders compelled me to find out more. I soon discovered he was an exemplary leader to those fighting the freedom struggle in South Sudan before her independence. Hence, we can compare the mighty Mandela to our own leader.


Young people who lived in Kakuma Refugee Camp will remember uncle Aquila as a senior teacher, leader, mentor and a wise elder who was supportive of their educational needs even in bad times. The cause of death was a motorcycle’s accident in Uganda while he was processing a visa to Australia to attend the wedding of his son. He was hit by a motorcycle, and was admitted to the hospital with serious injuries that later claimed his life.” South Sudanese Australian Radio journalist, Ajak Deng Chiengkou

By Atem Yaak Atem, Gosford, Australia

Ustaz Aquila Kelei Madol
Ustaz Aquila Kelei Madol

Sunday, September 8, 2019 (PW) — I have been saddened by the news of the passing of Aquila Kelei Madol. The veteran school teacher lost his life through a road accident this week. Aquila Kelei was my contemporary at Malek Elementary, Atar Intermediate and Rumbek Secondary School, respectively.

In those schools, he was one class ahead of me. A kind and friendly student, Aquila condemned and refrained from bullying, which was a common phenomenon in schools those days.

For example, at Malek, older and stronger students terrorised the younger boys among entrants from what were known as bush schools. The arrivals were dubbed as “New Boys”, and in Atar as “Blue Boys”.


Setting records straight: Press Statement from the Disbanded National Revenue Authority (NRA) Board



Friday, September 06, 2019 (PW) — We the members of the defunct NRA Board of Directors wish to express our gratitude to the President and the entire government for the opportunity to serve as the founding Board of NRA. We have served our country with honor and dignity and as a team, we have been committed to advance the reform agenda of the President and in doing so, we have for the first time, managed to mobilize our people to voluntarily pay their taxes to the government.

We have also closed so many loopholes and as we speak, public money is not leaking as it used to be. We have also mobilized international support for the reform in the country and for the first time, international organizations have been paying taxes. We have pursued with diligence, the East African Community integration process and we were moving closer meeting our Custom Union and Common Market obligations under the EAC Accession Treaty.

The press statement is released to clarify to the public what actually happened at the NRA, and why Commissioner General and the Board were fired by the Hon. Minister of Finance & Planning. This is warranted because the Ministerial Orders terminating the services of the Board and the Commissioner General did not specify the reasons for the Minister’s decision. However, in recent engagements with the media, the Minister opened up to explain why he took the decision. Being party to the affairs of the NRA, we strongly feel that the President and the public would be well-served by setting the records straight.


By Deng Madut Akech, Juba, South Sudan

The true size of Africa

Wednesday, September 5, 2019 (PW) — It’s imperative for Africa intellectuals to collaborate in uniting Africa and deal with the rebel’s group in the continent. Africans always scapegoat themselves for failing to end wars and conflict, but you don’t see the wars instigators/ringleaders within and outside our nations. Sometimes I see us blaming the colonial agencies that’s operating in Africa or colonialism for destabilising Africa, we must prove it right. What can we do right to know that European countries and America are destroying Africa?

To answer the above question, you must deeply understand the roots cause of the conflicts throughout the continent. Africans fought the European to get their nations back, which they did to have freedom and equality among themselves, especially in Congo, when Patrice Lumumba was assassinated on 17 January, in 1961. It was vicious and heinous crime plots made by Belgium and USA against Congolese when they natives needed him for the betterment of Congo and Africa at large.

I think Lumumba was a nationalist himself, but the West saw him as a major threat to them as the Congo was rich with minerals. Congo haven’t test democracy and social progress, because far nations still benefiting in Congolese resources daily. In my view, Patrice’s assassination was well coordinated and well planned by Belgium and allies to weaken Congo economically.


Stop giving youths’ associations money they’re getting spoiled.  (The case of youths’ associations in East Africa)

By Peter Madol, Nairobi, Kenya

Duol Jok speaking in SSSAK conference at August 7th Memorial park Nairobi 2015

Thursday, September 05, 2019 (PW) — Association  by  dictionary  definition  is  a  formal  organization  of  people  or  groups  of  people. Forming youths’ associations play a key role in youth development, it  brings unity  among  youth  whether  in  diaspora  or  at home  through  social  programs  such  as  cultural  events,  youth  meetings,  youth  music  and  drama. Another aspect, it is where youth converge to bring ideas that can shape their lives. Finally,  it  is  a  platform  to  practice  leadership  skills  at infantry  level  to catapult  one  for  greater  success  in  the  future.

Associations should  be  guided  by  the  aforementioned  principles  and  practices  but  in  reality check,  with  these  youth  associations,  they  are  defined  by leadership wrangles, poor accountability, propaganda, etc. As Hon.  Michael  Makuei  puts  it  when  he  was  asked  that  old  folks  should  give  youth  of  South Sudan  a  chance.  His response was, “what do they know?  Unless  they  learn from  us  in  order  to get  a  clue  about  how  to  run  the  government”. 


Malith Alier, Australia

Minister of Finance and Economic Planning Salvatore Garang Mabiordit

Dear Hon. Minister,

Saturday, 31 August, 2019 (PW) —  I am sure we do not know one another. But this is not important as of now – other important matters can be handled in the meantime.

I saw you on your way to Stanbic Bank, Juba Branch around 2013 or 14. Someone who I knew alerted me that, that was Garang Mabiordit; the Undersecretary in the then  Ministry of Finance and Economic Planning. You stoically exited the white Toyota V8 Land Cruiser a minute earlier. That’s the only time I saw you. On other occasions, particularly in 2015 and 16; I went to the Ministry but I failed to see you at your work station. This, I thought was unfortunate. Someone whose name rang loud should not be missed in action.

You have been at the helm of the Ministry of Finance and Planning for as old as South Sudan itself. You have been unmoved in the undersecretary position until last year when the president appointed you to head one of the most coveted portfolios in the country. No one should remind you that your job is a tough one because every state, every ministry and every business that deals with government looks you in the eye every hour.


The Legends of Dinka: The Arrogant and Ignorant Young Men Who Killed Their Fathers

By Kur Wël Kur, Adelaide, Australia

Aesop’s Fables in Dinka, translated by Atem Yaak Atem

Friday, 30 August 2019 (PW) — Restless. Wild. Ruthless. This description fits one of the generations of youth that once lived in the Nile valley. The Dinka elders, especially elders of the eastern bank Dinka, had narrated this story of those arrogant and ignorant young men a million times to draw a moral lesson as a warning to the young men of any time.

IT GOES … Once upon a time, emerged a restless, wild and ruthless generation of young men. They set out to shake up fundamentals—fundamentals of life. So, they initiated wars between their village and the neighbouring villages, and they won those conflicts.

They committed heinous crimes, crimes that ranged from vandalism and assaults to inhumane humiliations of girls and women. Their fathers and grandfathers had held countless group meetings. Sometimes, their fathers or grandfathers opted for one-on-one meetings, each father or grandfather trying to talk his son or grandson out of infamous violence and venomous insults. But nothing seemed to bridle those ill-mannered young men. They ran wild, and lived wild, listening to no one but their youth leader.


The Surprising Return of Dr. Barnaba Marial Benjamin: When you always have the heart for the country, the country always has the heart for you.

By Deng’Kur Mading, Juba, South Sudan

Dr. Majak D’Agoot and Dr. Marial Benjamin, during the SPLM extra-ordinary Convention in Juba, January 2016

Friday, August 30, 2019 (PW) — In all-of-a-sudden, no one knows what hangs in the far end. But among all the pleasures of human heart, is the power of truth above all others. South Sudan as a country with long, painful experience of violent conflicts and subsequent civil wars has, to some undeniable extent, the most patriotic citizens in the world. This has come to be a material fact in respect to how her downtrodden citizens, regardless of the suffering they are undergoing, still wear smiling faces on the streets, even more friendly to each other and assert with great deal of hope that no matter how long the suffering may be, peace as the people’s greatest expectation, would surely come. It is with unpretentious duty that some politicians are a part of such a pitiful national story.

However, it would be dishonest to assign this, otherwise, less controversial compliment to some particular elements holding the center of recent socio-political developments – betrayed freedom on the one hand and short-term, hypocritical enjoyment of economic and political opportunities on the other. Instead, it’s the national character of the people of South Sudan that rests wholly in the heart of the matter. Though this, as of recent, has been influenced by other factors including entrenched tribal loyalty, loss of vision and chief propaganda – the import of the latter of which is to elbow out or completely oust those accomplished government bureaucrats which usually comes into play after appeasement strategy losses its intended purpose, the truth remains obvious; there are some leaders whose efforts will never fade into oblivion.


An Open Letter to Hon. Elia Ullan Jongo, Member of TNLA in Juba, South Sudan

By Michael Chol Tor, Juba, South Sudan

South Sudan in Turmoil, courtesy of the Gov’t, IO, G-10, other opposition groups and UNMISS

Thursday, August 29, 2019 (PW) — It is an unproven fact! One of your most professional work in life is the misleading desires and cuckolded power to influence weaken hearts with wrong evidences. Hon. Awow Daniel Chuang was absolutely truthful on his words about the newly explored wells as he stated it in August 20th 2019. It marks a big fibber when you circulate admixed reports by assumption and hypothesis.

Gasaba is a given name to Tuongthi and Tuongdit and Jemeza is a given term to Lojak, Kalja and Akuot villages by Petrodar Operating Company (PDOC). It is located between Adar, Gumry OBC (s) and Athieng. It also located at Adar OBC-West, Athieng-South and Gumry OBC Southeast. These truths are milestone that marked the truly directionality of the Area since British’s days.

Adar (Wunamom) is a located in Melut-East, which lies on the Nile and the West of Ethiopia. The River Yaal, which drains the Machar Marshes, flows through the region in Northwest direction to the Nile formerly to Melut. The Khor Machar’s swamps lay a triangle North Sobat-River and East-Nile.


By Tong Kot Kuocnin & Yar Telar Deng, Nairobi, Kenya

Monday, August 19, 2019 (PW) — The Third Transitional Period From 9th July 2015 to 9th July 2018. As discussed in the first and second preceding parts of this article, this is the third and final part which will concentrate on the third transitional period in South Sudanese politics from 9th July 2015 to 9th July 2018.

This part examines the last phase of the transitional period by shading more light on the political developments which ensued in 2016, after the signing of the compromised peace agreement. A dog fight erupted around the Presidential Palace – J1, shortly after the formation of the Transitional Government of National Unity (TGoNU).

Equally, the government extended the term of office of the president and other officials in July 2017 ushering in the third transitional period ranging from 9th July 2018 to 12th July 2021. The bill which amended the transitional constitution was introduced by Hon. Dengtiel Ayuen, the chair of the legislative committee in the parliament.

The amendment of the constitution allows H.E President Salva Kiir to remain in power until 2021 and extends the mandate of the current South Sudan transitional government, parliament and governors of all the 32 states for another three years.


By Majok Arol Dhieu—–The carted horse, South Sudan

Sabina Dario Lokolong, deputy minister for humanitarian affairs and disaster management, Nov 2011

Friday, August 16, 2019 (PW) — intelligent with your money isn’t only about investing and budgeting, but it’s also about getting to know your attitudes, beliefs and values around your money. The man who is careful with money can be called as” well disciplined”. 

Money itself, or it morally pursuit is not evil; neither is wealth, it’s a ruthless in pursuit of money that can lead anyone down a destructive path.  The story below might interest an avid reader and be informed that the understanding of this story falls between two stools – it’s too difficult for layperson but not detailed enough for an advanced academician.

We go: David was a government employee in the capacity of a tax inspector at the ministry of finance. As we all know that tax inspectors are tasked with ensuring that all government and organization staff and commercial companies pay correct amounts of taxes due within the prescribed deadlines. A tax inspector scrutinizes tax returns, carries out investigations on any naughty business, follows the said naughty business up with a visit to the offending taxpayer’s premises, and takes it all the way to court where necessary.


By Madit Them Arop, Juba, South Sudan

Friday, August 16, 2019 (PW) — Living on leftovers is more than hunger alleviation but then it’s way to escape immediate death due to lack of food. Still the dilemma is, is life on the streets attractive and by choice? What are the factors lead to it?It’s believed thatevery life has variety of immeasurable contributing factors, either in degrees or by nature. The street kids, for instance, might have had dissimilar backgrounds but with common truth. They are part of citizenry who are said to have never had a chance to enjoy dividends others have in life. The lone hunger epidemics affected them at premature age, and the delicate hope is understood to be what keeps them up to the next days, though evidence suggests that their lives is full of chronic and continuous problems required undivided attention. Also, their future is covered with gloomy choices believed to have darkened their lifetime page. Conversely, viewers with correctable minds felt an urgent action is required to address problems of abandoned street kids wandering in Juba City and around the country.

This contribution attempts to share mixed voices produced through interviews held with street kids and interpretation reached is based on information obtained and considered to have exposed reality.

Street Kids as Less Humans

Factors affecting street kids relates to neglectful reality in the hands of authority concerned. The state’s failure to provide proper plan to help put an overhaul on outraging growing of street children is disturbing truth. As situation coerced, the vulnerable children aligned their feelings to being less humans. Abject life with no clear necessitated needs where streets are their comfort homes, picking thrown away leftovers as survival tips are strong indicators to the claim. The inescapable obscure life begs on two terms—albino and alien… which their ambitious minds claim to be associated with. 


Did we really define objectively what we want as Nuer Nation? If the war was all about tribal revenge or democratic change in South Sudan?

By Amb. John Kassara Koang Nhial, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Saturday, August 3, 2019 (PW) —- Don’t you guys (Nuer in Riek Machar Teny Dhurgon’s camp) know where Dinka areas are if you are turning it to be a tribal war between the Nuer and the Dinka?

When we challenged the poor administration of Riek Machar and his uneducated Generals some few individuals who are politically immature termed us as slave of Dinka , Nuerwew, Food lovers , heartless and many others undesirable names that will bring nothing and will never change anything rather than disintegrate the Nuer tribe themselves along different political Movements and clan lines basis where it will end up in clash of clans as it happened in 1997 after the fall of Khartoum Peace Agreement ( KPA ) which was signed by Riek Machar with the government of Khartoum.

The Nuer who are still with Riek Machar Teny Dhurgon are in dilemma, they don’t know what they are fighting for, and this is because of lack of political objective.

If they are fighting for change, why do they divided themselves into the below groups ?

Riek Machar and Emma McCunne

By Dut Deng Kok, Juba, South Sudan

Thursday, August 1, 2019 (PW) — After the genocide experience in 1994, Rwanda continues. In remembering its dead population during the ugly tragedy, a museum was created in their honor with a bold inscription written on it ‘’Never Again’’. This is the best that has happened to those victims of human cruelty.

With the above understanding, it has become imperative for we at the Foundation for Peace Professionals to re-direct a certain misconception about the Rwanda genocide that is being thrown around by analysts, when they are commenting on the implication of ethnic based secessionist hate in South Sudan, which may lead to similar thing as experienced in Rwanda.

While most commentators are right in quickly referring to the Rwanda Genocide experience in other to caution agitators about the consequences of their actions, it is important to bring us to another perspective that is yet to be properly looked at and fully appreciated.

In 1994, when the ethnic based hate campaign began in Rwanda, the total population of the country was just a little over 6 million.