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Bor MPs cautiously laud Riek apology about 1991 massacre, ask him to extend it to the grassroots
Written by Mading Ngor, The New Sudan Vision (NSV), newsudanvision.com
Thursday, 11 August 2011 11:53
bormps

Hon. Malek Alier, MP for Anyidi, Kolnyang, Bor South (left) and Hon. Deng Dau, MP for Twic East, on Wednesday waded into Dr. Riek Machar’s apology to the Dinka Bor community on Sunday for crimes committed in 1991 under Nasir Faction

( Juba  NSV) – Two Dinka Bor MPs from the National Assembly on Wednesday waded into Dr. Riek Machar’s Sunday apology to members of the Bor community for the gruesome killing of thousands of its citizens by the Nasir Faction’ forces in 1991, then commanded by Dr. Riek Machar Teny.

In the same year, the community also saw its property looted and livelihood put into disrepair by the faction.
At a gathering held at the home of the late Dr. John Garang to commemorate the sixth anniversary of his death on Sunday, Dr. Riek Machar, South Sudan’s Vice President stunned those who attended, when he unexpectedly owned up to the heinous crimes of the Nasir Faction in 1991. The apology came nearly twenty years after the massacre.
On August 28, 1991, Riek Machar and his comrades declared a coup against the late leader of the SPLM/SPLA, Dr. John Garang, called ‘Nasir Declaration.’
On Sunday, Dr. Riek explained the aim of his movement, which was initially supported by many southerners from different tribes, was to restore democracy and human rights in the mainstream SPLM, whose late leader was allegedly autocratic. However, the Nasir Movement went on to commit human rights abuses, culminating in the ‘Bor Massacre.’
The Sunday occasion was organized by Garang’s widow, Madam Rebecca Nyandeng, and supported by the committee, which was charged with organizing Martyrs Day, The New Sudan Vision has learned.
Madam Nyandeng invited MPs, government officials, the Speaker of South Sudan parliament, religious leaders, the President, the Vice President, and members of the public. The event was announced at Emannuel Jieng church in  Juba , and through SSTV.
President Kiir did not attend the prayers, but the Vice President, Dr. Riek was one of the invited dignitaries who turned up.
“The family [of the late Dr. John] took the opportunity to remember Dr. John in a bigger way because the vision and the legacy of what he fought for is now achieved,” Hon. Deng Dau Malek, MP for  Twic   East   County , explained to The New Sudan Vision on Wednesday.
Hon. Deng, who also spoke at the event in his capacity as representative for Twic East, where the late Garang hailed from, said most of the speeches at the occasion, bordered on memory of South Sudan’s fallen heroes and heroines, in light of last month’s historic achievement of independence for South Sudan, and what awaited its future.
Apology for 1991 massacre
‘“Dr Riek, when he stood, and talked about the painful event of 1991,”’ narrated Hon. Deng, ‘“His statements were that whatever that happened in 1991 should not be associated to other people, namely people like Dr. Lam who was his deputy, and person like Gordon Kong, who was also member of the Political High Command during that time.”’
The lawmaker went on further:   ‘“He said I should take squarely the responsibility of the events of 1991. And he said the people that have suffered were people of the Greater Bor, and the entire Jonglei.
‘“He took that day to express his apology to the people who are affected by the events of 1991”’, he concluded.
When he was narrating the events of 1991, Dr. Riek broke down and wept, to the point where he nearly collapsed, several witnesses confirmed to The New Sudan Vision.
The Vice President was then joined by his wife, Dr. Anjelina Teny, who was also reportedly in tears. The dramatic scene provoked a moment of raw emotions, where some of the victims started wailing in memory of their loved ones who had died in the massacre or its aftermath, while others were bewildered by the apology, The New Sudan Vision understood from various accounts from witnesses.
In response to the apology, Caretaker Gov. of the Central Bank of  South Sudan , Elijah Malok, as elder in the Bor community and immediate relative of the late Dr. John Garang, took the microphone. He was said to have expressed his bitter feelings about 1991, before concluding that he would personally forgive Riek, but that he would refer the case to the larger Bor community for deliberation on the next step.
Madam Nyandeng, on the other hand, spoke the last words. She blamed Riek for setting the South backward with his 1991 move, when SPLM/SPLA was on the verge of victory at the time. She reasoned the  Republic  of  South Sudan  would have been achieved a decade earlier were it not because of the defection, The New Sudan Vision was told.
On her own behalf and that of her children, the Former First Lady said she forgave Riek Machar for his crimes.
On Monday, the Dinka Bor community called an emergency meeting, also held at late Dr. Garang’s home, and attended by representatives of the Bor community, intellectuals, citizens, and politicians to agree on how to handle the issue.
Although those who attended said no consensus emerged from the meeting, the predominant ideas can be broken up to about three, according to Hon. Malek Alier, MP for Const. 15, Anyidi, Kolnyang, Bor South:
  • (1) those who are asking for Dr. Riek to apologize to the grassroots in Bor and other S. Sudanese communities
  • (2) those who are willing to forgive Dr. Riek but without any political strings attached
  • (3) and those who are saying Dr. Riek’s apology will fall short if it comes from him alone and not from fellow perpetrators.
In the meeting, a committee made up of Bor representatives to follow up on how genuine was Dr. Riek’s confession, was formed. Its members are waiting to meet with the Vice President to sought whether he stood by his apology, and to agree on how to best proceed with the issue.
‘Truth and Reconciliation’
For Hon. Deng, Dr. Riek’s apology on Sunday was a welcome development.  “As members of parliament, we say this is a good gesture for general reconciliation, and this is what we call Truth and Reconciliation. People must talk about the bitter things that had happened,” he told The New Sudan Vision, in an interview.
On the timing of Dr. Riek’s apology, he said it “could be political” but also “reality” because reconciliation will be nonexistent if the people of Bor do not express their feelings about the horrific memory of the massacre.
He carried on: “People of Bor have been uprooted by 1991. And we are saying we cannot do it alone here in  Juba because Greater Bor people, who are affected, are at the grassroots. It may not be understood by people who are at home in the villages.
“We encourage Dr. Riek to extend this gesture to the people who are really affected, and we’re talking about people who are in the rural areas,” he added.
Ready to forgive…
Hon. Malek held similar sentiments with his counterpart. “Generally, people are ready to forgive but they think that, this thing should be said in another bigger gathering, where people who have been affected or victimized, who have lost many [relatives], should be heard first,” he told The New Sudan Vision on Wednesday.
“It should not be done at the political level. It has to be extended to the grassroots, so that those who are bitter, those who have lost their dear people, they have to air out themselves, and if that forgiveness comes out from them, then all are going to be healed,” he said.
Dr. Riek’s belated apology has triggered all kinds of speculations about his intentions. Others wondered whether his apology was meant to solicit Dinka Bor support in his leadership ambitions.
“This apology should not be misunderstood, as if we have something we’re cooking,” said Hon. Deng, when The New Sudan Vision asked him about the political implications of any resultant forgiveness from the community.
“It’s from him, and he knows why he has said this at this time,” he said.
“As a people of Bor, we’re firm behind the leadership of the SPLM, led by comrade Salva Kiir Mayardit. And so whatever reconciliation that is done, is done within the context of the existing structures,” he concluded.
What’s more, Hon. Malek stressed the importance of having a uniform apology from the perpetrators.
“What we want to know, is that, is this idea, the idea of Riek Machar alone, or the idea shared by those with whom he was doing this together. Riek alone, even if he’s forgiven and others are still maintaining that bitterness, it will not help. So I want this thing to be extended and we hear from others who were with Riek Machar, whether they are ready, what Riek has said, is what they have, then it would be good for us,” he told The New Sudan Vision.
“We’re convinced that [the apology] is a good initiative, it’s really a national initiative, because we want Southerners to forget all the bitterness. We want Southerners to forget the past. We want to begin anew so that we build our
nation,” he added.
Machar move on the 1991 Bor Tragedy is patriotic
By Isaiah Abraham

Sudan Tribune: August 11, 2011 — The Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM/A) broke up in August 1991 until 2002, when the two sides came together again. The break up at that time was so devastating and nearly put the liberation struggle to its knees. There were problems everywhere: on the military and political fronts. The ugly part of it all is the tribal dirty seeds it has sown among our people. It was a split that never to be talked about openly unless one is prepared to soak all kinds of salvos from those against and for it.

The split by our people at that time, just not to waste your precious time, was unnecessary fratricide and horror we must now leave behind as we look forward to rebuild our nation. A healing is badly needed, the very pain caused by the aftermaths of the 1991 split. No amount of reparation could assuage that pain of destruction in that land, but admission of the miscalculation or mistake does. A bright chapter was opened to important section of our society. It took one man initiative to burry the matter (hatchet).

That is why this man called Machar has gone to bed with the Southern Public. The man is here to stay whether you hate or like him. He has everything it takes to stay there, irrespective of what haters want done or not done against him. This is a beauty of people with big hearts. May this gifted man continue to offer directions to his people, Oh! May the vision of this great man be firm and unshakable, Oh!

But some people will rebuff the big man offer on the ground that it was ‘justice delayed and therefore should be denied’- that it came late. They also argue that the big man should have gone to Bor or Panyagor to express it under no pressure (recall how elders in the party started the argument. The other concern is that the Vice President made an apology after the man they have tried to wrest power has gone (dead).

The author however thought that time doesn’t affect the truth so long as it was done in good faith. Going to Bor/Panyagor or Duk again isn’t a deal; since the big man has gathered courage to do what a civilized person does, there is no elephant to make out of it to press him to the wall. Between him and father (Dr. Garang) and as politicians and learned ones, they had cleared their differences then and forever.

Radicalists within their camps in this regards shouldn’t make mountains again out of mound hills; they got to shut up, and allow our people this opportunity for healing. Machar has started it, others must follow.

Let’s look briefly at the so-called apology at Garang’s home in Juba on that cold Sunday the 7th, its importance to everyone and the leader (Machar) in question. We shall do it in few notes however. Our beloved Vice President chose the home of our hero (Dr. Garang) to make amend, something so symbolic and historic not done by any dead of living Southerners. What has killed our people and still will do them more harm is pride and arrogance. Time to forge ahead together is right here. It starts with you

Mama Rebecca de Mabior was just on a thanks giving service/occasion, and from nowhere politicians from there (Bor) scratched the matter and the big man didn’t disappoint. It was an emotional moment for everybody, something a coward and evil minded people won’t do. He stated what we usually say here that the rebellion was exploited by others, and wasn’t the policy of the break away faction; that is unmistakable truth. He took the blame as a leader, and he did it very emphatically and sincerely. We must be proud of this talent at the top!

Second, the elegiac will remind others who killed political prisoners in Ashwa or whatever near Pageri in Nimule County and Chukudum in 1993/1994 that what they did there to finish up politicians, officers and innocent people because of their political orientation or tribe was ingloriously a wrong. Whether the directives were given from ‘above’ or not, the loss of lives of our politicians, officers there remains unforgivable unless the authors of that wanton deaths of Southerners come out publicly and say ‘we are sorry’. Example is set by the Vice President how about them?

Take it right, this line above doesn’t allude to insinuation of group or one person, rather it is an expression of pain about what was done stupidly that must be let go out of our chests. Shamely though the officers who were engaged in disappearance are still being promoted, and are move from one plumb job to another. People know them and history will not be kind to such individuals in our society. Time has come for us to show maturity to the damage we did to ourselves.

Third, is that the said apology by the Vice President has put to rest (as far as Bor Community is concerned) a matter that has always divide our people; say Bor vs Nuer. The Big man (Machar) and by extension the larger Nuer community were targeted by Bor community for what had happened then in 1991. Yeah, brothers and sisters from Bor were on the receiving end of that rebellion and no right minded person could deny the destruction it has caused these people. But the by gone should be by gone, especially now that the big man has come out and say ‘he is sorry’. That is leadership, not because he personally ordered the macabre, no! Let no one again go over this matter again; it is close and is done. Congratulation to the big man for that job well done!

Forth just to wrap up, the entire Southern public shouldn’t take such moves with guile, wily reception or for that matter for granted. What this great son of South Sudan (Dr. Machar) did to Bor people in Juba (not necessary in Bor Town) on Sunday should be emulated by other leaders whose political path trails blood of innocent people in our land. Gen. George Athor Deng and Gen. Gordon Koang Chol should now renounce violence and say to Southerners ‘we are sorry’. By doing so, they are healed and allow others to heal too (Proverbs 28:13 and James 5:16). God bless Dr. Riek Machar Teny Dhorgun!

Isaiah Abraham writes from Juba. He ca be reached at Isaiah_abraham@yahoo.co.uk


The President of the Republic of South Sudan H.E Gen. Salva Kiir Mayardit reiterated that the expected new government of the Republic of South Sudan will be formed based on ability and qualifications; not tribal representations.

President Kiir said this when addressing a joint meeting between the members of the SPLM Political Bureau and the Council of the States SPLM Caucus held on the evening of Thursday 4th August, 2011 at the Conference Hall, Presidential Guest House in Juba.
President Kiir congratulated all members of the Council of States for the new post and urged them to work as one body in serving the new nation of South Sudan by sticking to the functions and responsibilities assigned to them. President Kiir said the house is having a lot of challenges for it starts with no infrastructure and references. Nonetheless, he said that the government will support it adequately to enable it to stand.
The President called on the Council of States members to elect its Speaker, the Deputy Speaker and the Chief Whip in its first sitting today Friday 5th August, 2011. President Kiir urged the Council of the States members to work hard in order to discourage the culture of idleness among the youth and contribute effectively in implementing the vision of taking towns to the villages.
President Kiir also formally announced to the gathering that the former rebel fighting the Government of Southern Sudan Maj. Gen. Peter Gatdet is the first militia leader to respond to the amnesty he declared during the Independence Day on 9th July, 2011. He said the former rebel is now in Juba. “We welcome him back home to contribute in building the new nation of South Sudan with no conditions”, said the President.
On his part the Speaker of National Legislative Assembly Rt Hon. James Wani Igga highlighted the most important functions and responsibilities of the Council of the States as hereunder:
To enact the laws which interest to the states;
To supervise the national reconstruction projects and programs being carried out by national institutions in the states;
To monitor the implementation of the decentralized systems by the institutions in the states;
To ensure communal harmony among the people in the states;
To approve changes in the states names or capital of states names, and to resolve boundary disputes between the states; and
To carry out any function stipulated in the constitution.
Canon Clement Janda on behalf of the SPLM Caucus in the Council of States appreciated the SPLM leadership, and President Kiir in particular, for welcoming former the members of the Council of the States back home after working for six years in the North. Canon Janda expressed readiness of the SPLM Caucus in the Council to cooperate as one team in serving the new nation of South Sudan.

S. Sudan’s Kiir tells MPs graft must stop

By Waakhe Simon (AFP) – 3 hours ago  

JUBA — South Sudan’s President Salva Kiir on Monday told lawmakers at the opening session of parliament that corruption in the world’s newest nation must be curbed if the country is to succeed.

“The people of South Sudan will not sit idly and allow corruption and abuses of public resources to continue unabated,” he said, adding that for the state to succeed, “we need to abide with the principles of accountability.”

“We must focus on delivery of basic services to meet the great expectation of our people,” Kiir told the gathering of MPs, ministers, diplomats and religious leaders.

“This is only possible if we have a government whose first and last priorities are public interest.”

Kiir said he would ensure that, within its first 100 days, the new government passes “five essential laws to establish full transparency and accountability in the management of our financial resources, natural resources and oil.”

Parliamentary speaker James Wani Igga said the anti-corruption commission, which was established in 2006, but had no powers to prosecute until this year, would now play a key role in tackling graft.

“The anti-corruption commission has been toothless and henceforth it will be kicking and biting. From now onwards, it possesses prosecution powers. It only needs to quickly equip itself with the required and qualified personnel,” he said.

South Sudan, which gained formal independence from the north on July 9, is one of the poorest countries on earth. It was left in ruins after five decades of conflict between southern rebels and successive governments in the north.

The fledgling nation faces a host of daunting challenges, including the rampant corruption Kiir has repeatedly vowed to confront.

Other key objectives, Kiir said, were providing education, which “only a minority of our children in South Sudan have access to,” and turning the Sudan People?s Liberation Army (SPLA) into a national army, with former soldiers being provided with new opportunities.

Literacy rates in the fledgling nation are appalling: the education ministry says 73 percent of the population cannot read or write, and a much higher proportion of women are unable to do so.

Separately, there are serious concerns about human rights abuses committed by the SPLA as it struggles to transform itself from a rebel to a regular force.

Igga, the parliamentary speaker, stressed the need to boost security, especially by disarming former soldiers and removing the many weapons in the region left over from decades of war.

“We must therefore disarm, disarm and disarm, until a woman can work in her farm without fear of rape at gunpoint, and until a trader can open his shop even up to midnight without fear of robbery at gunpoint,” he said.


Cairo, Aug. 6 (BNA)—The Republic of South Sudan has announced that it will recognize Palestine as an independent state when it applies for the United Nations membership. The decision was taken after Israeli Deputy Foreign Minister Danny Ayalon officially demanded Juba not to vote in favour of the application.
The Foreign Minister of the Republic of South Sudan said in press statements that it is in the interest of his country to recognize Palestine and Israel as both of them recognized the Republic of South Sudan when it declared its independence on July 9, 2011. “Our stance is obvious. We will recognize any state that recognizes us,” he said

CAIRO, August 6, 2011 (WAFA) – South Sudan announced Friday that it intends to recognize an independent Palestinian state within 1967 borders at the United Nations General Assembly when it comes up for a vote in September, according to Deng Alor, South Sudan’s foreign minister.

He said that it is in his country’s best interest to recognize Israel and a Palestinian state since both have already recognized South Sudan after if declared independence last month.

‘We will recognize any state that recognizes us,’ he said.

This announcement came in spite of official Israeli request from South Sudan to refrain from supporting the Palestinian bid to gain UN recognition in September.


KHARTOUM (Reuters) – Sudanese security forces have confiscated the entire edition of an independent newspaper in the capital Khartoum, its editor said on Sunday, the latest sign of a media crackdown.

Sudan’s constitution guarantees press freedom but journalists often complain of pressure or censorship. Last month, two female journalists were jailed for writing about an alleged rape case.

“Security forces have confiscated all copies on Saturday after we printed them,” said Adil al-Baz, editor and owner of al-Ahdath newspaper, adding the newspaper had not been given a reason for the confiscation.

The newspaper had planned to run an interview with a senior official of the northern branch of the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM), the ruling party in newly-independent South Sudan. It has also reported about corruption and terrorism issues.

Sudan’s security forces were not immediately available to comment on the confiscation, a move which would inflict substantial financial damage on the publication.

One day before the independence of South Sudan in July, Khartoum also suspended six newspapers because southerners were among their publishers or owners.

The jailing of the two female journalists for writing about the alleged rape of an activist by security forces has sparked condemnation by the U.N. Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, Margot Wallstroem.

“I am very concerned about these judgments … Regardless of the facts of the case, Sudanese journalists have a right to report on rape and other forms of sexual violence,” Wallstroem said in a statement on August 3.

Sudan security seize newspaper

(AFP) – 7 hours ago 

KHARTOUM, Sudan — Sudanese security forces on Sunday seized all the copies of Al-Ahdath newspaper from the printers, its editor in chief said, in the latest sign of a clampdown on independent media in Khartoum.

“The security forces came to the printers and they took all the copies of the newspaper, without giving an explanation,” Adil al-Baz told AFP.

The newspaper was running a series of articles this month, called “The days of Carlos in Khartoum,” about the notorious international terrorist “Carlos the Jackal”.

Carlos — a Venezuelan whose real name is Ilich Ramirez Sanchez — was seized in Sudan in murky circumstances in 1994.

It is not the first time the paper has been barred from distribution.

But Sudan has experienced a tightening of press freedom in the wake of South Sudan’s secession last month.

Several newspapers with links to the south were closed, including the popular Arabic daily Ajras al-Hurriya, and numerous journalists are on trial for reporting the alleged rape of a female opposition activist by security forces.

Media watchdog Reporters Without Borders has accused the Sudanese authorities of harassing and prosecuting journalists in a bid to stop them making embarrassing revelations about human rights violations.

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August 4, 2011 (JUBA) – The newly appointed UN special envoy to the Republic of South Sudan, Hilde Johnson, briefed the political parties on the roles her multi-purpose mission will play in the new nation at a meeting in Juba on Thursday.

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UN SG special envoy, Hilde Johnson, briefing leaders of political parties in the presence of South Sudan VP, Riek Machar, Juba (ST)

Johnson was appointed as special envoy to South Sudan by UN secretary general, Ban Ki Moon, following the independence of the region on 9 July. She previously held the post of Minister for International Development in Norway.

She was involved in the North-South Sudan peace negotiations in Kenya in 2005.

On Thursday in Juba she held her first joint meeting with leaders of the various political parties in South Sudan, with the participation of the ruling Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM), during which she briefed them about her new mandate.

In the meeting which was moderated by Vice President and SPLM deputy chairperson, Riek Machar, Johnson said her role will include rendering support on issues to do with security, development, institutional building, democratic development and transformation of the “political equation” in South Sudan.

She said these will include issues to do with the rule of law, justice, diversity and inclusiveness in nation-building as well as constitutional process and the upcoming elections after the four year transitional period.

The special envoy said she will also mobilise donors to support South Sudan and supervise the activities of the various UN humanitarian agencies working on the ground.

Johnson who said she was inspired by the frankness in the expression of views by the leaders at the meeting, adding that open disagreement expressed in peaceful political debate was healthy.

At the meeting leaders of opposition political parties criticised the ruling party, the SPLM, for allegedly reneging on the resolutions passed in a conference held in October 2010. They said the conference called for consensus and inclusiveness in the process of the nation-building.

They said that the recent appointments of 66 new members to the transformed national assembly and 30 to the council of states, did not redress the inclusiveness issues as was agreed upon at the conference.

SPLM officials at the meeting denied the claim, saying a number of other political parties consulted with the president and their members were included in the national legislative body.

Vice President Machar congratulated the special envoy for her “tough” mandate at the introductory meeting with the political parties. He said President Kiir was in consultation with the political parties, and have their members appointed to the two houses of parliament.

He called for cooperation between the political parties, the government and the UN mission in the implementation of the roles spelled out in the mandate given to the special envoy.

(ST)

U.S. Support to Peace and Security in South Sudan

Fact Sheet

Office of the Spokesperson
Washington, DC
July 8, 2011

The United States has been deeply engaged in Sudan, having led international efforts to broker the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement that ended decades of civil war between the country’s north and south and as the lead international donor both during and after the war.

Promoting Peace and Security

  • Last summer, with President Obama’s leadership and personal engagement, the United States launched an intense international diplomatic and development effort to keep the parties on the path of peace. In September 2010, at a special meeting of presidents and foreign ministers during the UN General Assembly in New York, the President rallied the international community to join the United States in its call for a peaceful, on-time referendum for Southern Sudan.
  • Sudan was a key focus of Vice President Biden’s trip to Kenya, Egypt, and South Africa last June that helped to build regional cooperation on CPA implementation. The Vice President’s regular engagement with Sudanese leaders and regional leaders, including with African Union High-Level Implementation Panel Chairman Thabo Mbeki, has been a critical part of U.S. diplomatic efforts on Sudan.
  • Secretary Clinton met personally with the parties from both sides in Addis Ababa in late June 2011, where she brokered a deal to end violence in the Abyei region and facilitate the deployment of Ethiopian forces to amplify the peacekeeping presence in the region. She has been in close contact with her counterparts throughout the region, and has reached out frequently to senior northern and southern Sudanese officials by phone.
  • Ambassador Susan Rice led efforts to build and maintain multilateral support at the United Nations for peace in Sudan, leading the UN Security Council to Sudan twice in the last nine months. The Troika—a partnership among the United States, United Kingdom, and Norway—has played a critical role in diplomatic and development planning with its Sudanese and international partners.
  • Special Envoy Princeton Lyman, his predecessor, Scott Gration, and numerous other U.S. Government officials have shuttled tirelessly between Washington and Sudan, where they have pressed the Sudanese leaders to reach agreement on the issues that will define their future relationship.

Investing in People and Building Capacity

  • In South Sudan, the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) is helping to strengthen democratic participatory governance, to enhance access to health care, education and clean water, and to improve basic infrastructure such as roads, bridges, and electricity. U.S. efforts spearheaded by USAID continue to boost agricultural productivity and trade, and help local governments improve their ability to manage resources and meet citizens’ needs. Since the signing of the CPA, USAID has worked closely with the Government of Southern Sudan to provide one million people with access to clean water, to help increase children’s enrollment in schools nearly fourfold, and to establish tools like microfinance institutions to help jumpstart economic opportunities.
  • The United States played a critical role in ensuring that the Southern Sudan Referendum Commission had the capacity to hold a credible, on-time referendum in January 2011. USAID supported the procurement of registration and voting materials, voter education, and domestic and international observation to ensure that the Southern Sudan Referendum Commission and Bureau had the capacity to hold a credible, on-time referendum.

Steadfast Partnership

  • Following its declaration of independence, the United States will establish full diplomatic relations with the Republic of South Sudan, upgrading the U.S. Consulate General in Juba to a U.S. Embassy on July 9. Ambassador Barrie Walkley, the U.S. Consul General in Juba, will serve as Chargé d’Affaires pending the appointment of a U.S. Ambassador to Juba.
  • This fall, the United States will host an international engagement conference that will provide the Republic of South Sudan with a platform to present its vision for the future of its country and engage partners on priority areas of support and collaboration.
  • The United States stands with the people of both Sudan and South Sudan during this time of great hope and immense challenge. Our commitment extends beyond July 9, and we will continue to expand on our deeply-rooted partnership in the years ahead.

Learn more about the U.S. engagement on Sudan at: http://www.state.gov/s/sudan


August 1, 2011 (JUBA) – The Government of South Sudan on Monday confirmed the arrest of the Director of Public Security and Criminal Investigation, following reports alleging his involvement in torture, bribery and creation of illegal detention centres.

The government confirmed the arrest following the announcement by President Kiir, while delivering a speech on 30 July 2011 , in which he told the audience had ordered the arrest of some senior officers, reported to have been involved in the tutoring and mistreatment of citizens.

“There are serious and humiliating incidents which occurred. There are now some of the senior officers under arrest. I have ordered them to be arrested and they will remain under arrest until they are investigated thoroughly,” said Kiir.

General Acuil Tito Madut, Inspector of General of South Sudan Police Service on Monday named Major General Marial Nuor Jok as the senior officer arrested on orders of the president following charges which including:

The disappearance of John Luis in April 2011, following reports that he was summoned to the office of the Chief Public Security and Criminal Investigation Department over a disputed plot of land.

Accepting bribes for assets such houses, shops, and plots in return for bribes in form of cash, shops in Konyokonyo.

Permitting the arbitrary arrest of civilians in illegally created public security detention facilities, to extort money from and silence their family.

Arming his tribesmen with guns to perpetuate tribal and sectional disputes in Yirol West and East counties in Lakes State and elsewhere

The illegal incorporation of active Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) officers and other ranks who are not police personnel and who have not obtained official release from their parent units to join any institutions including public security and criminal investigation departments.

“The transitional constitution of South Sudan is very clear. It has defined powers of all government institutions including security personnel,” said Tito, referring to allegations that General Marial Nuor was involved in illegal transfer of SPLA officers and other ranks into Public Security and Criminal Investigation Department, without seeking approval of the president.

Kiir Chol, Nuor’s lawyer described his arrest on Sunday as illegal and unconstitutional. He claimed that Nuor was imprisoned in a military barracks and has not been seen by his family.

He said he would present his observations to the high court of law requesting transfer of the general to public detention centre where his family would have access to him. He claimed the arrest was in “violation of the 2011 Transitional Constitution of south Sudan”.

(ST)