Posts Tagged ‘Jonglei’


By E.E. Dantès

Firstly, if one cannot stand up by putting a face or their name to a statement they believe in, maybe they should not state or write it at all. That said, I would like to respond to some things raised by the unnamed author of “South Sudan: In Jonglei, David Yau Yau is not the Problem.”

(1)  The author wrote, “In post-independence South Sudan the majority of rebel leaders have been Nuer and there have been no, insignificant (sic), Dinka rebel leaders; the biggest tribal group in South Sudan, occupying both presidential posts to date. Why should they rebel?” 

This is a laughably sad condescending statement. For the record, (a) In post-independent South Sudan, there has been only one president, so the both” the author is referring to does not make sense. (b) Equating a presidential post to be a satisfactory factor of not having a grievance is as an absurd statement as saying that African-Americans have no grievances because Obama is the president. It is plain silly to say that Jieng (aka Dinka) have no reasons to rebel because the president is a Jieng. This statement infers that Jieng are the SOLE beneficiaries of the presidency, this is a falsehood something many NGOs working in Jieng homeland can corroborate. (c) Ido not know how one determines significance of rebel leaders but I think there was a certain George Athor not so long ago whose personal grievances were not amalgamated to mean a greater cause of Pigi his home county.

(2)  …“but at a much lower scale the motivation of the Murle is the same as Palestinians, who want their own state within South Sudan.The Murle and DYY are also not the only ones in todays South Sudan who are campaigning for greater self-determination – just take a look at the ongoing low-level shilluk rebellion against the Dinka in Upper Nile State.”

Wow! Really? (a) There is an ocean between Palestinian issues and Murle – they cannot be compared whatsoever even in a context of this supposed notion of self-determination by the Murle people. The two causes are incomparable – even the ideological definition of self-determination is different among the Palestinians and the Murle (on a personal note, I think it is an insult to the Palestinian cause). (b) In addition, the supposed rebellion against Jieng for self-determination in Upper Nile is just a palpable fib. This is perpetuating falsehood of big bad Jieng,hell bent on destroying and colonising the minority. Firstly, the Upper Nile State is a home to three peoples, Collo (aka Shilluk) Kingdom, Jieng and Naath (aka Nuer). The Collo Kingdom is the home to some of the most influential people in the history of Sudan namely: Dr. Peter Adwok Nyaba, Pagan Amum, Gen. Oyai Deng Ajak, Dr. Lam Akol (leader of SPLM-DC) and Baguot Amum (Pagan’s sister and wife of late Nyancigak, SPLA Commander from Murle). Secondly, historically the Collo lived on the west bank of the river Nile during the British colonial times while Jieng and Naath lived on the eastern bank. However, during the wars, people were continually displaced and subsequently Collo settled along the eastern bank resulting in frictions with Jieng around the areas of Lul and Anakdiaar. Thirdly, in relation to various rebellions in Upper Nile, namely that of Gabriel Tanginya and Johnson Oliny, these were not specifically against Jieng or Nuer but against the government in Juba. Tanginya was unhappy with the terms and rewards of incorporation into the SPLA. Oliny on the other hand was unhappy how his ancestral community was treated. Oliny’s community straddles the Sobat River, which marks the southern border of Upper Nile State and northern border of Jonglei State. During rainy season, the people migrate from one side of the river to the other, essentially crossing state borders. The community therefore fell through the bureaucracy as the two state governments passed them back and forth and not accepting them into one state. This was not the fault of Jieng or Nuer community but that of the government. Fourthly, no Jieng has ever been a governor in Upper Nile in post-independent South Sudan. Therefore using Upper Nile State as an example shows how the author has no understanding of the issues in South Sudan.

(3)  “I have no sympathy for DYY I don’t know how many crimes he has committed and few people do……….. Very few Murle people actually subscribe to DYY’s political agenda, if such a thing can be said to exist, but he has become a last resort for community protection among the Murle.”

This is a glaringly contradictory statement from the author who equated Murle’s grievances with Palestine’s cause and Yauyau’s stated political agenda as similar. The author stated that Murle wanted a state of their own in South Sudan something, which Yauyau actually said was an objective of his rebellion. Therefore, how can the author back away and say that Murle do not subscribe to Yauyau’s political agenda? The author also says, Yauyau has become a resort for community protection, against whom?

(4)  …“the forced disarmament campaign exacerbated the tensions targeting the minority group, the Murle.”

 This is an astonishingly dishonest statement from the author. I do not know whether the author is aware that Anyuak, Jieng, and Lou were the first to be disarmed in 2006 in Jonglei and Murle were not. Small Arms Survey reports are quite insightful. Just to give a bit of context, in 2005 Lou Nuer and Jieng of Duk clashed for the first since peace was agreed between Jieng and Nuer. The government for whatever reasons decided between January and March in 2006 to forcibly disarm people. It conducted a preferential disarmament campaign targeting in Jonglei, Nuer, Jieng and Anyuak. Jieng and Anyuak handed their weapons in peacefully although woman, girls and children suffered abuses in the rural areas and were promised compensation by then Governor Philip Thon Leek. That promise was not kept. Nuer on the other hand refused citing the fact that Murle and Jikany Nuer of Upper Nile still had arms. This led to a confrontation in May in which 400 SPLA and 1,200 Lou Nuer were killed. SPLA committed many atrocities as a result while the UN, many NGOs and commentators turned a blind eye. Nuer blamed Jieng and the government because the General, Kuol Dim, who was in charge of disarmament in Jonglei was a Jieng.

Thereafter, Lou repeatedly harassed Duk County until in May 2007 Jieng of Duk ë Padiet retaliated and looted 20,000 heads of cattle and killed unknown number of people. Here is a summary (Most of it from Small Arms survey, News Reports, IRIN Website, International Crisis Group and academic journal articles):

Jan – May 2006:

SPLA disarms Jieng and Anyuak peacefully, Lou resists, and 1,200 are killed. Lou Nuer rearms within 18 months (ICG).

May 2007:

Duk ë Padiet clash with Lou over grazing rights resulting in Jieng looting 20,000 heads of cattle.

July 2007:

Murle attack Akobo. Hundreds are killed (no concrete figure is given).

October 2007:

Murle abducts two children from Bor County.

Nov. 2007:

Murle kills 8 and steals, 7,000 heads of cattle in Padak in Bor County. The Murle raiders are pursued but they ambushed the pursuers and kill 21 Jieng while they lose only six.

Jan 2008:

Murle attack Anyuak in Pochalla County, kills 26, and takes 105 cattle.

Then due to census and other things 2008 threats by Jieng of Bor County to raid Murle things quiet down.

Jan. 2009:

Murle attacks Lou in Akobo kills 300.

March 2009:

Murle attacks Wuror and kills 600-750

March 2009:

Lou attack Murle in Lokuangole and kills 450

April 2009:

Murle attacks Lou in Akobo and kills 250

May 2009:

Lou attacks Jikany in Upper Nile and kills 71 (Nuer against Nuer).

August 2009:

(a)  Lou attacks Jieng in Wernyol in Twic East County twice killing 11 and 47 on each occasion.

(b)  Murle attacks Lou in Mareng killing 185.

Sept 2009:

Lou attacks Duk ë Padiet killing 167.

Then everything goes relatively quiet because of referendum and the elections and 2010 passes without major incidents in Jonglei.

Feb. 2011:

Murle attacks Wuror County and kills eight.

April 2011:

Lou Nuer attack Lokuangole, in Pibor County kills 200 Murle.

June 2011:

Lou Nuer attacks Gumuruk and Lokuangole, in Pibor County, 400 Murle and 398,000 heads of cattle looted. Nuer Youth also reports on the Internet that Jieng has joined them.

August 2011:

Murle attacks Wuror County and kill 750 Lou Nuer.

Dec 2011:

Murle attacks Jalle in Bor County and kills 42

Jan. 2012:

(a) Lou Nuer attacks Lokuangole and Pibor and kills between 1,000 – 3,000 Murle.

(b) Murle attacks Duk county and kill 47 people while they are under attack! One thought they would be busy defending themselves!

Feb: 2012:

Murle attacks Anyidi in Bor County and kills nine Jieng and in retaliation, Jieng in Bor Town kills seven.

March 2012:

Murle attacks Nyirol County and kills 30 Lou Nuer

March 2012:

Murle attacks and kills 225 in Ethiopia and within Jonglei.

If one does the math, it is quickly apparent that the Murle are not a targeted victim minority that the author makes them out to be. It is quiet clear that they are very aggressive and have been the primary source of instability in Jonglei at least since the signing of CPA in 2005.

Commentary

Jonglei State has many problems stemming from weak governance at both state and national level. Certainly, taking sides and misinforming the world will not help the local people whether they are Jieng, Naath or Murle. The fundamental problem in Jonglei lies in the fact that the state is vast with no strong civil administrative institutions. (1) All ofSouth Sudan is aggrieved, from a bad government. (2) Ethnicity is used as an excuse for impunity. When Abel Alier was the Head of HEC in 70s following Addis Ababa Peace Agreement, the Equatorians cried “Dinka! Dinka! We want Kokora (re-division of Southern Sudan).” When Joseph Lagu headed HEC everyone cried, “Madi! Madi! How many are there? (Madi being a minority group).”Since 70s, South Sudan is being slowly Balkanized. (3) Nobody knows why Murle is fighting unarmed Jieng civilians. When Athor went to the bush, he had personal grievances and the whole of Atar (his home constituent) did not follow him because their issues are not personified in Athor. However, Yauyau has been used to excuse Murle’s atrocities against other civilians. People say Yauyau has a grievance (what is it? And against whom?), and then they add that he is standing up for his community (really? What if those in Pigi, Duk, Twï, Bor, Wuror, Nyirol, Pochalla and Akobo – frequent victims of Murle start standing up for themselves, what happens?). (4). All guns must be laid down at all cost either voluntarily or forcefully and people have to talk or else everyone should be left to their own devices the latter being Somalianization of Jonglei.

(5) David Yauyau is a problem in Jonglei State if not the major problem in Jonglei State primarily because of his sponsors in Khartoum (see Eric Reeves’ blog from comprehensive analysis). He is exacerbating pre-existing tribal tensions into something much bigger by politicising it with illogical demands of separate statehood for the Murle. If the UN and NGOs want impunity to end in South Sudan and all rebellions to die out like the M23 inD.R. Congo, then they must do to Khartoum what UN did to Rwanda. The West must impose embargoes and sanctions to deny people like Yauyau supplies and sources to continuously fuel the rebellion. The UN and NGOs must stop the glaring biased approach with they have adopted in South Sudan and must stop undermining the South Sudanese government in the name of selective human rights protection.


Jonglei state is making international headlines again due to all the bad things happening there – severe flooding and deranged murderous rampage. Rivers of blood continue to flow in the country almost 10 years after the bloodiest conflict in our living history ended. Pulses of violence continue to erupt again, and again and the response of the security agencies has been extremely preferential, tardy and utterly unprofessional indeed nationwide.

The 20th of October unprovoked massacre of unarmed women, children and the elderly in Ajuong and Pakeer Payams of Twï County is profoundly sad beyond words. The casualties are staggering with 78 dead, 88 wounded with most in critical conditions, 24 children and women abducted, 25,000 heads of cattle looted and 144 houses burnt to ashes. Yet, there has not been a single word from the Presidency, which is quiet telling. President Salva is busy preparing to welcome Bashir (the chief financier of the murders and Butcher of Khartoum) and could not spare to lift even an eyelid for the people in Twï County. Wani Igga, his wallowing Deputy, is busy celebrating “World Hands Washing Day”. Apparently, he is too busy teaching people in Juba how to wash their hands to avoid getting diarrhea. How about those who are dying and will not be able to welcome Bashir, or the dead and the dying who will not mind a bout of diarrhea in exchange for life?

Leadership is severely lacking in general but it is not the lack of leadership that innocent, unarmed people are massacred repeatedly; rather it is the wanton murderous behaviour of a group of people which must be stemmed at all cost. The army has had many things to say and done absolutely nothing except to let loose their lips. The SPLA has failed to carryout its function of protecting the citizens and their livelihoods. It categorically refused on 20th of October to airlift the wounded for medical treatment or even fly in medical aid. Its reasons being, that only two helicopters of the 10 in the fleet were airworthy, the area being under severe flooding, lack of fuel and a litany of other excuses. The citizens of Ajuong and Pakeer in Juba and diaspora contributed money and hire planes to fly the wounded to Bor and Juba and provide medical aid and supplies.

SPLA’s often cited reason of lacking resources and means of responding timely is a brazen lie and an insult because it receives more than forty (40) percent of the national budget. What do the Generals do with the money? In a self-respecting nation, the Minister of Interior and the Minister of Defence would have resigned in disgrace because they failed in their most fundamental duty, that of protecting the citizens. In this case, they must resign starting with the Minister of Defence who is continuing his legacy of “tragedy of errors” first as the Minister of Transport, then as a Governor and now as the Minister of Defence.

The peoples of Twï, Duk and Bor counties are victims of their own government. The MPs from these constituencies know this very well and continue to serve in a government that does not care, provide and or facilitate for the security of their constituents. It begs the question – whom are they serving? Are they serving themselves or the constituents who are being butchered? They too should resign their government posts in Juba and return to rebuild Jonglei State. The peoples of Twï, Duk and Bor have suffered and endured relentless unprovoked assaults on numerous times from Murle community and its affiliate militia over the last five years. This unfortunate statehood is reinforced and the disturbing amount of casualties keeps rising thanks to a preferential disarmament policy by the government in Juba.

The four counties of Jieng and Anyuak were the first to be disarmed. The communities in the other seven counties have been left with their arms and have gone on to butcher each other and the disarmed citizens of Twï, Duk, Bor, and Pochalla Counties. Ethnic strife in the country has been justified, dismissed and many excuses have been provided to explain it. Hostile tribal and clan rivalries that predate the present nation state, competition for resources, banditry, mercenary rebellions championed by Khartoum are some hypotheses put forward. The government, NGOs and many other observers can put forth all sorts of explanations but we all know it boils down to a basic point – Lack of an accountable government. All problems of insecurity would fade away gradually if there is a strong, effective and efficient government and protective security apparatus among the people. It is as simple as that. The government must fly the flag equally in all parts of the country and provide all necessary security and administrative authority and requisite equal economic and social support in all states and not just the seat of government in Juba.

The government must also level the playing field in Jonglei, it has to either disarm those who have arms or protect those who do not have arms. If the government selectively protects its citizens, the unprotected must look at protecting themselves, it is only fair and their natural right they do that. Therefore, Twï, Duk and Bor civilians must rearm if the government is not capable of protecting them due to lack of resources.


South Sudan expects to attract more foreign investment into the newly independent country through its break up of an oil concession the size of Rwanda, the government’s spokesman said.

Block B, which covers most of South Sudan’s eastern Jonglei state, was split into three blocks after Total SA (FP)’s ownership was invalidated because it was signed with Sudan before the south gained independence, Barnaba Marial Benjamin said in an interview on Sept. 26 in the capital, Juba. Total, based in Paris, previously held 32.5 percent of the block and will be allowed to choose one of the new concessions, he said.

“The block was too big for one company,” Benjamin said. “That block B is bigger than the whole of Rwanda, so it was divided up into different blocks so that you bring in more investment, to make it a fair deal. Competitiveness is important.”

Total signed an exploration and production-sharing agreement with the government of Sudan in 1980, before suspending exploration in 1985 because of “escalating insecurity” related to a civil war in the country, according to the company’s website. South Sudan seceded from Sudan in July 2011, taking control of about three-quarters of Sudan’s output of 490,000 barrels of oil a day.

Total spokesman Florent Segura didn’t respond to an e- mailed request for comment. A person who answered the phone at the company’s headquarters yesterday said she would print out the questions and pass them along to a spokesman to comment.

Monitoring Situation

Segura told Bloomberg on Feb. 2 that Total was “monitoring the situation on a permanent basis in the Block B area to ensure the safety of its personnel and contractors as soon as operations resume.” Oil in South Sudan is pumped mainly by China National Petroleum Corp., Malaysia’s Petroliam Nasional Bhd. and India’s ONGC Videsh Ltd. (ONGC)

Chinese, European and U.S. companies, including Exxon Mobil Corp. (XOM) and Chevron Corp. (CVX), are among the bidders for exploration rights, Benjamin said.

Jonglei has been plagued by ethnic violence, rebel militias and deadly cattle raids. The United Nations says more than 1,000 people were killed in battles between the Murle and Lou Nuer communities last year, while about 900 more were killed in clashes that lasted from late December until February 2012. The government said an Aug. 23 attack by a rebel militia group killed at least 24 of its soldiers.

Oil Shutdown

With independence, South Sudan became one of the world’s poorest countries, a situation that was exacerbated by its decision to shut down oil production in late January amid a dispute with Sudan over oil-transit and processing fees. South Sudan has been trying to attract investors in oil and other sectors to develop its economy.

Benjamin said his government has secured an interest-free loan of about $150 million from China to build a new airport terminal, and another of about $147 million to build power lines from Ethiopia to Jonglei, Upper Nile, and Eastern and Central Equatoria states. Chinese companies are constructing the power grid, which he said would be completed within 1 1/2 years.

Benjamin added that China has pledged further loans of as much as $200 million for projects including building new universities and developing agriculture.

To contact the reporter on this story: Jared Ferrie in Juba via Nairobi at pmrichardson@bloomberg.net

To contact the editor responsible for this story: Antony Sguazzin at asguazzin@bloomberg.net.

http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2012-09-28/south-sudan-sees-increased-investment-after-splitting-oil-block.html


By Apioth Mayom Apioth

                   The three counties of Bor South, Twic East, and Duk were allocated 12 ambassadorial positions by the Government of South Sudan, but during the process of allocations in Bortown, 8 of those 12 positions were given to Bor South communities, leaving just 4 positions to be shared between Twic East and Duk counties. Having being born in Jonglei state and having  had a splendid opportunity to spend my lifetime around the members of Jonglei communities, I would have to conclude that Bor South, Twic East and Duk communities have shared a great history together.
                   In the past, if an issue of war or economic development arise, members of the three counties would take up their war shields and wits to defend themselves  from any foreign invasion. As far as I can remember, it has been like that since time immemorial. The three communities were like a set of triplets, born from the same mother and father. Even though, they were not exactly real triplets from the same parents, they resembled a replica of an actual set of triplets that were carefully brought up by their good and loving parents, which was recognizable in how they stood their ground in harsh moments of trials and adversity throughout their history of existence in Jonglei state.
                 People tend to disagree on different things when they can’t find a way to accommodate their differences. But it is only through diversification and acceptance of our differences that we can find numerous ways to  strengthen and build up our communities from the ground up. Once we learn to respect to our differences, then we can soldify a united front where diversity in unity is a social organization that resolve our communal barriers. If this case could have started a conflict among the three communities, then we could have experienced a bloodbath right in our backyard, with a mere issue  that could have been easily solved by our leaders in Bortown by equally distributing 6 ambassadorial positions  to Bor county and another 6 appointments to Twic East and Duk counties.
                   Is this the end of the line for a truly remarkable history created by living side to side all these centuries? I hope not; because we were recently awarded our independence from Arabian colonialism. If it is indeed the case, then we ought to say goodbyes with our heads held high up, not through thievery of our political positions endowed to us by the Government of South Sudan because they belong to us through our birthrights, unalienable rights and our stake claims as citizens of Jonglei state. From 1956 up until July 2011, South Sudanese were fighting Jallaba’s colonist regime in Khartoum to spurs on their claim to get a shot at the modern-day civilization, only to see our Great communities of Twic East and Duk face marginalization from Bor county in Jonglei state.
                  Why didn’t our cousins from Bor county tell Twic East and Duk communities to remain in the bush to fight their own war of self-determination from them in the first place? If Bor South communities continue to hustle away our economic opportunities like the way of these ambassadorial positions, then, we no choice, but to campaign for the division of Jonglei state into two separate states, where we will live in a state of abundant without someone robbing us of economic projects. Governor Kuol Manyang and Bor South communities, we are urging you to recall those ambassadors and be returned to their rightful owners in Twic East and Duk counties.
                   It is not too late to solve a problem that will leave a lasting scar among these three communities. The time is still ripe to make a difference because the appointments were only made in late March. We don’t want anyone to stunt our economic growth in any way possible. If you happen to scale through the map of South Sudan, one wouldn’t fail to recognize that Jonglei state is the largest state among the 10 states. During the recent Jonglei state clashes, some pockets of peace activists briefly mentioned that, the only way to bring peace to Jonglei state is by dividing the state into two states to ease up turmoil among conflicting communities.
                 That might have seemed like a far-fetched  solution to an age-old problem of cattle rustling and child abduction among the intertwined communities of Dinka Bor, Twic East Dinka, Lou Nuer, Murle and Anyuak. Imagine, if Lou Nuer and Murle were grouped together again in their own state, the same problem would have continued or further escalate into a bigger humanitarian crisis than it is already is. The Jonglei state clashes is a mult-faceted problem that can be solved through two alternative routes. The first part to solve this monotonous problem is for the conflicting communities to pick a third party member from outside Jonglei state and be none other than from Dinka, Murle or Nuer tribe, this third party member will then conduct a dialogue among them.
               This is true in part due to the fact that, a Murle community would not accept a member of Lou community to solve this problem because they might suspect a member from Lou Nuer from wrongdoing in this conflict. The same thing holds true for Twic East Dinka, Dinka Bor or Anyuak communities, they would blatantly refuse a Murle or Lou Nuer community member to hold the conflict resolution dialogue among them. This problem doesn’t require westernized conflict resolution methods or approaches similar to those of the International Criminal Court (ICC). This problem bears no resemblance to the genocidal cases of ICC because it is a centuries-old problem that needs to be uprooted from its genesis of beginnings.
                Once the third party dialogue member has been selected, then all these communities need to involve their youth leaders, traditional chiefs, payam leaders, Members of Parliaments, and county leaders. Traditional wisdom is as important as modernized African methods of conflict resolution partly to the fact that these were applicable methods that continued to keep our communities as cohesive as possible up until our modern era and those methods have not failed us since the first time we stepped our feet on this planet.  After the dust is cleared and settled, the conflicting communities can then talk to their youth, young adults and all the community members who are considered responsible for this problem, that we are here to live side by side as diversified communities of Jonglei state and most importantly as good citizens of the Republic of South Sudan.
               The Human Rights Watch, who is very popular with its slogan which goes, “Defending human rights wordwide,” has a statement which says, “Every human being has human rights by virtue of being a human being.”  We need to find creative ways to drum ideas of communal relations into the youths and young adults of Jonglei state to learn from us that no one, even the Pope of the Vatican City is not above the law and that there is a need to respect everyone’s human value, dignity, and property. Disarmament of Jonglei communities is not a long term solution to the Jongle clashes, it is a short-sighted approach to cover up the failures of our government in Juba. While the process of disarmament is taking shape in Jonglei state, some pockets of Jonglei communities may run to the nearby bush and hide their guns that they may retrieve later after the tides of disarmament has died down.
              And better yet, some members whose weapons were forcifully taken from them, may rush to the blackmarket dealers to buy yet another gun. On the other hand, deploying South Sudan Police around Pibor county is another short-term solution that may later make this problem worse than it is already is.  While South Sudan Police is deployed around Murle villages, these same Murle youth may talk their way out of the deployment lines by saying we are going to attend a wedding or school in Central Equatoria state. After they infiltrated the deployment lines, they may group themselves up again and attack in Dinka Bor areas.
              If these Murle youths can’t find a way to get rid of the South Sudan Police, they might confront them head on, which is another altercation that may cause another senseless lost of lives. Murle has a long-held cultural practice where youth are allowed to raid cattle, abduct children, and kidnap women from their neighboring communities. Murle boys must perform these deeds before they become adult. If these deeds are performed to satisfactory standards, then they are rewarded with statutory privileges and wealth. That is why this cultural practice has been hard to break in the mainstream Murle culture, because it holds prominence important to everyone, youth or adult.
               The second alternative route to solve this problem is for both our federal government and Jonglei state government to take immediate educational initiatives and economic projects to Pibor county, these social institutions can then be used to build schools, hospitals, roads and thereby creating an atmosphere of community empowerment. Our Murle brothers need to be taught the civilized methods that are encroaching at everyone’s doorsteps in South Sudan.While Murle youths are trying to raid Lou Nuer of their cattle, their Lou Nuer youth counterparts are busy studying for their final exams to pave way for their futures as engineers and doctors.
             Installation of social institutions and active community leadership in Pibor county can bring tangible results of social change never before seen possible. Murle community needs cultural socialization approaches that will create awareness and consciousness which are bound to break down cultural practices that are harmful to other Jonglei communities. These social institutions have capacities to teach Murle community that other communities in Jonglei state are as important as them.
Written by Apioth Mayom Apioth, a South Sudanese citizen living in USA.

South Sudan: 30 People Killed in Fresh Attacks in South Sudan’s Jonglei State
AllAfrica.com
Duoth said, civilians were preparing to hand over their guns to the government forces as they expected the protection of South Sudan’s armed forces who are present in the state. A state-wide disarmament programme began on Thursday.

Sudan to launch $1 billion sugar plant, eyes exports from 2014
Al-Arabiya
Sudan is undergoing an economic crisis after losing three-quarters of its oil production − the lifeline of the economy − when South Sudan became independent in July. Boosting sugar production is a top priority as sugar is the most important food item 
Khartoum lodges complaint to UN on South Sudan’s “aggression”
Sudan Tribune
March 4, 2012 (KHARTOUM) – Sudan’s permanent envoy to the UN, Daffa Allah al-Haj Ali, has officially submitted a complaint to the UN Security Council (UNSC) containing details of an alleged military assault by neighboring South Sudan.
30 people killed in fresh attacks in South Sudan’s Jonglei state
Sudan Tribune
Protestors march with the flag of South Sudan, appealing for peace and an end to tribal violence inSouth Sudan in the country’s capital Juba on January 9, 2012. (Getty) Nyirol county commissioner, Kuach Duoth confirmed to Sudan Tribune that the 
Sudan’s Bashir orders mobilization of paramilitary forces, slams US and its 
Sudan Tribune
Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) is fighting insurgencies on multiple fronts in the western region of Darfur and in the border states of South Kordofan and Blue Nile. South Sudan stands accused by Khartoum of aiding the Sudan People Liberation Movement North 

Kenya, Ethiopia, South Sudan
Borglobe
The presidents Mwai Kibaki of Kenya, Salva Kiir of South Sudan and Ethiopian Prime Minister Meles Zenawi presided over the port’s groundbreaking ceremony of the East Africa’s largest port, road and railway projects. construction of highway from Lamu to 

IOM: Impossible to Meet April Deadline for Repatriating South Sudanese
Voice of America
March 04, 2012 IOM: Impossible to Meet April Deadline for Repatriating South Sudanese Lisa Schlein | Geneva The International Organization for Migration says it is not able to meet an April deadline to repatriate South Sudanese refugees in the Sudanese 

South Sudan, Ethiopia Sign Strategies for Partnership
GroundReport
by Joseph Edward March 04, 2012 The Republic of South Sudan and Federal democratic Republic of Ethiopia in a joint ministerial meeting held in Juba, last has endorsed agreement on strategic Partnership which aimed to build foundation for future 

Press Release: Jonglei Peace Initiative

Posted: January 22, 2012 by PaanLuel Wël in Press Release
Tags: ,

Jonglei Peace Initiative

For Immediate Release
January 22, 2012

JPI_workshop_resolutions.pdf JPI_workshop_resolutions.pdf
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Washington, D.C. – Twenty-five South Sudanese diaspora community leaders from across North America gathered in Washington, DC January 21-22, 2012 and focused on helping bring peace to their native state of Jonglei in the new country of the Republic of South Sudan.

We are known as the Jonglei Peace Initiative (JPI) and include men and women from the Anyuak, Nuer, Murle, and Dinka people. We were joined by officials from the Embassy of South Sudan and international resource people. We have agreed to call ourselves JPI — USA.

After two days of deliberation, assessing the current context, and exploring ways to contribute toward a sustainable peace in Jonglei state and South Sudan, we issue the following:

WE CONCLUDED that the urgency and risk in Jonglei and South Sudan is extremely high and has the potential to:

Further entrench tribal tensions that are counterproductive to building the world’s newest nation.

Continue to result in the death and injury of innocent South Sudanese, including women and children.

Undermine the future of the new country of South Sudan’s and its economy by deterring investors and making peace through development impossible.

Create food insecurity by endangering farmers, cattle raisers and supply chains.

WE CALL for:

The Government of South Sudan, making use of its military and police and working in conjunction with the UNIMISS peacekeepers, to immediately create a disengagement and separation between fighting forces between tribal groups in Jonglei state and to assure all communities and citizens that they will be protected by the Government of South Sudan through the establishment of buffer zones and water points.

The youth warriors to immediately end all raiding, abductions, violence and destruction of their neighbors and their neighbors’ properties and return to their own lands so that a legitimate peace process can be initiated.

The placement of military and police forces near the water and toich lands of Jonglei to insure that renewed conflicts will not be allowed to escalate during the dry season and to provide a ceasefire environment that can create an opportunity for community leaders to mobilize people for a just and sustainable peace.

The President and Commander-in-Chief of South Sudan to make it clear that there will be strict military discipline and action will be taken against any deserters from the SPLA who seek to use their weapons to join raiding parties from their tribes in attacks on neighbors or who join militias which fight against the Government of South Sudan.

The UNIMISS forces, in their international mandate to protect civilians, be diligent in investigating any violent communal raids, gather credible evidence on the violations and violators, and turn that evidence over to the justice system of both the State and National governments of South Sudan for action so that the current environment of impunity can be transformed toward the rule of law and justice for all.

The full engagement in peace promotion of those who carry moral authority within all the Jonglei communities, including church leaders, chiefs, elders, women’s leaders, and youth leaders who are committed to peace. And the full engagement of the Sudanese Diaspora in supporting a just and lasting peace in Jonglei and South Sudan.

The full support of the international community and non-government organizations in:

relieving the suffering of the people of Jonglei who are in the midst of a humanitarian disaster caused by the cycles of conflict and revenge, and
funding, facilitating and supporting community, youth and government leaders who provide leadership for the communal peace process that must be comprehensive and must be fully implemented after it is agreed upon in conference.

The immediate planning of international donors and investors to be ready to work with communities for sustained development of all Jonglei communities, including roads and infrastructure, economic development, food and water resource management, the education of children, youth and adults, job creation, and the institution of good governance that includes the administration of the rule of law.

Since most of us are dual citizens of both the USA and Republic of South Sudan, we call on the law enforcement agencies of the USA to fully investigate and apply the laws of the USA to any situation where fundraising efforts may be done by individuals living in the US for the purposes of supporting tribal raids that result in terror for citizens in South Sudan and could even be supportive of genocide.

WE COMMIT to the following as the Jonglei Peace Initiative (JPI – USA):

We will stand against any individual Sudanese American who issues statements on the internet claiming to represent whole communities and calling for conflict rather than working for peace. If laws in the USA or Canada are violated by those individuals, we will support the effort of law enforcement agencies to uphold the laws, and we will personally seek to bring community pressure against such individuals while inviting them to turn from their ways and join the peace and reconciliation process.

We will send some of our own leaders during the coming months to Jonglei to work for peace among the youth and communities. We will go to the cattle camps to be with the youth.

We will work with chiefs, elders, church leaders, and women’s leaders to teach, preach, and advocate for peace, to listen to the stories of pain, to identify the issues that must be resolved for a just peace to be established, and to identify the long term development opportunities that can be the basis of a sustainable peace.

We will work with any and every agency of government, church, civil society and NGOS in South Sudan to help coordinate a peace process at both the communal and state levels that will lead within 2012 to a just peace, established by the communities themselves using our traditions, methodologies and rituals, and that can be implemented and sustained so that Jonglei will be ready for a major peace through development initiative.

We will work within the Sudanese diaspora, especially those who are from the state of Jonglei, to keep them informed of what is happening on the ground, to mobilize them for support of a just peace for all tribes in Jonglei, and to build support for investors and international donors to help the citizens of Jonglei to build peace through development that gives hope for all our communities, both now and in the years to come.

Once a stable ceasefire is in place, protective forces are insuring the security of the communities, and a communal peace process is established, we will support the mobilization of all the communities of Jonglei to warehouse their weapons in government or UN managed armories so that the destruction that our communities have experienced will become a thing of the past.

For Further Information:
JPI-USA Chairman:
Paul Mator Manyok
paul@paulandfriends.org
Phone: +1.615.300.1977