Posts Tagged ‘nuba mountains’

Nuba Mountains: Sudans Next Darfur

Posted: May 8, 2012 by PaanLuel Wël in Sudan
Tags: , ,

Omar al-Bashir’s government is waging a brutal war against the people of South Kordofan. As Sudan’s army fights anti-government rebels, an estimated 1 million civilians suffer from daily air strikes that threaten their lives and prevent them from growing crops. The situation is fast becoming another humanitarian crisis to equal Darfur, but the international community has barely responded.

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As Khartoum bombs civilians and cuts relief routes, residents huddle starving in caves.

NUBA MOUNTAINS — Since June, daily bombings have rained down fire and death on the people of the Nuba Mountains, forcing thousands to leave their homes for the rocky hills, where countless crevices and caves offer some protection. Unable to plant crops in their fields, the civilians South Kordofan are now going hungry.

– TRISTAN MCCONNELL
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The Yida camp is growing quickly as Khartoum bombs Nuban civilians, and deploys hunger as a weapon. Meanwhile, the international community shrugs.
– TRISTAN MCCONNELL
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But Sudan’s air power means Nuba Mountains will continue to be pounded.
– TRISTAN MCCONNELL
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Deep in South Kordofan, GlobalPost visits the unified opposition’s military commander, who vows to install “liberal values.”
– TRISTAN MCCONNELL
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As Chinese workers come under attack and as violence escalates using Chinese bombs, can Beijing remain neutral?
– JARED FERRIE AND CHRIS KELLY

South Kordofan’s rebel general explains his battle against Sudan President Omar al-Bashir

General Abdulaziz Adam Al-Hilu says his rebels are fighting for regime change and democracy in Sudan.

Tristan McConnell May 8, 2012

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SPLA-North General Abdulaziz Adam Al-Hilu, who is working to unite his rebels with other Sudanese rebel groups fighting against Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir’s government. (Trevor Snapp/GlobalPost)

NUBA MOUNTAINS, Sudan — General Abdulaziz Adam Al-Hilu is a triple threat in Sudan. He is chairman of the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-North), commander of the Sudan People’s Liberation Army-North (SPLA-North) and Chief of the Joint Military Command of the Sudan Revolutionary Front (SRF).

Because of the fight he is waging against the regime of Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir, he is hard to find. This interview was conducted at a base hidden in the Nuba Mountains of Sudan’s South Kordofan state, from where he is directing an armed rebellion against Bashir’s government in Khartoum and against the Sudan Armed Forces (SAF).

GlobalPost: How did the civil war here in South Kordofan begin?

Abdulaziz Adam Al-Hilu: It’s now 10 months since June 5th 2011 when the National Congress Party of Khartoum decided to attack its own civilians in the Nuba Mountains just because Khartoum doesn’t want to implement the provisions of the [Comprehensive Peace Agreement of 2005] and the right of the Nuba people to popular consultations [on their future governance].

Khartoum decided to disarm the SPLA; we said ‘no’. Since then there is aerial bombardment, indiscriminate actually, in the villages, in the cattle camps, farms, everywhere. Also shelling using medium-range missiles. Also ground attacks targeting civilians. They burn villages, they destroy crops, loot cattle and all the property of civilians.

Since that time Khartoum denied access to relief workers and the international community, those who are interested in coming to assist the needy people in the Nuba Mountains. People are dying here.

How is the war progressing?

There is fighting everyday. We are controlling 90 percent of the countryside. They are there in the towns, in garrisons … dug in like rats inside their trenches, they are not free to move.

Related: Ragtag rebels vow to take South Kordofan

The nature of the terrain [is our best weapon]. Mountainous terrain is golden for guerrillas — you cannot defeat them, even in 100 years. This small hill is equivalent to 50 tanks. This is the problem for Bashir: he can just roll into Abyei with his tanks but not here, he has to shell us with 2,000 shells here in the place before he can capture this.

How can you afford to fight against the larger and better-equipped Sudan Armed Forces (SAF)?

Thanks to Bashir [and] SAF! It is Bashir who is supplying us [with equipment abandoned by the army]. They bring everything and leave it for us!

You can see we have their cars mounted [with machine guns], heaps of ammunition, shells, rockets, different types of guns. Sometimes we look for ex-SAF soldiers to come and train us because we didn’t see these things before.

More from GlobalPost: Sudan’s rebels uniting to topple Bashir’s Islamic regime

What is the Sudan Revolutionary Front (SRF) — the new rebel coalition launched in November — and what is its aim?

The regime decided to attack us in Nuba Mountains and destroy us alone. This is the divide and rule policy, but they were not patient and decided also to attack Malik Agar and the SPLA in Blue Nile. We discovered that this regime is actually targeting everybody including the Darfurians. So we looked for the Darfurians and they looked for us and we made that alliance.

We sit together and we plan together, then we go for execution. We are at the phase of coordination rather than joint operations. That will come soon, but we need first to know each other, to test each other.

Our main objective is to expand the frontline from Ethiopia to Chad, to attack and overstretch the Sudan Armed Forces. We pin them down here, then we go behind the lines and we destroy their headquarters in Khartoum. We are going to Khartoum, we are confident to do that.

Is there any chance of a negotiated settlement with Khartoum?

We don’t need any agreement with Khartoum because they don’t honor agreements, the history of Khartoum in that is known. Our experience since independence [in 1956] is that Khartoum doesn’t honor or implement any agreement.

What do you see as the root cause of the conflict in the Nuba Mountains?

It is about diversity: Khartoum doesn’t want to recognize the diversity in the country. They are going for a monolithic type of state based on only two parameters, that is Arabism and Islam.

There is no place for anybody who is not a Muslim, who is not an Arab. This is why the center is attacking its own civilians and this is what led the South to secede [on 9th July 2011]. If people are not careful I think Sudan will break up.

Somebody like me, I am a Muslim but I am not an Arab. They say I must accept, I must put on a jellaba and turban and dance the way Bashir is doing!

What role has the international community played?

The international community has a problem with memory. This Bashir is the same one who introduced Osama bin Laden and Al Qaeda to the world, it is the same Bashir who made an attempt on the life of Hosni Mubarak, who attempted to destroy the World Trade Center in New York, the same Bashir who smuggles guns to Hamas, who created [the Lord’s Resistance Army]. It is this Bashir who has committed genocide: in the South 2 million killed, in Nuba Mountains 200,000, in Darfur 350,000.

The international community has failed to see how Bashir is defiant, is somebody who does not respect them, does not respect international law.

The CPA [Comprehensive Peace Agreement] was not a simple agreement, it was the most important agreement, the baby of the international community, arrived at by international pressure. I didn’t expect the international community just to throw away it like that, they should have defended it.

In this conflict between the Nuba and the center we are not allowed to fight freely, there is intervention always … Always there is pressure on the South, on the Nuba, on the marginalized people, the poor people … They make us go to the table to talk but there is no action.

How will this end?

We are working for regime change, for complete transformation, for writing a new constitution, a democratic constitution that recognizes diversity, that accepts the liberal values of justice, equality, individualism. We want to achieve lasting peace and justice in this country.

Some may say we are not qualified to reach this but I think it is possible.

http://www.globalpost.com/dispatch/news/regions/africa/120502/south-kordofans-rebel-general-explains-his-battle-against-sudan-


General Bashir’s Racism and Promotion of Religious Hatred
are Behind the Burning Down of the Church in the Heart of Khartoum
In the last two weeks, General Bashir and his colleagues have used inflammatory language of racism and religious hatred against his own citizens and the citizens of the Republic of South Sudan, describing Southern Sudanese as insects.  Later on, he tried to limit it to the Government of South Sudan, but he was much earlier exposed when he dehumanized and robbed half a million Southern Sudanese citizens from their rights.  It is evidently clear that it is Southern Sudanese that he is targeting.  Moreover, he used an old phrase of an Arabic poem against one of the black Egyptian rulers, which said that “you should not buy a slave without a stick.”  This is not an insult to Southern Sudanese only, but it is in the first place an insult to Northern Sudanese in whose name Bashir is ruling.  Moreover, it is an insult to humanity and a violation of all human rights and international charters.  Likewise, it is an insult to the entire African continent and to black women and men worldwide, which includes all Northern Sudanese. 
General Bashir is misreading and misjudging the recent international appeals to him and his government and he believes he is in a honeymoon with the international community.  This is a recipe for disaster because it will encourage him to intensify war and human rights violations within the Republic of Sudan and to scale up the aggression against the Republic of South Sudan.  He has already taken more than 500,000 civilians, displaced persons, in the Nuba Mountains and Blue Nile hostage, denying them from their very basic rights to humanitarian assistance, and moreover, he is bombarding them with his air force.  He is encouraged that the situation of the hostages has been overshadowed with other crises.  The policy of appeasement to Bashir, who is wanted by the International Criminal Court, is the same policy of appeasement in a different context and environment that long ago created Adolf Hitler.
As a result of Bashir’s language of religious hatred and with direct encouragement and protection from the security and police in Khartoum, who are spoon feeding the fundamentalist groups; a religious group associated with the National Congress, burned down Algreaf Church, an evangelical church, in the heart of Khartoum.  They looted the church and burned it down to ashes.  This does not represent Islam and in particular the Sudanese Islam, which is a Sufi tolerant Islam.  It only represents Bashir, his group and his ideology.  This is an extension of what he is doing in the Nuba Mountains and Blue Nile.  The only difference is that it moved to Khartoum under his own eyes and protection.  We call upon the Sudanese Muslims to stand against the policies of the National Congress and Bashir, who are destroying the very Sudanese social fabric, and we should defend the right of Sudanese Christians as equal citizens of our great country.
It is worth mentioning that the Sudanese security forces launched the biggest campaign detaining more than 30 of the SPLM-N leaders and members in the 15 different states of the North.  Those are members of the SPLM-N who are not carrying arms and are working peacefully for what they believe in the areas controlled by Bashir.  Among them are Izdhar Jmmua, a lawyer, and Alawya Kepada in addition to more than 200 who are missing, detained and are sentenced to death. Among them are the poet, Moniem Rahma, and Dr. Bushra Gamar and many others. 
We, the Sudanese people, and all those who believe in the values of equal citizenship, human rights and religious and ethnic co-existence and those friends who are ready must stand against a racist delusional person who happens to be the president of a state and who is wanted by the International Criminal Court and is committing genocide and crimes against humanity that the world will live to regret.  And in particular, the massive starvation policy that is putting more than 500,000 people on the brink of death must not be forgotten and humanitarian aid to them should be the number one priority.  This is the SPLM-N’s message on my visit right now to the United States and we will leave no a stone unturned to deliver our message.  The SPLM-N is ready to meet all requirements for the delivery of humanitarian aid including the cessation of hostilities on humanitarian grounds. 
Yasir Arman
Secretary General
Sudan Peoples’ Liberation Movement North
April 24, 2012

The nexus of oil, war and humanitarian catastrophe is an opportunity for the powers involved (increasingly Beijing) to come together to press for a solution

By GEORGE CLOONEY AND JOHN PRENDERGAST | April 13, 2012 /
Hannah McNeish / AFP / Getty Images

HANNAH MCNEISH / AFP / GETTY IMAGES
A photograph taken March 3, 2012 shows environmental damages caused by bombs which hit El Nar oil field in Unity State, South Sudan on February 29.

On the surface, our recent trip to the rebel-held areas of Sudan’s Nuba Mountains hauntingly echoed earlier visits to Darfur and South Sudan. A huge group of people—targeted by their government in Khartoum because of their ethnicity, the rich land they live on, and their resistance to dictatorship — are being serially bombarded, raped, abducted, and starved in this case for the second time in the last two decades. The culprit remains the same as well: the Khartoum regime led by General Omar al-Bashir, wanted by the International Criminal Court for crimes against humanity. This human rights catastrophe within Sudan is unfolding alongside a virtual state of war between Sudan and South Sudan, playing itself out in the border oilfields not far from the Nuba Mountains.

A closer look, however, reveals three startlingly new dynamics that together provide an unprecedented opportunity for peacemaking in the region, even as wider war threatens. If this chance is missed, and conflict between Sudan and South Sudan intensifies, the result will undoubtedly be the deadliest conventional war on the face of the earth.

First, the South Sudan government in Juba has shut off the oil wells providing both governments with most of their income, as the bulk of the oil flows from South Sudan’s oil wells through Sudan’s pipeline. Both countries face economic catastrophe as a result, with collapsed currencies, hyper-inflation, and massive food deficits likely as state treasuries are emptied. This introduces new urgency for a comprehensive peace deal that addresses the outstanding issues between the two states as well as creating a process to resolve the parallel civil war within Sudan taking place in the Nuba Mountains, Darfur and other restive regions. As President Salva Kiir told us, “We didn’t shut down the oil indefinitely. We want a solution.”

Second, China’s interests are evolving. Before South Sudan gained its independence last year, China reflexively defended its commercial partner in Khartoum, frustrating international efforts to press the Sudanese regime for peace or human rights compromises. Since the bulk of the oil now lies south of Sudan’s new border, China must deal with both countries to secure a continuing return on its $20 billion oil sector investment. Peace is very much in China’s national interest.

Third, the ongoing crisis in Sudan and South Sudan has historically been a humanitarian concern. But the shutoff of South Sudan’s production has an impact on global energy supplies, and thus, as both President Barack Obama and Senator Richard Lugar pointed out recently, on the price of gas at U.S. pumps. China was reliant on over 6% of its daily imports from the Sudans, but now has to dip into global markets to meet that shortfall. Getting Sudanese supply back on the market is even more imperative due to intensifying U.S. efforts to sanction Iran’s oil exports. Suddenly it is in the national interest of the U.S. and other major oil importers to help secure a deal to counter energy price inflation.

We hope Khartoum can be pressured to stop using starvation as a war weapon by opening aid access to the Nuba Mountains and other areas in extreme need. We also heard repeatedly from Nuba civilians hiding in caves that their most urgent need is to end the Sudan regime’s bombing of their villages and farms.

The above three new dynamics provide a chance to end the bombing and starvation once and for all. The nature of Chinese engagement may hold the key. As the two largest energy consumers in the world, China and the U.S. share a common interest in Sudanese peace. Beijing has more influence than anyone in both Juba and Khartoum. In the aftermath of their meeting in South Korea, Presidents Obama and Hu have a golden opportunity to deepen strategic cooperation to buttress foundering African Union mediation. More visible efforts are required in the form of a joint task force or shared leadership of a small group of influential countries that throw their collective weight behind specific African proposals. Such proposals need to more comprehensively address the interlocking economic and political issues that fuel instability within and between Sudan and South Sudan. Beijing and Washington need to quickly formalize their partnership. Lasting peace in that region will not come easily or quickly.

African mediation lacks hardball leverage. In addition to deeper Sino-American cooperation, further influence could be created if the U.S. and interested allies initiate a hard target search for the assets of Sudanese war criminals and their commercial interests. If those assets can’t be frozen, they should be publicized so that those most responsible for continuing cycles of conflict can be exposed to their own publics for how much oil money they have stolen over the years in the war economy they created.

Missing this window of opportunity for peace may result in a few more pennies at the pump in the U.S. and Europe, but for the Sudans it could cost millions of lives.

George Clooney and John Prendergast are co-founders of the Satellite Sentinel Project (SSP), a partnership between the Enough Project, Harvard Humanitarian Initiative, and DigitalGlobe. The SSP has documented evidence that forces with the government of Sudan razed five towns and villages and bombarded civilians in the border areas of Abyei, South Kordofan and Blue Nile state.

Read more: http://ideas.time.com/2012/04/13/the-crisis-in-the-sudans-the-urgency-of-u-s-china-cooperation/?fb_action_ids=3696941951936&fb_action_types=news.reads&fb_source=feed_news#ixzz1s56jvjll


Dear All,

Please find attached statement about the downing of an Iranian drone.
Thanks
Anwar Elhaj
SPLMN Representative to the US
The Downing of an Iranian Made Drone in The Nuba Mountains
The Air Defense Units of the SPLMN and JEM forces of the SRF were able to shoot down an Iranian made drone with tail number 3-1-R031 Zagil today March 13th, 2012 at 11:00 AM in Buhirat Abyad (White Lake) area in the South Kordofan / Nuba Mountain State.
The use of Iranian made Shehab rocket missiles, personnel landmines, drones and heavy military equipments prove beyond doubt that the NCP government plan and strategy is to continue its policies of genocide, ethnic cleansing against the Nuba people and the State population in general and deny them humanitarian aid.
Arnu N. Loddi
Spokesperson of the SPLM North
March 13th, 2012
Rebel groups shot down Sudanese unmanned plane 

March 14, 2012 (JUBA/KHARTOUM) – Sudanese rebels claim that on Tuesday they shot down a Sudanese military unmanned plane in the disputed area of Jau, on the border between Sudan and South Sudan.

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A picture released by the SRF rebel group of the unmanned plane shot down in South Kordofan on 13 March 2012

In Khartoum, the Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) admitted the lost of the self-piloted plane but explained that there had been a technical failure.

The rebel groups Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement North (SPLM-N) issued two separate statements announcing that a plane had been shot down on 13 March at 11:30am over Jau.

The rebels said the Sudan Revolution Front (SRF) were able to shoot down an Iranianmade drone with tail number 3-1-R031 Zagil on 13 March 2012 at 11:00am in Buhirat Abyad (White Lake) area in the South Kordofan / Nuba Mountain State.

Alswarmi Khaled, SAF spokesperson said the unmanned plane took off from Kadugli, South Kordofan capital and they lost its control during a military training exercise in the war torn region.

Arnu N. Loddi, SPLM-N spokesperson, called on the international community to hold the Iranian government responsible for violating international law which he said prohibits other countries from “meddling” in the “domestic affairs” of other countries.

“It is the high time the international community rise up to hold Iranian government responsible for violating international law by constantly meddling in the domestic affairs of the Sudanese people”, Loddi told Sudan Tribune on Wednesday.

The rebel figure claimed that Iranian government has always played “a devastating role” in the Sudanese domestic affairs by standing with Sudanese government in providing all type of military support.

“The use of Iranian made Shehab rocket missiles, personnel land mines, drones and heavy military equipments prove beyond doubt that the National Congress Party’s (NCP) government plan and strategy aim to continue its policies of genocide, ethnic cleansing against the Nubapeople and the State population in general and deny them humanitarian aid,” Loddi explained.

SPLA ACCUSE

In Juba, South Sudan’s army also said it shot down a military drone over the disputed area of Jau.

Philip Aguer, the spokesman of the Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) told journalists that the forces of Division 4 in Unity State under the command of Major General James Gatduel Gatluak has brought down unmanned military plane that was bombarding SPLA forces on Monday in Jau area.

Aguer further accused Khartoum of invading South Sudan, saying SAF’s ground forces have now crossed Kiir River and moved deep into Warrap State by 70 kilometers.

He also said SAF is also moving into South Sudan’s territory in Western Bahr el Ghazal State as well as through Maban in Upper Nile State.

Aguer said his army has intercepted the movement of the Ugandan Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) from Central Africa and DRC Congo into Western Equatoria State.

(ST)

http://www.sudantribune.com/Rebel-groups-shot-down-Sudanese,41905


Dear All,
Please find SPLMN statement regarding the Istanbul Economic Conference on Sudan.

Thank you
Anwar Elhaj
SPLM-N Representative to the US

The Istanbul Conference to help Sudan Economically Means to Finance the War against Civilians and the Continuation of Genocide

The convening and participation in the Istanbul Conference to discuss Sudan debt cancellation and to provide economic and financial assistance to its regime clearly contradicts the commitments of the participant countries to protect and safeguard human rights, justice and accountability.  The leaders of the regime, for which this conference is planned, are convicted of war crimes and genocide, using food as a weapon in Nuba Mountains / South Kordofan and Blue Nile, targeting innocent civilians by indiscriminate aerial and ground bombardments, and suppressing and confiscating all freedoms.
 
The countries of the European Union and Norway, who are playing a vital role in the organization of this conference, are democratic countries that need to uphold their democratic values and commitments.  The United Nations, which is also taking part in this conference, is the same organization that referred the case of Darfur to the ICC that eventually indicted the leaders of the Sudan regime for war crimes, genocide and crimes against humanity.  The perplexing question is how these countries and organizations that want the leaders of the Sudan regime for war crimes and genocide can organize such an economic conference to help the same leaders to continue committing the same crimes.  On the other hand, such a conference raises a number of questions about the seriousness of these countries and their commitment to their own decisions and the values they promote nationally and internationally.  
 
We regret even the thought of convening the Istanbul Conference to help the genocidal regime in Khartoum, and we call on all legislators, civil society organizations and political parties in these countries to mount their objection to such a conference. We also call upon all Sudanese especially in Europe and particularly in Norway, Brussels (the headquarters of the EU), Germany, Britain and France, to campaign against this conference, which will prolong the suffering of the Sudanese people in general and especially the civilians in the war affected areas if it takes place at the end of this month.
 
We are pleased by and appreciate the position of the United States of America regarding this conference.
 
Yasir Arman
Secretary General, SPLM-N
Secretary for Foreign Relations, SRF
March 5, 2012
The Istanbul Conference to help the Sudan Economically Means to Finance the War against Civilians and the Continuation of Genoc.doc The Istanbul Conference to help the Sudan Economically Means to Finance the War against Civilians and the Continuation of Genoc.doc
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Congressman Donald Payne in our thoughts and Prayers
 
 
Congressman Donald Payne, the Democratic representative and one of the leaders of the Black Caucus and the great friend of the Sudanese people and African people in general, is currently facing a critical heath situation. Congressman Payne has been in the front line for years defending unwaveringly the right of the Sudanese people for democracy and just peace and he is a friend to a number of Sudanese, first among them was the late Dr. John Garang De Mabior.
 
We, who know Congressman Donald Payne, call upon all Sudanese who knew him to keep him in their thoughts and prayers with their different beautiful languages and religions for this highly distinctive Congressman and wish him and his family the best.
 
Yasir Arman
Secretary General of the SPLMN
4 March 2012
Sudan’s rebels say defeated army in Blue Nile State

March 4, 2012 (NAIROBI) – Rebels in Sudan’s southern state of Blue Nile said they clashed on Saturday with the country’s army and killed 24 soldiers.

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Soldiers from Sudan’s army in the Blue Nile state capital al-Damazin, September 5, 2011 (REUTERS)

The fighting took place on Saturday’s evening in Al-Ahmar Sadak area in Al-Tadamon locality, southeast of Al-Kurmuk town, the official spokesman of the rebel Sudan People’s Liberation Movement North (SPLM-N), Arnu Loddi, told Sudan Tribune.

According to Loddi, SPLM-N forces managed to destroy three Land Cruiser vehicles and seize a great amount of ammunition. He added that the Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF) fled the area leaving 24 dead bodies behind.

Sudan Tribune could not reach SAF’s spokesman for comment.

“This is another message from the Sudanese Revolutionary Forces (SRF) and SPLM-N to the regime of the National Congress Party (NCP) that we are advancing on all fronts. Our struggle is continuing and our victory is certain” Loddi said.

The SPLM-N has been fighting government forces in South Kordofan as of June and in Blue Nile as of September last year.

The group forged the SRF alliance in November with three rebel groups from the country’s western region of Darfur, and vowed joint military operations to overthrow the government.

Sudan accuses neighboring South Sudan of supporting the rebels but Juba denies the charge.

Most recently, Khartoum said South Sudan’s army supported and participated in an attack launched by SRF forces on the border town of Jau on 26 February.

http://www.sudantribune.com/Sudan-s-rebels-say-defeated-army,41797


China says hopes talks can resolve dispute after South Sudan expels oil 
Washington Post
BEIJING — China said Thursday it hopes talks will remove any misunderstanding with South Sudan after the Chinese head of the largest foreign oil company in the country was kicked out over allegations he conspired with neighboring Sudan to steal the 

South Sudan army calls for concerted fight against AIDS
Sudan Tribune
February 22, 2012 (JUBA) – South Sudan’s army on Wednesday appealed for concerted efforts to fight against HIV/AIDs, stressing that the war against the sexually transmitted disease cannot be fought by one institution or group of some officials tasked 

US troops stationed in Africa to help fight brutal rebels
The Seattle Times
US troops are stationed at bases in Uganda, Congo, South Sudan and Central African Republic. By JASON STRAZIUSO The Associated Press No comments have been posted to this article. NAIROBI, Kenya — US troops helping in the fight against the brutal rebel 

Total in Talks to Resume Oil Search in South Sudan
AllAfrica.com
French-owned oil marketer Total has entered into negotiations to set up laws which will enable it to develop oil resources in South Sudan. Speaking in Nairobi on Tuesday, Total Kenya managing director Alexis Vovk said officials are already in the 

South Sudan in talks with Vitol to build small
Reuters Africa
By Hereward Holland and Emma Farge South Sudan is in talks with top oil trader Vitol to build a small refinery which would start producing in 2013, as it seeks to end dependency on Sudan, its oil minister said on Tuesday.

Dodging Bombers in Sudan
New York Times
I slipped into Sudan and the Nuba Mountains without a visa, via a rutted dirt track fromSouth Sudan. My vehicle was covered with mud to make it less visible to bombers, which appeared overhead every couple of hours. In any case, the Antonov bombers 
Korean firm to survey South Sudan new capital
Africa Review
An artist’s impression of the proposed new South Sudan capital city of Ramciel. Difficulties in expansion and providing basic services have informed the decision to move the capital city from Juba. FILE | AFRICA REVIEW | By MACHEL AMOS in JubaPosted 
SOUTH SUDAN: High hopes for defeating “neglected” diseases
IRINnews.org
JUBA, 23 February 2012 (IRIN) – Health workers in the world’s newest country are hoping that the pledge by pharmaceutical companies and world leaders to combat “neglected” tropical diseases will finally help to have an impact on South Sudan’s appalling 

High time to put South Sudan on the right track
Sudan Tribune
By James Okuk February 22, 2012 — If the SPLM separates itself from the government of the Republic of South Sudan where will it get money to feed the big bellies of some of its (SPLM) members? It is known like a bright moonlight that the budget on 

China urges dialogue in South Sudan dispute with oil firms
BusinessLIVE
China has urged dialogue between South Sudan and Chinese oil firms following the expulsion this week of the head of Chinese-Malaysian oil consortium Petrodar, in its first comments on an escalating row. Chinese oil firms are caught in a dispute between
SOUTH SUDAN: High hopes for defeating “neglected” diseases
Reuters AlertNet
 hoping that the pledge by pharmaceutical companies and world leaders [ http://www.irinnews.org/report.aspx?reportid=94788 ] to combat “neglected” tropical diseases will finally help to have an impact on South Sudan’s appalling health indicators.

By NICHOLAS D. KRISTOF

Published: February 18, 2012

YIDA, South Sudan

A GREAT humanitarian catastrophe and vicious ethnic cleansing is unfolding here in the remote and impoverished region where Sudan and South Sudan come together.

For some in the Nuba Mountains, living in thatch huts far from electricity or paved roads, the sharpest acquaintance they are making with 21st-century technology is to be bombed by Sudanese aircraft.

Bombings, ground attacks and sexual violence — part of Sudan’s scorched-earth counterinsurgency strategy — have driven hundreds of thousands of people from their homes in South Kordofan, the Sudanese state where the Nuba Mountains are located. In some ways, the brutality here feels like an echo of what Sudan did in Darfur, only now it is Nubans who are targets.

“They said that they want to finish off the black people; they said they want to kill them all,” recalled Elizabeth Kafi, a 22-year-old Nuban who said she was kidnapped in December by Sudanese uniformed soldiers. She and others say that the mostly Arab Sudanese soldiers scorn Nubans partly for their darker skin, partly because some are Christian, but mostly because many Nubans back an armed uprising against decades of Sudanese misrule. In 23 days of captivity, she said she saw the soldiers use guns to execute several Nuban men, including her grandfather and brother-in-law. She described watching soldiers gang rape and then cut the throat of a young Nuban woman, and also stab to death the woman’s 3-year-old son.

Kafi said that she also saw 20 to 25 soldiers hold down two Nuban girls, whom she guessed to be about 14 or 15 years old, and gang rape them. The girls died from the rapes and beatings, she said.

It’s impossible to confirm Kafi’s full story, but others verified that she had been kidnapped. And many other Nubans recount similar attacks, or describe similar racial epithets. As in Darfur, the Sudanese soldiers often call their darker-skinned victims their “slaves.” Ahmed Haroun, a Sudanese official wanted by the International Criminal Court for committing crimes against humanity in Darfur, is now the governor of South Kordofan, and he seems to be employing similar tactics here.

While the Sudanese government is trying to suppress an armed rebellion in the Nuba Mountains, it is civilians who bear the brunt of the suffering. In an apparent effort to starve the rebels, Sudan is blocking aid groups and food assistance from reaching the area, and the United Nations Security Council a few days ago expressed “deep and growing alarm” at rising hunger levels there. Some 28,000 Nubans have sneaked out and settled in a new refugee camp here in Yida, South Sudan, just south of the border with Sudan. Scores more straggle in most days, many half-starved.

“I came because I was starving,” said Muhasin Kuwa, a 24-year-old woman who just arrived at the refugee camp. Both her parents had starved to death, along with seven small children in her small village, she said.

The Sudanese military has tried to block access routes, making escape perilous. I spoke to members from a group of 16 who had crowded into a car, paying $45 each for what they hoped would be a flight to safety in the refugee camp. But then, the day before I interviewed them, they came to a checkpoint manned by Sudanese soldiers.

“They called us over,” said the vehicle’s owner, Haroun Suleiman, 42. “Then they shot at us with guns.”

Two male passengers, ages 41 and 25, were shot dead, he said. Two women, one with a month-old baby, are still missing. The others ran frantically into the bush and escaped, eventually making their way to the refugee camp.

The Sudanese government bombed this refugee camp in November, and, just a week ago, it bombed the nearby town of Jau, in South Sudan. Fears are growing of a new all-out war between Sudan and South Sudan, in part because of an oil dispute. South Sudan separated from the rest of the country just in July, and the two sides can’t agree on the oil pipeline fees that the South should pay. The South then shut off oil production, so both countries are now facing an economic crisis. Some experts warn that the North may try to seize oil wells from the South.

Nuban children are already growing up in war. When kids surrounded me in the refugee camp, I asked them how many had lost a brother or sister in the war. About one-third raised their hands.

When the food runs out in the Nuba Mountains, perhaps in two or three months, there will be a risk of mass starvation. I saw one 4-year-old girl at a feeding center run by Samaritan’s Purse, the aid group, who weighed only 22 pounds. Unless outside countries enforce humanitarian access into the Nuba Mountains, we can expect more famished children like her.

The Sudanese armed forces try to keep aid workers and journalists out, so the story of suffering has not received much international attention. I’m going to try to slip into the Nuba Mountains and report back. Stay tuned.

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/02/19/opinion/sunday/kristof-in-sudan-seeing-echoes-of-darfur.html?_r=1


Dear Esteemed Readers,

This wonderfully written and inspirational note from Daniel Akech Thiong is a must-read because it touches on the little-talked-about, South Sudanese-initiated, from-America philanthropic projects. Unfortunately, as Mr. Thiong elucidates, most of these lost boys initiatives are oft-time ill-conceived, village-based and vastly designed to benefit only relatives among whom the ‘Savior’ hailed from. Naturally, almost all of them die in their infancy, leaving the ‘Hero’ village high and dry.

Mind you, it is not just that the article is a great read; Mr. Thiong, a PhD candidate in Mathematics from the University of San Diego, UC Irvine, Colorado, also runs a full scholarship for South Sudanese and Sudanese students:

I do run a scholarship project targeting high school students in Kenya from South Sudan [majority of them], Darfur [about three to five students so far], and Nuba Mountains [a little over 60 so far since the start of the project]. The total number of students we have had in the program since 2008 until now is around 300 – a few have been able to go to Canada for further studies under WUSC scholarship and each year we are able to have up to 8 getting this chance. I do keep a blog here at: http://sudanscholarship.com/ [Daniel Akech].

That Mr. Thiong is not just a clueless outsider, criticizing the system from without, but rather someone speaking from hard-earned, continuous experience, is what make the article most compelling. You can find more of his eye-opening, cute notes from his Facebook page [Daniel Akech Thiong]. He travels a lot and you will always be supply with new interesting tales from his trips to Africa–Kenya, South Sudan in particular.

Thanks,

PaanLuel Wel.

How To Build A Human

By Daniel Akech Thiong 

Though our heads may be pregnant with majestic ideas like the Cuban Marti’s and possess the grandiloquent oratory of that left-handed left-leaning American politician to be able to weave our ideas beautifully and emit them directly like rays of light to the hearts of potential philanthropists, but do not build coalition, we are no more than clanging cymbals.

One cannot stress enough how much can be achieved through a teamwork. In some disciplines in school, undergraduate students write joint essays and get uniform grades. This has some down side: someone can slip through without really doing a thing. But if we move away from this specialized circumstance, then collaboration has far too many advantages. When a field of study grows, it becomes too big and due to the fact that human beings do have a limited amount of time to live, to accomplish anything, say in mathematics, researchers break up into smaller groups to a point where the groups no longer understand each other. The good news is that a work done here and there when it is pulled together, the entire field is thrusted forward.

This stands true in almost every other endeavor. The not-for profit organizations can profit the intended beneficiaries if and only if they muster their forces together.  A number of Sudanese who left Sudan as children, grew up abroad, have tried to look back with love to their native country. A countably many of the young men and women I have met wanted to do something to change Sudan [South, East, West, or North]. But there seems to be one common problem that renders every effort ineffective: lack of collaboration or ignoring the importance of building coalition.

The help that a young person may take back to Sudan is in the form of some sort of aid. A typical project begins thus: either a kawaja has an idea and then she teams up with a Sudanese and they jointly work to raise fund or a Sudanese has an idea and she approaches a kawaja who then helps her to raise fund. The set of common ideas includes building a school, a clinic, an orphanage, a clean water facility, starting a farm, among others.

One of the most important questions anyone planning on building something in Africa ought to answer before buying an African bound plane ticket is how she is going to sustain it once it is erected?  Oh, but soon your project has already seen donation dropping in, you get far too excited and you want to erect the building [with a signboard ,on the wall, poking the sky, starring at the onlookers with your 501c’s logo] as soon as possible and no need to worry about the loopholes in risk analysis [the speed of this rush is increased by the extra excitement that comes from the thought of wowing one’s fellow villagers who have so much hope for their sons and daughters abroad].

So the project moves on. A structure is built and in some cases money may run out and donors may no longer have interest [perhaps you might have allowed some unacceptable practices to kill the interest of your donors] in continuing with the building. Consequently, the building would then be left unfinished. The effort and the money are thrown away and the starters of the project may grudgingly tell themselves that at least they have tried or in a better scenario, the building is finished but now there is no money to operate it or it started operating for a few months and then halted due to lack of funding. If the building was built in a particular village [which is usually the case – preferably in the old village of one of the originators of the project], then the odds of convincing those abroad from other villages to join and direct their supporters to help in sustaining the operation of the project built in a far away village from their relatives are not very high.

The sad end is that either the building is left for birds to occupy it or it is turned to the government to use it. Either way, the project dies of a curable disease just like those suffering masses in African refugee or displaced camps – one of the gloomiest stains in humanity’s progress. Who says ignorance doesn’t kill? A few project that avoids dying like this are those ones that have a deep source of support behind them [projects nibbling behind the heels of some stories that are scripted up in papers or are turned into movies] but still how long will they live on before their source of support dry up is something that should worry those who are running them [if they are the types that care about the approaching rainy day].

One important truth is that the current state of affairs in that part of the world means that there is no single village that is capable of sustaining what has been erected in their own village. Villagers do not have money and do not possess any means for generating money at least for the next few years this will remain to be the case. It is this problem that ought to be addressed by Sudanese. Hundreds of things have been erected by different groups in different villages but when you look at those a few years latter, you see no more than just a lifeless empty building readying herself for her grave and which sadly leaves no good memory behind and the village will once again looks just the way it was prior to the coming of the project.

Well, a discouraged philanthropist who had a high hope in a project of this nature may conclude that there is nothing that the outside world can do to light up Africa. But the philanthropist is being unfair. Africa is simply where the boat sank but the leakage began somewhere else. The leakage could have been mended had care been taken to address the question of how to sustain the project once it is started.

If you seek to build something in Africa, then consider either building a human [that is, invest in a walking building, educate a person or you can substitute any other creative ways of attaining the same result] or seek collaboration and nationalize your project so that enough funding will be garnered to prolong the lifespan of your project and that your project will not be localized to your village and that way people from other villages will direct their supporters in your direction [but then it has to be built somewhere – well you always have a bigger town somewhere or some compromise can be made in choosing a place].

https://www.facebook.com/notes/daniel-akech-thiong/to-build-a-human/10151272135530370


( Ryan Boyette / Associated Press ) – In this photo taken Wednesday, Feb. 1, 2012, school Pastor Zachariah Boulus stands next to a building in the compound of the Heiban Bible College, following a bombing on Wednesday, at the school which was built by Samaritan’s Purse, a North Carolina-based aid group, in Heiban, Southern Kordofan, Sudan. Sudan’s military bombed the Bible school built by a U.S. Christian aid group, prompting students and teachers at the school to run for their lives in the Nuba Mountains of South Kordofan state and the U.S. ambassador to the United Nations condemned the attack.

By Associated Press, Updated: Saturday, February 4, 10:01 AM

KHARTOUM, Sudan — A Sudanese newspaper says a military spokesman has denied that the country’s air force has bombed civilians in a southern province.The independent Akher Lahza daily ran the report Saturday, one day after teachers said that a Bible school had been attacked.
The paper quoted Col. Sawarmi Khalid Saad as saying that reports of civilians being targeted were “Western plots” to damage Sudan’s image.Pictures obtained by The Associated Press on Friday showed two demolished buildings in the Nuba mountains in South Kordofan state. No one was reported to have been hurt or killed in the Wednesday attack.U.S. ambassador to the U.N. Susan Rice said she was outraged by the “heinous” bombing.The school was built by Samaritan’s Purse, a North Carolina-based aid group.

Copyright 2012 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.

http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/middle-east/sudan-denies-targeting-civilians-in-southern-province-after-us-built-school-reported-bombed/2012/02/04/gIQArTQPpQ_story.html

Sudan: Statement by the Press Secretary on Aerial Bombardments in Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile States

2 FEBRUARY 2012

PRESS RELEASE

Washington, DC — The United States strongly condemns the bombing by the Sudanese Armed Forces of civilian populations in Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile States in Sudan. Aerial attacks on civilian targets are unjustified and unacceptable. Such attacks are a violation of international law and compound the ongoing crisis in these areas.

We continue to be deeply concerned by the ongoing fighting and lack of humanitarian access in Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile States in Sudan, which is causing tremendous human suffering, death, and displacement.

In particular, we urge the Sudanese government to grant immediate and unconditional humanitarian access to civilian populations in need in these areas. More than 500,000 people are affected by this conflict, and without humanitarian access by March, the situation in Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile will reach Stage 4 of a humanitarian emergency, one step short of full-scale famine. We believe that this conflict can only be resolved by dialogue, not through violence, and we encourage all parties to negotiate a peaceful settlement.

Washington Post – ‎
KHARTOUM, Sudan — A Sudanese newspaper says a military spokesman has denied that the country’s air force has bombed civilians in a southern province. The independent Akher Lahza daily ran the report Saturday, one day after teachers said that a Bible 
New York Times –
Sudan’s military bombed a Bible school built by an American Christian group in the Nuba Mountains in South Kordofan State. Two stone school buildings were demolished in the attack on the school, Heiban Bible College, which was built by Samaritan’s 
Voice of America – ‎‎
February 03, 2012 Aid Groups Ask US to Consider Cross-Border Aid Effort in Sudan James Butty A coalition of human rights groups Thursday has appealed to the Obama administration to lead a cross-border aid operation into South Sudan to deliver 
NPR – ‎‎
by AP NAIROBI, Kenya (AP) — Sudan’s military bombed a Bible school built by a US Christian aid group, prompting students and teachers at the school to run for their lives in the Nuba Mountains in South Kordofan state. The US ambassador to the United 
News24 – ‎Feb 3, 2012‎
Nairobi – Officials say that Sudan’s military has bombed a Bible school built by a US Christian aid group, prompting students and teachers at the school to run for their lives in the Nuba Mountains in South Kordofan state.
Huffington Post – ‎Feb 3, 2012‎
JASON STRAZIUSO 02/ 3/12 12:43 PM ET AP NAIROBI, Kenya — Sudan’s military bombed a Bible school built by a US Christian aid group, prompting students and teachers at the school to run for their lives in the Nuba Mountains in South Kordofan state.
Reuters Africa – ‎Feb 2, 2012‎
WASHINGTON (Reuters) – The United States accused Sudan’s government on Thursday of carrying out air strikes on civilians in the restive border states of Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile and said the attacks were compounding a crisis in the two areas.
Christian Broadcasting Network –
A Christian school built by Franklin Graham’s charity Samaritan’s Purse was bombed in Sudan, Friday. Eight bombs were dropped on the Heiban Bible College in South Kordofan state near the border with South Sudan. Two school buildings were destroyed in 
StarAfrica.com – ‎Feb 3, 2012‎
WASHINGTON, February 3, 2012/African Press Organization (APO)/ — The United States strongly condemns the bombing by the Sudanese Armed Forces of civilian populations in Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile States in Sudan. Aerial attacks on civilian 
Zawya (registration) – ‎Feb 2, 2012‎
WASHINGTON, Feb 03, 2012 (AFP) – The White House on Thursday condemned the “unjustified and unacceptable” bombing of civilians by the Sudanese military in the states of Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile. President Barack Obama’s spokesman Jay Carney 

Dear All,
Please find attached.

Thanks

Anwar Elhaj
SPLMN Representative to the US

Press Release
 
The SPLMN Representatives to the United States meet with the Office of Baroness Valerie Amos, the United Nations Undersecretary General for Humanitarian Affairs
The SPLMN Representative to the United States Anwar Elhaj and the Deputy Representative Philip Tutu and after consultations with the Chairman Malik Agar and Secretary General Yasir Arman met on Wednesday January 18th, 2012 with the Office of Baroness Valerie Amos, the United Nations Undersecretary General for Humanitarian Affairs in New York. The meeting discusses the following points.
1-      The office of Baroness Amos, gave a detailed briefing on Baroness Amos recent visit to Sudan and the outcome of her meeting with the Minister of social welfare.
2-      The meeting discussed the briefing given by the Undersecretary for Humanitarian Affairs, on Tuesday January 17th, 2012, to United Nation Security Council meeting.
3-      The SPLMN briefed the Baroness Amos Office on the grave humanitarian crisis in the South Kordofan / Nuba Mountains and the Blue Nile States especially the internally displaced population in the SPLMN controlled areas.
4-      The SPLMN affirmed its position that negotiations about the humanitarian assistance to the IDPs in South Kordofan/Nuba Mountains and Blue Nile States, need to follow a tripartite approach that includes the United Nation, the SPLMN and the regime in Khartoum, since the majority of those IDPs are in the SPLMN controlled areas.
5-      The SPLMN requested the Office of the Undersecretary General for Humanitarian Affairs and the United Nation Security Council to address the humanitarian crisis in South Kordofan/Nuba Mountains and Blue Nile States seriously given the fact that General Elbashir Government is deliberately using food as a weapon and denying access for humanitarian assistance which constitutes a war crime. The displacement of the civil population of South Kordofan/Nuba Mountains and the Blue Nile States came as direct result of the Khartoum government policies of targeting the civilian population.
6-      The SPLMN appreciates the tremendous efforts by the US Ambassador to the United Nations Susan Rice, the United Nations Undersecretary General for Humanitarian Assistance Baroness Valarie Amos and the US special Envoy to Sudan Ambassador Princeton Lyman and look forward to see their efforts translated into action to address the sufferings of the IDPs.
Anwar Elhaj
The SPLMN Representative
United States, Washington
January 19, 2012

Dear All,
Please find attached a Press Statement about a major SPLA victory in South Kordofan/Nuba Mountains State.
Thanks
Anwar Elhaj
SPLMN Representative to the US

SUDAN PEOPLE’S LIBERATION MOVEMENT

Office of Spokesperson
January 15, 2012
In the dawn of January 15, 2012, the Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) in South Kordofan/Nuba Mountains State ably inflicted another major defeat against the joined Special Forces and Republic’s Guard of the National Congress Party (NCP). These were the same forces that fled Al Buram and Al Tess on January 10, 2012. They sustained heavy losses in lives and military equipments and are fully repelled from the strategic villageof Al Lehimir which is about 15 km South of Kadugli City. The SPLA captured large amounts of equipments and ammunitions which are being assessed. 
After the liberation of the Al lehimir village, we [the SPLM] ascertain that the SPLA will continue its advances toward emancipation of Kadugli City and bring the war criminal, Ahmed Harun, to International Court in Hague. 
A Salutation to Officers and Soldiers of the Sudan People’s Liberation Army on their successive victories and devotion to the removal of NCP mobs to establish a nation of freedom, justice and equality.
Arnu Ngtullu Lodi
The Spokesperson of the Sudan People’s Liberation Army
(Translation by Organization for Advancement of Young Nuba)

By Benjamin Mann

Washington D.C., Aug 7, 2011 / 05:42 pm (CNA).- Witnesses told a House of Representatives subcommittee on Aug. 4 that the Sudanese border state of South Kordofan is descending into racial and religious violence, as the world looks on.

“The Nuba people fear that we will be forgotten, that the world will stand idly by while mass killings continue without redress,” said Anglican bishop Reverend Andudu Adam Elnail, of Sudan’s Episcopal Diocese of Kadulgi, in his testimony before the House Foreign Affairs Subcommittee on Africa, Global Health, and Human Rights.

“Our hope,” Rev. Elnail said, “is that the United States will lead the international community in taking prompt, effective action to protect tens of thousands of displaced people, including an untold number of civilians being killed house-to-house and bombed by their own government.”

South Kordofan lies just north of the partially undefined border between Sudan and the newly-established Republic of South Sudan, which became independent on July 9. In recent months, a 2005 plan for South Kordofan’s self-determination has given way to violence that some observers say is meant to “Arabize” the region, by terrorizing its Black African population.

Brad Phillips, Sudan country director for the Christian organization Voice of the Martyrs, explained the historical roots of the current violence in his testimony before the subcommittee. He recalled that South Kordofan’s Nuba Mountains region already lost around 500,000 people – “roughly half its population” – between 1990 and 2005, during Sudan’s second civil war.

During that war, many residents of the Nuba Mountains supported the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement, an insurgency that later evolved into South Sudan’s autonomous government. But with the Republic of South Sudan now fully independent, Khartoum’s opponents in the Nuba Mountains find themselves at the mercy of a government that has not forgotten their disloyalty.

Representative Chris Smith (R-N.J.), who convened Thursday’s hearing, presented the subcommittee with a clear picture of the disparity between insurgents in the Nuba Mountains, and their opponents in the Khartoum government.

“Some are trying to down play the overwhelming responsibility of the Sudanese government for the devastation taking place in Southern Kordofan by referring to the refusal of the SPLM-North to lay down their arms to negotiate with Khartoum,” Smith said. “But there is no moral equivalence between the SPLM-North’s actions and those of the government.”

“SPLM-North members are not bombing people indiscriminately, driving Arabs off their lands and out of their homes nor going door-to-door to identify their perceived enemies and execute them,” the congressman pointed out. “The Government of Sudan’s military forces are.”

Thus, while some members of the liberation movement have achieved their independence, others continue to suffer under the government they fought against.

“While we celebrate with South Sudan on its independence from the murderous regime in Khartoum, we must not forget that many marginalized groups in the north were not given the same guarantees as the south,” Phillips noted.

“Under the Comprehensive Peace Agreement, the Nuba people were guaranteed a free election, followed by a popular consultation, whereby elected leaders would interview their constituents and determine what the people wanted with regard to their political future.”

“As of today, the popular consultation has not taken place. Moreover, Sudan’s President Omar Al-Bashir publicly stated in April this year that if the (governing) National Congress Party cannot get its way with the ballot box, it will use ‘the ammo box.’”

Al-Bashir’s government has not hesitated to reach for its ammunition against South Kordofan. Phillips recalled that the National Congress Party’s troops “attacked and sacked the capital of Kadulgi” on June 6, then “launched a campaign of terror from the skies” against residents.

Kadulgi’s Anglican bishop testified to the devastation the Khartoum government was inflicting on the capital.

“I hear almost every day new reports from the Nuba Mountains of the Sudan Armed Forces indiscriminately bombing civilians, including children and women and old people, in places not known to be near military installations. I see photos of the people maimed and killed in these bombing raids.”

“To me, these people are not numbers and statistics. They are my neighbors, my friends, local business leaders, and members of my congregation.”

Phillips, who was in the Nuba Mountains in early July, recalled interviewing residents who had fled Kadulgi, “all of whom shared the same basic story” of Sudan Armed Forces troops conducting house-to-house searches. They were looking, he said, for anyone who identified as a Nuba citizen, a Christian, or a member of the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement.

“Anyone fitting this description was either killed on the spot or arrested and never seen again,” Phillips testified.

“Fortunately, a few thousand residents obtained shelter at the UNMIS compound. But the compound soon filled, and I heard many stories and accounts of people being killed at the gates of the UNMIS compound while U.N. soldiers stood by.”

Rev. Elnail likewise stated that there was “a need for effective peacekeeping forces with a real mandate to actually keep the peace, and not just stand by while mass murder occurs house-to-house, around the clock.”

In light of such violence, Rev. Elnail said, the United States must continue to employ diplomatic pressure and other forms of leverage against the Khartoum government.

“The United States cannot begin to consider normalizing ties with Sudan, and should not de-list Sudan as a sponsor of terrorism or approve this outlaw nation’s access to international financing and debt relief,” he told the subcommittee. “Those individuals and groups most responsible for the mass atrocities should be designated and sanctioned.”

Phillips went so far as to call for a “no-fly” zone over South Kordofan, “to stop the bombing campaign and allow humanitarian access so that relief flights back into the region may resume.”

Full coverage

Sudan accuses US of distorting and damaging image

AFP – ‎Aug 6, 2011‎
KHARTOUM — Sudan on Saturday strongly criticised the United States for intentionally distorting and damaging the country’s image, and urged the US State Department not to be a “tool of war.” “We call on activists in the US Congress committees and in US

VIDEO: UN urged to stop Sudan violence

BBC News – ‎Aug 5, 2011‎
Human rights activists are lobbying the United Nations to stop ethnic-related violence in the Sudanese province of South Kordofan. Sudanese troops have been battling former rebels who fought with the South in Sudan’s civil war.

US lawmaker seeks peacekeepers on Sudan ‘genocide’

AFP – ‎Aug 5, 2011‎
WASHINGTON — A senior US lawmaker urged the immediate deployment of peacekeepers to Sudan’s war-torn border region of Southern Kordofan, warning of a risk of “genocide” by government forces. South Sudan last month broke away from Sudan to become the

Bishop accuses Sudan of `ethnic cleansing’

eTaiwan News – Edith M. Lederer – ‎Aug 5, 2011‎
AP An Anglican bishop who fled his home in the South Kordofan region of Sudan accused the Khartoum government on Friday of bombing civilians, blocking humanitarian aid, and committing “ethnic cleansing” against black African Nuba

Bishop Accuses Sudan of Atrocities in Southern State

Voice of America (blog) – ‎Aug 5, 2011‎
A bishop of the Anglican church has appealed to the United Nations to investigate what he says are credible reports of serious crimes committed by Sudanese troops in Southern Kordofan. Reverend Andudu Adam Elnail, who recently fled his home in the

Kadugli Bishop Appeals to UN to Stop Sudanese Bombings

Voice of America – ‎Aug 5, 2011‎
August 05, 2011 Kadugli Bishop Appeals to UN to Stop Sudanese Bombings Margaret Besheer | United Nations The Anglican bishop of Kadugli in Sudan’s Southern Kordofan state has appealed to the United Nations to send a fact-finding team to investigate

Darfur … and now more genocide in Sudan?

Christian Science Monitor – Eric Reeves – ‎Aug 4, 2011‎
Evidence is piling up that genocide is taking place in the southern border region of Sudan, affecting tens of thousands of Nuba people. But the world is dillydallying, just as it did with Darfur, Rwanda, and Srebrenica. By Eric Reeves / August 4,

Sudan bishop seeks US satellite to find mass graves

AFP – ‎Aug 4, 2011‎
WASHINGTON — A Sudanese bishop Wednesday called on US lawmakers to deploy satellites over war-torn Southern Kordofan to help locate mass graves to ensure evidence of killings does not disappear. Giving evidence to a House committee, Bishop Andudu Adam

Witnesses describe Sudan’s ethnic cleansing in emergency hearing

Catholic News Agency – Benjamin Mann – ‎1 hour ago‎
Washington DC, Aug 7, 2011 / 05:42 pm (CNA).- Witnesses told a House of Representatives subcommittee on Aug. 4 that the Sudanese border state of South Kordofan is descending into racial and religious violence, as the world looks on.

UN to discuss escalating violence in South Kordofan

Radio Dabanga – ‎6 hours ago‎
The escalation of violence in South Kordofan is expected to be discussed when the UN Security Council convenes over Abyei on Monday. US lawmakers have made a strong appeal for deployment of peacekeepers on the border of South Kordofan, citing a real

Race Against Genocide Unites Community

NTV – ‎19 hours ago‎
A race for freedom of religion, freedom of education, and most of all freedom from slaughter took place in Grand Island Nebraska, Saturday. Sudanese refugees from across the state locked arms with local residents, with a loud and clear message — stop

Sudanese Clergy, Rights Groups Want Peacekeepers in South Kordofan

Talk Radio News Service – ‎Aug 6, 2011‎
A Christian clergyman from Sudan has called on the United Nations to send peacekeepers to his region to protect civilians. Andulu Adam Elnail, the Anglican Bishop of Kadugli, warned at a news conference that “something crucial is going on in the Nuba

Over 5000 refugees from South Kordofan arrive in Unity State for settlement

Sudan Tribune – Bonifacio Taban Kuich – ‎Aug 5, 2011‎
August 5, 2011 (BENTIU) – Over 5000 refugees have arrived in South Sudan’s Unity State after being displaced by fighting over the last month between the Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) and the Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) in

Crisis in Sudan Threatens Christian Community

Christian Broadcasting Network – Tracy Winborn – ‎Aug 5, 2011‎
Sudan is facing a new humanitarian crisis. Tens of thousands of lives are at risk as the Islamic regime of north Sudan launches attacks in the Nuba Mountains. The armed forces of President Omar Bashir are terrorizing people in the

‘Harun abusing his powers’

Radio Dabanga – ‎Aug 5, 2011‎
Sudan People’s Liberation Movement’s (south division) spokesperson Qamar Dahlman accused South Kordofan governor Ahmed Harun of abusing his powers by letting the Sudanese Red Crescent implement a military campaign in the state.

Grisly details of South Kordofan recounted

UPI.com – ‎Aug 5, 2011‎
WASHINGTON, Aug. 5 (UPI) — Ethnic cleansing is emerging as part of the growing humanitarian emergency unfolding along the border between Sudan and South Sudan, a US panel was told. US Rep. Chris Smith, RN.J., presided over a hearing before a House

Filling the Commitment Gap: Obama’s Directive on Mass Atrocities

Human Rights First – ‎Aug 5, 2011‎
By Crimes Against Humanity Program The Obama administration’s much-lauded Directive on Mass Atrocities comes at an especially suitable time. Reports of ethnic cleansing and violence against civilians in the South Kordofan region of Sudan demonstrate

US congressional committee holds hearing on South Kordofan’s ‘ethnic cleansing’

Sudan Tribune – ‎Aug 4, 2011‎
August 4, 2011 (WASHIGTON) – Accounts of atrocities allegedly committed by Sudan army in the country’s state of South Kordofan were recited in a hearing organised by a US congressional committee on Thursday. Since 5 June, Sudan’s army has been fighting

Congressional Hearings Paint Picture of Crisis and Atrocities

Inter Press Service – Lily Hough – ‎Aug 4, 2011‎
WASHINGTON, Aug 4, 2011 (IPS) – Witnesses’ chilling depictions of a new Sudanese genocide at an emergency congressional hearing Thursday quelled any remnants of doubt that a humanitarian crisis is unfolding in the Nuba mountain region of

House Holds Emergency Hearing on Sudan

Standard Newswire (press release) – ‎Aug 4, 2011‎
WASHINGTON, Aug. 4, 2011 /Standard Newswire/ — Ethnic cleansing, murders, rapes and the growing humanitarian crisis in the Southern Kordofan region of Sudan were described in grisly detail by witnesses testifying at a congressional hearing on Thursday

JEM accuses Sudan government of oil thefts

Radio Dabanga – ‎Aug 4, 2011‎
Justice and Equality Movement says the regime is flouting international drilling standards in oil rich areas of Darfur and Kordofan. Spokesperson of the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM), Jibril Adam Bilal accused the Sudanese government of violating

US lawmaker seeks peacekeepers on Sudan ‘genocide’

StarAfrica.com – ‎Aug 5, 2011‎
A senior US lawmaker urged the immediate deployment of peacekeepers to Sudan’s war-torn border… A senior US lawmaker urged the immediate deployment of peacekeepers to Sudan’s war-torn border region of Southern Kordofan, warning of a risk of

‘Holy’ war in all areas of South Kordofan imminent

Radio Dabanga – ‎Aug 5, 2011‎
A shipment of illegal weapons from Russia arrived at Port Sudan on Friday according to unconfirmed information received by the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (south division). Qamar Dahlman, spokesperson of the SPLM’s (south division) president in

Evidence of genocide in southern Sudan

Alaska Dispatch – ‎Aug 4, 2011‎
Yet again, Sudan shows all the signs of accelerating genocide, this time on its southern border. The question is whether the world will now respond more quickly – and effectively – than it has to the years-long atrocities in Darfur, in western Sudan.

NUBA AND SUDANESE DIASPORA RALLY AT UN FOR INTERNATIONAL ACTION IN SUDAN
As evidence of ethnic cleansing mounts, Sudanese call for civilian protection

New York, NY – Today, people from the Nuba Mountains, Abyei, Darfur and other parts of Sudan whose friends and relatives have been targeted by Sudanese armed forces will stand in Dag Hammarskjöld Plaza to call attention to the unfolding genocide in the Nuba mountains, the ongoing genocide in Darfur, and the assault on free expression and justice throughout Sudan. The rally will take place from 1:00 PM to 4:00 PM In front of the United Nations at East 47th St between 1st and 2nd Avenues.

Speakers will include Rt. Rev. Andudu Adam Elnail, the Anglican Bishop of Kadugli in South Kordofan and a leading human rights activist from the region; Dr. Luka Biong Deng from Kush, Inc., a Sudanese NGO working on peace and security issues in Abyei and the border regions; Rabbi Steve Gutow, President and CEO of the Jewish Council for Public Affairs; and Bruce Knotts, Director of the Unitarian Universalist Association United Nations Office.

They will be joined by other Sudanese and American activists from across the country, some of whom will have driven over 18 hours to bear witness to what has been happening to the marginalized peoples of Sudan.

The rally is co-sponsored by the Nuba Mountains Advocacy Group (NMAG), Nuba Mountains International Association, Darfur Peoples Association of New York (DPANY), Abyei Ngok Community Association in the U.S. Beja Congress – D.C. Chapter, New York City Coalition for Darfur (NYCD), Darfur Human Rights Organization, Blue Nile Association, and Nubia Project.

In a joint statement, the groups said, “We hope that by standing in front of the United Nations with families of the victims, the international community will finally hold to account the Sudanese government which has in the last two decades committed five genocides – one in South Sudan in the 1980s-2005; one in Nuba Mountains in the early 1990s; one in Darfur from 2003 until the present; one in Eastern Sudan from 1994-2005; and now a second time in the Nuba Mountains and Abyei. Collectively, these crimes have resulted in the displacement of over 7 million people and the deaths of nearly 3 million people, the largest state-sponsored ethnic killing since WWII.”

The rally will call for the following actions in Sudan:

· – End all attacks in Sudan that violate international humanitarian law, including deliberate attacks on civilians and indiscriminate aerial bombings; and hold all those responsible to account, regardless of rank.

· – Deployment of a neutral UN peacekeeping force in Nuba Mountains/South Kordofan until a workable peaceful solution is achieved.

· – Fulfill obligations to cooperate with the ICC, including surrendering to the court those subject to ICC arrest warrants, such as President al-Bashir and imposed governor and indicted war criminal Ahmed Haroun.

· – No-Fly Zone: The immediate imposition of a No Fly Zone in Nuba Mountains/South Kordofan States and in the Darfur region is needed to protect civilians from bombings.

· – Call on the Sudanese government to ensure unfettered access by UNAMID peacekeepers and humanitarian actors to all parts of Sudan including those most affected by conflict.

· – Protection of people in Nuba/Darfur/Abyei: The immediate demand is for the disarmament of the dangerous Popular Defense Force (PDF) in Nuba Mountains, South Kordofan, and removal of Sudanese government militias and Janjaweed militias in Darfur.

· – End the harassment, detention and torture of journalists, human rights workers, and activists, and call for their immediate release.

· – End the Sudanese government policy of dismantling IDP camps in Darfur and of deliberately preventing food, water and medical supplies to reach civilians as a weapon of war in Darfur, S. Kordofan and all affected areas of Sudan.