Posts Tagged ‘sudanese government’

Sudan Says South’s Withdrawal From Heglig Won’t End Conflict

Posted: April 20, 2012 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Sudan

KAMPALA Uganda (Dow Jones)–The Sudanese government said Friday that the withdrawal of South Sudan’s troops from the disputed oil town of Heglig wouldn’t end the border conflict between the two countries……..

Sudan and South Sudan both claim control of oil town, South Sudan announces withdrawal

By: Michael Onyiego, The Associated Press

Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir, center, waves from the back of a truck during a visit to North Kordofan, Sudan, Thursday, April 19, 2012. The Arab League said Thursday it would hold an emergency meeting over the increasing violence between Sudan and South Sudan. Sudan President Omar al-Bashir on Wednesday threatened to topple the South Sudan government after accusing the south of trying to take down his Khartoum-based government. Al-Bashir continued his hardline rhetoric on Thursday in an address to a

Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir, center, waves from the back of a truck during a visit to North Kordofan, Sudan, Thursday, April 19, 2012. The Arab League said Thursday it would hold an emergency meeting over the increasing violence between Sudan and South Sudan. Sudan President Omar al-Bashir on Wednesday threatened to topple the South Sudan government after accusing the south of trying to take down his Khartoum-based government. Al-Bashir continued his hardline rhetoric on Thursday in an address to a “popular defense” brigade headed to the Heglig area. The ceremony was held in al-Obeid, in northern Kordofan. (AP Photo/Abd Raouf)

Sudan and South Sudan both claimed to be in control of a contested oil town near the countries’ ill-defined border on Friday after the south said it was withdrawing its troops to avert a return to war.

Last week, South Sudanese troops took over the border town of Heglig, which they call Panthou, sending Sudanese troops fleeing and sparking condemnation from the U.N., America and Britain. This time, Sudan sent South Sudanese in headlong flight, Sudanese officials said.

Facing international condemnation, the spokesman for South Sudan’s President Salva Kiir announced Friday that the south would withdraw its forces within three days but still believes that the town of Heglig is a part of South Sudan. Kiir said he expects its final status to be determined by international arbitration.

The announcement from Kiir was followed by a statement from Sudanese Minister for National Defence Abdel-Rahim Hussein that his country’s forces had defeated South Sudan’s forces in Heglig and driven them out of the city.

“Your victorious Armed Forces have managed to liberate Heglig city by force from the remnants of the South Sudan army and its mercenaries,” he said in a statement carried by Sudan official news agency. “Your armed forces have entered at 2:20 p.m. and held Friday prayers inside the city.”

Daffa-Alla Elhag Ali Osman, Sudan’s ambassador to the U.N., also told reporters that Sudanese forces “chased out the aggressors from Heglig.”

But late Friday, South Sudan’s U.N. envoy told reporters at U.N. headquarters in New York that “the forces of the Republic of South Sudan are still in Heglig, in full control of Heglig as we speak.”

Ambassador Agnes Oswaha said “journalists and observers and international monitors are highly welcome to Panthou to get a proof of who is there.”

“If my forces were not there, why would I give a three-day … schedule for withdrawal? I would have said I have withdrawn,” she said.

Oswaha said the withdrawal “is a sign of our commitment to peace and to dialogue and to continue with the negotiations,” adding that Kiir is ready to hold the summit that was cancelled by Sudan’s President Omar Al-Bashir.

The two countries were on the brink of all-out war this week.

Al-Bashir on Wednesday threatened to topple the South Sudan government after accusing the south of trying to take down his Khartoum-based government. Al-Bashir continued his hardline rhetoric on Thursday in an address to a “popular defence” brigade headed to the Heglig area.

South Sudan broke away from Sudan last year after an independence vote, the culmination of a 2005 peace treaty that ended decades of war that killed more than 2 million people. Despite the treaty, violence between the two countries has been on the rise, in part because the sides never agreed on the where the border lies, nor how to share oil revenues from the border region.

The U.S. welcomed the decision by South Sudan to withdraw its forces.

“In parallel, we’re also calling on the government of Sudan, as we have regularly, to halt their own cross-border attacks, particularly the provocative aerial bombardments, so that we can get back to a place where these two sides are working together,” U.S. State Department spokeswoman Victoria Nuland told reporters in Washington.

Military aircraft from Sudan have been bombing the border area and into territory that is clearly South Sudan’s.

U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon took note of South Sudan’s withdrawal announcement and urged the governments of the south and north to resume negotiations immediately under the auspices of the African Union’s high-level panel, U.N. deputy spokesman Eduardo del Buey said.

In Thursday’s ceremony in Khartoum, some 2,300 fighters from the volunteer Popular Defence Brigades, known as “mujahedeen,” or “holy warriors” pledged their loyalty to al-Bashir before being sent to fight the South Sudanese, according to the state news agency SUNA. It was not clear if they participated in any fighting at Heglig.

Osman, Sudan’s U.N. ambassador, said Sudan wants peace, will not cross the border into South Sudan and is ready to negotiate with its southern neighbour provided that the government in Juba “comes to its senses.”

The increased hostilities had world leaders concerned about a return to war. The Arab League on Thursday announced an emergency session next week to discuss the crisis, while U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon urged the sides to negotiate.

Ban on Thursday called on South Sudan to immediately withdraw from Heglig area, saying the invasion was “an infringement on the sovereignty of Sudan and a clearly illegal act.” He called on the government of Sudan to immediately stop shelling and bombing South Sudanese territory and withdraw its forces from disputed territories, including Abyei.

South Sudan’s announcement on Friday comes only days after a visit to South Sudan’s capital by Princeton Lyman, the U.S. special envoy to Sudan and South Sudan. Lyman told Kiir and other southern leaders there was a “unanimous” negative international reaction to South Sudan’s push into Heglig and said the world community was discussing imposing sanctions in response to the military manoeuvr. Last year, troops from Sudan moved into Abyei and forced southern troops out of it. The south though, still believes Abyei is its territory. Benjamin, the spokesman for the south’s government, said that the withdrawal from Heglig is similar: South Sudan believes it owns the land but is still withdrawing to de-escalate tensions.


Edith M. Lederer at the United Nations and Matthew Lee contributed to this report from Washington.

Sudan declares “liberation” of Heglig as Juba announces SPLA pullout

April 20, 2012 (JUBA-KHARTOUM) – Sudan announced on Friday that its armed forces had defeated South Sudan’s army and regained full control of the oil-producing region of Heglig, shortly after Juba announced an immediate withdrawal of its army.

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Sudan Defense Minister Abdel Raheem Muhammad Hussein (REUTERS)

South Sudan’s information and media minister, Barnaba Marial Benjamin, on Friday told reporters in Juba that the country’s president, Salva Kiir Mayardit, had ordered the immediate withdrawal of the Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) from Heglig.

“The Republic of South Sudan announces that SPLA troops have been ordered to withdraw from Panthou (Heglig),” Benjamin said.

“An orderly withdrawal will commence immediately, and shall be completed within three days,” he added.

Shortly after South Sudan’s announcement, Sudan’s defense minister Abdel Rahim, Mohamed Hussien appeared on state television to declare the liberation of Heglig.

Hussein said that Sudan’s army (SAF) liberated the area after defeating SPLA forces.

Heglig was occupied by the SPLA last week, leading to the worst standoff between Sudan and South Sudan since the latter seceded last year.

The outbreak of military confrontations followed months of failed negotiations between Khartoum and Juba over border demarcation, citizenship and oil exports.


S. Sudan says Sudan tried to build “illegal” oil pipeline 

By Hereward Holland

JUBA, April 5 | Thu Apr 5, 2012

(Reuters) – South Sudan accused Sudan of trying to build an “illegal” 25-km o il pipeline crossing the border towards the South’s oil fields, a day after talks to resolve a damaging oil dispute between the two sides were postponed.

A Sudanese government spokesman was not immediately available to comment.

The two former civil war foes have been locked in a bitter dispute over oil payments and other issues, and clashes in the ill-defined border region last week gave rise to concern they might blow up into a new war.

Landlocked South Sudan – which seceded from Sudan in July – shut down its entire 350,000 barrel per day oil production in January as part of the dispute, although crude oil brings in 98 percent of its state revenues.

South Sudan’s army “discovered an illegal pipeline that was being built by Sudan … This is oil piracy,” military spokesman Philip Aguer said by phone on Thursday, a day after South Sudan said it had shot down a Sudanese MiG-29 aircraft over South Sudan’s oil-producing Unity state.

It is not clear when the pipeline was built but Aguer said the army captured two earth excavators that were being used by a “foreign company” to help extend the pipeline towards Unity state.

Alleged photographs of the pipeline seen by Reuters showed a pipe of around 10-inch diameter lying on the black earth next to a shallow trench.

South Sudan broke away from Sudan after a referendum last year in which the South voted overwhelmingly for partition after almost 50 years of unbroken rebellion against Khartoum.

The division gave South Sudan about three quarters of the country’s oil production, but it must still use pipelines and other facilities running through Sudan to export it, and the two have failed to agree how much it should pay to do this.

South Sudan’s army briefly occupied an undefined portion of Heglig town last week before pulling out. Heglig oil field lies in a contested border region currently controlled by the Sudanese Armed Forces and accounts for roughly half of Sudan’s 115,000 barrel per day oil output.

South Sudan previously accused Sudan of building another tie-in pipeline to Khartoum’s refineries with a capacity of 120,000 barrels per day.

Sudan and South Sudan routinely trade accusations of supporting insurgencies in each other’s territory. (Editing by Alexander Dziadosz and Tim Pearce)

Can China end conflict in the Sudans?
CNN International
By Hilary Whiteman, CNN Sudanese people flee the disputed oil-rich Abyei area on March 2, 2011, before the independence of South Sudan on July 9. (CNN) — If all had gone to plan, Sudan andSouth Sudan would have been neighbors co-existing in a 
In limbo in South Sudan
Brisbane Times
Thousands have left everything behind, fleeing the fighting in South Sudan as the UN pleas for peace. 06/04/12 Up next… Massive lottery winner hasn’t come forward Sorry. An error occured when submitting the form. Websites in the Fairfax Digital 
S. Sudan says Sudan tried to build “illegal” oil pipeline
By Hereward Holland | JUBA, April 5 (Reuters) – South Sudan accused Sudan of trying to build an “illegal” 25-km o il pipeline crossing the border towards the South’s oil fields, a day after talks to resolve a damaging oil dispute between the two sides 
South Sudan and the War of 1812 (blog)
At a Senate hearing in March, actor and Sudan activist George Clooney was asked about how to keep Americans, especially youth, engaged with the conflict and hunger in South Sudan. Can people here in the US feel a sustained connection to a country many 
South Sudan’s Jewish Abolitionist
These days, South Sudan is Israel’s newest ally on the African continent. However, the country’s newfound independence presents a stark contrast to its protracted history of slavery. The Dinkas—South Sudan’s ethnic majority—were for years enslaved by 
Obakki Fall 2012 Collection Inspired By South Sudan (VIDEO, PHOTOS)
Huffington Post
This year the company has focused its efforts and resources on relieving South Sudan from its water crisis. Treana Peake, Obakki’s founder and creative director, was drawn to the African country’s inspiring landscape and rich history both personally 

In limbo in South Sudan
The Age
Websites in the Fairfax Digital Network offer streaming video and audio in the Flash format. Streaming media allows you to watch video on a website as a continuous feed, as opposed to waiting for an entire audio or video file to download to your 

S. Sudan wins IPU membership
Daily Monitor
The IPU Executive Committee says the South Sudan parliament fulfills the conditions for membership of the assembly. South Sudan yesterday became the 162nd member of the Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) after a resolution to have it admitted was 

Paanluel Wël, Washington DC, USA.

This is the height of naivety from The Obama Administration

So the Obama administration reason that fighting for a regime change in Khartoum by The Sudan Revolutionary Front (SRF) to bring about a pluralistic, non-Arab, non-Islamic democratic Sudan is an assault on the ruling Arab of the Sudan? And this statement is coming from a US official?

The United States has told an alliance of rebel groups fighting the Sudanese government on multiple fronts that they could risk provoking Arab and Muslim sentiments in the country…the US special envoy to Sudan, said that he advised the rebels to abandon the goal of forcing regime change…”We told the alliance [of rebel groups] that we would not support overthrowing the government by force…the US official said there is a chance that Arabs and Muslims in Sudan could feel they are being targeted by the rebel alliance which is comprised of mainly non-Arab groups…The rebel alliance could “polarise the Arabs [who dominate the Sudanese government] against everyone else, so they can say, ’Arabs are under attack. Islam is under attack,’ ” he said….Instead, he said, the US government has told the alliance and particularly the Darfur rebels that they should “engage” the government in negotiations based on the Doha peace agreement signed in July last year by the governmen(U.S. senior diplomat for Darfur, Dane Smith).

First and foremost, both the rebels and the government in Khartoum are Muslims and the charge of “Islam” is under attack is misplaced. When the government of President Bashir commit untold atrocities against Muslims in Darfur, and is currently doing so in Nuba Mountain and Blue Nile, was/is that an attack on Islam or is Islam only attack when the victim is an Arab and a Muslim? Does Envoy Dane Smith understand what he is saying or is he just pandering to Khartoum’s propaganda machine? How could the USA’s special envoy be the mouthpiece for Khartoum regime?

Secondly, the Obama administration has successfully facilitated the rise of Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt, Tunisia, Libya, and Possibly soon in Syria against regimes whose records, though not praiseworthy, were not as appalling as that of President Al-Bashir and his ruling NCP Party. The claim advance by the Obama Administration for backing the rise of Political Islam is “democracy and justice” for the people in those countries who have been under continuous authoritarian regimes. If indeed Egyptians, Tunisians, Libyans, Yemenis, and Syrians do deserve to be ruled by a government of their choice and the USA is willing to publicly and financially back these forces for change, why can’t the same logic play for the people of Sudan who have been more or less under the same kind of Authoritarian regime? Is it because they are Africans while those being supported by the Obama Administration are Arabs? If that is not racism, then what is it?

The implication of Dane Smith’s argument is that Arabs of Sudan, a minority group that has abused Islam for political goal, can do anything they want and get away with it because bringing them down to account for their atrocities is somehow an attack on Islam and Arab. That is outrageous and the fact that it is coming from the USA envoy, a nation known as the beacon of hope for the oppressed people all over the world, make it more of a tragedy than a manifestation of naivety.

One wonder if Obama was the president when South Sudan was negotiating the CPA, what would have happened given that the South is mainly Christians and Animists. Would South Sudan fighting for liberation been interpreted as an attack on “Islam and Arab”? Actually, Envoy Dane Smith would make a great mouthpiece for the Al-Qaeda group because the charges of an “attack on Islam and Arabic Countries” is a persistent theme in the messages of Al-Qaeda in their wars with the West. Why on earth would Envoy Dane Smith start parroting the Al-Qaeda tactical line of incitement?

There appear to be an earnest attempt by the Obama Administration to appease anything Islamic even when Islam is a shared factor. The Darfuris, Nubans and the Blue Nileans have their own Islamic and African sentiments to be provoked by the regime in Khartoum. Would Envoy Dane Smith elaborate why this other sentiment doesn’t matter to the USA? If the Obama Administration, beholden to Muslim Brotherhood of which the NCP is an offshoot, is not willing to support the Rebels, then the Envoy is at liberty to convey that and only that information. Why go all the way to talk nonsense about an attack on Islam? How can Muslims  (the rebels) attack Islam that they are part of?

By the end of his 8 years–he is likely to win re-election for a second term in office–history will be there to give its verdict on President Obama legacy in Africa. The oppressed people of Sudan in Darfur, Nuba Mountain and in Blue Nile will have to wait another four more years before they can look up-to the USA again as a beacon of hope and democracy for all people…not just arab and muslims.

PaanLuel Wel is the Managing Editor of PaanLuel Wel: South Sudanese bloggers. He can be reached through his email address (, Facebook page, and Twitter account 

Juba officials scramble for luxuries as nation wallows in poverty


FEB. 16/2012, SSN; Are Southern Sudanese Government officials trying to make up for lost time? Top of the range four-wheel drive vehicles, including the fuel-guzzler Hummer, are the only cars they are driven in.

Their offices are air-conditioned and flashy, with wall-to-wall carpets. The men prefer neatly cut and well-pressed suits of the designer type, with shoes to match.

I’ve little doubt that like their counterparts elsewhere in Africa, they live in huge houses on big compounds, fly outside their country a lot and eat choice food unavailable to rest of the Southern Sudanese.

Who could be footing the bill for this opulence while ignoring the squalor, all too visible in the general neighborhood?

Could it be the African malaise of the elites, their relatives and cronies misallocating resources to finance the luxuries of a select few at the expense of the suffering majority?

I have no qualms about Cabinet ministers, their assistants, permanent secretaries, department directors and other top government officials being accorded the perks befitting their status, but for heaven’s sake, can this be done in relation to the size of the wealth generated? Isn’t that the only way these privileged lot can ensure their lifestyles are sustainable?

Liberation fruits
A popular theory has it that the big vehicles are the only ones that can tackle the rough terrain beyond the regional capital Juba. And, as you know, leaders need to keep in touch with the people and inspect development projects in far flung corners of the country from time to time.
If that were the case, wouldn’t it make more sense investing in the roads to be used by all over a long time, rather than focus on the comfort of a handful?

How about the expansive and posh offices, with wall-to-wall carpeting, imported (from outside Africa) leather seats, and of course other fine imported office equipment?

Wouldn’t some semblance of modesty do while ensuring efficiency in service delivery?

And the well cut and pressed designer suits and imported shoes, in an environment where diurnal temperatures can hit 40 degrees Celsius?

Could it be that these government bureaucrats are so well remunerated? If so, where is the money coming from when so much poverty is apparent?

Huge parts of Juba, for instance, look no better than a temporary settlement for nomads in pursuit of pastures for their livestock. Thousands of Southern Sudanese are homeless, having only returned to the war-ravaged region from exile or from Khartoum where they did no more than struggle to keep body and soul together.

Can’t they be given a share of the liberation fruits they and their kith and kin have sacrificed so much for?

There can be no justification for the top leadership trying to make up for the lost time. Like was the case with liberation struggles in other parts of Africa, most of those in top leadership never bore the brunt of the war.

They either lived in luxury in other capitals during the war period or were the beneficiaries of lucrative scholarships that equipped them with various skills in preparation for the takeover from the oppressors.

Their children, by extension, benefitted immensely as others either paid with their lives or were perpetually marginalized.

The inequality gap is certainly taking root in Southern Sudan even as the masses celebrate the prospects of an independent state from the North.

This must be arrested for the sake of social harmony and sustainable development.

Posted Tuesday, January 11 2011, Africa Review, Nairobi, Kenya

By Jared Ferrie – Feb 21, 2012 10:40 AM ET

South Sudan Welcomes London Court Ruling on Disputed Oil Cargo

South Sudan welcomed the ruling by a London court to withhold payment for a cargo of crude until ownership of the oil was settled with neighboring Sudan.

The ruling was a “positive thing” because it means that Sudan will not receive a share of the proceeds from the sale of oil “stolen” by the Sudanese government, South Sudan government spokesman Barnaba Marial Benjamin said today by phone from Juba, South Sudan’s capital. “We are satisfied as long as it doesn’t go to Khartoum.”

South Sudan declared independence in July, taking control of oil fields that produced about 75 percent of Sudan’s crude output of 490,000 barrels of a day.

Talks have so far failed to yield an agreement on how much landlocked South Sudan should pay to transport its oil through a pipeline across Sudan. South Sudan halted output last month after Sudan confiscated southern crude, saying it was taking it to make up for unpaid fees.

The disputed oil includes 600,000 barrels of Nile Blend that Sudan loaded onto the oil tanker Ratna Shradha on Jan. 19. Oil trader Trafigura Beheer BV, confirmed yesterday that the court ruled that all proceeds from the shipment, which it bought from Sudan and sold to Tokyo-based JX Nippon Oil & Energy Corp, remain with the court until ownership is legally established.

Sudan Foreign Ministry Spokesman al-Obeid Murawih didn’t answer his phone when Bloomberg called seeking comment.

To contact the reporter on this story: Jared Ferrie in Juba, South Sudan

Disputed Sudan Oil Can Unload After Court Ruling, Trafigura Says

February 21, 2012, 12:43 AM EST

By Jared Ferrie

Feb. 20 (Bloomberg) — A crude oil cargo that’s been stranded at sea because of a dispute between Sudan and South Sudan can unload in Japan after a court ruling in London, oil trader Trafigura Beheer BV said.

“We can confirm that the English court has ordered that the delivery can be made,” Trafigura, which bought the disputed cargo, said in a statement. “The court will hold all proceeds related to the cargo until ownership is legally established.”

South Sudan declared independence in July, taking control of fields producing of about 75 percent of Sudan’s 490,000 barrels a day of crude output. The division of oil resources has become a subject of contention between the two countries as South Sudan claims the Sudanese government in Khartoum is illegally selling the crude.

The oil tanker Ratna Shradha has been sitting off the coast of southern Japan since Feb. 14 and hasn’t docked, according to AISLive data compiled by Bloomberg. The ship loaded about 600,000 barrels of Nile Blend in Sudan on Jan. 19.

The tanker’s owner asked the court to rule on the matter because ownership of the cargo is disputed, said Pagan Amum, South Sudan’s chief negotiator in talks with Sudan.

“We will leave no stone unturned to recover the value of oil stolen by the government of Sudan,” Amum said. “We are encouraged by the steps taken by owners of the ship taken in the English court.”

An employee of Chambal Fertiliser and Chemicals Ltd., the Indian company that owns the ship, who answered the phone today, said nobody was available to comment. JX Nippon Oil and Energy, scheduled to take delivery of the oil, also declined to comment.

Ordered Shutdown

South Sudan ordered a shutdown of crude production after accusing Sudan of diverting fuel to its refinery, forcing companies to load oil onto ships it controlled, and blockading other shipments. Sudan said it confiscated crude to cover unpaid fees it’s owed for allowing the landlocked country to transport oil via a pipeline to Port Sudan on the Red Sea.

Sudan’s foreign ministry spokesman, al-Obeid Murawih, dismissed the dispute over Trafigura’s purchase.

“Whether we sold the oil or we not, consumed it or not, the buyers are willing to buy or rejecting — all these don’t help solving the core problem, which is reaching an oil deal between two countries,” he said by phone yesterday from Khartoum.

Dar Blend

Sudan put 1.9 million barrels of Dar Blend onto three tankers, comprised of 650,000 barrels on the Sea Sky, 750,000 barrels on the Al Nouf and 600,000 barrels on the ETC Isis, according to letters from oil companies that were provided by Amum. Sudan also loaded 600,000 barrels of Nile Blend onto the Ratna Sharada, the documents showed.

The Sea Sky and Al Nouf remain in the Fujairah area, on the coast of Sudan, according to AISLive data. The ETC Isis is located off Singapore.

The U.K. court decision for the sale to take place with the funds kept in escrow is “significant,” said Marc Mercer, an Africa associate with the Eurasia Group in London.

“The Trafigura experience makes the north’s sale of southern oil even more difficult to other such companies,” he said today in an e-mailed response to questions. “Litigation in court as well as the possibility of further proceedings should the oil be determined as stolen will be costly for all sides — financially and reputation wise.”

Sudan and South Sudan are scheduled to meet in the coming weeks in the Ethiopian capital, Addis Ababa, for the next round of negotiations on issues outstanding since the south separated. These include determining the status of the region of Abyei and disputed sections of the border, as well as agreeing on an oil revenue sharing arrangement.

Amum told reporters Feb. 15 that South Sudan will not begin pumping oil again until a comprehensive agreement is reached, which includes Sudan paying for southern oil it has confiscated.

–With assistance from Salma El Wardany in Khartoum. Editors: Raj Rajendran, Randall Hackley.

To contact the reporter on this story: Jared Ferrie in Juba, South Sudan at

To contact the editor responsible for this story: Will Kennedy at

Disputed Sudanese oil cargo yet to unload in Japan

Tuesday, 21 February 2012

Sudan has confiscated more than 6 million barrels of South Sudan’s oil since December due to the row over oil transit fees, a South Sudanese official said last week. (File photo)

Sudan has confiscated more than 6 million barrels of South Sudan’s oil since December due to the row over oil transit fees, a South Sudanese official said last week. (File photo)


A ship carrying disputed Sudanese crude remained anchored off southwest Japan on Tuesday, despite a British court ruling giving the tanker permission to unload, three shipping sources said.

The Ratna Shradha, which is owned by India Steamship, is holding 600,000 barrels of crude oil that South Sudan says was seized by neighboring Sudan last month and which sold it at deep discount to a North Asian trader, the sources said.

The tanker has yet to receive permission to dock from JX Nippon Oil & Energy, operator of the Kiire terminal, a source familiar with the matter said.

“The ship was scheduled to discharge at the terminal, but so far we have not received any news from JX Nippon,” the source said.

The tanker has remained off the terminal since Feb. 14, according to Reuters shipping data. The docking schedule for this week does not show the Ratna Shradha unloading, a second shipping source said.

At least two traders said the cargo had been bought by JX Nippon Oil and Energy.

India Steamship, a unit of Chambal Fertilizers and Chemicals Ltd., and JX Nippon Oil, both declined to comment.

Chambal Fertilizers submitted the case to a British commercial court on Feb. 15, a court official told Reuters, after questions over the legal ownership of the crude emerged.

The defendants in the case are listed as the Republic of Sudan, the Republic of South Sudan and Union de Banques Arabes et Francaises, the official added.

Geneva-based Trafigura, the world’s third largest oil trader, bought oil which the South Sudanese government claims was seized by its northern neighbour Sudan.

Landlocked, war-ravaged South Sudan must pump oil to the Red Sea via a pipeline across its northern neighbor to Port Sudan. Oil revenues account for 98 percent of the seven-month-old country’s income.

The Ratna Shradha is one of at least three tankers that are part of some $815 million in oil revenues that South Sudan’s President Salva Kiir accused Sudan of “looting” and which the government in Khartoum said provided compensation for unpaid transit fees.

It is not yet clear if the other disputed cargoes have been sold.

Sudan has confiscated more than 6 million barrels of South Sudan’s oil since December due to the row over oil transit fees, a South Sudanese official said last week.

* United Nations says 14 missing from bombing of camp

* Rebels say Khartoum launched second attack north of border

* Incident deepens arguments over oil revenues (Adds South Sudan comment, background)

By Tom Miles and Hereward Holland

GENEVA/JUBA, Jan 24 (Reuters) – An air strike on a refugee camp near South Sudan’s border with Sudan wounded one boy and left 14 people missing on Monday, the U.N. refugee agency said.

South Sudan blamed the attack on Khartoum, which has repeatedly denied carrying out such strikes on its neighbour.

South Sudan seceded from Sudan in July under a 2005 peace deal that ended decades of civil war, but the two countries have remained at loggerheads over issues including oil, debt and fighting along the poorly drawn border.

Several bombs were dropped on Elfoj, a camp of about 5,000 refugees used as a transit site, less than 10 km from the border on Monday morning, a spokeswoman for the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) said in a statement on Tuesday.

“Definitely it is Khartoum forces … there is no one else who can bombard South Sudan’s territory,” a South Sudan military spokesman said of the attack on Elfoj. “This is not the first time.”

Rebels fighting Khartoum’s forces said Sudanese government helicopters and ground forces launched separate attacks on the Sudan side of the border on the same day, although the report was impossible to verify independently.

Sudan’s military was not immediately available to comment on either incident, but Khartoum has always denied carrying out such attacks, including one on the Yida refugee camp in November, which the United Nations blamed on Khartoum.

Fighting between Khartoum’s forces and rebels from the Sudan People’s Liberation Army/Movement-North (SPLA/M-N) began in June, before South Sudan became independent in July, and have forced around 417,000 people to flee their homes and 80,000 to cross the border into South Sudan, and into camps such as Elfoj.

The SPLM is now the ruling party in South Sudan but it denies supporting SPLM-N rebels across the border.

The insurgency against Khartoum is a remnant of a two-decade civil war in which many in Blue Nile and South Kordofan states fought with those now ruling South Sudan but ended up falling under Khartoum’s control.

However, fighting around the border also feeds into wider animosity over issues including the division of revenues from oil from South Sudanese fields which is exported through Sudan.

UNCHR did not apportion blame. It moved 1,140 people from the site, around 70 km (45 miles) to the south after the air strike.

Details about what the South Sudanese spokesman described as the attack on rebels in the south of Sudan were sketchy but a U.N. source confirmed it had received reports of two helicopters attacking the Ullu area near the border.

An SPLM-N spokesman told Reuters the settlement of Danfona, just across the border from Elfoj, had been bombed.

“There is a big movement of Sudan Armed Forces from (Blue Nile state capital) al-Damazin towards the Bau mountains. They are coming with heavy weapons and air cover from helicopter gunships,” the spokesman told Reuters by telephone.

Tension between Sudan and South Sudan further escalated on Monday when South Sudan began shutting down oil production, accusing Sudan of stealing $815 million worth of crude that it piped to its northern neighbour for shipment.

(Writing and additional reporting by Alexander Dziadosz and Ulf Laessing; Editing by Stephanie Nebehay and Ben Harding)

South Sudan: UN condemns refugee camp air raid


The UN has denounced the bombing of a camp housing some 5,000 refugees in South Sudan near the border with Sudan.

A boy was injured and 14 other people went missing during the air raid in El Foj in Upper Nile state on Monday, the UN refugee agency said.

A Sudan army spokesman told the BBC that Sudanese forces had not carried out any bombing raids in the area.

South Sudan split from Sudan last July and since then their relationship has deteriorated.

Both countries accuse the other of backing rebels operating in their territories and it is not the first time South Sudan has been bombed – there were attacks in Upper Nile state and Unity state last year.

Refugees fled

The UNHCR says a plane dropped several bombs on Monday morning which landed on the transit site for those who have fled the conflict in Blue Nile over the border in Sudan.

“Bombing of civilian areas must be condemned in the strongest terms,” Mireille Girard, UNHCR’s representative in South Sudan, said in a statement.

The BBC’s James Copnall in Sudan’s capital, Khartoum, says the UN did not say who was responsible, but the refugees will almost certainly suspect the Sudanese Armed Forces.

Blue Nile is one of three border areas – along with South Kordofan and Abyei – where fighting has broken out since South Sudan’s independence.

Many rebels in these regions fought alongside southerners during the decades-long civil war that ended with Khartoum agreeing to the south’s independence.

Relations between Khartoum and Juba are clearly at breaking point. Since South Sudan won independence last July, there has been no end of trouble along their border. At times their armed forces have clashed, using tanks and aircraft, but no all-out conflict.

But the dispute over oil could push relations over the edge. South Sudan has decided to close its oil production after Sudan seized crude oil piped through its territory to reach international markets. Both countries depend almost entirely on oil for their revenues. They have few alternatives to fall back on.

For South Sudan there is the option of finding a route to the sea via Kenya. There are reports that the authorities in Juba will announce the building of a pipeline through Kenya next week. Another possibility is taking the oil in tankers by road. Both are hugely ambitious, but South Sudan argues that it survived years of war and could survive whatever comes its way.

For Sudan, the reduction in oil revenues has already caused difficulties, with people complaining of rising prices.

Both Sudan and South Sudan have much to lose by continued confrontation, but at the moment there seems little appetite in either capital to find a compromise.

Sudan’s army spokesman Khalid Sawarmi said Sudanese forces had been recently involved in fighting against rebels in Blue Nile in the village of Aroum.

“We attacked them and drove them out of this place. [We] did not use any planes or Antonovs there,” he told the BBC.

Following the strike on El Foj, most people have now fled the area or have been helped to relocate by the UN, the agency says.

The authorities in Upper Nile state say they do not have first-hand confirmation of an incident at El Foj.

However Upper Nile’s Information Minister Peter Lam Both did accuse Sudan of carrying out another air raid in the state on Sunday.

He told the BBC that three people were killed and four wounded in Khor Yabous, near the border with Sudan.

He also said South Sudan’s army had fought off an attack by militias around this time.

The UN says more than 78,000 people have fled Sudan since last August because of fighting in Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile.

Our correspondent says the latest incident highlights the bad relationship between the two countries as well as the difficult situation many refugees face.

Recently the focus has been on oil resources, with South Sudan deciding last week to shut down its production rather than, as it sees it, have some of its oil stolen by the north, he says.

The two sides are currently discussing how to share their oil resources at talks in Ethiopia.

But whatever the full truth of the matter, the greatest concern to many is security not oil, our reporter says.

UPDATE 1-South Sudan blames Khartoum for bombing refugee camp
United Nations says 14 missing from bombing of camp * Rebels say Khartoum launched second attack north of border * Incident deepens arguments over oil revenues (Adds South Sudan comment, background) By Tom Miles and Hereward Holland GENEVA/JUBA, 

South Sudan: UN Envoy Urges Sending More Government Forces to Troubled State
The top United Nations envoy in South Sudan stressed today that the best way to protect civilians in the strife-torn state of Jonglei is through military deterrence and urged the Government to deploy more troops and police in the area to patrol buffer 

EAC considering application of South Sudan
The Chairperson of EAC Council of Ministers Musa Cherutich has confirmed that the EAC is considering a proposal tabled by South Sudan to join the community. Cherutich who is Kenya’s Minister of the East African Community told journalists in Kampala 

South Sudan conflict haunts UN
JUBA, South Sudan, Jan. 24 (UPI) — The government in South Sudan is called on to bring justice to those responsible for ethnic violence in the troubled state of Jonglei, a UN envoy said. Hilde Johnson, UN special envoy to South Sudan and head of the 

South Sudan’s Doomsday Machine
New York Times
South Sudan was born as an independent nation on July 9, 2011, with good will and a bounty. Three hundred and fifty thousand barrels of oil per day provided the government with $1000 per year for each of its 8 million citizens.

Medvedev orders Russian troops out of South Sudan
Sudan Tribune
January 24, 2012 (KHARTOUM) – The Russian president Dmitry Medvedev issued a decree on Tuesday ordering his country’s troops to withdraw from the newly established nation of South Sudanwho were serving with the United Nations Mission in South Sudan 

Sudan Rift Prompts South to Curb Oil
Wall Street Journal
By SARAH KENT LONDON—South Sudan has started the process of shutting down its oil production, a government spokesman said on Monday, signaling a further escalation of a longstanding dispute with the North over oil-transit fees. The government 

South Sudan rebels in talks to join government
Africa Review
South Sudan Vice President Riek Machar (centre), flanked by Information minister Marial Benjamin (left) and army spokesman Philip Aguer (back in military uniform) announces rebel leader George Athor Deng’s death at a press conference on December 20, 

Aid group: S.Sudan clashes show “extreme violence”
The Associated Press
JUBA, South Sudan (AP) — Thousands of South Sudanese civilians fled a wave of ethnic clashes and face the danger of being attacked in hiding in what an international medical group on Tuesday called a pattern of “extreme violence.

South Sudan: UN condemns refugee camp air raid
BBC News
The UN has denounced the bombing of a camp housing some 5000 refugees in South Sudan near the border with Sudan. A boy was injured and 14 other people went missing during the air raid in El Foj in Upper Nile state on Monday, the UN refugee agency said.
South Sudan: Latest attacks perpetuate violence
MSF UK (press release)
In Jonglei state, South Sudan, civilians continue to bear the brunt of inter-communal fighting. Wounded patients are still arriving at the Médecins Sans Frontières/ Doctors Without Borders (MSF) hospital in Pibor, three weeks after the violent attack 

JUBA, South Sudan — Tribal clashes and cattle raiding attacks that have displaced tens of thousands of people in South Sudan will not affect the development of the oil industry, a top official said.Pagan Amum said Sunday that the situation in Jonglei state — the site of large tribe-on-tribe attacks over the last several weeks — would not affect the planned exploitation of the state’s oil fields.

South Sudan — the world’s newest country — gets nearly all of its government revenue from oil fields. The people of South Sudan are among the poorest in the world. South Sudan split off from Sudan last July.Last week South Sudan signed its first post-independence oil deals with the state petroleum companies of China, India and Malaysia for oil-producing concessions in Unity and Upper Nile states. The agreements replaced exploration and production agreements made previously with the Sudanese government in Khartoum.

Amum, the secretary-general of South Sudan’s ruling political party, urged French oil giant Total and other investors in the region to sign similar agreements and resume their operations in Jonglei.

The United Nations estimates that more than 60,000 people in Jonglei have been affected by recent waves of violence, which began on Dec. 23 between the Murle and Lou Nuer ethnic groups. Last week, state officials said 57 Lou Nuer — mostly women and children — were killed in retaliatory attacks by the Murle in Akobo county.

Jonglei is home to Concession Block B, one of the largest oil blocks in South Sudan. Total holds a 32.5 percent stake in Block B and is responsible for the exploration and development of the area’s oil. Total acquired the stake in 1980 when the south was still part of Sudan, but suspended operations in 1985 due to the country’s civil war.

On Tuesday in Ethiopia, South Sudan will resume talks with Sudan over the separation of the two countries’ once-unified oil industry.

All southern oil must be pumped through pipelines in Sudan, but the two countries greatly disagree over the amount the south should pay for the use of the pipelines.

The general atmosphere between the sides is tense. In a statement Saturday, South Sudan’s petroleum minister accused Khartoum of stealing 650,000 barrels of the south’s oil at Port Sudan. Amum, who serves as South Sudan’s chief negotiator in the talks, said South Sudan would not accept such “state piracy.”

Amum said the south would develop alternative means of extracting its oil if Khartoum did not conduct its business fairly.

“We have a company like Toyota Tsusho of Japan which is almost completing a feasibility study and have lined up financing to build an alternative pipeline through Kenya,” he said. Toyota Tsusho is part of the Japanese manufacturing giant Toyota Group.

Amum said South Sudan is already in discussions with Kenya and Toyota on the possible pipeline and is planning “trilateral talks.”

Copyright 2012 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.

South Sudan: Can We Make 2012 a Year of Plenty in Term of Food?
Early rains in most parts of Republic of South Sudan usually come in March which is less than two months away. It is with rains that cultivation in this new nation is closely related because our new ministry of electricity and dams have not yet 

South Sudan encourages oil development despite waves of internal violence
The Republic
AP JUBA, South Sudan — A top official in South Sudan says that tribal clashes and cattle raiding attacks that have displaced tens of thousands of people in the nation will not affect the development of the oil industry. South Sudan — the world’s 

South-bound but stranded in Sudan
UNHCR (press release)
After waiting for over a year to go to South Sudan, some southerners have set up home in abandoned train carriages at Khartoum’s Shajara railway station. KHARTOUM, Sudan, January 16 (UNHCR) – At first glance it looks like a junkyard, strewn with piles 

UNHCR Declares Massive Humanitarian Disaster In South Sudan
Oye! Times
“I want to make a very strong appeal to the international community for massive humanitarian solidarity for the people of South Sudan at the moment. South Sudan is a new born State still facing enormous challenge from humanitarian perspective. 

Washington Post
JUBA, South Sudan — Tribal clashes and cattle raiding attacks that have displaced tens of thousands of people in South Sudan will not affect the development of the oil industry, a top official said. Pagan Amum said Sunday that the situation in Jonglei Violence mocks the hope of South Sudan’s independence
South Sudan (MNN) ― They dared to hope. On July 09, 2011, the Republic of South Sudandeclared itself independent from Sudan (north) under the terms of a 2005 peace agreement that ended decades of civil war. The new nation was feted and gifted with 

Global Deal: Petronas Signs South Sudan Deal to Continue Existing Operations
Wall Street Journal (blog)
By Jason Ng of Dow Jones Newswires KUALA LUMPUR – Petroliam Nasional Bhd., or Petronas, said it has signed an agreement with the government of South Sudan that allows it to continue operations it began prior to the country’s 2011 independence from 

Malaysia’s Petronas signs transition agreement for South Sudan blocks
Malaysia’s state-owned Petronas and its partners have signed a transition agreement with the government of the Republic of South Sudan that enables them to continue operating in upstream blocks in South Sudan previously awarded by the government of the 

Egypt Pledges to Cooperate With Nation
Juba — A delegation from the Republic of Egypt headed by the Minister of Foreign Affairs Mohamed Al-Khalil Amri reaffirmed the commitment of the Egyptian Government to support South Sudan in developmental sectors as part of bridging their relations 

Written by John Daly
Saturday, 14 January 2012 13:30

There’s bad news and then there’s South Sudan, the world’s newest state. Less than six months after peacefully seceding from Sudan in the wake of an internally supervised plebiscite, South Sudan, potentially one of Africa’s richest petro-states, is descending into rising tribal violence.

The interethnic clashes have killed more than 3,000 and displaced thousands in South Sudan’s Jonglei State, with the UN reporting that tens of thousands of people displaced by the violence are in urgent need of food, water, health care and shelter.

But not to worry, Washington is now engaged, sending…



Health care?


No, on 10 January the Pentagon said that the five officers are expected to depart for South Sudan later this week to join the UN Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS.) The same day South Sudan’s Oil Minister said that north Sudan was siphoning off his country’s oil and threatened to instigate legal proceedings against any country or company involved in buying the allegedly stolen crude. The South Sudanese government also threatened to sue Khartoum over its decision to unilaterally impose monthly charges on its crude oil transported through its pipelines.

South Sudan’s Minister of Petroleum and Mining Stephen Dhieu Dau told journalists in the capital Juba, “Rather than view the New Year as an opportunity for renewed cooperation, the government of Sudan unilaterally decided to impose economic sanctions by blocking exporting our crude and stealing our oil,” gravely adding, “The Government of Sudan and all those that benefit from such illegal acquisitions will find no refuge from South Sudan’s legal authorities and will enjoy no future business with the Government of South Sudan.”

South Sudan is considering building a pipeline to Kenya to bypass having to use north Sudan’s infrastructure, but the project is years away from being implemented. As for the importance of oil to the new government’s economy, South Sudan is one of the world’s poorest countries, with oil export revenues currently accounting for around 98 percent of the government’s annual budget.

Why should the West care?

Because after South Sudan seceded in July 2011, it took with it 75 percent of the Sudan’s known oil wealth. South Sudan is also claiming that Khartoum is arming South Sudanese rebel groups in order to destabilize the new country and retake control of its oil fields.

Ever optimistic, on 12 January South Sudan issued a tender to sell 4.7 million barrels of Dar Blend and 1.6 million barrels of Nile Blend crude for loading in February despite concerns its shipments were being blocked by Sudan at the Bashayer oil export terminal.

Just to make sure that no untoward incidents occur, the quintet of American soldiers would not engage in combat operation but would be armed for personal protection and oh, President Obama issued a memorandum noting, “I hereby certify that members of the U.S. Armed Forces participating in the United Nations Mission in South Sudan are without risk of criminal prosecution or other assertion of jurisdiction by the International Criminal Court (ICC) because the Republic of South Sudan is not a party to the ICC and has not invoked the jurisdiction of the ICC pursuant to Article 12 of the Rome Statute.”

Coincidentally, but hardly as an afterthought, the Obama administration also authorized U.S. companies to operate in South Sudan’s oil sector.

And last but not least, Washington last week added South Sudan to the list of countries eligible to receive U.S. weapons and defense assistance, a gesture certain to enthrall the South Sudan’s northern neighbors in Khartoum.

And oh, that humanitarian crisis? The UN High Commissioner for Refugees Antonio Guterres, currently visiting Juba said, “This country is facing at the present moment, six months after independence a number of huge humanitarian challenges that needs massive solidarity from the international community.”

As for the intrepid U.S. military personnel boldly going where no U.S. servicemen have gone before, what is the Dinka word for “incoming?”

By. John C.K. Daly of

South Sudan caught in a cycle of violence

South Sudan caught in a cycle of violence
BBC News
In South Sudan, more than fifty people, mostly women and children, were killed on Wednesday in continuing tit-for-tat attacks and cattle raids between the Lou Nuer and the Murle people in the state of Jonglei. Aid agencies say more than 60000 people .


NAIROBI, Kenya — Threats of genocide and ethnically charged rhetoric are roiling South Sudan’s Jonglei state one week after a days-long rampage by a tribal militia forced 50,000 people from their homes and may have left thousands dead.

The commissioner of Pibor County, where most of the bloodshed took place, said that 3,141 people were killed, according to an initial assessment of the attack. But officials from the United Nations and the South Sudanese government cautioned that the number was unconfirmed and may be inflated.

Uncertainty also surrounded whether more bloodshed is in the offing. One militia spokesman vowed that a Rwandan-style genocide is on the way, but others said the spokesman represented only one faction of the militia, which is described as either a well-organized force meticulously executing central commands or simply a throng of cattle-herders bent on quick revenge and booty.

Confusion and finger-pointing are a regular part of South Sudan’s so-far brief stint at statehood — the country became independent from Sudan in July — but the latest crisis has left the nation struggling to come up with answers or solutions.

The rampage began before Christmas when thousands of members of the Lou Nuer tribe began a scorched-earth march through Jonglei aimed at members of the rival Murle tribe. At least three villages were burned to the ground as U.N. peacekeepers, badly outnumbered and monitoring the militia’s progress from helicopters, urged Murle to flee their homes.

The rampage came to an end last Tuesday on the outskirts of Pibor, after a Nuer foray into the city found little to steal and almost no one to kidnap. Four hundred U.N. peacekeepers and about 800 South Sudanese government troops were holed up in Pibor.

How many people died in the Nuer rampage is the most glaring uncertainty. Joshua Konyi, a Murle who is the commissioner of Pibor County, said a compilation of totals given by the area’s local administrators yielded the estimate that 3,141 people had died in the attack, most of them in rural areas out of sight of U.N. peacekeepers and government troops garrisoned in nearby administrative towns.

The steep figure has met heavy skepticism. Kuol Manyang, the state governor, said the numbers came too quickly and were meant “to win sympathy.” The United Nations, which initially estimated the number of dead at the “tens or hundreds,” said Sunday that there was no evidence to back up the claims of more than 3,000 dead.

But neither the government nor the U.N. has offered an alternative figure for the number of dead in a campaign that covered 70 miles in one of South Sudan’s most remote regions. The government is sending a commission to investigate the casualty count, said South Sudan army spokesman Philip Aguer.

After seeing their homeland destroyed, some Murle were incredulous that the local count was met with suspicion and accused the U.N. of acting on the defensive after its peacekeepers failed to stop the violence.

“The UNMISS military wing did nothing to protect civilians,” said John Boloch, a Murle leader who heads South Sudan’s Peace and Reconciliation Commission in Juba, referring to the United Nations peacekeeping mission in South Sudan by its acronym. “The number given (3,141) is true.”

“Right now all the numbers are suspect, but it’s probably best to start with the numbers being generated by local officials and then work to verify them,” said Judy McCallum, a former country director of an aid organization in South Sudan who does research on the Murle.

Those who did survive did so only by fleeing. The attackers did not appear to be in a mindset of mercy.

Online forums and private conversations are filled with vitriol aimed at the Murle, a small, politically marginalized group that numbers between 100,000 and 150,000 and is neighbored by both the Dinka and the Lou Nuer, South Sudan’s two dominant tribes.

During the long civil war in which South Sudan won its independence from Sudan, the Murle were seen as traitors. They’re accused regularly of abducting their neighbors’ children, a practice not uncommon across South Sudan.

One Nuer tribal member who has lived in the United States and claims to speak for the “Nuer White Army” said in email messages that the goal of the rampage was to wipe out the Murle. He promised more to come.

“The next attack against Murle will be worse than what happened in Rwanda in 1994,” the spokesman, Tut Deang, emailed in reply to a series of written questions. “If committing ‘genocide’ will bring us peace, so be it.”

He said that future raids will be launched under the cover of night to prevent detection by U.N. surveillance helicopters.

“We are fighting for survival in this part of the world and the so-called Western concepts of ‘responsibility to protect’ are crap,” wrote Deang, whose email account uses the words “Nuer power.”

Deang’s claim to speak for the militia, which U.N. officials say numbers around 8,000 men, could not be verified. In mid-December, a press release indicated Deang lived in Minnesota, but now he claims to have moved back to South Sudan. But he did not provide a local contact number, and numerous email exchanges and news releases took place during regular working hours in the United States.

The Lou Nuer area’s county commissioner, Goi Jooyol, questioned Deang’s legitimacy, accusing radical Nuer who live outside South Sudan of hijacking the tribal war for their own political agendas.

“These groups sending these emails are just groups acting on their own behalves,” Jooyol said by phone. “The people carrying out our attacks are simple people. Most are illiterate and are just trying to avenge the attack on their families, and maybe steal some cows.”

Whether official or not, Deang’s views are not unique. South Sudanese admit the sentiments are common, even among politicians and the educated. South Sudan’s history is also not encouraging: although best known for the oppression it suffered at the hands of Arabic Sudanese authorities to the north, the long civil war was filled with numerous atrocities South Sudanese committed against one another.

And don’t ask Deang to help settle the casualty debate.

“It is not our duty to count the number of Murle killed. The duty is to end the Murle problem,” he wrote menacingly.

(Boswell is a McClatchy correspondent. His reporting is supported in part by a grant from Humanity United, a California-based foundation that focuses on human rights issues.)

By Mona Al-Bashir, 5 hours 21 minutes ago

Khartoum – Sudanese government revealed a new diplomatic strategy in dealing with the Republic of South Sudan, affirming its keenness to improve and develop bilateral relations with the new-born state.

Foreign Ministry Undersecretary, Ambassador Rahamatallah Osman said that the new strategy will be based on the historical relations between the two countries considering that South Sudan was part of the Sudan, besides benefiting from the tribal intermingling on the borders between the two countries.

He added that the diplomatic work nature all over the world endevours to create relations with countries and people, stressing that the Ministry of Foreign Affairs believes that there is an already relation between Sudan and South Sudan which could be the foundation of that relation.

Osman affirmed that the Sudanese foreign policy towards South Sudan is based on economical and social advantages which could be achieved through close cooperation between the two countries.

He pointed out that Sudan wants to establish a good neighbourly relations with South Sudan, adding to Sudan Vision that there is no permanent hostilities between any two countries and that the Foreign Ministry will use all the methods to preserve the mutual interests.
On the relations between ROSS and Israel, Osman said that ROSS is an independent state and has the right to establish relations with whomever it desires, pointing out that that relation will not affect the Sudanese relations with the ROSS considering that the mutual interest is governing that relations.

He affirmed that lifting Sudan from the states sponsoring terrorism will not be implemented now despite the US recognition that Sudan is not more sponsoring terrorism and is due to the presence of the American civil society organization hostile to Sudan and other pressing groups in America.

South Sudan Government and the Use of Market Logic In Negotiations

Weeks after the Secretary General of the SPLM in South Sudan Pagan Amum offer to buy the North-South disputed area of Abyei from the Sudan, Amum presented another offer to a solution to the pending issues through buying and selling.
According to news reports last week, Amum announced readiness to pay any price for settling the pending issues, saying that Juba is ready to offer billions of dollars to settle these issues.
The statements of Amum came in the context of commencement of a dialogue to discuss means for solving the Sudan-Southern Sudan pending issues of the dispute over Abyei, oil exportation, foreign debts and demarcation of common borders.

The remarkable thing in the statements of Amum is his belief that everything has a price and that there is no need for political talks and arguments.
Unfortunately, this belief itself reflects the ignorance about the party the government of South Sudan is negotiating with and of the nature of the issues of negotiations.
The South Sudan is negotiating with Sudan which will accept the selling and buying principle in politics. Sudan has given the SPLM the right to vote for the self-determination referendum without any price. Sudan was only hoping that the South will stop supporting armed rebels in Sudan after the conduct of referendum.
It is strange for Amum to ignore this simple logic to try to offer money for land and other important security and essential issues.
And even if we accept this logic, the question is; from where will the Southern Sudan get these huge amounts of money? And if the South owns this money, why do Southern citizens live in miserable situations?
By SS, 23/11/2011

South Sudan president accuses Khartoum of stealing its oil
Sudan Tribune
January 2, 2012 (KHARTOUM) – The president of South Sudan Salva Kiir accused the Sudanese government of stealing his country’s oil in a new sign of escalation between the two ex-foes. In his New Year message to the people of South Sudan, Kiir said that 

Sudan’s rebels urge opposition parties to join struggle for regime change
Sudan Tribune
The SRF called for establishing a strategic relationship between Sudan and South Sudan, saying that this particular goal cannot be achieved unless through toppling the regime and finding an alternative system that guarantees cohabitation with South 

New Year football aims to bring unity to Bentui
Sudan Tribune
Unity state, which borders north Sudan, is home to South Sudan’s main oil fields as well as the new country’s most active rebel groups. Hundreds died in 2011 in clashes between rebels and the military. Sport is seen as a way to unite the new nation and

Ugandan traders seek $41m compensation from S. Sudan
Sudan Tribune
January 1, 2012 (NIMULE) — The Government of South Sudan will have to part with $14m as compensation to South Sudan Traders Association Limited (STAL), a Ugandan body which claims its members lost numerous properties while dealing with their South 

South Sudan: Nine people killed in Bahr el Ghazal
Sudan Tribune
January 1, 2012 (JUBA) — At least 9 civilians have been killed in two separate incidents in South Sudan’s northwestern region of Bahr el Ghazal. Several others have also sustained injuries in the same incidents which took place in Aweil, the 

South Sudan: UN urges ethnic communities to resolve differences peacefully
United Nations, New York, 29 December 2011 – Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon expressed deep concern about continuing ethnic tensions in South Sudan’s Jonglei state, where there are reports of fresh rounds of deadly clashes and claims that thousands of 

Reporting from South Sudan
Al Jazeera
AJE’s Haru Mutasa travels to the troubled village of Pibor in South Sudan

UN: Up to 50000 flee South Sudan tribal turmoil
Up to 50000 people have fled tribal violence in a remote border area of South Sudan, the United Nations said on Monday, in the latest episode of upheaval to hit the new African nation. South Sudan became independent in July last year under a 2005 peace 

RCMP inspector off to help build South Sudan
Burnaby NewsLeader
Sutherland will be spending the next year on a similar mission in South Sudan. By Mario Bartel – Burnaby NewsLeader Walt Sutherland built a life in the RCMP. He’s risen through the ranks from general duty officer to VIP security to Inspector. 

Bor South Development Project in USA to hold conference on May 26
New Sudan Vision
To: Beloved Sons and Daughters of Bor County, South Sudanese, and Citizens of Jonglei State, Twi, and Duk Counties. The leadership of Bor South/Bor County has scheduled a Reunion and General Assembly meetings for Memorial’s Day weekend. 

South Sudan: Civilians Flee
New York Times
South Sudan became independent in July under a 2005 peace deal with Sudan. But it is struggling to stop rebel and ethnic violence that has killed thousands. On Monday, about 6000 armed members of the Lou Nuer ethnic group attacked the remote town of

South Sudan probes beating of senior official in Wau
Sudan Tribune
January 2, 2012 (JUBA) – South Sudan said Monday it is investigating an allegation of assault against a senior official in the national government by forces believed to have been from the new nations military. An armed group, allegedly members Sudan

South Sudan, Israel’s new ally
Washington Times
By Daniel Pipes It’s not every day that the leader of a brand-new country makes his maiden foreign voyage to Jerusalem, capital of the most besieged country in the world, but Salva Kiir, president of South Sudan, accompanied by his foreign and defense 
Sudanese mark Independence Day
Press TV
During his speech on this day, Al Saddig al-Mahdi, the leader of the main opposition party, National Umma party warned the government about the new relationship taking shape between Juba and Israel, which may be detrimental to the peace of South Sudan 
S.Sudan syllabus review lifts Kenya publishers outlook
Business Daily Africa
Kenyan publishers are seeking to grab a larger share of South Sudan’s text book market as the new nation changes its curriculum and raises its spending on education by billions of shillings. Photo/FILE By VICTOR JUMA (email the author) Kenyan 
UN warns South Sudanese to flee
BBC News
The United Nations has warned villagers in South Sudan to flee from advancing fighters from a rival ethnic group. Fighters from the Lou Nuer ethnic group are pursuing members of the Murle group, reports say, as a deadly vendetta over cattle raiding