Archive for April 11, 2012

A Preview of South Sudan’s Future?

Posted: April 11, 2012 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Economy
Tags: , ,

Across India, Nepotism as a Way of Life

By MANU JOSEPH, Published: April 11, 2012

NEW DELHI — The Indian upper class, like royalty, is sexually transmitted. Politics, business, mainstream cinema and other occupations where talent is subordinate to lineage are dominated by family cartels, who plant their own over the rest. The Indian elite is a system where there is a 100 percent reservation for its own genetic material. And the most underrated joke in the country is when this class joins the middle class in lamenting reservations for the poorest Indians from the “backward” castes in colleges and jobs.

The urban middle class, too, is a beneficiary of the generous and tenacious Indian family, which subsidizes its children far longer and deeper than is generally accepted. Only a young Indian who is not supported by a family purse will appreciate the simple fact that he or she does not compete with other young people for a shot at a decent life but with whole families. The Indian is less an individual and more the mascot of his family background — much the way Rahul Gandhi is the mascot of the Gandhi dynasty.

Pakistan is very similar in this respect, and that was evident this week when its president, Asif Ali Zardari, arrived in Delhi accompanied by his son, Bilawal Bhutto Zardari.

The Indian prime minister hosted a lunch where Bilawal Zardari and Rahul Gandhi were present. Most of the Indian news media reported the lunch with photographs of the two men. Both had gone abroad to study and returned to inherit, unchallenged, powerful positions in major political parties.

Bilawal Zardari, 23, is chairman of the Pakistan Peoples Party. Rahul Gandhi, 41, is a general secretary of the Congress party. Bilawal Zardari’s prime qualification for the position he holds is that he is the son of the late prime minister Benazir Bhutto and grandson of the late prime minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. Mr. Gandhi’s is that he is the son of the late prime minister Rajiv Gandhi and grandson of the late prime minister Indira Gandhi. There are more ancestors far back in Indian history who can be called on to endorse his position.

Rahul Gandhi knows how ridiculous this is. He told a group of students: “My father was in politics. My grandmother and great-grandfather were in politics. So, it was easy for me to enter politics. This is a problem. I am a symptom of this problem.”

Across the nation, with few exceptions, political parties are family businesses that children who have returned from foreign universities wait to inherit.

In his book “India: A Portrait,” the British writer Patrick French points out a fact that is unremarkable to Indians but startling when expressed through statistics. One hundred percent of the elected members in the lower house of the Indian Parliament who are under the age of 30 are from families with a political background. Mr. French calls them “hereditary M.P.’s.” Sixty-five percent of members in the 31-40 age group are hereditary M.P.’s.

In mainstream Hindi cinema, all the top actors cast in lead roles, barring one, are sons of former film stars, directors or writers. As is the case with several lead actresses and directors. Thousands of young people who flock to Mumbai to make it big have almost no chance of making it to the very top.

In late 2010, Azim Premji, one of the richest men in India, pledged about 90 billion rupees, or about $1.7 billion, to support the philanthropic projects of his trust. Such news is rare in India. It is unusual for Indian businessmen to donate to charity because such generosity is at the expense of their primary function — to materially enrich the lives of their children. They do make huge donations to temples, which is not surprising because their children will be among the direct beneficiaries of a divine blessing.

Middle-class parents guard their children with equal care. There are thousands of talented Indian students who study in foreign universities on well-deserved scholarships, but the great Indian migration to foreign universities is largely the gift of Indian parents to their children. And when the time comes for the tearful farewell, the children’s suitcases are stuffed with homemade food.

Before the Mumbai airport was renovated, there was a spot in the old international terminal that acquired a sort of notoriety because that was where the departing scholars opened their suitcases and threw away all the pickles and other things their mothers had packed.

The parents stand by their children for a long time, buying them apartments and cars, and putting those with no family support at considerable disadvantage. In return, the useful parents exert considerable power over their children long after they cease to be children.

The Indian cricket star Yuvraj Singh is more often photographed with his mother than with pretty girls. In any other country it would be unusual to see a young sports star photographed so often with his mama. Rahul Dravid, one of the most revered cricketers, once dated a top actress, but he married the girl his mother picked. The great chess player Viswanathan Anand also married a girl his parents chose.

About 15 years ago, at the very first news conference of my career, I was foolish enough to ask him why. Why would an international sporting sensation need his parents to find him a wife?

Mr. Anand, who was seated with his father, did not answer. But his father did. “It is an inappropriate question,” he said.

Manu Joseph is editor of the Indian newsweekly Open and author of the novel “Serious Men.”

Press Statement from Sudan Embassy, Washington DC, on Heglig

Posted: April 11, 2012 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Press Release

South Sudan Army Attacks and Occupies Sudan Territory

PR Newswire

WASHINGTON, April 11, 2012

WASHINGTON, April 11, 2012 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ — In yet another unwarranted act of aggression, South Sudan and its proxy forces again heinously attacked and occupied Heglig on April 10th, an area that is indisputably a Sudanese territory. The assault comes in the midst of strenuous peace-building efforts exerted by the African Union High-level Implementation Panel (AUHIP) whose chairman recently visited with both countries to push for dialogue. This attack is in direct contravention of those efforts and therefore clear proof that South Sudan is neither serious nor interested in forging peace with Sudan.

This latest incident also reinforces the ominous culture of impunity, which enables South Sudan and its proxies to launch attacks in Sudan killing scores of innocent civilians and there would be no international reprimand. There hasn’t been a single statement from those that are fond of wielding cameras to battle fields to capture the images of those massacred; nor was there a word from those with satellite imagery regarding the movement of thousands of SPLA troops invading Sudan with very visible tanks and heavy artillery. It is a glaring double-standard that speaks volumes to the Sudanese who as a result are increasingly growing cynical of all the talk of Humanitarianism.

The Government of Sudan reiterates its commitment to peace and opposition to aggression. However it will defend the territorial integrity and sovereignty of the country when war is imposed on it, as is clearly the case now. In accordance with the United Nations charter and the International Law, Sudan reserves its legitimate right to respond to this and any further aggression as it sees fit. The international community is also called upon to bear witness to this provocation and forcefully condemn what is an obvious and blatant act of war. In this regard, it must be recalled that Sudan already has a number of complaints that it has previously submitted to the Security Council regarding South Sudan’s aggression and support of rebels, all of which continue to be ignored.

Sudan also urges South Sudan to realize that it isn’t in the interest of its citizens to wage a war that it clearly cannot win. Neither is this ill-conceived strategy of “attack and withdraw” prudent, as irreparable damage is caused to Sudan and its people whose patience is wearing thin. The Government of South Sudan must change course and shun this aggressive posture before it’s too late.

Embassy of Sudan Press and Information Office, phone: +1-202-338-8565, or fax: +1-202-667-2406

SOURCE Embassy of the Republic of the Sudan

Read more:

By Embassy of the Republic of South Sudan – Brussels
ADDIS ABABA, Apr. 11:The African Union has released a statement calling on Sudan and South Sudan to exercise utmost restraint, and implicitly accused South Sudan of occupying Heglig.The African Union’s characterization of the presence of the South Sudan army in the disputed area as an “occupation of Heglig” is totally inaccurate, because Heglig is just one of the six disputed areas along the 1800km Sudan-South Sudan border.

What the African Union seems to have not realized or understood is that Heglig is not Sudanese territory, as the Sudan-South Sudan border is yet to be demarcated. In addition, the Sudan Armed Forces war planes have dropped 60 bombs in South Sudan in the month of March alone. Bridges, civilian centers have been targeted in the process.

Khartoum claims that Heglig is its territory because the PCA puts it outside Abyei. Ironically, Khartoum has not accepted the PCA ruling on the status of Abyei, and had sent in a military force to occupy the area instead. The African Union has been silent on this.

Khartoum has refused to endorse the “Four Freedoms” framework agreement mediated by the AUHIP, saying this framework agreement is a danger to its national security, because it would allow South Sudanese to reside and own property in Sudan.

The AU should instead work to demarcate the border so that both Sudan and South Sudan can live in peace within their territories.

South Sudan troops capture disputed oil town
Fox News
JUBA, South Sudan – A Sudanese minister says troops from rival South Sudan have captured an oil-rich border town claimed by Sudan after a day of fighting. The Sudanese government admitted late Wednesday that the South Sudan Army (SPLA) has taken over 
South Sudan troops move into disputed oil town
Bismarck Tribune
By MICHAEL ONYIEGO and MOHAMED SAEED AP JUBA, South Sudan (AP) — After a day of fierce fighting, troops from South Sudan captured an oil-rich border town that is claimed by Sudan, whose troops withdrew under the onslaught, a Sudanese government 
China Prepares to Receive President Kiir
By Susan Athiei Mangar, 11 April 2012 Beijing — The Chinese Assistant Minister for Foreign Affairs, Zhong Jianhua revealed yesterday in a meeting in Beijing attended by the South SudanAmbassador to China, Bak Valentino together with South Sudan media 
South Sudan Army Attacks and Occupies Sudan Territory (press release)
WASHINGTON, April 11, 2012 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ — In yet another unwarranted act of aggression, South Sudan and its proxy forces again heinously attacked and occupied Heglig on April 10th, an area that is indisputably a Sudanese territory.

The African Union has demanded South Sudan withdraw its troops from the Heglig oilfield in Sudanese territory.

A map showing South Sudan and Sudan's oil fields

Fighting has continued for a second day between Sudan and South Sudan in the disputed border regions.

The AU says it is deeply alarmed and called on both sides to exercise the utmost restraint.

Khartoum says it is withdrawing from negotiations with South Sudan and has complained to the UN and the AU about South Sudan’s “aggression”.

A military spokesman for South Sudan told the BBC his troops were coming under aerial bombardment north of Heglig.

‘Destruction’The BBC’s James Copnall in Khartoum says that Sudan relies on the oilfield for a sizeable part of its budget.

Sudan has vowed to use “all legitimate means” to retake the oil fields, and has warned of “destruction” in the south.

Rahmatullah Mohamed Osman, the under-secretary at Sudan’s foreign ministry, acknowledged that it would not be possible to continue pumping oil as long as South Sudan controls Heglig.

Mr Osman said there would be an economic impact on Sudan, but not necessarily in the short term. The country does have other oilfields

“If they want peace, they have to pull their forces from the territory of Sudan” Ibrahim Ghandour Sudanese official

The fighting is the most serious conflict between the neighbours since South Sudan seceded in July last year.

In January, land-locked South Sudan, which depends on oil sales for 98% of its revenue, shut down all of its oil fields in a row over the fees Sudan demands to transit the oil.

A presidential summit, which was to have been held in South Sudan’s capital, Juba, at the beginning of April, has been postponed indefinitely because of the recent violence.

A senior Sudanese official, Ibrahim Ghandour, says South Sudan’s actions mean reconciliation efforts are now off the agenda.

“We cannot talk about peace while there is an aggression,” he said. “If they want peace, they have to pull their forces from the territory of Sudan.”

But South Sudan’s military spokesman, Colonel Philip Aguer, says his forces are simply acting in self-defence.

“We pursued them up to Heglig,” he said. “We think this is our right.

“We have never aggressed anybody. We have never crossed into the territories of the Republic of Sudan.”

In a statement, the African Union called upon both countries to resolve this and all other outstanding issues “in a peaceful way in accordance with the overriding principle of establishing two viable states in Sudan and South Sudan”.

Correspondents say Sudan, having lost most of its oil when the south seceded, will not tolerate losing any more.

By Agereb Leek Chol, Worcester, Massachusetts, USA


“A society whose youth believe only in now is deceiving itself. It denies man’s basic and oldest characteristics, that he is a creation of memory, a bride into the future, a time blinder” Loren Eilsely.

I don’t even know where to begin because many things had happened in our community over these two names. We have debated these names in our gatherings, but we still couldn’t come up with a solution. We still don’t have a name that unites the Duk, “Twic East”, Gok, and Athoc. However, I have been contemplating to write this piece because maybe few individuals who can judge my argument from both sides rather than taking sides might find this piece useful. To irritate, Dr. John Garang de Mabior is known by his comrades as a patriot from Dinka Bor in the history of South Sudan. The question is did Dr. John Garang de Mabior secretly say to the so-called “Twic East” folks that they don’t belong to Dinka Bor? What is “Twic East” all over sudden? What is “East” in Dinka? All the counties from Cuei thon to Chuei-keer make up the Dinka Bor as per my understanding. This includes Duken, Litth, Ajuong, Pakeer, Gok, and Athoc. I hope no one is referring to “Twic Mayardit” from Dinka Bahr el Ghazal to make a reference. Some who know Ajuong’s clans believe “Twic” came from “atwiei” clan within Ajuong. The lingering question is when was this term coined anyway? Was this after the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) in 2005 or during the war? Don’t get me wrong, I come from both communities.

To begin with, I, the author, get pissed off, deceived, and frustrated about how our diaspora leaders from “Bor” or “Twic East” are handling development projects back home. I am not insinuating that they are bad leaders, but they are too blind to see how these names are affecting our communities in terms of development. Perhaps they noticed this, but they don’t have the guts to make this issue a part of their task.

I, the author, was brought up knowing that I am Dinka Bor from “Gok” region in Jonglei State. Within Gok, I have my own sub clan which I identify myself with. To go in depth, within ‘sub clan’ in Gok, I have a section that identifies me as well. As you can see, these categories paint the picture of Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) because this can be confusing when politics takes its role. In addition, I was told that ‘there isn’t any single people call “Bor” other than those groups mentioned above. This name came about because the ‘land’ Bor gets flooded every season by the Nile River. Perhaps we shouldn’t worry about the name because the GoSS has a plan to drain the Sudd Wetlands so the water can easily run straight to Egypt.

The question is should I, the author, identify myself with my ‘sub clan’ within Gok or should i identify myself with the general name, Bor, which unites the aforementioned groups? This seems to be the problem with our diaspora communities particularly my community. I won’t speak about the diaspora in East Africa, but I will mention the killing of one student in a tribal brawl in Nakuru, Kenya last year.  More importantly, I want to extend my late condolence to the families who lost their son because of this renaissance.

When we came aboard, our goals were to go to school, work, and help our people back home. We send money home regularly, but that’s not enough. Some of these dreams can be achieved by individuals, but bringing “cities to villages” as Dr. John Garang de Mabior said is not an easy task for one person or by a single clan. Perhaps the philanthropist, John Khok Alat is the only man who is capable of this since he already funded Makol-Cuei project. He inspired me to ask myself what the former President of the United States once said, “ask not what your country can do for you but what you can do for you country”. Khok Alat champions Kennedy’s figure of speech.

To generalize, we the so-called “Bor” or “Twic East” around the globe are divided simply because of the name Bor. I will limit my generalization to the United States and Australia because I live in both places.

In 2009, the Dinka “Bor” in America elected their President in Michigan State, of which I was one of the voters. His name is Abraham Deng Lueth. The acronym is Greater Bor Community-USA ( Some people from Australia and Canada came to cast their votes. There were disagreements, which let some people to leave the meeting because they didn’t like the “domination of Dinka Bor” name as an acronym. These individuals were half my age, and I was born sometimes in 1983 when Kerubino Kuanyin Bol surprised the Jalaba in Madingbor. Luckily enough, the meeting went on and we elected our leaders. There is no doubt that these leaders have been working day and night to help our communities here aboard or back home, but they are weak because we the community don’t have their full support because of this name. Some individuals might argue that they are doing well because they are raising funds. To offer my judgment, some of us just do it to be politically correct or to keep our constituents.

For example, I, the author, know someone who nominated himself to be a Bor leader, but in the low, he denies the name and claimed that he’s not from Bor. He first identifies himself with his ‘sub clan’ over Bor.  How absurd can this be! What progress do we expect from this individual? Is he a “political prostitute” or is he lost in the system.

The same year, I went to Australia and I was fortunate to meet my uncles, aunts, mothers, sisters, brothers, and friends during a Bor meeting. I felt like I was back in Kakuma refugee camp in Kenya. The meeting was well attended, but fights broke out over personal issues. However, what baffle me is what I later realized that the meeting didn’t include everyone except those from “Gok” and “Athoc”. I wasn’t sure if these two sections were the ‘legitimate’ “Bor”. Interestingly, the “Twic East” and Duken” were holding their meetings separately. I would assume their meeting pertain development in Jonglei State similar to the Bor Community.

My question is why are some people blindfolding the entire community to be part of “Bor” while in fact they don’t really embrace the name? Why are we raising funds in the name of “Bor” while in fact there are some people who want to serve their respective clans? How sustainable are these projects if we aren’t united to support them? Does anyone notice this trend or am I missing something?

Since “Bor” is denied by many people because it doesn’t represent them, we should go our separate ways in order to bring development in our villages. This doesn’t mean we hate each other, but to ease up these unresolved tensions in the meetings.  Whether the legitimate “Bor” meet together in Australia, the “Twic East” and the Duken individually, it doesn’t matter as long as they are planning to help people back home. The Greater Bor Community in the United States on the other hand, is even more confused like a child brought up in a village and relocated to a cattle camp for the first time. There are a lot of ambiguities because people don’t know who to support. This attitude is one of many reasons why people are reluctant to be part of development. How do we avoid this?

In my opinion, we should not raise funds in the name of “Greater Bor Community” here in the U.S because this name offends others who believe they are marginalized under this name. This thinking prevents them from helping our communities. We hope this thinking will cease since we are getting ‘higher education’, but it is not happening. Perhaps the wise Dinka man who said “a horse can finish University, and he will finish as a horse” was right. This is a direct translation. We shouldn’t forget that when the Murle raiders attack the Dinka in Jonglei State, they don’t say let’s go and raid “Bor”, “Twic East” and Duken for their children and cattle. In BOR POLITICALLY POOR POLITICIANS, Tearz Ayuen writes, “For how long will Bor people drink water straight from frog ponds? Even when the other South Sudanese middle-aged men are proudly developing pot-bellies as a result of Comprehensive Peace Agreement, Bor men still have flat stomachs. In case you spot a Bor male adult with a big belly in Bor town, he must be suffering from bilharzia or tapeworm that normally enlarges the belly. The dude still drinks dirty water!” Let’s keep Bor for political purpose, and let’s get down to business!


  • Let’s abandon the so-called Greater Bor Community (GBC) for the sake of development. This name is destructing many people who want to help back home.
  • Form four major associations, which include “Gok, Athoc, Twic East, and Duk around the globe. These groups should raise their funds separately to avoid these conflicts.
  • The ‘legitimate Bor who happens to be Gok and Athoc should form one association since they don’t have a problem with the name.
  • Every year, each association should balance their check book with their partners, and report to other leaders from Cuei Thon to Cuei-keer. After these leaders balanced their check book, these communities can then sit down and prioritize two to three projects back home.
  • Renovate current schools, health clinics, and roads instead of starting new projects. We often failed to think about sustainability. How long are we going to raise funds individually?
  • Build a training center in Jonglei State like Don Bosco in kakuma, Kenya, so that our youth and wounded heroes could get skills instead of relying on Kenyans, Ugandans, and Ethiopians to do manual jobs.

As a member of this community, I deserve the right to criticize what’s happening in our community. Our leaders need to re-evaluate their rule of engagement given those aforementioned recommendations. I feel bad for those individuals who are trying to help, but they have no ‘plan B’ to sustain their projects. Let’s not be another World Bank and the IMF institutions. Until the Dinka “Bor”, “Twic East”, Duken, Gok, and Athoc in the U.S, Canada, Australia, and Europe unite and think of one project, what Tearz Ayuen narrated in his article will continue to hunt us years from now. Many of us left East Africa in early 2000 and we’ve been collecting money every year. What’s the result? How long can we send our people to neighboring countries for treatment and schooling?

This author is concern citizen. He can be reach at

By PaanLuel Wel, Washington DC, USA
My Unsubstantiated View
Twic East has more to do with “Twic East” people opposition to “Kong’oor” name; a reaction or rather a rejection of the name “Kong’oor” which was previously used in place of today “Twic East.” It origin goes back to the acrimony, within Twic/Twi people (derogatory referred to as “Tuei” by Tears Ayuen), over the naming of the Dioceses in as far as whether the name, as then proposed, should be “Diocese Kong’oor” or should be changed to something else… something more inclusive of all sections that make up the “Twic” clans. The objection to the name “Kong’oor” stem from the fact that there is a clan within “Twic/Twi” that is specifically known by that name–Kong’oor. The other clans felt shortchanged and belittled for being referred to as “kong’oor” yet the name belong to one specific people. Eventually, to resolve that un-inclusiveness in the naming of the proposed “Diocese” it was decided that the name “Twic East” should be adopted–East in contrast to “Twic Mayaardit” of Bahr El Ghazal of which “Twic East” shared some linguistic aspects  and names, for instances, than they do with “Bor” of Athooc and Ghok of Jonglei.
Naming is very controversial. For example, Dukkeen, comprising Nyarweng and Hol, refused to be referred to as “Twic East” and they were given their own county and proposed diocese within the ECS. Lith was a termed used mostly by Pakeer to refer to the rest of Twic Clans except themselves–called it everybody north of Pakeer that include Ajoung, Awulian, Ayuaal, Dachueek, Kong’oor, Adhiook, and Abek. Later when Awulian, Ayuaal and Dachueek adopted the name “Nyuak” to refer to themselves, the name Lith become a default name for Kong’oor, Adhiook and Abek. Currently though, with Kong’oor by itself with the name Kong’oor Payam, Lith has become a group name for Wernyol Payam of Adhiook and Abek.
Of  course, that does not mean that there has never been a controversy over the name “Bor” when it is referred to all Dinkas of Jonglei. The question as to why the ECS diocese was not named “Bor North” as the county was then known is one indicator of an underlying disquiet. The author should have covered some historical background in terms of how much the SPLM/A–driven by need for easy categorization/groupings to ease administrative and logistic issues during the liberation era–contributed to the genesis of “Bor” as unifying name to all Dinkas of Jonglei. The author should have also looked into the time when Ajang Duoot (together with Machiek Deng of Bor South and Deng Malual of Dukkeen) was said to have been the paramount chief of all Dinkas of Jonglei; was Ajang Duot a paramount chief of one people referred to as”Bor” or of three separate people namely Bor, Twic and Dukkeen? If Ajang Duot was a paramount chief of “Bor” as in Bor being Twic, Dukkeen, Athooc and Ghok, then the hypothesis would be that that was the starting point when the name “Bor” became the universal names among the Dinkas of Jonglei. The author should also have posited what the local illiterate people back in the villages think of themselves: do old illiterate men and women from all these communities consider themselves as “Bor” or differently? The author should have also weighed whether or not the connotation in which the name “Bor” is used do rhyme to the same connotation to which the name “Kong’oor” was used to refer to all people of “Twic East”. And as mentioned above, the role played by the Diocese created by the ECS is another aspect that could have been explored by the author.
It is debatable whether the controversy over the name “Bor” is precluding social and economic development among the Dinkas of Jonglei. On the one end, more hands mean more effort, hence more things accomplished and more communal objectives attained. That is, if “Bor” were to unite under the name “Bor”, much can be achieved given more pooling of resources. On the other end, there is definitely no disagreement over the names Twic East, Athooc, Ghok and Duk-ku-Duk within those subgroups and yet they have got nothing to show for their unity under those names.
It is upon patriotic individuals–John Khok Lat, John Daau and Daniel Akech Thiong etc–who have done more to serve the community than those clanial groupings. While much could be attained with unity, it may not be guaranteed that unity translate into automatic development of “Bor” villages. As for the name, the rest of the Dinkas, plus all other South Sudanese will continue to refer to all Dinkas of Jonglei as “Dinka Bor” or “Bor Dinka.”
So while the debate may be raging within the “Greater Bor Community”—that is how I prefer to call them,—over whose and what names they should be collectively known, it would change little in terms of social harmony (there is no all-out war going on), political unity (they are all Dinka Bor outside the cocoon of their respective counties) and economic development (individual initiative, rather than communal handouts, will determine the pace and magnitude of economic development as exemplified by Khok Lat).
Dr. John Garang will remained a Dinka Bor to the rest of South Sudanese and the world no matter what local arrangement or disagreement the local groupings might have on their sleeves.
By RaanLuel Wel (he is different from PaanLuel Wel please; he is an admirer of PaanLuel Wel, hence the closeness of the two names).

There are so many scenarios in the debate of Bor is this and Bor is that:

1. The origin: How the name came about to generalize Hol, Nyarweng, Tuic, Athooc, and Gok. If people know much about the history of origin, it would greatly help in solving the issue. It seems like the naming occurred in different time and generations. For example, time of Ajang Duot, Deng Malual, and Machiek Deng is totally different from Garang Mabior and Garang Anyieth’s time. Each group added a different level to the name. For instance, Garang Mabior-Garang Anyieth’s group coined up “the Cuei Thon to Cuei keer” or “Cuei Keer to Cuei Thon” phrase. Therefore, the challenge is up to the current generation to either abandon what has been already started or come up with alternative and universal name.

2. Bor Asili-Bor fake scenario: There are some people called themselves buor-asili and that isolates rest of the members. It is understandable that everything has an origin, but extremists from other part of the larger community feel excluded. The best example is “Twic-Bor” phrase. Some members from Tuic don’t want to be referred to “are you from Twic-Bor,” as opposed to Twic Mayardit. Therefore, all extremists from all sides made it hard to forge a unity and move on.

3. Bor South-Bor North scenario: There is always a question of why is it Bor South County and there is no Bor North County or Bor Central, in that matter? In this scenario, Duk-Duk has never considered itself as a part of Twic, Athooc, or Ghok. Twic, in other hand, wants to remain as Twic East County. Then Athooc-Ghok wants to own the name Bor County with no South attaches to it. Therefore, it has to be Bor County instead of Bor South Couty, since there is no Bor North, Bor West, Bor East, or Bor Central.

4. Garang Mabior’s credit scenario: Given the scenario #3 above, there is a question of who would take Garang’s credit, mainly good credit during the struggle of liberation. If what now called Bor South County becomes Bor County, then good credit will go with them and leave Tuic where Garang hailed from with no credit. Therefore, Bor South County has to be renamed Athooc-Ghok County and let go Bor name to everybody as unifying name, which is quite contradicting to other scenarios.

5. Other Sudanese communities’ scenario: There is an argument that other Sudanese communities know us Bor so why don’t we keep this universal name?! In this scenario too, there is an issue of other communities hate us or even kill us as Buor so why don’t we leave little things that separate us and be together?!

6. Stereotype and prejudice scenarios: This interesting scenario is very much based on the judgment that don’t ever call me Bor, because Buor are thieves and deceitful people who eat frog; don’t call me Tui, for Tuic are dumb and stupid people who know nothing; and that don’t connect me with Hol and Nyarweng, for they are very close to Nuer and people who jointed Nuer during 1991 massacre. Therefore, everybody is rejecting everybody based on stereotypes and prejudices.

All of the above factors, plus many others contribute to the debate of “Greater Bor Community” name in one way or the other. In my opinion, every side has to be accepted and given a special attention in any discussion. Some people take it personal and some people keep it cool. If members of the said community really want to debate the issue in question, they must discuss it openly and professionally. Otherwise, it gets out of hand easily.


By Comrade Chol Kuch

I have tried very hard to stay away from this debate; however, I realize that this may be the single most existential threat to the citizens of Athooch and Gok (sometimes refereed as Boor or Bor), Twi East, and Duken (to stick to the term held dear by the respective sub-groups), whether they realize it, is another matter all together. It’s an existential threat because the hostile neighbors of these groups do not recognize their bickering differences and frustrate them equally. Politically, they are now fractured that each of them do not really matter anymore on the political arena and therefore, they are exposed to political abuse and resources distribution marginalization. Politics is a number game and hence the winner must side with large groups all the time. It is not a rocket science to see that their splinter is not in their long-term interest.

Having figured out how detrimental the lack of a proposed solution to this issue is, I would urge all our citizens from each subgroup to put forward a proposed solution, rather bandaging the problem. I know for a fact that each of these communities knows exactly the cost of their division, but they have allowed themselves to be caught up in their own hubris. I feel really bad for the common man among these groups for they are being taken for a ride by politicians on each side and also by the few who claim to be the community intellectuals. Both politicians and intellectuals who favor this splintering maybe be short-sighted and some are only interested in the short-run gains and should not be trusted.

The name issue is going to be a polarizing item for eternality, unless it is tackled at the highest level (our leadership in the government, council of elders, youth groups, mothers groups, and religious groups) knowing that each of this group ends up being the sacrificial lamb when things goes awry. I want to warn my brothers that the answer is not in the Diaspora; we can be participants, but we cannot provide the answer to this problem; people back home should.

Here is a simple novel idea: how about allowing both groups to remain as they wished to be call such as Bor, Twi East, and Duken. Then propose another unique name to unite all the groups. Let’s us all vote on the unique name that has roots in all. Now, that’s a challenge worth pursuing!

By Peter Reat Gatkuoth

The year proceeding to the independent day of the South Sudan saw the first defection and open armed rebellion among the Southern soldiers. Some fought for unpredicted agenda and other had personal hidden issues to pursue within the rebel system. Among those defected individuals, some of them are pure civilians who had never been in training camp either from old Bilpham or from the current Bilpham. These group lack military training and discipline. This is why their action often resulted into indiscriminate killing of the civilian and the destruction of civilians’ properties. Being an army officer meant a lot in the developed countries where law are above everything. The society always looked at you as an individual with respect to human value and human dignity base on the perception that you have taken an appropriate and enough training.

Training in Military Academy means brainwashing the civilian perceptions, belief and prefer them for better duty in their chosen career. It meant to prepare someone to have skill and experience when dealing with uncertainty. An individual who had not given proper training is always kept away from guns or they are not allowed to carry the guns simply because h/she does not know the military regulation or legal consequences of mishandling military materials. The perception behind this was that those who are not trained well could do harm to civilian indiscriminately and the good example was the Fangak Massacre in Jonglei State. Giving someone a Military General’s license without proper training is an insult to the SPLA Military Academy. It reduces the system of the SPLA down to the lowest level and it will always lead the system to be challenged because civilian who are hired act like civilian. They always will make worse or simply decision like civilian while favouring the villagers.

Experience tells us that this system of hiring/promoting villagers had once destroyed the system of SSIM/SSIA because some commanders, after the split (August 28/1991) had brought their family from the villages to sit on the top of the trained ranking officers. What can you expect between the civilian commanders who do not know how to give even the report to the unit commander and the first Lt. Army officers who were trained and had full experiences/skills in Bonga since 1986? Disrespect emerged and mistrust within the system increased simply because the officers had no trust and they disregard themselves in the system. If the policy of the military code is not handled well, then it often leads into the failure of the whole system.

Imagine Dr John Garang happened to be alive today by chance, he would simply cry because it would be impossible for him to talk to the Generals who had never been in Military Academy training for at least four years. Keeping the rank rewarding system restricted is a policy of making sure that all new recruits had enough training and practice within the military field. It is like hiring employees’ policy because you cannot reward a new employee for $30 dollars per hour while others were there working for $20 dollars per hour for many years without an increase rate. If the employees discover such an action, they will definitely throw you out through the windows instead.

I believe it would be a very shocking experience and scary option for late Dr John Garang to visit the SPLA Military garrison, full of a newly officers who were not trained well because they lack the military discipline and the rule of engagement. The rules of engagement in the military units are the legal frameworks that guide army personnel in any activities or use of force. These regulations are designed as the control mechanism that allows force to be used across the spectrum of conflict with clear instructions. The rules of engagement in military unit or system are very important “lawful commands” or important steps that all trained soldiers had practiced during the training period. In most cases, all soldiers live with such a regulating disciplined practice as long as they are still working in the army unit. It is considered as very significant and important military norm that always regulate the conduct of soldiers engaged in an army activities. Perhaps it will be a good lesson to the SPLA commanding unit that has rewarded a defected civilian from civil services to the rank of General, a rank that some of the trained Bilpham groups had never dreamt to get in shortest period of time.

David Yau Yau was a member of Jonglei community recently prior to his lost against his opponent. After the failure to achieve the seat that he has fought for as an MP, he defected to the bush, recruiting his supporters to rebel against the Juba government. Few months after the election, he announced his intention to join the SPLA force, an intention to deceive the SPLA Command Unit in order to get a high ranks. It is also a policy to gain trust within the SPLA system. The fear by then is the operation that he will be conducting, mainly against the civil population who are unarmed in Jonglei. It is very clear by then that David Yau Yau, a General who has no ideas about the rule of engagement, principle of distinction and precaution will conduct an immediate indiscriminating attack against the civil population of Jonglei community or perhaps Upper Nile State without respect of humanity and human value. Who should be blamed; the SPLA Command Unit or the ruling party?

In the whole world or in the military system, one who defected does not always deserve any promotion beyond his/her crew. The reasons why the military command unit do not favour such a move is because it cause disrespect, differences within the system and therefore sometimes result into more defections. I think the SPLA Command Unit had made a wrong choice in the wrong time to promote David Yau Yau to the rank of General. If they were to give him some merits as an appreciation for his cooperation during the integration, Yau Yau would have been given a rank of Captain at least……a maximum ranks a civilian who is educated could get while in training for some period of time. This should be done simply to bring the people that he has blindfolded back to the system and get severe training for one year.

South Sudan Military policy need to be reshaped as the SPLA army became a national and regular army. Weak regulation will fail the system and it will affect the residents and the citizens of the country because army officers that have no proper training will cause injustice, for instance an army officer who was not train usually support folks in the village rather than the rule of law. Rule of Engagement, practising by the soldiers always appear in a variety of forms in national military doctrines, including execute orders, deployment orders, promotion system, operational plans or standing directives. Whatever their form is, they provide authorization and/or limits on the use of regulations, the positioning and posturing of forces and the employment of certain specific capabilities.

The principles of humanity and distinction in the military rule of engagement always highlighted and prohibited the use of forces against the civilian. Lack of good training and promotion of inexperience officer always lead into societal destruction because an Army officer who has not gone through proper training usually executed an inappropriate order without consulting the highest officers or assessing the situation carefully and critically. The experience of Fangak attack by George Athor officers indicated that those who attack the Fangak were pure villagers, being hired and promoted as officers while they had never gone into disciplined training.

Military attacks that do not use the rule of proportionality, discrimination and distinction are always likely to cause civilian suffering and damage of their properties. This is obvious from the massive violence against civilian populations around the South Sudan territories. And it is true throughout the conflict history of the South Sudan that most fighters do not see civilians as humanitarian agencies might see them. The SPLA must provide the guidance and limitations to ensure that the military forces are aware of the proper conduct and response levels appropriate and proportional to the mission objectives. They should not be deceived by anyone who regrouped the hunger people in the bush for personal agenda. The command unit must make sure that no one plays the game theory in order to achieve some benefits and merits within the shortest time while others soldiers served long enough since 1980s without better promotion.

The writer is a graduate student of International Law and Human Rights in the United Nation University for Peace. You can reach him for any comment at This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Sudan vows response after surprise loss of oil-rich town to SPLA

Posted: April 11, 2012 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Junub Sudan

South Sudan troops move into disputed oil town as battles rage on disputed border

By Associated Press, Wednesday, April 11

JUBA, South Sudan— Troops from South Sudan moved into an oil-rich border town claimed by Sudan as fighting intensified between the countries over who controls the area, officials said Wednesday. A South Sudan official said the fighting is “spreading all over.”The two sides fought a civil war that lasted decades, and any increase in sporadic border clashes raises the risk of a return to all-out war.

Sudanese army spokesman Col. Sawarmy Khaled told the official Radio Omdurman that the South’s army attacked the border oil town of Heglig twice in the past 24 hours. Heglig is located about 100 kilometers (60 miles) to the east of the disputed region of Abyei, whose fate was left unresolved when South Sudan split last year from Sudan.South Sudan officials would not confirm whether their troops are in control of the oil fields.

“Fierce battles are still going on and the situation has not yet been resolved,” said Khaled, promising the Sudanese people their side will be victorious.

Hostilities between Sudan and South Sudan have grown in recent months, even as the south has said it is trying to avoid a return to war. The two sides never reached a deal to share the oil resources in the region or the exact location of the border, adding to the tensions.

South Sudan’s army — the SPLA — said it moved into Heglig on Tuesday after repelling an attack launched by Sudanese Armed Forces against an SPLA position near the border town of Teshwin.

SPLA spokesman Col. Philip Aguer said several Sudanese MiG-29 fighter jets bombed the area on Monday and Tuesday. Aguer said several SPLA soldiers were injured in the attack but would not say how many.

“The war is widened,” said South Sudan Information Minister Barnaba Marial Benjamin. “The battle is raging. It is spreading all over.”

Heglig lies along the ill-defined border between the countries and has been the focal point of nearly two weeks of clashes between the armies. The region is home to oil facilities that account for around half of Sudan’s oil production, a critical source of income for the country’s flagging economy.

A 2009 ruling by the Permanent Court of Arbitration in the Hague placed Heglig in South Kordofan, Sudan. But South Sudan has disputed the ruling, asserting that the region is in South Sudan’s Unity State.

The Khartoum government in the north warned in a Tuesday statement that it will use “all legitimate means” to respond to the alleged aggression. Sudan also said that if South Sudan resorts to war, it would only reap “failure and destruction.”

Aguer said South Sudan’s forces are pushing through the area to prevent further attacks from forces there.

“Our main goal is to secure the territories of South Sudan and protect its people,” said Aguer. “Sudan and its allies, militiamen that have been trained in Heglig and Karsana, have been attacking us from there for last two years.”

South Sudan’s move into Heglig follows separate alleged attacks in South Sudan’s Unity state, near Abiemnom.

Aguer said a series of bombing attacks by Sudan on Tuesday wounded four civilians. Benjamin said the target was a “strategic bridge” linking Unity with neighboring Warrap state.

Abiemnom has not been a recent site of conflict between the two countries

The continued clashes have dimmed hopes for a resolution between the two countries on a host of issues left over from their July split, including oil-sharing, citizenship issues and the demarcation of the border.

Sudan President Omar al-Bashir was scheduled to visit South Sudan for a summit on April 3 but the talks were scrapped in the wake of the clashes at the border.

President Barack Obama earlier this month called South Sudan President Salva Kiir to ensure that South Sudan’s military exercises maximum restraint and is not involved in or supporting fighting along the border.

Copyright 2012 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.

South Sudan accuses Sudan of new attack
KHARTOUM, April 10 (Reuters) – South Sudan said on Tuesday that Sudan had attacked a disputed oil-producing border region with warplanes and artillery, in the latest flare-up of violence that has delayed a summit between the former civil war foes.
Govt Imports Chinese Military Trucks
By Maureen Mudi, 9 April 2012 A CONSIGNMENT of military trucks has left the port of Mombasa forSouth Sudan, five days after they arrived by sea from China. The consignment was offloaded on Wednesday last week at the G-Section of the port, 
Sudan Stops South Sudanese Leaving As Border Clashes Resume
Wall Street Journal
KAMPALA, Uganda (Dow Jones)–Sudanese authorities have prevented hundreds of South Sudanese citizens from returning to their country as clashes along the nations’ oil-rich border resumed Tuesday, underscoring deteriorating relations between the former 

South Sudan launches attack on Sudan border oil field
China Daily
KHARTOUM – The Sudanese army announced on Tuesday that troops from South Sudan had launched a large-scale attack on a strategic oil filed on the borders between the two countries. The Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF) said in a statement that troops of the 

Mosaic News 4/9/2012: Iraqis Have No Democracy or Security Nine Years After 
Iraqis have neither democracy nor security nine years after the fall of Baghdad, thousands of South Sudanese in Sudan at risk of becoming stateless, Egypt’s former intelligence chief accused of attempting to steal the revolution, and more.
South Sudan faces challenges providing maternal and child health care
UNICEF (press release)
By Kun Li TORIT, South Sudan, 10 April 2012 – It was a busy morning in the maternity ward of Torit Civil Hospital, Eastern Equatoria State. Three newborns were welcomed into the world, all in good health. Surrounded by family members, Lugina Michael 
Achievement of household food security in South Sudan
Sudan Tribune
By Jacob K. Lupai April 10, 2012 — South Sudan is made up of ten States which grew out of the previous three southern provinces of Upper Nile, Equatoria and Bahr el Ghazal. As history shows the people of South Sudan have had a long bloody struggle for 

Nutributter shipment arrives in South Sudan
Reuters AlertNet
A shipment of 39 metric tons of life-saving Nutributter® has arrived in Wau, South Sudan. Humanitarian aid organization World Concern will distribute the peanut-based ready-to-eat food supplement to 7800 children, ages 6 to 24 months, to help prevent 

RDF Deploys in South Sudan
By Felly Kimenyi, 10 April 2012 The Rwanda Defence Forces (RDF) will today begin to deploy in the new independent state of South Sudan as part of a newly created UN-backed stabilisation mission there. The first group of the Rwandan contingent, 

Sudan vows response after surprise loss of oil-rich town to SPLA
Sudan Tribune
April 11, 2012 (JUBA) – The Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF) on Tuesday acknowledged that it has lost control of the oil-rich town of Heglig following what it said was an attack by South Sudan’sPeople Liberation Army (SPLA) and “mercenaries”.

Sudan says battles raging along South Sudan border after southern army 
Washington Post
KHARTOUM, Sudan — Sudan said battles were raging Wednesday along its border with South Sudan after southern troops attacked an oil-rich town in the area. The fighting raised the specter of an all-out confrontation between the two countries already 

Sudan accuses South of assaulting oil area
KHARTOUM (Reuters) – Sudan said on Wednesday it would use “all legitimate ways and means” to oppose what it said was South Sudan’s assault on an oil-producing border region disputed between the two countries and long marred by clashes.
South Sudan receives military trucks from China: report
Sudan Tribune
April 10, 2012 (KHARTOUM) – South Sudan received a shipment of military hardware from China that were loaded via the Kenyan port of Mombasa, according to a news report. The Nairobi-based ‘The Star’ newspaper said in its Monday edition that the 

Battles raging on disputed border, 2 Sudans say
The Times Herald
By MICHAEL ONYIEGO AP JUBA, South Sudan (AP) — Battles raged Wednesday along the disputed border region between Sudan and South Sudan, officials from both countries said, and aSouth Sudan official said the fighting is “spreading all over.

Sudan: No Talks With South Sudan After New Clashes
Voice of America (blog)
Sudan says it is pulling out of talks with South Sudan, as the two countries’ forces clash in a disputed border region. The announcement Wednesday came as South Sudan’s army claimed control of the oil-producing town of Heglig.

RDF Peacekeepers Head to South Sudan
By James Karuhanga, 11 April 2012 One hundred and fifty Rwanda Defense Force (RDF) peacekeepers left Kigali International Airport aboard a Rwandair plane this morning on their way to the world’s new state of South Sudan. Rwanda which has over 3200 

South Sudan: Shortage of Hard Currency Hits Businesses in Juba
Yussif Ahmed a hard wire trader in Juba market said, they are selling in south Sudanese pounds hence the shortage of dollar had made it difficult for them to go and bring other stocks becausesouth Sudanese pounds can’t be accepted in any other country 

Has South Sudan Biblical prophecy come true?

Posted: April 11, 2012 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Socio-Cultural

A Sudanese woman

SOUTH Sudan’s may have been prophesied in the Bible thousands of years ago.

According to a CBN news report, Christians in southern Sudan believe recent events in their country are part of God’s plan for their nation. Sudan sits just below Egypt.

The north is ruled by Islamic dictator Omar al-Bashir, but the south is dominated by Chrisitans, who believe biblical prophecy is coming true right before their eyes.

Southern Sudanese residents recently voted forindependence from the largely Muslim north.

Christians say the Bible talks about the land of Cush in Isaiah:18, describing a land divided by rivers where the people are tall and smooth-skinned.

Many south Sudanese Christians believe this passage refers to them, and they will soon be free to praise God in their own land.

According to Wikipedia, the existence of the historical Kingdom of Kush in what is now areas of southern Egypt, and Sudan cannot be reasonably questioned, although the term may later have been employed with some latitude.

In addition, the modern Cushitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family spoken by various populations in the Horn of Africa, is named after the Biblical Cush.

In the Bible, Cush is the name of two men and a land. It is the name given to the eldest son of Ham and the father of Nimrod (Gen. 10:81 Chr. 1:10). From him the land of Cush seems to have derived its name. Cush means black.

The land of Cush: The term Cush in the Old Testament is generally applied to the countries south of the Israelites. It was the southern limit of Egypt (Ezek. 29:10, Authorized Version “Ethiopia,” Hebrew: Cush), with which it is generally associated (Ps. 68:31Isa. 18:1Jer. 46:9, etc.).

Ezekiel speaks (29:10; compare 30:4-6) of it as lying south of Egypt. It was the country now known to us as Nubia and Abyssinia (Isa. 18:1Zeph. 3:10, Hebrew: Cush). In ancient Egyptian inscriptions Ethiopia is termed Kesh.

The second man known by this name in the Bible was a Benjamite. He is mentioned in the title of Ps. 7. “Cush was probably a follower of Saul, the head of his tribe, and had sought the friendship of David for the purpose of ‘rewarding evil to him that was at peace with him.’”


Posted: April 11, 2012 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Junub Sudan


I seldom think about the late John Garang de Mabior, but whenever I do, words like dishonor, contempt, disrespect, degradation, belittlement, disloyalty, betrayal and even treason cross my mind. They come in great numbers and at once, such that they cause a heavy word-traffic jam in my head, as my grammatical brain tries to choose one word that can clearly describe how individuals have defecated and continue to defecate on the freedom fighter’s achievements and dreams. Needless to mention de Mabior’s end result of his rebellion, struggle and leadership, no single person amongst his stewards seems to be interested in fulfilling his dream. Don’t worry. I will explain. Just stay with me.

First of all, no one is perfect and never ever shall anyone be. De Mabior was both a Satan and Angel. The seven-headed serpentine satanic de Mabior castrated and slaughtered many many many prominent people in our societies. On my side, one was my uncle and the other, a neighbor from my neighboring village, Palee. These personalities arrived at their cruel deaths, perhaps because they disagreed with de Mabior on some issues pertaining to liberation of the common man. It is history anyway. On the other hand, you yourself know, hear, see, feel and taste the work of the angelic De Mabior. I don’t have enough time to spend, counting his good deeds. His work is just priceless.

In my book, de Mabior died in vain. Look, having his image printed on the country’s currency alone does not say that you really feel and remember him. Hanging his portrait in every office does not show that he is honored. Bowing or kneeling in front of his mausoleum doesn’t indicate that you respect him. Giving Nyandeng and the sons a trillion dollars would not make him pleased.  Shedding tears or even crying a river before his grave would not make him receive homage from you. Mentioning his name during national functions does not help. Naming South Sudan after him would not make him smile down there either. Relax; I am getting to the point.

I repeat, Garang Mabior died in vain. If you think I am wrong, you take a trip to his birthplace, Panyagor. Check it out and tell me what it looks like.  Panyagor remains the same. Nothing has changed since de Mabior left it for studies in Tonj in the late1950s, or is it early 1960s? I saw Panyagor months ago when a WFP plane picked me up from Bor and dropped off some passengers in Panyagor first before flying straight to Juba. Even though my unplanned visit lasted five minutes, I captured a lot with my mental digital camera. There were three concrete buildings with iron sheet-roofing. The rest were traditional grass-thatched mud houses. Old useless electric poles exhaustedly stood along an open passage that looked like a road. I can’t conclude that what I saw was a road because nothing showed that a car passed. No tracks though the ground was damp. If it is a dirt road, it must be the least used road on earth. All I saw was a herd of cattle and goats taking rest on it, lying and chewing cud uninterrupted.  If they were niggers, I would say they were chilling out. Another thing that caught my eye was the presence of few people in the area. I think great depopulation took place here. All I saw were really very few people, mostly the elderly.

My argument is, if the political, economic, social, educational, and religious situations in the then region of southern Sudan forced de Mabior and the rest to take up arms against Khartoum regime, why then can’t he be honored by at least changing the lives of Tuei? Tuei are amongst south Sudanese who suffered the most during the struggle. They were victimized by de Mabior’s enemies within, who politically blindedly decided to demoralize, hurt him by going for a killing spree in Bor North, no, Twic East. Forgive me. That was a slip of the tongue. If de Mabior was alive today, that would be a different story. We would all be tight-lipped and watch as we now are, wondering when or whether our president will embark on developing his village. So, why are Tuei being raped socially, economically? Why disrespect the hero? Why belittle his legacy? Why do we pretend to worship him? Yes he fought for all of us but the fact that he died, leaving many things unaccomplished should place Panyagor on top of the list of places to develop in South Sudan.

On his way to the grave, de Mabior told his juniors to take towns to the people; a great message that, I think, got soaked in a bottle of whisky, drank up and flushed down the toilet that evening. It ran down the sewer straight to the Nile River which in turn carried it to the Mediterranean Sea.  I call it the misplaced message. Leaders now try to remember where they kept it. Others have a really very bad memory; they are doing the exact opposite of the message by taking villagers to the towns as they fail to protect them from a number of things, including rustling, revenge attacks and tribal wars that consequently make them not grow their own crops. Acute poverty, indicated by starvation and diseases set in, sending them packing, to towns.  Tuei are not any exception here. About ninety percent of them live outside their county.

Politicians should have made de Mabior’s dream come true by starting off rural developmental projects in Panyagor. This would be a token of appreciation for the great role he played. Tuei themselves would understand why their son joined the struggle.

I know construction of South Sudan is in place but with the current speed of development, with the way rural affairs are being handled by Members of Parliament, I think modern living standards will reach Panyagor around the year 2100, about 88 years away from now.

Irrespective of all the things politicians try to please de Mabior with, wherever he is; hell or heaven, he is not a happy living dead. He feels betrayed, dishonored, belittled. He never smiles. He frowns at the leaders seven days a week.

In conclusion, if de Mabior did not die in vain, if politicians have not forgotten him, if our leaders do not really sing the “everyone for himself and God for us all” song, if politicians really want him to Rest In Peace, then the only way they can prove and show the whole world that they still hold him close to their chest is by prioritizing development in Panyagor. In fact, I suggest the National Assembly should draft and pass a bill into law, let’s call it Panyagor Bill. The bill should be a real thing that defines a number of developmental projects, namely; paved roads and streets and avenues, power plant, water project, five state-of-art hospitals, ten 20-storey glass buildings, schools, agricultural machineries and recreational facilities. Immortalize him by renovating the hut he was born in, in Buk village, Nyuak payam. Researchers, historians and tourists would travel from all corners of the universe to come and see the birthplace of one of the world’s greatest men.

Contrarily on the education agenda, leave Tuei alone. They are ahead of the game. You shouldn’t be surprised if anyone told you that Twic East is the only county in South Sudan with the lowest illiteracy rate.