Archive for July 24, 2014

I didn’t know, but the chaps who frame these issues, have apparently been talking about how the “Beijing Consensus” on development, i.e., whether Africa should follow China’s way, or as President Uhuru Kenyatta would put it, “look East,” or there is an even better model closer home, the “Kigali Consensus” and, less so but gaining popularity, the “Addis Ababa Consensus.” In short, development and security first, and democracy later or not at all.



This week, we have been at a conference on Africa on the banks of Lake Como, outside Milan, the Italian fashion capital. Lots of clever people who research on, and have written about, Africa were in the house.

It is interesting that 75 per cent of the conversation, in the end, was not about the broad Africa as such but six countries: South Africa; Ghana, a shining star whose lights are dimming; Rwanda; Ethiopia; Kenya; and Nigeria, a giant that refuses to die and defy all laws of nature, economics and history, and is being throttled by Boko Haram terrorists.

During coffee breaks, when the microphones weren’t near, a few chaps whispered to me that it cannot be an accident that the most important economies on the West African coast (Nigeria) and on the eastern side (Kenya) are hobbled by terrorism.

They think there is a grand conspiracy by an evil hand somewhere, designed to bring down Mother Africa.

I never even for a second entertained such a thought, so I was caught so off guard by the claim I couldn’t say anything. The only thing is that they didn’t say who the main conspirator was, but it is truly an intriguing idea.

But the two African countries that were mentioned almost every 10 or so minutes were Rwanda and Ethiopia.


I didn’t know, but the chaps who frame these issues, have apparently been talking about how the “Beijing Consensus” on development, i.e., whether Africa should follow China’s way, or as President Uhuru Kenyatta would put it, “look East,” or there is an even better model closer home, the “Kigali Consensus” and, less so but gaining popularity, the “Addis Ababa Consensus.” In short, development and security first, and democracy later or not at all.

The house was divided down the middle, with several people arguing the “Kigali Consensus” is an authoritarian model destined to fail in the end, while others making the case it was the way that was best suited to the peculiarities of Africa.

I was surprised that this “Kigali Consensus” thing is big out there, and so a good conference neighbour from Chatham House in London offered to send me a paper that was written about it — and he did.

Apparently it gained currency after Liberian President Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf said: “The one country that I had wanted to follow was Rwanda… We had the advantage of natural resources. But we did not have the advantages they had of capacity, work ethic and discipline. We also departed from Rwanda in terms of the implementation of democracy.”

But for today, we will focus a little more on the Kenyan case. The Western types, generally, were enamoured of Kenya and described it as a country “with a weak state and strong private sector” as opposed to Ethiopia that is a “strong state with no private sector.”

However, because Kenyans are able to make decisions about their leaders and how the country is governed more than Ethiopians, Kenyans are considered to be “citizens” and a few fellows referred to Ethiopians as “subjects.”


Academics are an interesting lot, and it is good to hang out with them a little — not too much, though. They can derail you.

Kenya had fellows batting for it, and someone acknowledged that yes, unlike Ethiopia, with its empire and the entrenched (and deeply conservative) Coptic church, Kenya has no history of a strong state. But what is seen as a “weak” state and institutions is not how it fails. It is how it succeeds.

A “weak” state has limits on how much power it has to prey on the private sector (compare that with Ethiopia, where the State, ruling party and military corporations dominate the economy).

Secondly, Kenya’s “weak” state means that it is easier to negotiate claims against it and to extract concessions too. Because it is not inflexible and you can get something from it, the country has had relative stability “without any sustained long-time violent conflict” and avoided the mass appeal of radical politics. So the present problems of terrorism, by this logic, are an anomaly.

One might agree or disagree, but for a few days, it was refreshing to listen to people grappling with Kenyan problems in a highly intellectual manner, without hurling tribal spears. It was worth every minute of it.

south sudanese pondering the Kiiriek's mess in Juba

south sudanese pondering the Kiiriek’s mess in Juba

By Gatwech Koak Nyuon, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Kule1 was first established while Kule2 was later established as an extension of Kule1 due to increase arrival of the refugees from South Sudan. The camp established on 17 May 2014. Above 1000 individual refugees from South Sudan mostly from States of Upper Nile, Jonglie and Unity State arrive everyday (Tamirat Ayelle, UNHCR protections).

Both Kule 1&2 are located 47km away from Gambella town while 7km away from Itang Town. The camps are found in mountainous area with sandy soil mixed with some rocky. The area is green and may remain green even in the dry season (Martha Nyanchiew Kotdah), a women leader in Kule2 described. Both Kule1&2 currently hosted almost 100,000 refugees purely from Nuer tribe. South Sudan has more than 60 tribes with Dinka as the majority and Nuer as the second majority (2008, Housing and Population Census).

So far, UNHCR predicted the camp should accommodated 30,000 but due to daily arrival of the refugees, the services fall short because of the high growth of the population. Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) is providing water in Kule2 with GOAL-Ethiopia seriously providing feeding for malnutrition children. Even though it’s green, the camp remained white with tents sealed blue on top with UNHCR logo.

Gatwech interviewing a woman under her tent in Kule-2 Refugee Camp.JPG

Gatwech interviewing a woman under her tent in Kule-2 Refugee Camp.JPG

The exact number of refugees should not be told due to the   huge growth of conflict, the drought in some areas of Upper Nile, Unity and Jonglie States while the frequent alert of famine in South Sudan is eminent. More refugees have disclosed that they choose to come to Ethiopia because they trust the Ethiopian government should protect them better.

All these led to the pushing factor for South Sudanese refugees to come to Kule1&2. South Sudan as a Christian Country, the Nuer refugees never missed to pray under trees.

The refugees cited that they would be very happy if some missionaries would volunteer to preach the gospel in order to erase the trauma. “I have no Bible because we were attacked in Nasir by the government troops and we just ran for our safety with nothing at hands”, an under Tree Church Deacon who asked her name not to be published said.

UNHCR and other International partners are seriously demonstrating help on refugees. Now, the survey is underway and the UN believes it will soon open some schools for refugees in the near future.

Both warring parties have been negotiating in Addis Ababa under Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) with negative outcome. The refugees loss hope and they believe that the truce mediated by IGAD will bear no fruit. Instead they urged Christians Communities around the globe to pray for the crisis.

rssin mess

It’s just beyond their capacity. “The UN is doing better and remain will do better” Elizabeth Nyakong Puk, a widowed refugee coming from Nasir, Upper Nile State told me while assessed the situation in Block-B. Administration for Refugee and Returnee Affairs is a government partner for UNHCR in Ethiopia protecting refugees while the UNHCR deals with assistance.

Finally, this article is my research finding in Kule1&2 on how UN and its partners put more concern on refugees. As a researcher, I recommended that UNHCR and other partners are doing enough and we should only help to pray for South Sudan because a single word of prayer will make a difference!

The Author is currently doing his undergraduate in Leadership and Development Studies at Mekane Yesus Management and Leadership College and undertaking his Thesis entitled ‘The Impact of current South Sudan Conflict on Refugees in Kule 1&2 ’, he is also an Actor, Director and Producer of BROWNSTONE MOVIE, a Nuer Movie advocating for girl child education in South Sudan. He is currently living in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia and should be reach on:


NB: This post was from my “Old Flame” published on December 6, 2013 in reaction to Mandela’s death… (

Salva Kiir running his office in the bush in the 1980s. Salva Kiir running his office in the bush in the 1980s.

History is a good god of its own. It has the ability to bestow and also withdraw. It has two faces, and can alternate them in two phases accordingly. The faces of the historical coin are faith and fate. One face is human in nature; the other is God’s. If a man shows one, history changes the other. This means if a person is faithful to history, history will in turn be not fateful to that one. This is seen in Mandela’s biography: human in the beginning, god in the ending—humanity in phase I, spirituality in phase II. However, for Salva Kiir Mayardit, I am afraid! Having seen how far and fast in his sleeping he is slipping into the…

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Origin of Death : How it came about

Posted: July 24, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in David Aoloch

Origin of Death: How it came about

By David Aoloch Bion

longest time ago, Nhialic,
The Creator the God
Created Garangdit, the son of mud
his wife Abukdit ,the daughter of crane
Ordained Oxpecker the yellow black eye bird
As priestess and gave her piece of broken gourd
he told her
‘’ if mankind aged and die, burry him or her’’
She, oxpecker will throw piece of gourd in River
If enters water, come up and floats
She, priestess will fly to highest altitude
and prays, proclaims in deepest voice
‘’O Nhialic, the Creator
May mankind resurrect, live again on earth
Like piece of gourd that float again on water’’
Nhialic, the God gave this message to oxpecker,
Priestess and went to Nhial, his home
in hidden and unknown direction

On earth when mankind die
Is buried and oxpecker priestess performed
Piece of gourd ritual
Mankind resurrect and no death forever then
One day man set forest on fire
Fire burned oxpecker water droplike nest on tree
Six eggs of oxpecker burned in nest on tree
Mourning her eggs ,
oxpecker burned piece of gourd in funeral rite in revenge
and Never informed mankind

Days later man died and buried
Relatives sent oxpecker the, priestess to perform rite
oxpecker went and picked piece of shard of pot
And threw in River, shard of pot sank
In water, she flew in highest altitude
Prayed and proclaimed in deepest voice
‘’ O Nhialic the Creator
May mankind die and never come to live
On earth again like this shard of pot
that NEVER come back from water’’
There came death forever
oxpecker flew to wild became wild bird
Nhialic never came from Nhial

South Sudanese are deadly FUNNY

Posted: July 24, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in PaanLuel Wël


The gov’t has a war to wage against the rebels in the bushes. The gov’t has a peace to make with the rebels in Addis Ababa. Instead, it is busy talking of moving the national capital from Juba to (not Ramchieel as previously proposed) either Wau or Rumbek. How could that be the gov’t priority in the midst of death and destruction?

Recently, the rebel military spokesperson, Lul Ruai Koang, attacked the legacy of Dr. John Garang and questioned the value/contribution of Mabioor de Garang to the rebels’ cause. Today, Mabioor released an article in which he attacked (not Lul Ruai but) Pagan Amum and his group for allegedly claiming the legacy of Dr. John Garang.

Surely, something does not add up there, for among Pagan Group is Madam Nyandeeng and the person that Mabioor urgently need to respond to is Lul Ruai, not Pagan. Don’t Pagan and his comrades have a right to abstain from the killing spree under the watchful eyes of President Kiir and Dr. Riek Machar?

The nation has a deadly war to cease, the peace to achieve, the reforms to initiate and the reconciliation to make. Yet, it is embroiled in a meandering debate over federalism. How will federalism solve the leadership question (the constitution of the interim gov’t) between Salva Kiir and Riek Machar? How could federalism be a priority in the midst of war when its rightful place shud be under the “reforms to be enacted” agenda?

But this is South Sudan. As Dan Warabeh would put it, mai fipol har bery puni. Deadly puni por dhat matta.

By PaanLuel Wel, Juba.

The Adulteration of the Legacy of the Struggle

Posted: July 24, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Commentary, Featured Articles

“He who performs jihad out of his office should not offer advice to those in the trenches” –The Syrian rebel coalition known as the Army of Islam responded with disdain to the Dubai-based Hamas leader, Khaled Mashaal, who had urged them to desist from using violence to oust President Bashar al-Asaad of Syria. Is this Mabioor’s message to Pagan in this article?

By Cpt. Mabior Garang de Mabior

Dr. John Garang and his family: Garang, Madam Nyandeng, Mabior and Chol

Dr. John Garang and his family: John Garang, Madam Nyandeng, Mabior and Chol

The legacy of the late Dr. John Garang de Mabior has been significantly quoted, however, it is hardly understood even by those that claim to have been his lieutenants. There is no legacy of the late Dr. John Garang, there is only the people’s struggle. The late John Garang was a Man that fulfilled his responsibilities as an individual to the people’s struggle. We should be speaking of the example of Dr. John Garang not his legacy. The legacy of Dr. John Garang de Mabior is destroying the Republic of South Sudan through its misuse by South Sudanese celebrity politicians.

The word legacy is defined by the Webster dictionary as: “1leg·a·cy noun \ˈle-gə-sē\: something (such as property or money) that is received from someone who has died: something that happened in the past or that comes from someone in the past.” If this is applied to the political situation in South Sudan, and we invent something called the legacy of Dr. John Garang; it begs the question who is the heir to this legacy?

The answer to this question has divided the leadership of the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) as the different interest groups are contending over this legacy. The SPLM in Government under Salva Kiir, and the SPLM Political Leaders under Pagan Amum are fighting over the legacy to the exclusion of the third group under Dr. Riek Machar. The two groups the SPLM under Salva Kiir and the SPLM Political Leaders under Pagan Amum are in addition trying to assassinate the character of Dr. Riek Machar in the name of this legacy.

This barbaric war in the Republic of South Sudan arose out of a leadership crisis in the SPLM Polit-Bureau. The SPLM leaders; namely, Salva Kiir, Riek Machar, Pagan Amum, and Rebecca Garang had expressed their desire to contest for the chair of the SPLM at the National Convention scheduled for May 2013. The victor of these primaries would become the flag bearer for the SPLM at the general elections scheduled for April, 2015.

The Chairman of the SPLM recognizing that his popularity had waned, started to collude with his trusted henchmen to hatch a plot of eliminating those they perceived as a threat. The Chairman began his actions by dismissing the entire cabinet including his running mate Vice President Dr. Riek Machar on July 24, 2013. This was followed by the illegal dissolution of the structures of the SPLM on November 15, 2013.

The leadership of the Political Bureau countered by calling for a Press Conference on December 06, 2013 in which they exposed the dictatorial tendencies and rampant corruption in the government. The crisis came to a head on December 15, 2013 when the Chair of the SPLM in his capacity as the Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces declared that he had foiled a coup and that he was moving to arrest the leaders.

The President stated:

The SPLM is fully committed to peaceful and democratic transfer of power and will never allow political power to be transferred through violence. In response to the criminal acts of yesterday committed by these disgruntled groups and for the sake of the security and safety of our citizens I hereby declare a curfew to be observed from 06:00 AM – 06:00 PM until further notice…

The government will ensure that the culprits answer for their crimes before the appropriate law institutions…

The Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces made these allegations prior to any investigation and without evidence. The leaders of the SPLM were subsequently rounded up and placed under arrest, while a private army trained, armed and financed by the Presidency conducted a house to house search, murdering 10,000 South Sudanese citizens (including women and children) between the 15 and 18 of December, according to a report by International Crisis Group (ICG). The community report puts the figure above 20,000.

The ethnic based massacre that took place in Juba from the 15 – 18 of December was carried out in the name of the coup allegation made by the C-in-C , that has since been disproven in South Sudan’s Courts. The violence that ensued in the name of this coup has now left South Sudan in a cycle of revenge killing leaving the most vulnerable of our citizens at risk.

The legacy of the late Dr. John Garang has been misused by the political elite within the SPLM while all along betraying that legacy. These celebrity politicians are using the legacy in order for their celebrity to be more renowned, they are trying to present themselves as the alternative to President Salva Kiir and former Vice President Dr. Riek Machar in the eyes of the international community. The legacy of Dr. John Garang could have been used in order to continue the struggle to bring about fundamental change in the country. Alas!

The misuse of the idea of the legacy of Dr. John Garang led to a leadership crisis within the SPLM Political Bureau. The crisis in the SPLM Political Bureau consequently led to the Juba Massacre; and subsequently to the current fighting in the country. The leadership of the SPLM Political Leaders after conspiring to take power, albeit through peaceful means; have failed to take their responsibilities as leaders by dissociating themselves from the destruction that their challenge to President Salva Kiir’s leadership has visited on our people.

The SPLM Political Leaders after uniting against the tyranny of Salva Kiir and pledging to remove him from power using democratic processes, betrayed the movement that worked tirelessly to secure their release from illegal detention. The SPLM Leaders under Pagan Amum upon their released betrayed the movement under the false premise that they don’t believe in violence. They have gone further by trying to present themselves as the alternative on the basis of (supposedly) being the custodians of the legacy.

In conclusion the SPLM leaders and indeed South Sudanese leaders should not be talking about the legacy of Dr. John Garang, they should instead be talking about the example of the late Dr. John Garang de Mabior who sacrificed his whole life for the sake of the marginalized people of the Sudan. The SPLM political leadership should learn from this example and sacrifice everything for the people of South Sudan instead of being holier than the Pope.

Cpt. Mabior Garang de Mabior

Nairobi, Kenya – July, 2014

The Red Army Foundation, Juba

The Red Army Foundation, Juba

The Red Army Foundation would like to announce to all its members and the general public that on 29th July, 2014, the 2nd Anniversary of the Red Army Foundation shall be commemorated. This important event is scheduled to take place at Freedom Hall, starting from 8:00am and the Chief Guest shall be H.E. Gen. Salva Kiir Mayardit, the President of the Republic of South Sudan and Patron of the Red Army Foundation.

The Red Army Foundation was officially registered on 24th September, 2012 as a National Patriotic Organization with the main objectives of preserving the Red Army Legacy of patriotism and dedication to the nation, and instilling the same spirit of patriotism among the contemporary generation of young people today, while bringing together the members of the Red Army under one umbrella, to serve and empower them, advocate for their recognition and promote their active participation in the nation building process, in light of their historical contribution to the SPLM/A liberation struggle for freedom, dignity and the wellbeing of the people of South Sudan.

At this occasion, the Red Army Foundation shall officially launch the formation of the Red Army Patriotic Corps, which is the wing of the Red Army Foundation that has been specifically established to spearhead the cause of patriotism and dedication to the nation, because we believe that all citizens should love their country and have a duty and responsibility to willfully serve their country and one another, in the spirit of community and national service, as we work together to develop and safeguard our nation, as one people, united in diversity and peacefully coexisting together.

The Red Army Foundation shall also launch the establishment of the Red Army Memorial Education Trust (RAMET), which is a body under the Red Army Foundation that is particularly established to promote Educational Development and Educational Excellence on behalf of the Red Army Foundation, in accordance with the values of the Red Army, right from the days of the liberation struggle, when attending school at Red Army camps was compulsory and educational excellence paramount, under the guardianship of the SPLM/A, and consequently, some Red Army members received opportunities to study abroad and many have continued in the same spirit of Educational Excellence, to attain advanced academic qualifications.

We therefore take this opportunity to cordially invite all Red Army members, former Red Army commanders, camp managers, caretakers, teachers, former Red Army leaders, well-wishers and the general public to come and attend this joyous and momentous occasion.

We would also like to inform the Red Army that membership registration is currently ongoing and a free Red Army T-Shirt and Cap being given to each registered member.

Thank You,

National Secretary for Information
Red Army Foundation


Posted: July 24, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Press Release


Press Release – Resumption of IGAD-led South Sudan Peace Talks, 23 July’14