Archive for March 1, 2015


By David Aoloch Bion

Does AU Commission of Inquiry into South Sudan crisis know that, there have been seven massacres in South Sudan  since 1984? Well, if you don’t know  , here are they .

1984 ,  when fighting broke out between  the SPLM/A and  Anya Anya Two ,  many civilian were massacred  . This was first killing of civilians in South Sudan political conflict.   This is known  Jongkou Massacre.

In 1985, when fighting broke out between SPLM/A Koryom Battalion   and Aringa forces of the current Governor of Central Equatoria Clement Wani Konga  , many civilians were massacred   . This was the second killing of civilians in South Sudan political conflict.  This is known  Terekaka Massacre.

In 1987, when fighting broke out between SPLM/A and Forces of Ismael Kony , many civilians were massacred   . This was third killing of civilians in South Sudan political   conflict.  This is known Pibor Massacre.

In 1991, when fighting broke out between SPLA Torit and SPLA Nasir , many civilians were massacred   . This was fourth killings of civilians in South Sudan political conflict. This is  known as  Bor Massacre .

1993, when fighting broke out between SPLM/A mainstream and SPLM/A of William Nyuon Bany  and Glario Modi ,  many civilians were massacred   in Magwi , Ipoto areas in Equatoria . This was the fifth killings of civilians in South Sudan political conflict.  This is known Imatong  Massacre .

In 2002 , when fighting broke out between SPLM/A mainstream and SPLM/A of  Cdr Peter  Lorot  in Chukudum , many civilians were massacred , including  one and only educated man of the smallest tribe  in South Sudan , Pari tribe , Peter Kedi , who  was shot dead  in his house . This was the sixth killing of civilians in South Sudan political conflict .  This is known as   Chukudum .Massacre .

In 2013, when fighting broke out between the SPLM/A of Salva Kiir and SPLM/A of  Riek Machar  in Juba , many civilians were massacred  .  This was seven killing of civilians in South Sudan political conflict. This is known Juba Massacre.

Therefore ,  AU  Commsision  of Inquiry must investigates all these seven massacres and come up with comprehensive reports and recommendation instead it investigate one massacre .

South Sudanese will not accept the selective reports and recommendations  of one massacre , the Juba Massacre.

AU  should start it works of justices and accountability from 1984 massacre  to 1985  massacre , from  1987 massacre  to  1991 massacre,   from  1993  massacre to  2002 massacre  and  to 2013 Massacre . Justices must be in chronological order.

If you start with Juba Massacre, it is inconsistent and politically motivated, biased and a work of undisclosed foreign powers, that deem to punish some people in South Sudan.

From disinterested point of view, there is one solution to massacres in South Sudan, forgiveness, peace and reconciliation, and the writing  of law  ,  that any one that will commit a  massacre after the law  will be hanged .

If you AU are for justice, justice must begin with 1984 massacre to 2013 Massacres. AU should not skip over other massacres and start with Juba massacre of 2013. This is inconsistent with justices. Justices must be universal not selective.

Those whose names will appear in that report and recommendation  MUST  defy and disobey that work of undisclosed foreign powers.

South Sudanese must reject selective justices of AU and their undisclosed foreign powers.. Justices must be universal not selective as that .

Solution to South Sudan massacre must come within South Sudan through reconciliation and forgiveness not from foreign witchhunts  and trials . Solution to South Sudan problems must not come from foreigners. One People, One Nation. One problem , one solution .

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The Feather of Glory ( a Novella )

Posted: March 1, 2015 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in David Aoloch
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By David Aoloch Bion

Chapter Twelve

The time came for changing the chiefdom. Many contenders emerged. The chief should be physically fit, huge in size, and brave. Intolerant to anything that might come into the clan in a humiliating way. Always in favour of his clan’s side even if they are wrong. He should deny justice to other clan’s members if they have a case with his own clan members. He should pass wise and good and exact judgment if he is judging his own clan people.

Madut was appointed the new chief of Akoi village and Riet clan. He was given a spear, wooden throne – wooden wand. These were symbols of authority.

Some times, Aleu came with his brother Kuot from the next village Molar. They told the chief Madut about the cow that was stolen by Aciek, one of Maduts clan man. Madut called in his helpers in judging the case. The case was heard.

“ Chief, I greet you all,” Aleu spoke. “My cow got lost last dry season. I traced in all cattle camps. Nevertheless I didn’t find it. It had been lost for eight months now. This month, when I was going to my sister’s home, I found it at Luak of Aciek. When I asked Aciek, he said that the cow was his,” Aleu narrated.

“What is the color of your cow?” the helper asked.

“Well, the color of my cow was white, but now it was washed by cow urine so it is yellow now.”

“Can you speak, Aciek”, the helper asked.

“Nothing I can explain. The cow is mine and it was born by my cow” Aciek said.

“Which cow produced it?” the helper asked.

“Don’t ask me like that? Do you know all my cattle?” Aciek said.

Madut gave the chance to onlookers to make any comment on the case. The on lookers agreed that the cow belonged to Aleu and Aciek was a thief. Madut sent all people away and remained with his helpers.

Madut and helpers started discussing the final verdict. They agreed unanimously that although Aciek is a thief, he was their man and relative. And it was their policy to stop any cow from leaving. They called back onlookers and Aleu and Acien.

Madut said “you Aleu testified that your cow was white, and now it is yellow. This does not give enough evidence that the cow is yours. The cow belongs to Acien and the case is finished”.

Madut’s decision disappointed many chiefs in the neighboring clans and villages. One chief said “should he come or his clan mates come, I will deny for them their truth.”

Four days passed and two members of Madut’s own clan brought a new case. One of the men Alier Arem who was claiming a cow of someone, Agau Chol came to Madut at night. He gave Madut a goat and a groundnut paste as bribery. When the case was heard in the morning, all the helpers found that the cow belonged to Agau and Alier was a liar. When the case was decided in favour of Agau, Madut commented that my man of last night we are defeated. I didn’t call you. You were the one who came to my home”. Madut was referring to the one who bribed him. After some month came when Madut was sleeping outside on his bed covering his head.

“Madut, Madut” the man called.

“Yes” Madut answered sleepily.

“Bring your hand” the said.

Madut gave his arm, thinking someone was giving him something as many men with bribery do. The man put a scorpion in the palm of Madut and the scorpion stung him. The man ran away unrecognized, and Madut mourned in great pain.

Two years passed. Madut was judging minor cases. There came a major case between Madut’s best friend and his clan member Magok Machar, and neighboring Riet clan member Nyok Thiong. The case was opened in neighboring clan court tree. Maduut told Magok that he would be the one following the case. When Riet clan chiefs realized that Madut had replaced his clan man, the Alek chief Atem Aguer replaced Nyok. Other chiefs were to judge the case. Many people came to witness how the two chiefs should face each other on behalf of their clan member.

“My cow gave birth to a grey heifer two years ago and it got lost three months ago, and I have found it with Madut” Atem Aguel the chief of the Alek said.

“I have the heifer, and the heifer was born by my cow” Madut said

The chiefs who were judging the case had ordered the two cows claimed by both men be brought for comparison to the heifer. When the cows were brought, the heifer ran to its mother, the cow of Atem Aguer.

“You chief, you on lookers, this is my heifer. It is like this finger of mine” Madut Kuol cut his small finger on his left hand off with a spear and his hand bled badly. The judge were puzzled by this finger cutting incident

Heated Debate over Security Arrangement in Addis Ababa

Posted: March 1, 2015 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Featured Articles

Serious debate on the security file.
February 28, 2015

The scope of ceasefire.

1. GRSS: cantonment/assembly should be within the theatre of operations( meaning cantonment shall be limited to greater upper Nile only)

2. SPLM/SPLA: cantonment/assembly should be nationwide. The SPLM/SPLA is saying if all GRSS forces and its ally forces can not be affected by cantonment/assembly the GRSS will use these forces negatively to undermine the peace agreement implementation.

3. SPLM/SPLA: the parties agree to disengage, separate and withdraw all forces(including allies), and demilitarise specified areas in order to increase safety and security of civilians.

1. SPLM/SPLA: All major towns and cities to be demilitarised:

GRSS: only areas where there is active combat.

3. GRSS: No salaries to SPLM/SPLA until reintegration is done.

4. SPLM/SPLA: the two armies must be treated equal( pay salaries to all)

5. The GRSS want to reintegrate the SPLM/SPLA forces who were previously on Bilpam payroll.

Gelweng/Mathiang Anyor government militias and the White army of SPLM/SPLA should not be included.

1. GRSS: doesn’t want the white Army and other recruits of the SPLM/SPLA.

SPLM/SPLA doesn’t want Gelweng/Mathiang Anyor and the recruits after 15 December 2013 in the GRSS forces:

2. SPLM/SPLA: Our forces shall never be amalgamated with your forces( GRSS) until election is done. Amalgamation will be done by elected government not by transitional government of national unity( TGONU).

3. GRSS( James Kok Ruey): accused SPLM/SPLA of separation tendency and establishment of another independent state in the greater upper Nile:

4. SPLM/SPLA( Stephen Pär Kuol): You people should read books. Nations collapsed. Sudan is the best example. If this war continues for some years to come and you( GRSS) are resisting change, this scenario of separating upper Nile can happen and not only Upper Nile, Greater Equatoria will opt for this option too.

This heated debate between the two warring parties reached a level of accusing each other of tribal tendency to control the army for narrow political interests. Other tribes especially Equatorians (Bashir Bandi) attack the two parties and accuse them of deliberate intent to make the army monopoly of Nuer and Dinka.

The discussions ended without any breakthrough on these issues and the session was adjourned for Sunday 1 March 2015 today 2:00pm at Capital Hotel.


By Apioth Mayom Apioth, USA

Darfur: Genocide in the 21st century

Darfur: Genocide in the 21st century

March 1, 2015 (SSB) — The latest episode of the Darfur Problem is the erection of concentration camp-like “model villages,” funded by the lush stash of Qatar. The Sudanese government’s forces have set up military bases on the outskirts, where they bulldoze through these makeshift residential homes to torture men and rape women and girls with impunity.

“The sexual violence has no military objective; rather, it is a tactic of social control, ethnic domination and demographic change. Acting with impunity, government forces victimize the entire community. Racial subordination is also an underlying message, as non-Arab groups are singled out for abuse,” said George Clooney, John Prendergast and Akshaya Kumar on a recent New York Times article titled, “George Clooney on Sudan’s Rape of Darfur.”

The Sudanese Arabs have their origins in the present day Saudi Arabia – Yemen area. They first came to the Sudan as salt traders. Entrepreneurship gave them the leverage to organize, and with this powerful weapon, the power vacuum easily fell into their hands after the Anglo- Egyptian colonial rule came to an end in the Sudan. Knowing who they were, they went on rampaging campaigns to make sure that all non-Arab ethnic groups were left out of the wealth sharing and developmental agendas.

And so the struggles for the many diverse black ethnic groups began. South Sudan, which was formerly known as Southern Sudan, began its campaigning for its share of the pie in the 1940s; a long struggle that culminated in the secession of that region from Sudan in 2011. On the flip side of the coin, Darfur began it rebelling campaigns against the Sudanese government in the early 2000s, citing lack of development and governmental neglect as to why they took up arms. Ever since their first assertion of their rights as equal citizens of Sudan through armed-struggle, the Darfur rebels seemed to be gaining ground against the government forces; the major setback has been time.

The longer the time dragged on, the more the rebel group splinter into smaller less powerful ones. In addition, many Darfuri work in the very same government which is ill-intent to push them off their ancestral lands. Why can all Darfuri people pull their resources together first before thinking of living a settled life? The Darfur people lack someone who can unite all struggling forces and create a united front.

And the one person who could have put an end to all the ethnicity problem in the Sudan was the late Dr. John Garang of Southern Sudan. He was the chief architect who led the Southern Sudanese rebels principally known as the Sudanese People’s Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM/SPLA) for twenty two years; whose fruits garnered the secession of South Sudan from Sudan in 2011. He knew that the Sudanese problem had little to with religion but rather much to with ethnicity.

The Sudan had always housed a large population of Muslims; and yet the ruling Sudanese Arab minority had always held back to share the wealth and political power of the country. Many parts comprising of Eastern Sudan, Darfur, the Nuba Mountains, the Blue Nile and even Southern Sudan had its own small percentage of Muslim population; the government made sure to never pass any resource allocation to the black ethnic groups of Sudan.

Apioth Mayom Apioth

Apioth Mayom Apioth

Dr. John Garang thought that for Sudan to be totally free from the ethnic politics of the Sudanese Arab; a total removal of their political power through armed struggle was the best alternate route. After his initial installment as the First Vice President of Sudan, he garnered a big following in tens of millions all over Sudan, and just as he was about to realize the dream of a land, totally free from ethnic bigots; he mysteriously disappeared in a helicopter crash on July 30th, 2005. His dream was never kept alive after his demise.

A little over a decade ago, the world’s attention shifted to Darfur when the Sudanese military, along with its affiliated Arab-Janjaweed militias were found to have committed acts of genocidal ethnic cleansing against the Darfur people. Now after the Sudanese government has sensed the world has its hands full with conflicts with ISIS’s terrorism and political strife in Ukraine; it has gotten back to uprooting the Darfur people as well as the rebelling Nuba Mountains and the Blue Nile.

After the secession of South Sudan, the Sudanese were left with no oil reserves; two years ago there was a discovery of gold reserves in Darfur; now the Sudanese government wants the big belly’s share of that find. The Sudanese’s army forces go about razing down one village after another; once the villagers of these homes disperse, it solicits to house them in its military-controlled “model villages,” and while the military lie on the outskirts of these villages, it systemically goes about torturing men and unleashing sexual violence on women and girls.

The Sudanese government has also succeeded to thwart off journalists’ access to Darfur; and both the UN and AU peacekeeping missions’ offices have been shut down in Khartoum. By giving themselves free reign, they can easily commit the gravest atrocities with no one to hold them accountable.

The Sudanese government is systemically disrupting the social fabric of the Darfur people. By forcing them to live fragmentary and depressed lifestyles; these acts will eventually affect their ability to live meaningful lives, even leading to substantial infertility problems on both men and women. The men’s bodies are constantly in harm’s way and the women’s reproductive parts are time and time again being forcefully hammered to the worst extent possible.

These barbaric meticulous calculations are bound to greatly reduce the population of Darfur people in years to come. Black women have always faced the harshest wretched circumstances in history. During the slavery days in the Deep South, they were the play-vassals for the white men to flex their scourge of White Power. Flash forward to the 21st century, they are still under slavery in the West African country of Mauritania, where the Arab Berbers rape them at their whims.

Up north from South Sudan, in Darfur, the Sudanese army’s forces are once again wreaking violence on them: This time they are using the black women to replace the Negro race with their own kind. In the foreseeable future, when equality finally reaches its climax apex, what are the black women going to ask themselves? That their own brothers didn’t do enough to stop this monstrositic treatment? No matter how powerless we are against the moneyed petroleum of the Middle East: We don’t need to waste any moment at all, we should at least stand our ground until our own economic might reaches somewhere.

Darfur, the Nuba Mountains, the Blue Nile and the West African country of Mauritania, where up to 140, 000 blacks are still under the chains of slavery from the Arab Berbers, are few of the remaining places on earth where black people haven’t still gotten their full practicalities of civil liberties, and be able to think through what they can do with their lives and live according to their own terms. The injustice being faced by a black person, whether he/she lives in Mauritania or Darfur is an injustice to every black person that walks the earth.

The black person whose live is being dehumanized on any part of the world is no different from a black person who owns a cement company in Nigeria, or a black person who happily conducts wedding ceremonies in Malawi; all originated from one family tree: The black race. There is no black person who in his/her right mind would feel at ease at an injustice being committed at his/her fellow member, who was molded from the same family tree.

Among all the places where blacks are still under the chains of discriminating persecution; Darfur is one place among the rest, where our very own Darfuri are still struggling tremendously to be a force of deterrence. The only hope we are wishing to come sooner rather than later is the economic development which is sweeping through sub-Saharan Africa at a promising rate, although not fast enough to bring major changes to our ills and mistreatments. If we had a greater economic might, these sorts of mistreatments would automatically free themselves.

The petrodollars of Middle East are also fueling political instabilities in places such as Darfur, Northern Nigeria, where Boko Haram reigns supreme and, of course Kenya, where Al Shabab crosses over from Somalia to create hell out of a nation with lofty ambitions. In recent decades, China and Russia have had shady trade deals with rogue states such as the Sudan; but that doesn’t compare with lush funds which the Middle East freely hand to Sudan.

The Middle East has been supporting all the successive regimes in Sudan since the days when Southern Sudanese were exerting their armed struggle. Our magical wish would be to see an end to the rapid drying up of the oil wells in the Middle East.

Countries comprising of Ethiopia and Somalia had a history of enslavement and trade in human flesh. They imprisoned black Africans to the institution of slavery based on the differences they saw at the time: We had full lips; flat noses; short Afro hair; and muscular bodies. They had the long Asian hair and lanky skinnier bodies. Contemporary Somali and Ethiopians are spread out all over sub-Saharan Africa, roughing noses with the very same people they used to push to harm’s way.

When other black Africans ask them about their origins, they scream out aloud, “We are blacks! There is nothing more to add to that.” The wind of change is underway. We are in the last days of having our people being push from one thorny enclave to another phantasmagoric inferno. Every single day that comes to past, a brand new chapter is written into the history books; after everything is done with, history will be our undeniable witness. We don’t have to pressure the Arab-led governments of Sudan and Mauritania to do what is right; there will come a time when they will come knocking at our doorsteps asking for help.

It is better for these ethnocentric governments to stop their further marginalization of the blacks right now rather than later, because failing to do so will further entrench greater belligerent animosities between the two racial groups, which could further jeopardize reconciliatory missions to repair communal relations.

The Sudanese army’s forces are an experienced seasoned bunch; they came out of a 22-year civil war with South Sudan, which ended in 2005. Any opponent of theirs, need not make a lot of mistakes, because they will hit them hard at any sluggish sloppiness. Meanwhile despite how disorganized the Darfuri rebels are, they should keep standing their ground until the world’s attention shift back to their way. The South Sudanese garnered their independence through sustained and disciplined relentless organized fighting force.

Darfur, however, is a region of less economic important. There is not much that can interest many rent-seeking investors. Even if the whole world forgets about Darfur, the blacks should be the last people to do so. The Darfuri yearns for whatever help they can get: personnel, rations, provisions of logistics; and military intelligence.

References:

Clooney, George. Prendergast, John. Kumar, Akshaya. (2015, February 25). George Clooney on Sudan’s Rape of Darfur. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2015/02/26/opinion/george-clooney-on-sudans-rape-of-darfur.html?emc=edit_ty_20150225&nl=opinion&nlid=69268077.

The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made are the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB) website. If you want to submit an opinion article or news analysis, please email it to paanluel2011@gmail.com. SSB do reserve the right to edit material before publication. Please include your full name, email address and the country you are writing from.


By Kur Wel Kur, Australia

March 1, 2015 (SSB) — Scientists discovered that most parasites siphon some blood from their hosts but they avoid a temptation of draining it all because it’s a suicide if they suck dead the host. Both will die. Some parasites such as guinea worm induce their hosts to perform tasks, which favour their (parasites) survival. For example, guinea worm causes burning sensation in the host’s infected parts that feels relieved when the host immerses it (the infected part) in the water. However, the host knows little that by submerging the infected parts, it (host) helps guinea worm to complete its life cycle; guinea worm lays its eggs in the water.

Useless parasitism swirls around in South Sudan; in both government’s and rebels’ camps. To remind you of my position, I am unwavering supporter of the legitimate government. I support president Kiir because the people of South Sudan seated him in the presidential seat; he didn’t fight his people for it. I support the rattling of ballots in the election’s boxes, and not whistling of bullets for a vice presidential seat! Blindly, I don’t support my government to close all windows of making a daring moves for the betterment of my beloved country.

I termed the rebels’ supporters who push their leader to pursue ambitious, great expectations and unconstructive desires, which do nothing but barricade the peace process, as legions of parasites that dig their double graves both in politics and in life. Jesus said, “Let those with ears, hear the good news”. I write today that let those who read, read the truth that says, A TICK DIES WHEN THE HOST DIES!

I spare not my adamant colleagues supporting with me the government. Whether they support it for the same reason as I do or they support it because they or their relatives are looting relief’s funds from the government to internally displaced persons (IDPs). I write today that your (government’s supporters) politics’ rhetoric and jingoism push the war farther. And no good news in prolonging the war. Though you may thrive in chaos but A PARASITE DIES WHEN THE HOST DIES!

War and suffering will not stop until sincere parents start real parenting lessons in South Sudan.

A DINKA’S STORY

THE FATHER WITH A SON WHO SHAT HIMSELF DURING DANCING

In the long gone generations of Dinka people, there lived a father and his only son. The son was in his prime when his age mates and elders including his father agreed to host a great dancing festival (‘AWAAK’ in Dinka). They (elders and youth) picked the date and sent out messages of invitations to the four corners of their clan. The day arrived, many cows/bulls speared to death in the name of ‘Awaak’ and attendees came in thousands; those elders from far away villages but could walk, came; all ladies in their early teens, middle and late teens arrived. Even married women, young and old attended.

And then elders from organising clan instructed the dancers to conduct themselves in high integrity and discipline. They warned, “An initiator of conflict, which results into fighting will carry a curse on his neck”. They (elders) gave their last words and “AWAAK” (a great dancing festival) kicked off!

For those of you (readers) who have never seen Dinka Bor dancing or dance before, the dance is an energy demanding kind; a lot of rhythmic and consistent jumping but during a conventional dancing some dancers especially the lead wrestlers engage themselves in uncommon high jumps. These high jumps are indicators of the looming wrestling match. A wrestler would edge himself to a wrestler of another clan and jumps high in a slow motion. The wrestler from another clan would either ask the jumping wrestler himself or send someone to ask him on his behalf why he (jumping wrestler) jumps high next to him: a messenger would ask, “Do you desire a wrestling match with so and so?” if the answer is Yes, then a match is scheduled in the later date but if the answer is No, then the jumper will be warned not to jump in style in the vicinity of great wrestlers.

So the ‘Awaak’ was halfway to the finishing hour, a son of the prestigious man then, tried those high jumps. As I told you earlier on that most of Dinka’s dances are fuels consuming, so some dancers would load themselves with food and milk, others would half-load themselves and those poor guys would even choose not to dance because they cannot afford one heavy meal!

The son of the prestigious man loaded himself for dancing and to show off his father’s wealth (in cows)! He jumped high into the air and he landed with unusual sound, ‘paek’, ’pparraat’! A sound of a waste (shit) forcing itself out of the narrow way! When unfortunate thing like this, happens, your age mates or elders will flock around you in order to disguise you from being identified by those of other clans. His age mates and elders including his father blanketed him. He found himself in the circle of swarm of sympathisers. He then whispered to his father in a begging tone and asked his father to declare himself to the thousand attendees from other clans as the one who shitted (shat) himself! Out of the son’s selfishness, he dared to ask his father to lift off from his neck the shame! Forward, his father came. He cleared his throat and said, “Son, since I was a young man until the twilight of my entire generation, I have never shat in the bush in the watch of even a single person so son handle it because this is your generation”! And the father ordered the elders to leave the youth with their own problem; he strode away.

A parent’s best lesson to his humiliated son. South Sudan needs exemplary parents not drunkards, greedy and stupid parents who sympathise with the foolishness of those related to them. Sympathy incubates corruption!

A peaceful South Sudan is in the reach of Dinka and Nuer; this means the chaos will be blamed on them. Gandhi said, “Forgiveness is an attribute of the strong”. If Dinka and Nuer cannot rise above the stupid democracy, a democracy of numbers, they will rule forever; and the chaos and suffering will linger in south Sudan for eternity.

My cousin, Double J (Jay Dee) articulated, “It’s easy to get a person out of communism but to get communism out of a person is hard”! He made the statement regarding a Vietnamese living in Australia but still practicing the communist’s mentality. Indeed, South Sudan can take Dr. Riek out of greed by giving him what he wants but the greed in him will be hard to rid.

My people, remember that: A PARASITE DIES WHEN THE HOST DIES!

BE BLESSED AND GOD, THE GOD OF OUR FOREFATHERS AND OF THE BIBLE WILL PRESERVED OUR COUNTRY!!

You can reach the author at his e-mail address: kurwelkur@yahoo.com

The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made are the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB) website. If you want to submit an opinion article or news analysis, please email it to paanluel2011@gmail.com. SSB do reserve the right to edit material before publication. Please include your full name, email address and the country you are writing from.


Press Release

Elijah Malok Aleng, war veteran of both Anyanya one and the SPLM/A, former MP of Twic East in the 1980s, and the first Governor of the Central Bank of South Sudan

Elijah Malok Aleng, war veteran of both Anyanya one and the SPLM/A, former MP of Twic East in the 1980s, and the first Governor of the Central Bank of South Sudan

March 1, 2015 (SSB) — In honour of the late Hon. Elijah Malok Aleng, Twi Community Association in Canada organized a memorial event on December 13, 2014 in Calgary (Canada) that was attended by SPLM party members and South Sudanese Communities in Canada.

The Late Hon. Elijah Malok, who hailed from Twic East County of Jonglei State, was born on 28th of November, 1937 in Baidit in the current Bor County. After battling illness for sometimes, Uncle Elijah (as he was commonly called) unfortunately passed away on November 30th, 2014.

Hon. Malok attended Malek Primary School and then went on to Juba Intermediate and Juba Commercial Senior Secondary School. After graduation, he proceeded to Free University of Congo, in the present Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Malok later got a scholarship to study in Fribourg Catholic University, Switzerland, from which he obtained a Master’s degree in Economics in 1972. In 1975 he obtained another Master`s in Development Studies and Economic Planning from Cambridge University in the United Kingdom.

Malok left his luxurious job as a member of parliament for Kongoor District (now Twic East and Duk counties) to join Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM/SPLA) on December 28, 1983 and became active in its ranks. He started as one of the senior political commissars in June 1984 and then went to join the Cadet Military College; graduating with the rank of a Major. After his training, he was posted to Southern Blue Nile front, where he was the second in command after the late A/Cdr Wilson Kur Chol. The Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) forces of Eagle Battalion, which they were commanding, were largely made up of Jieeng elements from Northern Bahr el Ghazal specifically from Abiei, Gogrial and Aweil Counties. He remained in Southern Blue Nile front until mid-1987 when he was assigned to Francophone West Africa as a special envoy of the movement. As the SPLM Resident Representative in the Peoples’ Republic of Congo, with non-residential representation in Zaire (now DRC), Gabon, Cameroon, Central African Republic (CAR), Rwanda, Burundi and Chad, Mr. Malok was primarily stationed in Brazzaville, Congo. He however, for diplomatic purposes, travelled from time to time in to various capitals. He remained in Francophone Africa until the fall of the then Ethiopian socialist government under President Mengistu Haile Mariam and the SPLM split in 1991. (the advent of multi-party democracy in 1991.)

In June 1991, he was appointed Executive Director of the SRRA where he was in charge until January 1993. Nearly two years later, he was made the spokesman of the SPLM in East Africa; a duty he carried out for the whole of 1993. In January 1994, he was appointed Secretary of the National Convention Organizing Committee (COC), which organized the First SPLM/A National Convention. The convention was successfully held in Chukudum, New Sudan, in April/May 1994. After this convention such SPLM structures as the General Military Council (GMC), National Liberation Council (NLC), and National Executive Council (NEC) were instituted. He was elected member of NLC representing Twic East and Duk counties constituency and subsequently became a member and Secretary of the First NEC in the portfolio of Co-ordination and Public Service. In 1997, he was reshuffled away from public service and coordination to an advisory role in the Office of Chairman and C-in-C of the SPLM/SPLA. In that capacity, he became the advisor on economic, financial and political affairs. In February 1999, he was again appointed, for the second time, the Executive Director of the SRRA and ex-officio member of the NEC on humanitarian affairs in New Sudan. When peace negotiations began between various Sudan governments and the SPLM from 1985-2005, he was always the Secretary of the SPLM to the Peace Talks continuing until the CPA was signed in January 2005. In 2005 he was appointed Deputy Governor of the Central Bank of Sudan (CBOS) and President of the Bank of Southern Sudan (BOSS).

During the memorial service, in Calgary (Alberta), community leaders, relatives, and friends eulogized the late Elijah Malok as a national leader, who even in his private life exemplified nationalism as evidenced by ethnicity of his first wife; who hails from Bari Community in Central Equatoria.

Agook Deng Agook, the SPLM Alberta Chapter leader, in his address to the memorial service audience, emphasized the contribution of Malok Aleng to the liberation movement. He added that he was a strong advocate for the unity of Jieeng communities in Jonglei State. Mr. Garang Thieu Juach, a Twic community elder in Canada, challenged South Sudanese youths to emulate the example of the late Hon. Elijah Malok Aleng in their public service. He also added that His integrity was second to none.

Mabior Nhial, a former SPLA Communications officer, the chief guest at the memorial service, gave a first-hand account of his interactions with the late Malongdit in Itang. He mentioned that Malongdit made a significant contribution in improving the welfare of internally displaced refugees in Itang, Ethiopia.

The newly elected president of Twic Community in Canada, Mr. Abraham Juach Khor Juach, eulogized Malok as a great arbitrator in community issues. Juach challenged Twic youths to fill in the roles that were played by the late Malok Aleng.

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Kuir Garang, a poet who hails from Twic East County, eulogized the late Elijah in the following poem:

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TRUTH AT ALL COST

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We’ll not cry tears now for you left a legacy

Your words and ideals were loud to fight a fallacy

Valuing truth all the time was your defining feature

Even when Pundits felt it caused unnerving fissures

You left for liberation at your youthful prime

Because being an African was indeed a crime

But never did you buy into that medieval fuss

You walked foreign bushes and capitals for us,

For generations that’d be born into oppression

Oduho, Saturnino and Jaden wanted separation

Separation of truth from fallacy for the African child

But it’d be many years of blood and tears in the wild

But valor was in you glistening and beaming

Oduho valued your youth & wisdom from the beginning

John Garang would later second truth you say

It wasn’t always easy to be you from day to day

But you valued truth as your characterizing pillar

Youngsters will ask themselves how to be similar

Truth is a dangerous, hot metal few dare hold, face

In the labyrinth of liberation fire and race,

Truth is sacrificed for opportunity and fear

The burden of truth is one thing you came to bear

You rejected being nice if it comprised valued norms

How many men would pride in that enviable form?

You coupled a fierce tongue with valued simplicity

You never sought power with your valued utility

You went to the bush Twice with historical giants

And you remained in the bush with patriotic compliance

South Sudan says ‘thank you!’ for yo’ time and knowledge

Jonglei State has in you a historical son to acknowledge

The Twï child adds you to the long list of valued men gone

Wangulei will have one thing for generations not yet born

When the storm is over, Awulian will smile;

Smile for the ideal you inculcated not just for a while

The Twï Child will tell the South Sudanese

Truth at all Cost, all the time, please!

Now, it’s time to say “Bye” and “Rest in Peace Uncle Elijah!”

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Kuir ë Garang ©2014

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Information Secretary, Twi Community Association of Canada

For further information contact: twisociety@gmail.com

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