Archive for July, 2019

Statement by His Excellency, the President on Martyrs Day, July 30th, 2019

Fellow citizens

Tuesday, July 30, 2019 (PW) —- On this occasion of the commemoration of the martyrdom of the millions of our heroes and heroines, whose bones are scattered across our land; in our forests, on the mountains, under the riverbeds and in the graves, I have the deep honor to salute them and salute you all. Every year on this humbling occasion, I am deeply touched at a personal level because many of our heroes, men and women who led our liberation, were my personal friends, dear comrades in arms, and as a matter of fact, many of them were my bosses. I am heavily weighted down on a moment like this when I reflect on our shared experiences with them and they are no more.

Many of you are aware of the fact that I am among a very few surviving founding members of our great liberation movement, the SPLM. Many of our founding leaders died in the line of fire wearing the uniform of our armed struggle. In honor of their sacrifices, I want to salute a few of these heroes and heroines by name.

I want to salute my dear comrade, my leader, my mentor and my elder brother, Dr. John Garand de Mabior whose entire life was selflessly dedicated to the freedom of our people, a cause he achieved before his death on this day in 2005. I salute also my comrades, founding members of the leadership of our liberation movement; Kerubino Kuanyin Bol, who shot the first bullet in Bor, William Nyuon Bany who followed Kerubino in Ayod, Arok Thon Arok, Joseph Oduho, and Martin Majier Gai, all of whom died fighting for the freedom of our people.


Public Service Announcement: The Meaning of Liberation in the Context of the Independence of South Sudan

By Cpt. Mabior Garang de Mabior, Nairobi, Kenya

Fellow South Sudanese!

Tuesday, July 30, 2019 (PW) — As the citizens of the Republic of South Sudan – the newest country in Africa and the World – marked the occasion of the birth of our Republic, and as we mark the fourteenth anniversary of the tragic loss of the first President of the Government of South Sudan -Dr. John Garang de Mabior- it is important to take stock of the achievements of the liberation struggle that led to the secession of South Sudan. This begs a pertinent question in this discussion; what do we mean by “liberation”? The Movement which struggled and finally achieved the negotiated settlement – the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) – leading to the birth of the Republic of South Sudan was the Sudan Peoples Liberation Movement and the Sudan Peoples Liberation Army (SPLM/SPLA). The Movement by definition was primarily concerned with “liberation”.

The principal objective of the SPLM/SPLA has never been the secession of South Sudan; however, the movement has always been mindful that this had been the aspiration of the people of South Sudan after subsequent oppressive regimes in Khartoum failed to answer the nationality question since the independence of the old Sudan in1956. –We seem to be falling into the same confusion after clearly having delimited this as one of the root causes of the problem in the old Sudan. It is unfortunate that we have inherited the problems of the old Sudan which we set out to solve as a liberation movement in in the first place.


Honoring the Earlier Pioneers of Our Revolutionary Struggle – the first Sons of Yirol that joined the Revolutionary Struggle, June 1983: a Partial Reflection of our Great Historical Contribution

By Abraham Majak Makur, Juba, South Sudan

Tuesday, July 30, 2019 (PW) — This piece was meant to be out on the 9th of July, 2019, on the 8th Anniversary Celebration of the Independence of the Republic of South Sudan, but due to preoccupying schedules, I could not make it on time, which could have served the real fit-for-purpose publication in honour of our first pioneers who took it to the bushes in those earlier dark days of revolutionary struggle.

However, I am privileged to publish it today 30th July, 2019, the day that is dedicated to our martyrs, led by our visionary leader, Late Dr. John Garang de Mabior who died on helicopter crash, when he was returning after a short trip to Uganda. Heroes never die, they leave as icons and to inspire the future of our children and beyond.

First and foremost, I would like to apologise in advance, for some of the readership may take this as partial, biased and incomplete article in honoring the earlier pioneers of our revolutionary struggle. Some may ask as to why Yirol alone and others may rush to conclusion that why not inclusive of other areas. For your information, a plan to engulf the whole country is underway.

I am aware of the sequential en masse to the bush of our sons and daughters of South Sudan from various districts of our former colony, right from Koriom, Muor-muor, Kazuk, Zal-zal I and Zal-Zal II, Infejaar, Intesaar divisions respectively of Ethiopia and to the home trained divisions ranging from Mathon-Baai to Achandok and to the Comprehensive Peace Agreement era.

Since charity begins at home, the purpose of this article is to give an overview of the history (a partial reflection) and the contribution of our sons and daughters in the liberation struggle. This is just a beginning —-.


“If you have nothing to do, don’t do it here” unknown

By Malith Alier, Sydney, Australia

Monday, 29 July, 2019 (PW) —   I am aware in South Sudan that you can be put behind bars arbitrarily if you say something that touches the raw nerves of the “big men.” Dr. Biar Ajak is behind bars in Juba. Michael Christopher of Al Watan Newspaper is behind bars in Blue House for merely writing about Sudan under cruel Bashir.

Nobody is immune from illegal actions of the few who have arrogated it to themselves to be the accuser, the judge and the executioner. The unlimited power they have made them to have four eyes projected at four directions of the universe. What they think or perceive is the total reality, no second opinion or third may make a difference.

Currently, we have the debate over who must exclusively take control of the three national symbols of Anthem, coat of arms and the national flag. It is absurd that the issue of the symbols is politicised instead of being viewed by legal and cultural perspectives. It’s either you are supporting it or opposing it depending on what is said or unsaid in the political discourse. A third category of people thinks that the apparent usurpation of the national anthem can cause no harm to individuals or the ordinary citizenry. Therefore, it’s okay for it to be appropriated by those who will not “abuse it.”



On 27th of July, 2019, We learned with deep sorrow the untimely passing on of the revolutionary General and a great Freedom Fighter Gen. Chagai Atem Biar ( 99 Code-named) which is a big loss to his family, relatives, friends and the whole Country, Republic of South Sudan that he hardly fought for till the Dawn of independence.

Historically, He was one of the Generals I know his bravery, courage & zeal in the liberation struggle remain remarkable in the history. We were trained in Timsa Battalion and graduated at the rank of Captain and later on assigned as a commander of 2nd Company Timsa Battalion. I moved with him under the command of Maj. Arok Thon Arok; our first mission was to capture Pibor Town, before we could arrive at Pibor, commander of 1st Company Capt. Chol Angui was called to reinforce Tiger Battalion at Pachalla under command of Cdr Salva Kiir Mayardit and Gen. Chagai Atem (99) remained to lead the first attack to Pibor and captured it on 26th/06/1984. It is also remembered that his colleagues, Capt. Manyang Kiir, Capt. Akim Aluong and Capt. Akobo Mayen perished in different battles. It is also a Public knowledge that Gen. Chagai Atem played a great role in recruitment of Koriom Division.

However, historical records of Gen. Chagai Atem will remain in our memory. Therefore, I am urging my colleagues and Youth to take pens to record backgrounds of our heroes and heroines who zealously fought for this hard-earned Country.

I salute Gen. Chagai Atem Biar (99), Heroes never die. His legacy will live on inspiring masses.

Cde Hon.Lt.Gen. Mangar Buong Aluenge,

Governor & interim chairman of SPLM,

ELS, Yirol.

By Adv. Bol Chol Kucdit, Juba, South Sudan

Tuesday, July 23, 2019 (PW) — It has gone viral on so many media outlets that the National Council of Ministers passed a resolution last week to ban random singing of National Anthem in any occasion where President may be absent. It was broadcasted over the radio and eventually caught the social media’s attention for debate. 

Many commentators condemned the Government’s Spokesperson in person of Hon. Michael Makuei Lueth and the President. People took it as if it was the President and Spokesperson’s sole decision, forgetting that it was a council of ministers’ collective resolution. The decision of council ministers may be reached my consensus or qualified majority vote. 

Indeed, it was not a surprise to see the debate on this issue because South Sudanese are known for two things: praising and criticizing the authorities. You could hardly see anybody proposing solutions to the problem. The blame game has become a culture! This culture of reading anything always with negative lenses must be inferiority complex syndrome. It could be carry over negative feeling towards our former colonizers. The Arabs’ oppression for number of decades made us to look everything with sense of negativity.


By Mayom Bul Atem, Juba, South Sudan

Tuesday, July 23, 2019 (PW) — As someone who was part of the committee that created South Sudan National Anthem I beg to differ with those who are making fun of President Kiir for ordering politicians and public servants not to sing the national song in his absence. Three important symbols of sovereignty are not used at random. These are

1. The national flag

2. The national coat of arms

3. The national anthem

These three symbols of sovereignty are obviously misused by South Sudanese. Our coat of arms was literally put on every letterhead logo by various government agencies and private companies. Yet, the coat of arms is supposed to appear in the letterhead of the presidency, Ministry of Cabinet Affairs, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Ministry of Defense, (I may have omitted a few more, but you got the idea).

On the national flag, majority of South Sudanese, including government offices use a wrong flag. The moment you use a wrong colour in the flag, that flag becomes a wrong one. Instead of using SKY BLUE in the triangle, South Sudanese use DARK BLUE instead. The colours of the national flag are properly described and explained by the committee that was tasked to work on the flag. Their hue values are also stated for those who are professional graphic designers and printers.



Juba 23rd July, 2019 (PW) — President Salva Kiir has banned singing of the national anthem in any public event in his absence. The directive was announced by the minister of information after the weekly cabinet meeting at the weekend. Michael Makuei says the national song is being misused, especially by government officials. Makuei added that President Kiir has also directed that all commanders in their respective forces to stop quit speaking at public functions. “They have the choice either to leave the uniform and go to the public and be a politician and be free to talk in public rallies,” Makuei said.

Community Empowerment for Progress Organization is disturbed by the directive on banning the use of the national anthem by anybody apart from the president. National anthem is one of the indicators for citizens’ ownership of the national and affiliation to the nation.  Schools students, Boy Scouts, girl guards and South Sudanese in front of foreigners in foreign events all can identified themselves with national anthem plus other occupation. Being proud of your nation is by owning or demonstration affiliation by singing national anthem or holding national flag publically.


By Deng Awur Wenyin, Juba, South Sudan

Alfred Taban Logune
Alfred Taban Logune, South Sudanese veteran journalist and politician

Monday, July 22, 19 (PW) — President Kiir confirmed the words in the caption of this tribute when he paid his own tribute to the late Alfred Taban. That was in his speech when he was opening the Second Session of the Transitional National Legislature on May 14th, 2019. Rightly, he described Alfred as “… a hero who fiercely fought the oppressive policies of various regimes in Khartoum using his journalistic skills during the days of our liberation struggle. He will be remembered as a brave freedom fighter whose voice became synonymous with the call for freedom”. Robin White, former editor of the BBC Focus on Africa, felt astonished about the idea that Alfred wrote on the Sudanese politics and wars while in Khartoum. In his tribute White wrote: “Imagine an English journalist reporting from Adolf Hitler’s Germany during the Second World War …”

It was one Sunday in March/April 2019, in the Juba All Saints’ Cathedral – English Main Service and during the intercession, where I learned that Alfred was seriously ill and had been evacuated to Uganda. From then I followed his progress from Rev. Janet Michael, wife of his uncle, Professor Taban lo Liyong. He died on April 27th, 2019 in Kampala while I was there but didn’t hear of the death till days later when I was in the Entebbe Airport, returning to Juba. I was shocked, I first knew about the late’s name through the Sudanow magazine in the late ‘70s. He joined the magazine after having abandoned the medical school in the University of Khartoum where he was to specialize in medical laboratory. As the Church says, I think he was called to journalism. I used to enjoy his reports and articles in that magazine. In all his writings, he called a spade a spade.

Alfred Taban Logune, South Sudanese veteran journalist and politician

The Debasing Phenomenon of Derogatory Facebook Live-Videos and Its Adverse Effects on the Social Fabric of our Society

By Deu Lueth Ader, Juba, South Sudan

He rose from death and appeared to his disciples in an open top car: The case of President Kiir

Sunday, July 21, 19 (PW) — Practically social media has created an enormous paradigm shift in what types of stories are considered such as some meaningful home videos that are conducted by individuals to disseminate the messages of events around the globe at a very less cost in terms of time and other resources provided that one accesses internet wherever he/she is. Therefore; in this concept a Facebook and other social media could be seen as platforms that foster social cohesion and interaction.

However; a paradoxical comprehension of its core and deviating the trajectory it was invented or meant for is profoundly regrettable and alarming. I and many more thought that the Facebook live videos were meant to be forums that foster issues pertinent to social cohesion but yet another instrument that instigates hatred and engenders further divisions among the communities!

Seemingly, a capricious use of live videos as the order of the day that serves no purpose is not only shocking but also monotonous thereby making it a curse in disguise rather than a blessing expected from the technological advancement. The live videos’ chauvinists must know that addressing the community issues in a manner, which hurts or creates uproar among the people, is detrimental and counter-productive in the long run.


By Malith Alier, Sydney, Australia

Sunday, 21 July, 2019 (PW) — Nothing generates energy and passion among the above communities than traditional contact wrestling. Wrestling among these communities is the number one sport that may defy the onslaught of western games like football or tennis. It’s even continued to be imitated by people who migrated to the western hemisphere decades ago. It’s supposedly one way of keeping attached to the motherland.

In this review, I will focus on the good, the bad and the ugly aspects of traditional wrestling not only the one of yesterday between Bor and Aliap but also what has been going on in the game since time immemorial.

This undying traditional wrestling is a game with minimal rules and regulations at best. It’s a game whereby no elaborate body sets the minimum standards and this is where it’s pervasive to participate in it with confidence. The concept of time is nonexistent in the sport.


By Malith Alier, Sydney, Australia

Saturday, 20 July, 2019 (PW) — “Traumatised” was the description used by former South Sudan ambassador to the UN, Mr. Francis Mading Deng, to described South Sudanese behaviour post CPA and resultant independence. Many people including this author protested this depiction. We thought that even if that was the case, it shouldn’t have come from the highest voice of the country to the body of all nations.

There is a saying in  Jieng that “nobody allows their camp to be infiltrated” at any time – day or night. Francis Deng should have not, so we thought, allowed foreign nations picked into South Sudan affairs so easily by saying something like that.

For sure, some of us might have revised their thoughts in regard to the issue of trauma and the past long war between the north and the south. The unmitigated violence since 2013, armed or otherwise may be a result of trauma or paranoia. It may have inadvertently become a culture of settling disputes; big or small.

A week or so ago, the minister of information from Jonglei state released information about an incident that happened at the only university in the state. That a student was assaulted by unknown assailant in Bor. The chain reaction grew into its own magnitude only normal in the nascent state of South Sudan.


South Sudan’s youth, we have a collective effort of transforming this great country

By Dut Deng Kok, Juba, South Sudan   

Thursday, July 18, 2019 (PW) — Unfortunately, the youth has taken cue from our leaders. Over the years, especially during these useless wars, government have given numerous excuses why the system is in a seemingly disarray state even when we have the resources to establish a great nation out of the entity.

The agricultural sector has been neglected for no objective reason, money for road reconstruction is earmark every budgetary year but the roads remain death traps. The rehabilitation of our medical facilities for better medical service delivery has been yearly excused.

A proper funding of the education sector has been encountering well-deliberated excuses by the executives. Thus, the sector experiences incessant strike action by the education union who clamors for funding and good policy formulation geared towards reforming the sector.


Governor Maker Thing Maal of Jonglei State has announced his new government with 53% of the portfolios from Bor County, 26% from Twic East County and 21% from Duk County. In comparison, the previous government of Governor Philip Aguer Panyang was composed of 53% for Bor County, 27% for Twic East County and 20% for Duk County.

By PaanLuel Wel, Nairobi, Kenya

Wednesday, July 17, 2019 (PW) – Here (below) is the tribocratic analysis of the new government of Jonglei state, announced by Governor Maker Thiong Maal.

(a) Summary of Governor Maker Thiong Maal’s New Government of Jonglei state
County Position per County Percentage share per County Jur/Locality Position per Jur Percentage share per Jur
Bor 10 52.6% Juor-Gok 6 31.5%
Juor-Athooch 4 21.1%
Twic East 5 26.3% Juor-Lith 4 21.1%
Juor-Roor 1 5.3%
Duk 4 21.1% Hol Dinka 3 15.7%
Nyarweng Dinka 1 5.3%
Total 19 100% 19 100%
(b) Summary of Governor Philip Aguer Panyang’s Previous Government of Jonglei state
County Position per County Percentage share per County Jur/Locality Position per Jur Percentage share per Jur
Bor 8 53.3% Juor-Gok 6 40.0%
Juor-Athooch 2 13.3%
Twic East 4 26.7% Juor-Lith 3 20.0%
Juor-Roor 1 6.7%
Duk 3 20.0% Hol Dinka 2 13.3%
Nyarweng Dinka 1 6.7%
Total 15 100% 15 100%

Below is the tribocratic analysis of the new government of Jonglei state, announced by Governor Maker Thiong Maal.

(c) Governor Maker Thiong Maal’s New Government for Jonglei State
County Jur S/No. Name Position Payam Community
Bor (52.7%) Juor-Gok (31.6%) 1 Hon. Maker Thing Maal Governor Anyidi Palek
2 Hon. Agot Alier Leek Special Affair Advisor Anyidi Palek
3 Dr. Mach Majier Ghai Mayor of Bortown Anyidi Palek
4 Hon. John Dut Kuch Minister for Agriculture Makuach Ater
5 Hon. Rachael Amuor Pach Minister for Gender and Social Welfare Makuach Koch
6 Hon. Ayom Mach Jok Minister for Physical Infrastructure Kolnyang Abii
Juor-Athooch (21.1%) 7 Hon. kwai Deng Kwai Minister for Health Baidit Angakuei
8 Hon. Ajok Jacob Kuot Minister for Finance Baidit Pathuyith
9 Hon. Isaac Mamer Ruuk Peace Advisor Jalle Alian
10 Hon. Lith Aluong Kang Social Welfare Advisor Jalle Aboudit
Twic East (26.4%) Juor-Lith (21.1%) 1 Hon. Diing Akol Diing (Diing-Malak) Deputy Governor Kongor Kongor
2 Hon. Deng Ajang Duot Political Affairs Advisor Kongor Kongor
3 Hon. Abel Manyok Ajak Minister for Education Lith (Wernyol) Adhiok
4 Hon. Dut Achuek Lual Minister for Labor & Public Service Nyuak Dachuek
Juor-Roor (5.3%) 5 Hon. Deng Alier Mading Minister for Youth & Sport Pakeer (Maar) Pakeer
None None Ajuong (Paliau) Ajuong
Duk (21.1%) Hol Dinka (15.8%) 1 Amb. Manyang Awuol Padiet Speaker of the state Assembly Duk Padiet Hol
2 Hon. Atong Kuol Manyang Minister for Information Duk Padiet Hol
3 Hon. Jacob Akech Dengdit Youth Affairs Advisor Duk Padiet Hol
Nyarweng Dinka (5.3%) 4 Hon. Elijah Maduk Yuang Minister for Local Government Duk Payuel Nyarweng

The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made is the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël Media (PW) website. If you want to submit an opinion article, commentary or news analysis, please email it to PaanLuel Wël Media (PW) website do reserve the right to edit or reject material before publication. Please include your full name, a short biography, email address, city and the country you are writing from.

The wheel of justice moves dangerously slow, even slower than the weakest tortoise in South Sudan

By Dut Deng kok, Juba, South Sudan

Hybrid Court of South Sudan
Hybrid Court of South Sudan

Wednesday, July 17, 19 (PW) — Aside the fact that South Sudan is generally viewed as a paradox of a nation because of the inability of the nation – state to deploy the enormous natural and human resources to scale up the deteriorating standard of living and better the society for the benefit of all, it is also seen as such because of the dangerous collective amnesia that afflicts majority of the citizenry.

Few years back, at around 2013, a scholar was quoted as saying that most South Sudanese when pushed to the wall, rather than fight back, would drill a hole through the wall and escape. Most South Sudanese seem to like persons who lack the courage of conviction to fight since it is generally assumed in South Sudan that only the living can fight a second time.

This unfortunate mindset has led many South Sudanese to allow the society to go to the dogs and the institutions of State are now headed by persons who lack the necessary competences and skills to facilitate South Sudan’s arrival at the doorstep of 21st century compliant fast moving computer age. South Sudan is stocked in the pre-medieval or rather Stone Age mentality of survival of the fittest whereby even those appointed into offices believe and practice the theory that says MIGHT IS RIGHT.


The Office of the President under the Transitional Constitution, 2011 (Amended 2015): Is it a Cultivation of a Hegemonic Presidency in South Sudan?

By Tong Kot Kuocnin, Juba, South Sudan

President Kiir's Bahr el Ghazal tour, Feb 2019
President Kiir’s Bahr el Ghazal tour, Feb 2019

I. Introduction

Wednesday, July 17, 2019 (PW) —- A country’s constitution plays the major role in ensuring constitutionalism since it creates and allocates powers to the institutions of government and also seeks to control and/or restrain the exercise of such powers. It is noteworthy that state institutions comprise the Executive; the Judiciary and the Legislature.

This article analyses the role of the constitution in checking the powers of the president (who heads the Executive) in order to achieve constitutionalism in a democratic state. It singles out the office of the president (presidency) as it yields more powers compared to the other institutions and hence has crucial impact on constitutionalism, good governance and the rule of law. The article discusses and focuses on the office of the president under the TCSS, 2011 (Amended 2015) to highlight how the unchecked presidential powers which continue to stifle constitutionalism in South Sudan. 

This article first gives the general introduction and background before analyzing the office of the president as enshrined under the Interim Constitution of Southern Sudan, 2005 and the TCSS, 2011 (Amended 2015). It will also discuss to ascertain whether or not the office of the president (presidency) is a hegemonic presidency. However, before it concludes, the article will discuss and examines the cultivation of a hegemonic office of the president (presidency) under the constitution of South Sudan, 2011 in correlation to the Interim Constitution of Southern Sudan, 2005.


Governor Maker Thiong Maal Announces a New Government for Jonglei State

Posted: July 16, 2019 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Junub Sudan

Governor Maker Thing Maal of Jonglei State has announced his government with 50% of the portfolios from Bor County; 30% from Twic East and 20% from Duk County

Governor Maker Thiong Maal Announces a New Government for Jonglei State

1. Hon. Diing Akol Diing (Diing-Malak) the Deputy Governor

2. Advisor on special Affair. Agot Alier Leek

3. Hon. Lith Aluong Kang Advisor on social welfare

4. Hon. Abel Manyok Ajak the Minister for Education

5. Hon. Dut Achuek Lual the Minister for Labor & Public Service.

6. Hon. Rachael Amuor Paach the Minister for Social Welfare.

7. Hon. kwai Deng Kwai the Minister for Health

8. Hon. Dut Kuch the Minister for Agriculture

9. Hon. Deng Alier Mading the Minister for Youth & Sport

10. Hon. Elijah Maduk Yuang the Minister for Local Government

Those who maintained their positions.

1. Hon. Ajok Jacob Kuot the Minister for Finance

2.Hon. Atong Kuol Manyang the Minister for Information

3. Hon. Deng Ajang Duot , Advisor for Political Affairs

4. Hon. Isaac Mamer Ruuk , Advisor for Peace

5. Hon. Akec Dengdit , Advisor for Youth Affairs



Divided by Defeat and Prophecy, Riek Machar Post Up for Grab

Posted: July 13, 2019 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Junub Sudan

By Deng Vanang, Kampala, Uganda

Saturday, July 13, 2019 (PW) — Blame game is fast sweeping across every nook and cranny of SPLM/A-IO’s territory like a tornado. Target of divisive blame is Machar, IO’s pre-eminent Chairman and commander-In-Chief. Few, if not none, never knew a few weeks earlier his three-decade old helm in Naathland could come down crumbling in a wink, giving credence to Winston Churchill’s maxim: a week in politics is a long time.

The trigger of rebellion that saw IO’s Nuer-based media sharply divided is one Chief Brown Both Bol, the vernacular ‘’Nuer International Radio-America {NIRA}’’ supremo previously supportive of Machar’s every move either upward or down the spiral. Chief Brown as widely and fondly known, has his back pinned against the wall in recent days while under hell of fire from another IO’s alternative medium’s rocket propelled grenades.


CDR Arok Thon Arok and CDR Edward Abyei Lino Wuor: How The Ogaden War Inadvertently Led To The Liberation Of South Sudan

By Engineer Deng Diar Diing, Mombasa, Kenya

CDR Kerubino Kuanyin Bol, CDR Arok Thon Arok and CDR William Nyuon Bany
CDR Kerubino Kuanyin Bol, CDR Arok Thon Arok and CDR William Nyuon Bany

Wednesday, July 10, 2019 (PW) — The just celebrated independence of South Sudan came through multifaceted efforts of South Sudanese, citizens of other areas of new Sudan and their sympathizers. Some of the well-wishers went a long way in ensuring that Sudanese had a Launchpad to their liberation struggle while others guaranteed that peace came in terms that provided safeguards to the right to self-determination of the marginalized people. This was indeed secured through Dr. John multi-frontal methodology that deployed armed struggle (AS), Diplomatic and International Isolation (DII), agitation for internal uprising (IU) and political negotiation (PN) with successive regimes in the Sudan.

A critical devotee that ensured successful launch of Sudanese Liberation agenda in 1983 was Federal Republic of Ethiopia through Derg Regime of Mengistu Hail Meriam. Mengistu sent helicopter to search and picked Dr. John Garang at the border of Ethiopia and Sudan when he was under hot pursuit of Sudanese Army. The government of Ethiopia leveraged its relations with USSR, Cuba, Angola, North Korea and Libya to give SPLM/A its first international podium. Federal Government of Ethiopia also with the support of Russia and North Korea helped arm 105, 104, Jamus, Tiger and Tumsah battalions.

Dr. John and his team were able to use this platform to secure military hardware worth US$ 96 millions from Libya to arm Koryom, Muormuor and Zalzal. What has never been publically discussed by South Sudanese, whether out of dearth of inquisitiveness or by deliberation was the exact interest of Ethiopians in advancing liberation movement in neighboring Sudan. While others would simply argue that it was geopolitical orientation of Communism-Capitalism axis.