Posts Tagged ‘sudan government’

Mr. Isaiah Chol briefing the press about the commissions’ 2014 plans [©Gurtong]Mr. Isaiah Chol briefing the press about the commissions’ 2014 plans [©Gurtong]Mr. Isaiah Chol, the Chairperson of the Commission told press yesterday in Juba that, prior plans in the Commission have been finalized and are only waiting implementation after the government and her partners approve and release funds for the proposed budget.

“If the government of South Sudan is able to pay this money and channel it into the commission’s account we will conduct the exercise,” Chol said while decrying of the government’s reluctance in supporting the Commission’s activities.

Chol explained that, the estimated $99million is needed to facilitate field mapping, training of human resources, and enumeration among other several activities to be done.

The South Sudan census is to determine the conduct of the South Sudan first elections stated in the transitional constitution to take place after five years prior to the declaration of her independence.

In another development, Chol said the Commission faces challenges in terms of government funding on her activities. It has failed to provide many data in different areas of need due to lack of funding.

He gave an example of the commission’s plans to research and unveils statistical information on Wild Life Monitoring Survey, Crisis and Recovery Analysis, National Labour Force Survey and National Agricultural Survey among other research activities have been delayed by government’s partial policy support.

Since its establishment, the Commissions’ budget has been cut off continuously derailing its smooth process. Chol said many government institutions have not underscored the importance of the statistical information in backing development plans and policy making.

He pointed out that, his Commission’s budget has kept on dropping; 0.3%, 0.33%, 0.25%, 0.28%, 0.22%, and 0.21% according to the annual budgets of the years 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010 and 2011 respectively.

However, the South Sudan government deputy spokesperson Atem Yak, the governments’ efforts in supporting the Commission’s activities are being influenced by politicians who do things negatively.

KHARTOUM, Feb. 27 (Xinhua) — Sudan on Monday indicated a possibility of using military options against South Sudan in response to what Khartoum terms as “repeated aggressions” by the south on Sudan’s territories.

“Sudan maintains military and security options that can be used to respond to South Sudan’s attack on Buhairat Al-Abiyad in South Kordofan State,” Mustafa Osman Ismail,the Sudanese presidential adviser, told reporters Monday.

Ismail held South Sudan government responsible of the attack on Buhairat Al-Abiyadarea, reiterating that all options, including the military and security ones, were open before Sudan to respond to the “aggression.”

“South Sudan bears the full responsibility in this attack. South Sudan governmentshould stop refuting and lying. It should acknowledge if it has enough courage to bear the responsibility and its consequences,” said Ismail.

“We were attacked and we will no doubt respond to this aggression to defend our land.We will adopt all steps and there is no closed course for us. We will file complaints tothe UN Security Council, the African Union and the committee supposed to monitor thesecurity agreement recently signed between the two countries on refraining fromattacking the border.”

Sudanese army said Sunday that armed clashes broke out between its forces andSouth Sudan forces at Jao area on the border.

“An alliance bringing together South Sudan’s army and rebels from South Kordofanand Darfur on Sunday morning attacked Buhairat Abiyad at Jao town,” said Sudanesearmy in a statement.

The statement accused South Sudan of planning a full attack against the area, pointingout that the fighting was still continuing.

However, South Sudan’s Foreign Minister Nhial Deng on Monday refuted Sudan’saccusations that South Sudan was supporting the armed movements in Sudan.

“South Sudan has nothing to do with what is going on in Sudan,” Deng told reporters inJuba, adding that South Sudan, after gaining its independence, was willing for peacefulcoexistence with neighboring countries.

Sudan and South Sudan signed a security agreement on Feb. 10 to avoid armedconflicts between the two sides.

The agreement, which was reached under the mediation of the African Union in AddisAbaba, stipulated that the two sides should respect sovereignty and territorial integrityof each other, avoid intervention in each other’s internal affairs, reject the use of forceand observe common interests and peaceful coexistence.

Sudan and South Sudan have so far failed to demarcate their joint borders, includingthe affiliation of border areas such as Jao.

Battles Erupt Between SAF, SPLA as the Latter Launches Attacks within Sudan Territory
Khartoum– Fierce fighting broke out Sunday between the Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF) and the Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) after the latter advanced 6 km into Sudanese territories.Statements issued by SAF indicated that the SPLA plans to carry out attacks on Sudanese territories began two days ago in the areas of Al-Dar and Dabakaya.SAF lashed out against South Sudan, describing the attacks as a violation of Sudan’s sovereignty.

For its part, the Sudanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs has issued similar statement condemning the attack, describing it as violation of the Sudanese sovereignty, security and stability.

Sudan reserves the right to retaliate in the manner it deems fit, it said.

Spokesperson of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ambassador Al-Obeid Murawah, told Sudan Vision that the Sudanese Government would lodge a complaint to the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) and the African Union (AU).

“We have asked the South to desist from these acts,” he said, adding “Sudan will launch diplomatic efforts to brief the relevant international organizations and diplomats in Khartoum on the developments.”

SAF spokesperson, Col. Al-Sawarmi Khaled, who read the statement, said the SPLA launched a direct attack from within the southern territories on Buhayret Abyat area and advanced inside Sudanese territories.

The statement accused South Sudan leadership of supporting insurgency in South Kordofan and the Blue Nile as well as Darfur rebels, citing continued link of the SPLA with Divisions (9) and (10) in South Kordofan and the Blue Nile.  The support to the rebellion is in the form of supplies and salaries for the two Divisions.

The statement pointed out that South Sudan had sponsored a conference for unification of efforts of rebels in South Kordofan and Blue Nile including Darfur rebels in the town of Bor Yomi on 15 and 16 February.

Col. Al-Sawarmi said SAF has been closely monitoring plans and moves of the South Sudan against Sudan.

“The South Sudan Government assembled Darfur rebels in the area of Manga and Faryang in the Unity State despite Sudan’s call on the South to cease these acts, which are in breach of the recent non-aggression agreement”

“Forces from South Sudan and rebels from South Kordofan attacked at 3 a.m. in the area of Baheyret al-Abayd,” Sudan’s military spokesman Al-Sawarmi Khalid said, according to reports.

“Fighting continues,” he said. “The government in the South is not abiding by the deal.”

In a further sign of continued unrest, the Darfur-based rebel Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) said it had taken control of Jau, a region claimed by both sides, in a joint attack with forces of the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM/A).
By Mona Al-Bashir and Al-Sammani Awadallah, 1 day 7 hours ago

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Jonglei State – Civilian Disarmament to Commence in One Week –
Juba — A comprehensive disarmament of the civilian population in the volatile Jonglei state will begin on 1 March, the South Sudan government have announced. Salva Mathok Gengdit, South Sudan’s deputy minister of interior told the press on Thursday 
eNews Park Forest –
UBA, South Sudan–(ENEWSPF)–February 23, 2012. The government of the Republic of South Sudan should delay a disarmament campaign in Jonglei state until relations between the state’s three major communities begin to stabilize and security can be 
Oman Daily Observer –
By David Stanway – CHINA’S oil and commodities firms are set to tread more carefully in Africa after being stung by kidnappings, seizures of cargo and, most recently, the expulsion of a chief executive. But they won’t pull back.
BusinessWeek –
By Jared Ferrie Feb. 24 (Bloomberg) — Petrodar Operating Co., operator of an oil pipeline that runs from South Sudan through Sudan to the Red Sea, named Baidzawi Chemat as its acting president after the southern government expelled his predecessor, 
Bloomberg –
Petrodar Operating Co., operator of an oil pipeline that runs from South Sudan through Sudan to the Red Sea, named Baidzawi Chemat as its acting president after the southern government expelled his predecessor, Liu Yingcai.
Reuters Africa – ‎
By Ulf Laessing and Hereward Holland JUBA Feb 24 (Reuters) – In an air-conditioned Toyota showroom packed with half a dozen off-road vehicles in South Sudan’s capital, dealer Desmond McCue is wondering whether the shutdown of the country’s oil …
By Ulf Laessing and Hereward Holland

JUBA Feb 24 (Reuters) – In an air-conditioned Toyota showroom packed with half a dozen off-road vehicles in South Sudan’s capital, dealer Desmond McCue is wondering whether the shutdown of the country’s oil production industry means the bonanza is over.

The cars on sale range from a basic $50,000 pick-up truck to the lavish GXR V8 model that costs $84,000 — plus an extra $10,000 to have it flown in.

“Everybody is worried, but at this stage I don’t know how it will affect sales,” said McCue.

His Crown Auto Trade dealership has been selling between five and ten GXRs per month, mostly to top officials, who are said to be given an allowance of two cars each in a country the size of France with just 100 km (70 miles) of paved roads.

But seven months after declaring independence from Sudan under a 2005 peace deal, those days of lavish spending on cars may be over after Juba suspended its 350,000 barrels per day of oil production in a row with Khartoum over pipeline payments.

Having lost 98 percent of its income overnight, there are fears the government may struggle to fund salaries or to pay for imports in the coming months, threatening the stability of the world’s newest nation.

“No one knows how long the government can hold out, but I don’t know of any government that has smoothly shrunk its budget by 98 percent in a matter of months,” Jean-Baptiste Gallopin, an analyst at Control Risks, said during a visit to Juba.

Much of South Sudan’s stability depends on the morale of its bloated army, a constellation of former militia groups estimated by some officials to number 200,000 soldiers.

The government insists it will not cut salaries to the military though, apparently aware that any such move could be extremely dangerous.

“There’s so little cohesion in the army that it’s only the pay that keeps them loyal. Security forces will be the highest priority. They’ll cut ministers’ salaries before they touch the army,” said a defense analyst who asked not to be identified.

Inflation, currently hovering around 50 percent, is likely to jump further, possibly stoking unrest in a country where 2.7 million people – or one third of the population – already rely on food aid.

“Before independence, malaria pills cost 15 pounds. Now it’s 35,” pharmacist Simon Fal said, while sipping tea in a makeshift road cafe.

Like most others, Fal supports the decision to shut down the wells in order to stop Sudan seizing southern oil as part of an ongoing struggle by the mainly Christian and animist South to cement its independence from the mostly Muslim north.

“All people agreed in the shutting down of the oil because it’s about dignity. If we maintain our freedom we will gain dignity,” he said.

But diplomats wonder whether Juba can survive longer than three or four months as talks stall over how much the landlocked South should pay Khartoum to use its pipelines and Red Sea port.

“The situation is very critical,” said Eric Solheim, minister of environment and international development from Norway, which is advising both Sudans on oil issues.

“What is clear is if over time revenues will go down this way, they will have to make deep cuts,” he said.

Social pressures could increase in the next few weeks with the return of 700,000 South Sudanese from Sudan where their legal status expires in April.

Juba will have to find housing and jobs for the returnees, stretching resources at a time when the government is struggling to build up functioning ministries.

Even if both sides do strike an oil deal, South Sudan might need substantial aid anyway as it could take up to six months to restart oil production after pipes were flushed with water to avoid sludge forming.


Oil is the lifeline of both economies, but the South is more vulnerable because it has almost no other industries to fall back on beyond the oil sector. It also relies heavily on imported goods which are brought in for a hefty premium on unpaved roads from Uganda, Kenya and Sudan. More than 90 percent of its goods come in that way.

No public data exists on dollar reserves. Juba has contracted oil sales worth $3 billion since July but has not said where the revenues have gone. No reserves were mentioned in the 2011 budget.

When Information Minister Barnaba Marial Benjamin announced austerity measures after a cabinet meeting last week, he refused to allow journalists to look at the 2012 budget draft in his hands.

The government says it is confident it can weather the loss of oil with an austerity programme and better tax enforcement. But the first signs of strain can already be seen.

The central bank has roughly halved dollar allocations to local lenders and restricted money transfers to Uganda and Kenya, bankers say.

“There is a sense of panic among government and central bank officials who meet with private banks every days to discuss raising new funds,” said a senior banker in Juba.

“They have little experience with financial tools such as treasury bills and now need to learn it the hard way,” he said, declining to be identified.

The cabinet plans to cut non-salary expenditure by 50 percent. But that might not be enough to make up for the loss of oil revenues as salaries make up roughly half the budget, meaning the total cuts only amount to 25 percent in real terms.

Even if Juba managed to keep paying army salaries, analysts fear the austerity plan will eat into funding required to build up efficient state bodies and fight corruption.

“There is a serious concern that funding for the operations of oversight institutions like the Audit Chamber and the parliament will be cut first, institutions which are ever more critical during times of austerity or crisis,” said Dana Wilkins at transparency group Global Witness.

Rampant corruption and cronyism have hampered development in South Sudan, where few roads exist outside Juba. Power is concentrated in the hands of former guerillas who dislike scrutiny.

People in Juba’s dusty streets say they back the oil shutdown and are confident they can cope as many basic services are provided by the United Nations and aid agencies.

“The oil doesn’t reach normal people. We don’t have power, running water or anything, so the shutdown won’t affect us,” said Malakal Dual, a local pastor.

“It will affect government institutions and those few people who drive cars,” he said, sitting by a busy road while a boy polished his shoes.

But an Arab grocery merchant from Sudan working in Juba cautioned: “Without oil it will be very bad.”

Norway’s Solheim said the austerity measures will affect many people.

“There are many people in indirect dependency on the state budget because those who are on the state payroll support their family and others and it also may affect farming,” he said.


Diplomats expect no quick breakthrough at oil talks in Addis Ababa, which restart on March 6, because the two sides’ negotiating positions remain far apart. The South is willing to pay around $1 a barrel as a transit fee but Khartoum wants as much as $36.

South Sudan says it wants to build alternative pipelines to Kenya or Djibouti to end its dependency on Sudan. But Solheim is sceptical.

“I see very few people in the international community who consider this feasible in the short-term,” he said during a visit to Khartoum.

As most oil fields were overpumped by Khartoum in the run-up to independence, a pipeline would probably be only viable if new finds are made.

The government hopes that France’s Total will make new discoveries in Jonglei. But tribal violence there has hampered exploration. State funds to aid exploration in undeveloped places like Jonglei are likely to be less forthcoming under the new austerity plan.

Experts are also sceptical about plans to borrow abroad using oil as a guarantee since the oil cannot currently be sold.

“This would be possible only with very high interest rates,” said Harry Verhoeven, a Sudan expert. (Reporting by Ulf Laessing and Hereward Holland. Edited by Andrew Osborn)

By Jared Ferrie – Feb 21, 2012 10:40 AM ET

South Sudan Welcomes London Court Ruling on Disputed Oil Cargo

South Sudan welcomed the ruling by a London court to withhold payment for a cargo of crude until ownership of the oil was settled with neighboring Sudan.

The ruling was a “positive thing” because it means that Sudan will not receive a share of the proceeds from the sale of oil “stolen” by the Sudanese government, South Sudan government spokesman Barnaba Marial Benjamin said today by phone from Juba, South Sudan’s capital. “We are satisfied as long as it doesn’t go to Khartoum.”

South Sudan declared independence in July, taking control of oil fields that produced about 75 percent of Sudan’s crude output of 490,000 barrels of a day.

Talks have so far failed to yield an agreement on how much landlocked South Sudan should pay to transport its oil through a pipeline across Sudan. South Sudan halted output last month after Sudan confiscated southern crude, saying it was taking it to make up for unpaid fees.

The disputed oil includes 600,000 barrels of Nile Blend that Sudan loaded onto the oil tanker Ratna Shradha on Jan. 19. Oil trader Trafigura Beheer BV, confirmed yesterday that the court ruled that all proceeds from the shipment, which it bought from Sudan and sold to Tokyo-based JX Nippon Oil & Energy Corp, remain with the court until ownership is legally established.

Sudan Foreign Ministry Spokesman al-Obeid Murawih didn’t answer his phone when Bloomberg called seeking comment.

To contact the reporter on this story: Jared Ferrie in Juba, South Sudan

Disputed Sudan Oil Can Unload After Court Ruling, Trafigura Says

February 21, 2012, 12:43 AM EST

By Jared Ferrie

Feb. 20 (Bloomberg) — A crude oil cargo that’s been stranded at sea because of a dispute between Sudan and South Sudan can unload in Japan after a court ruling in London, oil trader Trafigura Beheer BV said.

“We can confirm that the English court has ordered that the delivery can be made,” Trafigura, which bought the disputed cargo, said in a statement. “The court will hold all proceeds related to the cargo until ownership is legally established.”

South Sudan declared independence in July, taking control of fields producing of about 75 percent of Sudan’s 490,000 barrels a day of crude output. The division of oil resources has become a subject of contention between the two countries as South Sudan claims the Sudanese government in Khartoum is illegally selling the crude.

The oil tanker Ratna Shradha has been sitting off the coast of southern Japan since Feb. 14 and hasn’t docked, according to AISLive data compiled by Bloomberg. The ship loaded about 600,000 barrels of Nile Blend in Sudan on Jan. 19.

The tanker’s owner asked the court to rule on the matter because ownership of the cargo is disputed, said Pagan Amum, South Sudan’s chief negotiator in talks with Sudan.

“We will leave no stone unturned to recover the value of oil stolen by the government of Sudan,” Amum said. “We are encouraged by the steps taken by owners of the ship taken in the English court.”

An employee of Chambal Fertiliser and Chemicals Ltd., the Indian company that owns the ship, who answered the phone today, said nobody was available to comment. JX Nippon Oil and Energy, scheduled to take delivery of the oil, also declined to comment.

Ordered Shutdown

South Sudan ordered a shutdown of crude production after accusing Sudan of diverting fuel to its refinery, forcing companies to load oil onto ships it controlled, and blockading other shipments. Sudan said it confiscated crude to cover unpaid fees it’s owed for allowing the landlocked country to transport oil via a pipeline to Port Sudan on the Red Sea.

Sudan’s foreign ministry spokesman, al-Obeid Murawih, dismissed the dispute over Trafigura’s purchase.

“Whether we sold the oil or we not, consumed it or not, the buyers are willing to buy or rejecting — all these don’t help solving the core problem, which is reaching an oil deal between two countries,” he said by phone yesterday from Khartoum.

Dar Blend

Sudan put 1.9 million barrels of Dar Blend onto three tankers, comprised of 650,000 barrels on the Sea Sky, 750,000 barrels on the Al Nouf and 600,000 barrels on the ETC Isis, according to letters from oil companies that were provided by Amum. Sudan also loaded 600,000 barrels of Nile Blend onto the Ratna Sharada, the documents showed.

The Sea Sky and Al Nouf remain in the Fujairah area, on the coast of Sudan, according to AISLive data. The ETC Isis is located off Singapore.

The U.K. court decision for the sale to take place with the funds kept in escrow is “significant,” said Marc Mercer, an Africa associate with the Eurasia Group in London.

“The Trafigura experience makes the north’s sale of southern oil even more difficult to other such companies,” he said today in an e-mailed response to questions. “Litigation in court as well as the possibility of further proceedings should the oil be determined as stolen will be costly for all sides — financially and reputation wise.”

Sudan and South Sudan are scheduled to meet in the coming weeks in the Ethiopian capital, Addis Ababa, for the next round of negotiations on issues outstanding since the south separated. These include determining the status of the region of Abyei and disputed sections of the border, as well as agreeing on an oil revenue sharing arrangement.

Amum told reporters Feb. 15 that South Sudan will not begin pumping oil again until a comprehensive agreement is reached, which includes Sudan paying for southern oil it has confiscated.

–With assistance from Salma El Wardany in Khartoum. Editors: Raj Rajendran, Randall Hackley.

To contact the reporter on this story: Jared Ferrie in Juba, South Sudan at

To contact the editor responsible for this story: Will Kennedy at

Disputed Sudanese oil cargo yet to unload in Japan

Tuesday, 21 February 2012

Sudan has confiscated more than 6 million barrels of South Sudan’s oil since December due to the row over oil transit fees, a South Sudanese official said last week. (File photo)

Sudan has confiscated more than 6 million barrels of South Sudan’s oil since December due to the row over oil transit fees, a South Sudanese official said last week. (File photo)


A ship carrying disputed Sudanese crude remained anchored off southwest Japan on Tuesday, despite a British court ruling giving the tanker permission to unload, three shipping sources said.

The Ratna Shradha, which is owned by India Steamship, is holding 600,000 barrels of crude oil that South Sudan says was seized by neighboring Sudan last month and which sold it at deep discount to a North Asian trader, the sources said.

The tanker has yet to receive permission to dock from JX Nippon Oil & Energy, operator of the Kiire terminal, a source familiar with the matter said.

“The ship was scheduled to discharge at the terminal, but so far we have not received any news from JX Nippon,” the source said.

The tanker has remained off the terminal since Feb. 14, according to Reuters shipping data. The docking schedule for this week does not show the Ratna Shradha unloading, a second shipping source said.

At least two traders said the cargo had been bought by JX Nippon Oil and Energy.

India Steamship, a unit of Chambal Fertilizers and Chemicals Ltd., and JX Nippon Oil, both declined to comment.

Chambal Fertilizers submitted the case to a British commercial court on Feb. 15, a court official told Reuters, after questions over the legal ownership of the crude emerged.

The defendants in the case are listed as the Republic of Sudan, the Republic of South Sudan and Union de Banques Arabes et Francaises, the official added.

Geneva-based Trafigura, the world’s third largest oil trader, bought oil which the South Sudanese government claims was seized by its northern neighbour Sudan.

Landlocked, war-ravaged South Sudan must pump oil to the Red Sea via a pipeline across its northern neighbor to Port Sudan. Oil revenues account for 98 percent of the seven-month-old country’s income.

The Ratna Shradha is one of at least three tankers that are part of some $815 million in oil revenues that South Sudan’s President Salva Kiir accused Sudan of “looting” and which the government in Khartoum said provided compensation for unpaid transit fees.

It is not yet clear if the other disputed cargoes have been sold.

Sudan has confiscated more than 6 million barrels of South Sudan’s oil since December due to the row over oil transit fees, a South Sudanese official said last week.

18th February 2012
NCP Sudan ground and air attack on the Republic of South Sudan
Since Monday 13th February 2012, the Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) has been attacking SPLA positions inside the Republic of South Sudan by air and ground forces in Jaw (Unity State) and Kofra Kingi (Western Bhar el Ghazal state). The NCP government in Khartoum is committing this heinous crime while having signed a non-aggression agreement with SPLM Chief Negotiator, Cde Pagan Amum, in Ethiopia.
Description: F:\Bol Makueng10.JPG
Comrade Bol Makueng
SPLM Secretary for Information, Culture and Communication
Picture by Comrade Larco Lomayat
Why does the Sudan government sign a non-aggression agreement with SPLM and then wages war on the Republic of South Sudan?
· The NCP leaders are pathological liars. Their main modus operandi is always deceit, mislead and misinform the public and international community. They have no faith in agreements they make with anybody – SPLM, regional or national and political institutions. At the time the Sudan government delegation was travelling to Ethiopia, the SAF was just preparing to attack the Republic of South Sudan. The objective being to frustrate the discussions so that they continue stealing the oil. In fact, the NCP ordered the oil companies to open the pipelines even after the Republic of South Sudan had ordered the closure.
· Before the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) the NCP government was the sole beneficiary of the oil in Sudan. During the CPA, the NCP dishonoured the wealth sharing formula by taking both the ministry of finance and that of petroleum. This was to steal the oil unchecked and thus Southern Sudan by then was just getting only 20% instead of the agreed 50% of the oil share.
· Now that South Sudan is an independent nation, the NCP continued its theft of oil. The republic of South Sudan caught the NCP red handed. All the deceitful avenues of theft have been exposed. The NCP will not again get money to hire mercenaries and Janjaweed to fight in Southern Kordofan, Southern Blue Nile and the Republic of South Sudan.
· The NCP has refused to implement the CPA protocols popular consultations for Southern Kordofan and Southrn Blue Nile, and self-determination for Abyei, and chooses to wage war against the people of these regions. The NCP thus needs the oil money to pay for arms and mercenaries to fight in these areas.
· The NCP is also having a day dream to reverse the independence of South Sudan and to colonize it again so as to plunder resources. The NCP is investing on the willing South Sudanese fight as soldiers and politicians of fortune on behalf of the NCP.
· The NCP government is not ready to make an agreement with the Republic of South Sudan because it does not want anything legal as they will be made to return the stolen oil money and also pay for damages incurred as a result of the NCP’s subversive and deceitful activities that led to the closure of the oil pipelines.
This information is important for people of South Sudan and the international community to know because the NCP is busy declaring and waging war against the Republic of South Sudan, Abyei, Southern Kordofan, Southern Blue Nile and Darfur on the basis outlined above.
Cde. Bol Makueng
SPLM Secretary for Information, Culture and Communication
Attacks, clashes increase on Sudan-South Sudan border to shut down road, rebel group says

JUBA, Sudan – Sudan’s military is carrying out a bombing campaign intended to shut down the main route for refugees fleeing violence in the country’s south, a rebel spokesman said Monday.

A former American aid worker who lives in the region documented five attacks and clashes last week.

Attacks by the Sudanese Armed Forces have been focused along the road leading out of Southern Kordofan, Sudan, into Yida, South Sudan, said Arnu Loddi, a spokesman for the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-North, a rebel group inside Sudan.

More than 20,000 refugees have already fled to a camp in Yida to escape the violence, and the United Nations worries that hundreds of thousands more could be on the way.

According to Loddi, Sudanese Armed Forces have been launching missiles from a military base in Kadugli, Sudan into the border region. He said Sudanese forces also launched “an ambush on a lorry carrying civilians going to Yida,” last week. Loddi did not have any information on the number of casualties sustained in the attack.

A Sudanese military spokesman did not immediately answer calls seeking comment about the reports.

“They want to close down the roads,” said Loddi, who is based in Nairobi, Kenya. “Sometimes they ambush, sometimes they bomb it. Since the beginning of this year they have bombed the same area at least five times.”

The rebel SPLM-North was once part of the Southern People’s Liberation Movement, now the ruling political party in newly independent South Sudan.

The SPLM says it cut off relations with the rebels across the border after South Sudan broke away from Khartoum in July. But Sudan claims that the SPLM-North still receives funding and support from Juba and even maintains a presence in refugee camps — including Yida — across the border.

Ryan Boyette, a former aid worker who lives in Sudan and is now leading a team of 15 citizen journalists, said that Sudanese forces carried out at least five attacks last week, including rocket attacks, aerial bombings and a direct attack on a village by troops.

One of the attacks saw Sudanese Armed Forces directly engage South Sudan forces in Jau — along the road to Yida — Loddi said. Four southern troops were injured, he said.

Jau is claimed by both north and south, and the two sides have been on high alert since the attack. South Sudan’s military spokesman Col. Philip Aguer said some 5,000 Sudanese troops have been moved to the region.

“We don’t know their intention,” he said. “We are just watching and waiting.”

Aguer denied that any SPLM-North forces are operating inside South Sudan.

While the two sides jockey for control of Jau and the unmarked border, the humanitarian situation in Southern Kordofan is deteriorating. Sudan has been at war with the SPLM-North since June, frequently employing Antonov aircraft to bomb rebel controlled areas.

The repeated attacks have effectively halted agricultural production in the region, and many humanitarian organizations warn that food is beginning to run out in the Sudanese state of Southern Kordofan. Khartoum has refused to allow relief organizations into the area citing security concerns and fears that aid may be given to rebel fighters.

Last week the U.N.’s top humanitarian official, Valerie Amos, called on both Sudan and the SPLM-North to grant immediate humanitarian access to the region.

“Action is urgently needed to meet the needs of people caught up in the conflict,” she said.

By Monica Lakes:

The Sudan government’s policy that has been anything, but terrorism, is planning to launch surprise attack on South Sudan. Possessed by fear, jealous and sense of shame for the way the racist Islamist Arabs have mismanaged Sudan for over 100 years, they are trying every wicked plan to engage South Sudan in war and continuous plunder of the oil and other resources. In his wisdom, Bashir is making partial peace in Darfur while killing other Darfurians (the game of divide and rule or kill a slave with a slave policy). While pretending to make peace in Darfur, he declares war on the Republic of South Sudan and is already waging war on the people of Southern Kordofan and Southern Blue Nile. Is it lunatic or an act of a desperate dying buffalo!

Yesterday (6 February 2012) in Darfur, Omer Bashir, the liar, thief and murderer, who is wanted on uncountable charges of genocide and human rights violations, was dancing in one of his would be ever last wicked appearances in public. Besides him sat a subdued Idris Derby, the man of Chad who Bashir has terrorized and humiliated repeatedly to a point of submission through Sudan army repeated invasions in an attempt to overthrow him. Idris Derby accepted to do the dirty work for Bashir and is rewarded with marriage of the daughter of Bashir’s field commander terrorist Janjaweed, Musa Hilal.

As a prime driver of terrorism in Africa and worldwide, the NCP Bashir has been encouraged by the triumphant rise of Islamic forces in Libya and Egypt. Moreover, the terrorist NCP has cowed down both Chad and Eritrea into submission. These two countries had suffered terrorist activities when the NCP government used to train Islamists against them. The two presidents of Chad and Eritrea feared the NCP’s wrath and therefore submit themselves to Khartoum’s whims. Chad paid heavily when Sudan and trained Islamists almost overthrew Chad in 2009 had the French forces based in N’jemena not intervened and rescued Idris Derby from Bashir.

President Derby has at last raised up a white flag with both hands to Bashir. Last month in Khartoum, Idris Derby of Chad married the daughter of the well known terrorist, Musa Hilal, so as to cement the their unhealthy relationship as companions in crimes and genocide in Darfur. The terrorists managed to even register the support of the United Nations on their side when Gambari of the UN was among the best men of the wedding party. Omer Bashir, Ali Karti, Ali, Mustafa Ismael, Ali Nafie, indeed, all the chief terrorists were in the wedding party.

In fact, the NCP terrorism is successful in achieving their foreign policy objectives. For example, when the Kenya lawyers declared a legal principle position regarding the indictment of Omer Bashir towards the end of last year, Bashir swiftly asked the Kenyan Ambassador to leave Khartoum within 24 hours. The Kenyan government had to kneel on its knees to beg Sudan to keep diplomatic relations alive between the two countries. Kenya took lessons from both Eritrea and Chad. These NCP’s lessons of success are sharpening its terrorist appetite to do the same to Ethiopia and Uganda. DR Congo and Central Africa Republic are NCP’s quiescent and willing centres of political influence. They can positively respond to Khartoum’s hour of call should the need arise. Currently, Chad, Central Africa Republic and Sudan, have jointly deployed armies along their borders with the Republic of South Sudan in support of Khartoum’s military incursions into South Sudan.

This is the NCP’s grand terrorist strategy in dealing with South Sudan. Within Sudan, Omer Bashir has made a fresh call for more Sharia by making Islam and Arab culture as only sources of law making. His declared position is that all the Sudanese are Arabs and Muslims and so they must also be compelled terrorists.

The Republic of South Sudan is safe from this wicked Arab Islamic racist agenda because they made a wise choice during referendum to be free. The hope for the marginalized people of Sudan lies with South Sudan.

What is giving the NCP Sudan legitimacy to conduct terrorism without impunity in Africa? There are two main reasons:

One, the NCP started stealing the oil of South Sudan since before the CPA until today. The NCP government then used the oil revenues to influence political decisions of some poor African neighboring countries.

Secondly, the retreat of the counter terrorism forces from confrontation to appeasement. NCP is getting support militarily and economically from Iran, Russia and China.

After terrorizing and subduing Chad, Eritrea and Kenya, the next NCP’s divergent agenda is to capture the great Lakes region in Africa to connect to coastal regions from the horn of African and West Africa and converging on Cape Town. The Islamists assumption is that South Sudan will just be a dead apple once the faces of the ignorant African countries are covered with the oil money. For example, the last sad AU recommendation regarding the talks to reward Khartoum for having stolen oil was sad and by far falls below the level of political consciousness.

Any such suggestion that rewards Sudan government for having stolen oil of South Sudan is non starter.  The NCP thus concludes that the old Sudan will get re-united through the support of these African countries and also with help of those South Sudanese who are still working with NCP as mercenaries.

KHARTOUM – Tensions escalated between Sudan and South Sudan as the African Union’s (AU) efforts failed to settle the oil dispute that has engaged the two sides since last July when the south separated from the north.

Just one day after Khartoum said it had released three South Sudan’s oil ships held at Port-Sudan, Juba said it had halted oil pumping and would not resume it until an agreement with the north is reached.

“Crude oil pumping has been halted we will not resume the operation until a comprehensive agreement, settling all outstanding issues, is reached,” South Sudan’s Deputy Minister of Petroleum Elisabeth James told Xinhua Monday.

“The Addis Ababa negotiations, under the patronage of the AU, have failed to come to a settlement on the oil dispute. Therefore, we have decided to implement the decision of the Council of Ministers to stop the crude oil pumping,” she added.

The deputy minister reiterated that the South Sudan government is open to any solutions that are satisfactory for both sides, denying that there were political motives behind Juba’s adherence to reaching a comprehensive agreement before resuming oil pumping.

“The oil issue is legal and not political. We are looking for an agreement that tackles the difference over the fees set to transport the south’s oil through the pipelines of the north. This agreement should comply with the international standards,” she said.

She further downplayed Khartoum’s decision to release the oil ships, saying “this move is not enough to resolve the issue and we do not think it represents a good will initiative. For us, it is a right returned to their owners.”

The South Sudan government on January 20 decided to stop oil production after Khartoum started holding part of the south’s oil as compensation for what it calls Juba’s unpaid arrears.

South Sudan earlier also announced that it signed a framework agreement with Kenya to build an oil pipeline leading to the Kenyan port of Lamu, which would reduce its reliance on Sudan’s facilities.

Analysts said that there are the recent developments of the oil dispute are politically motivated and the external factors are not helpful in resolving the issue.

Mohamed Al-Nayer, a Sudanese political analyst, told Xinhua that “the South Sudan government may be seeking to escalate the oil issue and some powerful countries are supporting its stance.”

The south’s decision is clearly targeting the north and its economy and some people are instigating Juba not to agree with Khartoum, he noted.

“The recent round of negotiations in Addis Ababa has revealed that Juba is unwilling to end the oil dispute,” said the analyst, referring to Juba’s last-minute back down from an AU-brokered agreement.

After separating with South Sudan in July 2011, Sudan lost two thirds of its oil resources. The two sides have since been arguing about an oil-sharing deal.

On December 21st, members of the Sudanese Diaspora hand delivered a petition to the offices of the UN Security Council.  The petition has been signed by 85 international organizations and prominent individuals.  The opportunity to add your voice is now available through an online petition at
This month, it is expected that the crises in Sudan will be addressed at the African Union Summit.  Please help amplify the demands of the Sudanese people who are desperate for action that provides protection, emergency aid, justice and hope for democratic change.  When you sign this petition online, it will be sent to the African Union as well as to members of the UN Security Council.
Please sign the petition and help spread the word – thank you!