The Government of South Sudan has tasted the fruits of her Nepotism in Foreign policy


By David Aoloch Bion

The Government of the Republic of South Sudan led by President Salva Kiir has poorest relationship with the whole World because of her nepotism policies in the job opportunities and in the public services . This youngest nation got independence in 2011. Shortly, the government established her embassies around the World. When the ambassadors to work in these foreign missions were appointed. It was not done on the merit of the qualification and expertise but it was based on nepotism.
When the ambassadors were appointed, the Government Ministers and the 24 SPLM political Bureau members met in hotel in Juba and each Minister and each Member gave the name of his or her brother or sister or any qualified relative or a friend to President Salva Kiir . President Kiir without any reservation or doubt, he appointed the ambassadors as recommended by his political allies in the government and in the SPLM party.
In 2013, President Kiir falls out with the 17 SPLM Political Bureau members who gave him the list of his ambassadors. President Kiir sacked these men in the government. These sacked government ministers began talking ill about the Government. The ambassadors in foreign capitals began talking ill about the government too
. Instead they ambassadors should speak as the representatives of the government; they were presenting the interest of their relatives who disagree with government as the interest of the government.
When the fighting broke out in Juba on December 15, fighting also broke out in the South Sudan embassies abroad. The ambassadors, who were recommended by either, those leading the rebellion or those who were detained were expressing their political divide rather than national foreign policy agenda/interest , they were saying there was’’ no coup ‘’. From there the host country thought that ambassador is presenting national views while the ambassador has already taken side.
If the ambassadors were appointed on merit, this diplomatic damage would have not happened because the ambassadors would have not known any other interest than the interest of the Government of South Sudan that appointed him or her.
South Sudan has a poorest diplomatic relationship with World, it is a good experience, so next time any government in Juba should not appoint ambassadors on recommendation from someone but on merit and experience of the work.

A MAD RICHMAN IS NEVER RESPECTED OR TAKEN SERIOUS

Posted: July 22, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël in Commentary

John Adoor Deng, Australia

whose head?

whose head?

South Sudan is archeologically believed to be mineral rich country in the world and in Africa in particular. It has enormous potential for oil, gold mines, animals and a fertile land, capable of satisfying needs for local consumption and exports. The country borders many countries which in a practical sense, gives South Sudan credible opportunities for trades and business operations.

With this realization, economists referred to South Sudan as an African food basket. The question then becomes when is South Sudan going to be an African food basket? Is this economic prophecy fulfil- able in South Sudan?

Indeed, one would hold an ambivalent position in this regards. We had the opportunity to demonstrate and portray this rich endeavor both to the world and to our own good -selves.   However, the ruling elites failed at the very genesis of the making of our country. For example, they could not even manage to fairly distribute the ready-made resource (oil money).

Disgracefully, the amount of $20 billion since 2005-2013 ended in few pockets while the innocent heroes and war victims, languish in poverty. The country (South Sudan) as I write this piece; lack medical facilities, roads, clean water, electricity and poor agriculture, etc. The nation is rated low as failed and one among the most corrupts countries in the world.

This brings me to my subject title, a mad rich man is never respected or taken serious. This is true of South Sudan‘s current situation. Observably, the country is now engaged in a needless war within herself. Each day the two unfortunate warring factions slaughter each other, destroyed little individuals infrastructure buildings, kill and displaced innocents civilians caught on both sides of the conflicts.

In my view, these obnoxious actions qualified the present South Sudanese influential leaders, who in one way or the other, architected the current situation as mad men and women. Stupidly, they are proud about the oil and other resources that they could not even manage to make good use of in terms of equitable distribution and infrastructural development. The oil in South Sudan instead of being regarded as a blessing from God to us, it is humanly now turned into a curse resource.

During the civil war between the North Sudan and Southern Sudan, we used to refer to then oil as blood oil. I remember the protest we did in Kenya so that Kenyan stops doing business with Sudan with oil. Today, our oil is becoming a curse resource; it’s only benefited few bellies and secondly the oil now is being use to fuel this needless war.

Both factions are selling future barrels of oil through agreements with scrupulous companies. This is robbing the next generations of South Sudan, who will live only to pay debts and have nothing to benefit from the oil. The present leaders have scared off friends and goodwill allies of South Sudan. As nobody respect   a rich madman, so is South Sudan to the world.

The Author is John Adoor Deng, BA, BTH, MPRL, MPPP_current and Director of South Sudan Foundation (SSSF). He is reachable by emailing johnadoordeng@yahoo.com.au

BUAY: SPLA REPULSED REBELS’ ATTACK IN AYOD

Posted: July 22, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël in Press Release

SPLA REPULSED REBELS’ ATTACK IN AYOD

For Immediate Release

July, 22/7/2014

The rebels of Riek Machar once again violated the Cessation of Hostilities and attacked Ayod town at 8:30 AM. The attackers were White Army commanded by renegade Duop Lam, former Minister of Law Enforcement in Jonglei State from 2009 to December, 15, 2013.

The SPLA forces repulsed the attack within one hour and inflicted heavy casualties on the marauding White Army. The SPLA forces, after conducting searches, found 64 dead bodies of the rebels most of whom are young boys below the ages of 18.

As it is now obvious that Riek Machar’s rebel-terrorists declared war against the government in a blatant violation of the Cessation of Hostilities signed in Addis Ababa, we request the Government of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia to dismiss Riek Machar from Ethiopia. The purpose Ethiopia hosts Riek Machar in hotel in Addis Ababa is to facilitate negotiations between the Government and the rebels. But since Riek Machar is not interested in peace, the Ethiopian Government must dismiss him from Addis Ababa.

It came to our attention that the wounded combatants of Riek Machar are being treated in Gambella, Ethiopia. After the SPLA defeated the rebels in Nasir on Sunday, the wounded rebels found their way to Gambella town. More than 54 wounded rebels are being treated in Gambella right now.

The Government of South Sudan is appealing to Ethiopian Government to ensure that wounded rebels are not treated in their territory. The Government of South Sudan signed border security agreement with the Government of Gambella region in 2011 so that no rebel is allowed to destabilize the border. The Government of South Sudan has so far deported 25 Ethiopian rebels to Addis Ababa to ensure that Ethiopian rebels do not use South Sudan territory to destabilize Ethiopia. Therefore, Ethiopian Government must implement the agreement by preventing wounded rebels to have access to hospitals in Ethiopia, particularly Gambella region.

For Contact:
Gen. Gordon Buay
Member of Other Armed Groups Integration Committee
Juba, South Sudan
Email: gordonbuay@hotmail.com


‘SOME PEOPLE ARE BLIND,THEIR GREED FOR LEADERSHIP HAS BLIND
THEM’

By Desmond Mabior

The 21 federal states proposed by Riek Machar

The 21 federal states proposed by Riek Machar

My dearest ‘greater Bor’ peers or fellows i greet you. I am aware and its clear that some of you are in support of pending ‘federalism’ result which were submitted by ‘Riek’ and his delegation. Fine that’s up to you if you’re in support of that but for ‘ME’ its a big NO for my personal view that will later follow.

Well as you read this, many of you may piss me off and even ignore this ,some may suggest that I am a mad man(or boy for those who are older than me) and some may agree with me and the final results is we’re all humans and and each every individual have his/her right to choose what he/she do,like or desire.

But that’s not the reason I chooses to waste my precious time to write this note or article today. Let me outset by sharing this quote with you today ‘ The only thing worse than being blind is having sight and no vision’. You can translate it on your own opinion but for me this is what I mean about that.

It’s clear that many of you are against ‘Kiir’ and its government. Especially your claimed illiterate, dictator ,murderer,failure ‘Kiir Mayardit’ himself. Were many of you have continually asked him to go,were many of you wrote and continually writes articles of asking him to go ‘Kiir must go’. The same ‘Kiir’ you and your pathetic,selfish,greed leaders who later become chameleon ruins his reputation in public and domestic eyes now. But I will not talk about it now.

Let me suggests in my view that ‘Kiir’ himself is not the problem. The problem are your chameleon leaders and possibly his Bar-el-gazaal fellows. Especially those chameleon, pathetic, selfish, greedy leaders who ruined Kiir reputation by first concentrated on ‘stomach- filling’ sport. They looted public funds for 8 years. They stole all the petrodollars. They fattened their wives and concubines with it, and stashed millions in foreign banks.

And when they had had enough, when their bellies were about to burst open, they changed the game. They shifted to It’s-my-turn- to-be the-president. Leaving innocent citizens ‘destitute’ in neighboring countries refugees camp. And you’re now blaming Kiir for that? You’re blaming him for taking action against the chameleon, pathetic, selfish, greedy leaders who ruin his reputation and are threatening his seat/leadership?

Let me concluded by saying ‘YOU AND YOUR NUERS’ are “selfish”. Let me be sincere with you that you’re not fighting against the poor leadership or Bar-El-Gazaal domination,dictatorship and undeveloped government that you claimed. You’re simply fighting for your self- interest ,self-benefit. You’re only interested in what will favour, develop Upper Nile region only.

I understand many of you doesn’t want or wished Riek to be the president after all but you’re using him as a tool to kick Kiir out of his seat. And I hope so far you have experienced the aftermath of it now ,I hope you have experienced now how attacking a person at his home (seat) can resulted. Why are you (South Sudanese) and your opposition leaders are in such hurry for development or settlement? Do you have any idea how long,struggle and presidents it took other countries you’re now comparing yourself with to achieved their own achievement,which resulted to their current good outcome(development, democracy and good governance etc)?

Of course you have a long way to go in real facts but because of your undermined minds, greediness of leadership,hurry for development and selfishness you’re accusing an innocent man (Kiir) of dictatorship,corruption, illiteracy etc. These will never take you anywhere my dear citizens and I am sure if you kick Kiir out that will be the thing you will keep doing to the leaders that will follow him and you will have no leaders forever.

So be careful my dear Borians (Buor)with sides you took, because you’re always the victims of every conflict, massacre that occurred in South Sudan just because you deeply involve yourself and first take sides in every political views.

And I look forward to the day that South Sudan will be a united, peaceful, developed country but that will depends on how you treat your authorities, leaders period!


Let’s Reject Tribalism & Nepotism and use our diversity as our strength.

By Mr. John Mading Mabor

Bentiu, UNMISS Camp

Bentiu, UNMISS Camp

Day in day out, we live in a state of fear because of wars within, up and around us. Thinking that it’s not affecting us, we just shrug the issue off and continue with our daily lives. All these wars begun as a result of something, most of these being tribal conflicts. We may consider a tribal war as gnat on the toe of a giant, but these petty wars could explode into something greater, take for example the civil war in Libya; it all started as a result of tribal conflicts South Sudan has a similar case on its soil, we should be careful about how we handle the issue of tribal conflict.
This article is also an appeal to the powers that be, that they may hurry to solve these conflicts and that the people themselves take a stand to end the conflict.
To get a better understanding of what this article is all about we would need to ask ourselves several questions such as; what is Tribalism? What is Nepotism? Do they exist? Why do people feel so superior about their tribes over others? On the other hand, why are some high level educated citizens caught in this uncivilized tradition?
My purpose of putting through this piece of writing is to show that tribalism and nepotism are first of all serious problems that are being ignored in our country and that they have crude consequences.
According to wikipedia.org (an online based encyclopedia), Tribalism is a behavior, attitudes that are based on being loyal to a tribe or other social group. It is the very first social system that human beings have lived in. Tribalism can also be said as the possession of a strong cultural or ethnic identity that separates a person as a member of a one group from members of another group.
The Merriam-Webster dictionary also defines tribalism (among other definitions) as the exaltation of one’s tribe above others. In other words tribalism is the feeling that one’s tribe is superior to some other tribe or all tribes. As a result the tribalists have a disdain and often disrespect for the tribes they think are inferior to their tribe. Such people therefore discourage association in any form be it marriage, work, or friendship with tribes they deem to be inferior. In most cases they have derogatory names for the tribes they deem to be inferior.
In South Sudan almost every tribe has such names for other tribes. Words like, Nyam-nyam’, ‘Jengee’ “Jang” etc are all examples of such derogatory words used to demean and disrespect people of other tribe. Nepotism on the other hand is the showing of favoritism for relatives or friends based upon that relationship, rather than on an objective evaluation of ability or suitability, for instance by offering employment to a relative, despite the fact that there are others who are better qualified and willing and able to perform the job.
The word nepotism is from the Latin word Nepos meaning “nephew” or “grandchild“. Simply put: We will define Tribalism as the exaltation of one’s tribe over others, and then Nepotism as simply “square pegs in round holes”.
These two concepts are intertwined; you cannot speak of one without mentioning the other. They have been in existence since time immemorial and would continue to be, if nothing is done to check these concepts.
As Africans, we must know how deep Tribalism and Nepotism has gotten into our society and the effect it’s having on our development as a continent and as South Sudanese we also see likewise. Let’s not consider these concepts to be something farfetched, in fact the trickle down effects of tribalism and nepotism are still prominent and ongoing in our country today.
First and foremost, let’s take a peek into our family situation. In today’s South Sudan, there are some families from particular tribes that do not allow socialization of their members with other tribes. One may doubt the existence of such ideas in modern times, but it does truly exist , with parents telling their children right from their infancy not to bring certain people of a particular tribe home ”in other words for marriage”. Therefore, looking at the current ongoing crises and the dimension it plunged this country into. Clearly this was as a result of tribalism and nepotism.
And the ongoing conflict might just divide our political parties along tribal lines and don’t be surprise in future when one of the political party pulling a faction of the populace due its tribal affiliations whiles another tribal faction leaning towards a political party. With the determining power lying with another tribal faction, such division is predictable considering how the defectors of the current crisis are from one tribe.
Furthermore, the ongoing situation in our country is glaring proof that tribalism and nepotism are eminent in our beloved country today, but looking at the root cause of all the crises and strife that happened was also as a result of conflict between two ethnic groups /tribes. Thus we can clearly state that the state of affairs concerning tribalism and nepotism is as it was in the past if not, has even worsened.
Considering ethical issues one would like to look into various sectors and look at them in terms of the problems that take place in those areas. Ethical issues or problems are found in Areas like; Family (inter-marriages), Work and employment, news agencies (news houses) Politics (politicians). Keep in mind, there cannot be anything ethical unless an issue of doing right or wrong is debated. Within the family, ethical issues arise as to when parents strictly warn their children not to bring any person from a particular tribe home in term of marriage.” This character is passed onto the children from a very tender age. Hence our serious tribal differences, division of South Sudan – not into regions but rather tribal sectors.
In addition, the issue of employment is a really serious one. Nowadays getting a job is no longer about qualification but rather about “who you know”. i.e. (if someone is from your tribe, you have a higher chance of attaining a job). The negative effects of tribalism in South Sudan are not farfetched. First of all tribalism breeds nepotism. Once people feel that their tribesmen are better than people from other tribes they tend to surround themselves with their tribesmen when get into positions of trust.
The tribalists are willing to hire people from their tribe who may not otherwise be the best candidate for the given job. Such actions deprive the nation of the right people for the right job. That is square pegs in round holes. (Putting unqualified persons in positions due to tribal relations.)
South Sudan Politicians in general are major contributors to these ethical issues. During elections these politicians tend to rely on the public’s weakness when it’s directed towards their tribal affiliations. Politicians know that they have nothing better to offer when it comes to issues of national development so by playing the tribal card they are able to skip the issues at stake and Dr Riek Machar is the case in point. They fail to recognize that their actions cause more harm to the very state they want to govern thus looking at the incidence of December 15 2013, the crises was by political party.
It is very important to note that tribalism and nepotism is tightly woven together, you cannot speak of one concept without mentioning the other and some of its causes are such as bad leadership, Selfishness by serving personal interests instead of the needs of the people, corruption, contribution from our political leaders – careless utterances and incitement by politicians polarized political issues.
Discrimination against members of different tribes which in turn encourages hatred among people of different tribes, which in turn could lead to all out wars. Contributing to social disintegration, and thus makes the resort to violence more likely-and more deadly.
If only tribe members are given certain privileges, people who are even qualified but do not belong to the said tribe would resort to paying bribes to attain the said privileges then corruption would only worsened and our economy will be slowing down since only people of the same tribe want to help each other as the rest suffer. – Negative growths of the economy as people serve their own interests and those of their relatives.
As South Sudanese we should embrace tolerance / peaceful coexistence – the ability to accept another’s faults, view and opinion, without hate or malice as well as encouraging inter-tribal marriages – this would create a mixed tribe, offspring’s of the union would not have specific tribal alliances and in employing, employers should look out for competence and not tribal similarities.
Tribalism and Nepotism are issues that our country faces and has to keep up with. Both lower the levels of development as they are the breeding grounds for corruption and conflict. Ironically, our leaders who are supposed to show us the right path and lead us to success as they work with us to develop and improve our economy are the biggest participants in it.
Doing unto others what we would want done to us and acknowledging that justice emerges when negotiating without social differentiation we see ourselves as tribal before national…it is high time we see ourselves as national before tribal…With one mind and one accord let’s be one people.
By: Mr. John Mading Mabor, Public Policy Analyst
Deputy Chairperson of the Public Relation Society of South Sudan (PRS)
I can be reached on: Email: jonmadine@yahoo.co.uk 

James Gatdet Dak, Riek Machar’s Spokesperson

“Our high level delegation to Kampala led by the Deputy Chairman, General Alfred Ladu Gore, has returned to Addis Ababa safely on Monday evening after spending the whole day in the Entebbe Airport. The Ugandan government refused to receive them despite President Museveni himself having made the request for a meeting. The Ugandan embassy in Addis Ababa also facilitated the travel and had informed the government accordingly. Thanks to the media for publishing and broadcasting the visit to the public. Otherwise we wouldn’t have known what would have happened to them if the visit was made a secret.”


The Small Arms Survey’s Human Security Baseline Assessment (HSBA) for Sudan and South Sudan is pleased to announce the release of a new Issue Brief: “Protective Measures: Local Security Arrangements in Greater Upper Nile”, now available for download:

http://www.smallarmssurveysudan.org/fileadmin/docs/issue-briefs/HSBA-IB23-Local-security-arrangements-in-Greater-Upper-Nile.pdf

About this Issue Brief:

Local security arrangements (LSA) are a long-time feature in rural South Sudan, and they have a particularly strong presence in Greater Upper Nile due to the marked security gap—the inability of official state security forces to respond to the security needs of civilians. Local security concerns include persistent cattle raiding and militia group activity, as well as the effects of the long-term proliferation of weapons and ammunition.

This Issue Brief discusses the organization of LSAs in Greater Upper Nile and their impact on local security dynamics in the region, drawing on original research conducted in Mayom county in Unity, Uror county in Jonglei, and Fashoda county in Upper Nile prior to the outbreak of widespread conflict in Greater Upper Nile. The tradition of LSAs in these areas was a factor leading to the rapid mobilization of armed youths at the outset of the recent crisis.

In particular, this Issue Brief focuses on the complex ways in which LSAs reflect local security dynamics and cultural norms surrounding the role of youths in providing protection for their own communities. It describes the security environments in the case study areas, LSA structures and functions, and the impacts of the LSAs on security levels. In doing so, it considers state security policies and practices—including civilian disarmament campaigns—that influence LSA formation, as well some of the security dilemmas associated with LSAs.

Protective Measures” is the 23rd Issue Brief published by the Small Arms Survey’s HSBA. All previous Issue Briefs are available for download in English and Arabic from:

http://www.smallarmssurveysudan.org/publications/issue-briefs.html

Remember to refresh your web browser to ensure access to all the latest updates.

For questions, comments on content, or feedback, contact:

Yodit Lemma
HSBA Project Coordinator
Small Arms Survey
yodit.lemma@smallarmssurvey.org

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