By David Mayen Ayarbior, Juba, South Sudan

President Kiir signs the IGAD peace deal in Juba, South Sudan, on 26 August 2015

President Kiir signs the IGAD peace deal in Juba, South Sudan, on 26 August 2015

September 1, 2015 (SSB)  —  In part one of this article (title slightly refined) on South Sudan’s written reservations over specific elements in the IGAD-Plus agreement, we have seen that states have a sovereign right to make reservations as they sign or ratify international treaties. The subject treaty here is governed by international law because the case was referred to IGAD by the United Nations Security Council; both being entities that are composed of nation-states.

We have also seen how the IGAD-plus secretariat did not include a prohibition on the right of either party to the agreement to annex a reservation. It is immaterial whether or not that omission was an inadvertent mistake or intentionally made in order to give the parties a leeway, but the fact remains that the agreement allowed a space for reservations to be legally made.

It could also be argued that not both parties to this agreement had the same right to annexing a reservation(s) as the SPLM-IO is a non-state actor, hence, legally speaking, not in possession of that exclusive privilege. That notwithstanding, if it had made its reservations in writing the issue areas or concerns raised by those reservations would have been noted.

Read the rest of this entry »


By Mabile James

The Tug of War: Let the tussle it out by themselves but avoid involving our people in their corrupt games.

September 1, 2015 (SSB)  —  I’ve learned that the final peace Agreement inked by President Kiir is just very inconsequential and nonsensical. It’s an Agreement signed under the menaces of sanctions because the prominent top leaders do not want their assets freeze by Mr. Troika, UN and maybe the IGAD.

Well, I believe putting my signature in the document I’m being threatened to ink, is and will never be workable in the long run simply because I find that it’s not through the questions of convenience and politically negotiated settlement.

This point would definitely be realized and understood when we recall to our minds how many Agreements have been signed yet violated, and how long has both President Kiir and Mr. Machar been inconsistent to ink the latest final Agreement. Have they known only in the last minute that the people of South Sudan need Peace?

Read the rest of this entry »


President Kiir and Riek Machar peace deal: is it a viable peace?

President Kiir and Riek Machar peace deal: is it a viable peace?

August 31, 2015 (SSB)  —  Last week, President Kiir signed the IGAD-Plus peace proposal after dithering for a week. However, he attached 14-page “reservation” paper which detailed areas, and reasons, rejected by the government in the peace deal.

Both the American government and the IGAD leaders came down hard on Juba, questioning the validity of the “reservation” and called upon President Kiir to withdraw his reservations and implement the peace accord as it was signed. So far, the government has not changed their positions on their reservations while at the same timing vowing to fully implement the agreement in good faith and spirit.

The cessation of hostilities and commencement of the permanent ceasefire between the warring factions was to begin automatically 72 hours after the signing of the peace agreement by President Kiir.

Perhaps to demonstrate to the Obama administration and IGAD that Juba was going to implement the peace accord, President Kiir decreed permanent ceasefire with the rebels and called upon his army units to remain within their areas of control and to fight back for self-defense if attack. The next day, the armed rebel leader followed suit and declare permanent ceasefire with the government.

However, the ceasefire was violated within 24 hours of these directives from the two warring leaders. Both sides have been too quick to blame each other for the grave violations of the peace agreement as heavy fighting is reported in southern Unity state and around Malakal in Upper Nile state.

Read the rest of this entry »


Press Statement: REMNASA calls on IGAD-Plus to instigate fresh Peace talks for resolving the South Sudan’s crisis

did kiir sign peace

August 31, 2015 (SSB)  —  The Revolutionary Movement for National Salvation (REMNASA) wish to ask East Africa’s regional block (IGAD) to consider the view of the people of South Sudan and initiate fresh peace talks between the unified SPLM’s regime and other armed opposition fronts in the Country so as to brining lasting peace to the suffering people of South Sudan.

The called “Compromised Peace Agreement” signed by the SPLM-IG of Salva Kirr, SPLM-IO of Dr. Riek Machar and SPLM-FD of Pagan Amun is not worth to bring peace as it has been rejected even by the key members of the conflicting parties that signed the agreement. Besides that, this agreement has already been violated within 24 years after permanent ceasefire was declared by the respective leaders of SPLM-IG and SPLM-IO as troops from both sides has irresponsible engaged in military warfare in Unity State as well Equatoria – which becomes clear indication that, the peace agreement will remain just on paper without effective implementation, and so the peace can be said as dead peace of IGAD-Plus.

Read the rest of this entry »


Compromise Peace Agreement is signed – what next.

Joseph Lino Wuor Abyei, Juba, South Sudan

President Kiir and Riek Machar peace deal: is it a viable peace?

President Kiir and Riek Machar peace deal: is it a viable peace?

August 31, 2015 (SSB)  —  On August 21, 2015 “paanluelwel.com” website published an article by this writer under the title “To be or not to be – South Sudan on the balance” and concluded by stressing that “the future of this country is on the balance, either to be or not to be. This requires consensus, wisdom and courage.”

During the period of over twenty months or so, the people of South Sudan, the government of the Republic of South Sudan and President Salvatore Kiir Mayaardit in particular were all subjected to an unprecedented pressure from the United States of America in particular. As a result the president conjured wisdom, gathered courage and sought consensus and signed the document in front of regional witnesses.

Read the rest of this entry »


By Mayak Deng Aruei, USA

May peace and reconciliation prevail in South Sudan!!

May peace and reconciliation prevail in South Sudan!!

August 31, 2015 (SSB)  —-  The very moment President Salva Kiir signed the Peace Deal, those who appeared bitter should have taken chill-pills, relaxed and be thoughtful. There are outstanding issues that need citizens’ cooperation, efforts and well structured inputs to make the signed Document fruitful. All must know that signing the peace is one thing, but implementing what the warring factions have agreed upon and undersigned is another. Unlike previous peace Agreements/Amnesties that the Government of South Sudan had entered into with various rebels, the one at hand is very challenging, and will define whether South Sudanese are able to put their differences aside, have the will to live as one people, tribes side by side and live in harmony as God has put them in the LAND of SOUTH SUDAN. As the last weekend of August-2015 scaled down, South Sudanese made crucial contacts: some convened gatherings in East African nations and celebrities attended rally in the United States. Those are good gestures toward settling the senseless war. The peace as its meaning tells us is beneficial to all, and there should be nobody against the peace for the heck of protecting one’s job or position in the Government.

Read the rest of this entry »


H.E. President Salva Kiir Mayardit, Co-Founder of SPLM/A

H.E. President Salva Kiir Mayardit, Co-Founder of SPLM/A

An excerpt from the speech by Commander Salva Kiir Mayaardit, the head of the SPLM/A delegation to the Abuja-II Peace talks, Abuja, Nigeria, May 1993.

“The objective of the movement since it was launched in 1983 had always been and continued to be the creation of a New Sudan. This is still our preferred and principled objective—a democratic non-sectarian Sudanese commonality that transcends race, tribe, language and religion. Since subsequent regimes in Khartoum continued to refuse our vision and as long as their objectives exclude the marginalized peoples, those peoples (the marginalized) would have the right to self-determination. If Khartoum regimes continued with their Islamicization and Arabicization agenda, the South must demand its independence, even if that be achieved after a great deal of bloodshed and loss of life and misery. The SPLM/A considered Confederation between the North and the marginalized peoples—of South Sudan, Nuba Mountains and Ingessena Hills in Southern Blue Nile—as the best way to solve the problem of relationship between state and religion and the sharing of wealth and power. Khartoum’s Federal System (as proposed by the NIF’s National Dialogue Conference) did not and does not share power, but rather it increases the domination of the Central Government as it has always done to Islamize all: the public, economic, cultural and social life in the country. In a Confederation, each confederate state would be sovereign in its laws and security arrangements. After the interim period following the cessation of hostilities, the marginalized peoples would conduct an internationally supervised referendum to choose between confederation and independence. Over time, a healthy Union could be built voluntarily between the two parts of the country and the New Sudan would then come into being.”