By Kachuol Mabil Piok, Juba, South Sudan

who is eating who?

who is eating who?

April 19, 2015 (SSB)  —-   The quest for peace in South Sudan started a month after the country descended into the current abyss following political bickering within the SPLM which culminated in the bloody December 15.2013. Concerted attempts by the TROIKA (US, UK, and Norway) and the Inter-Governmental Authority for Development (IGAD) to bring peace to South Sudan have been continuously frustrated by the warring parties-the Government of Republic of South Sudan (GRSS), and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-In Opposition (SPLM/A-IO).

The cessation of hostilities agreement which was signed on the 23rd January, 2014, by both parties has never been implemented hitherto despite both parties pledging to abide by it.  Attacks and counterattacks have been mounting in some parts of Greater Upper Nile (particularly Jonglei, Unity and Upper Nile States). Political rhetoric and ethnicization of communities has been scaled up to unprecedented levels as both sides rally their strongholds to their cause.

The pursuit of zero-sum politics by parties to the conflict continues to diminish hopes for attaining peace. This has been as a result of both parties rejecting any proposed deal that does not guarantee the access to excessive amounts of power for either side. This elucidates the hard line positions adopted by the two parties. Hence their refusal to adopt the proposed deals calling for the placement of South Sudan under UN Trusteeship for certain period of time and the establishment of a transitional government that excludes both principals should be nuanced with lens. Instead both parties have engaged in blame games against each other or lashing out IGAD, and TROIKA as biased towards the other party when terms do not favour them.

From the outlook as things currently stand, South Sudan is on a steep road to collapse, unless the world resolves to take resolute action to salvage humanity. I concur with the US Secretary of State, John Kerry’s assertion about the irrelevance of legitimacy in the ongoing crisis. There is nothing sovereign or legitimate about a state that does not afford to protect its citizens, or provide basic services and yet is completely indifferent to the appalling situations in the country.

Instead of bitterly protesting threats of sanctions or placement of the country under UN trusteeship, why can’t both leaders dredge up the courage of their convictions for the love of their country and its people and strike a deal without much ado?  Isn’t it unwise for both leaders to lash out at other nations who are trying to salvage their people from this senseless war? What does IGAD or TROIKA owe to South Sudanese that warrants condemnation? Isn’t Riek and Kiir who were elected on the same ticket in Sudan April 2010 general elections? Instead they should appreciate the efforts exerted by TROIKA and IGAD for peace to revisit South Sudan again. What if they lay back and say who cares, the people dying are your citizens. Will they not seek their help in bringing peace to South Sudan?

Given the above scenarios, it is prudent for the International Community, TROIKA, AU, and IGAD to impose peace on South Sudan. It is pretty much obvious that the two leaders have subordinated the common good of their citizens to their own pursuit for power.  It goes without saying that coercing them through punitive measures is the only viable approach if South Sudan is to be saved.

Zero-Sum Politics is an Antithesis to Peaceful Settlement 

It is writ large that both sides have no political will to end the current crisis. Instead they have chosen to remain blind to the appalling humanitarian situation in the country. In Upper Nile State, mammoths of civilians are still sheltering in deplorable conditions in UN camps in Melut, Palloch, and Malakal Counties. Thousands more have sought refuge in UNMISS Camps in Bentiu and Juba respectively. There are also reports that thousands more are starving in Greater Bhar El Ghazal, particularly in Warrap, and Northern Bhar El Ghazal Stat, needless to mention the perpetual inter-communal violence as a result of the power struggles spillover to the local terrains.

It is unfortunate and intolerable that both parties are unrelenting on their demands. With the SPLM-IO presenting unrealistic demands of power sharing, two armies, dissolution of national assembly, and financing of the debts they have incurred. President Kiir nonchalantly recounted how he turned down rebels’ demands in his recent state address during the rally organized by the SPLM in March 2015.

To the disappointment of the nation, which awaited a message of peace, the President continues to flex his muscles, in sheer disregard of shocking plights the people of South Sudan are facing.  Thousands are wallowing in despair within and beyond the country’s borders. Why would those who claim to be genuine and not surrogates leaders cling to power?

With both parties pursuing their own interests at the expense of national interests, it unwise for the world to play spectator’s role as the humanitarian situation continues to deteriorate. Instead the two warring parties have perfected the art of “scapegoating”, castigating and lashing out at those nations and individuals who have remained indifferent to or rebuffed their positions and rhetoric and in the process hoodwinked the international community into inaction.

All the while, the country expected peaceful and quick resolution of the ongoing current crisis as opposed to a unilateral military settlement of the crisis. A defeat of either side will never be a win-win solution and will not augur well for long term stability of South Sudan. The world is full with history of wars that ended through military victories of some parties over others but still face recurrent wars as the vanquished sides still seek revenge. South Sudan will make no different, as a military victory by either side cannot guarantee long lasting peace.

The presumption that the government will crush the rebellion has informed its reluctance to compromise. The opposition has on the other hand been bolstered by incessant criticism against the government by the International Community- which they naively translate as a justification and legitimization of their campaign. All these misperceptions have relegated primacy of peaceful settlement of this crisis to the periphery.

If the government were to crush the rebellion today, will the Nuer nation support it? Or if the rebels oust President Kiir today, will that make Dr Riek Machar the president of South Sudan? If neither side is certain of what fate lays ahead of it, it is prudent for the warring parties to discard their hard line positions and double their efforts to a negotiated settlement to secure a permanent long term deal.

Given the impracticalities of the demands of both parties, it is important for the International Community and other regional organizations to coerce both parties to reach a deal sooner than later so as to salvage the civil population from war auxiliary catastrophes like hunger, and ethnic cleansing.

Avert State Collapse in South Sudan

Imposing peace will also serve to avert state collapse in South Sudan. South Sudan Finance Minister David Deng Athorbei made a plea recently to the donors, the International community, and the Regional Countries to help South Sudan from imminent economic (https://radiotamazuj.org/en/article/south-sudan-appeals-help-donors-avert-economic-collapse). this comes at a time when the minister is in negotiations for $ 500M loan with Qatar’s National Bank (QNB) to help cover the budget deficit.

The minister also acknowledged that the current war has depleted countries’ coffers. The conflict has seen the government recorded an all time low in revenue collections in both the oil and non oil sectors. Continued inaction of the world to the continuing economic crisis in South Sudan, the government will not be able to pay her employees in few months time. This will exacerbate the situation in South Sudan and the repercussions will be costly to the region, better the world acts now rather than later.

State collapse in South Sudan will be a source of regional and international security threat. It will be characterized by massive crossover of refugees to the neighboring countries of Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda, and Sudan. Already these states are hosts to millions of South Sudanese who fled after the outbreak of the current crisis. Consequently, allowing the current situation to continue unabated will haunt the world in terms of security, military, economic and humanitarian costs as well as diplomatic efforts.

South Sudan is of great strategic importance to the world especially in the war against terror as the country provides a buffer to sweeping waves of terrorism across Sub-Sahara Africa. This is because of it virtually Sui generic socio-cultural and religious homogeneity; hence it cannot be allowed to descend into anarchy and sanctuary to the aggressive Jihadist elements in the region.

Economically, South Sudan has accumulated huge amounts of debt since the onset of the conflict. Some sources which preferred anonymity estimated the debts to accumulate to $15b two months ago. And if the conflict continues unaltered, the world will pay dearly in terms of mobilizing funds for reconstruction of the indebted nation. The earlier the world intervenes, the better because further accumulation of debts will mean depletion of the country’s resources. The oil rents and the borrowed money are being spent on arms, and financing of disastrous patronage networks. This will be an enormous setback to realization of millennium development goals.

In the military and security fronts, continued conflict will force world to contribute and finance troops, and other personnel to protect civilians and provide humanitarian services.  Currently UNMISS has stationed thousands of troops and personnel in South Sudan because of the deteriorating humanitarian situation. The maintenance bill is already in $ billions. Had the world contributed for infrastructural development, South Sudan would be some few miles behind the developed world.

In the diplomatic front the TROIKA countries are estimated to have spent about a $ 1 billion on the tortoise paced negotiations in Addis Ababa. Thus failure to impose peace will undoubtedly lead to more resources being spent in the future. Will the tax payers in these countries be happy putting up the bills of some people who want to lynch themselves over reasons best known to them?

To prevent repeat of Rwanda in South Sudan        

Signs of a repeat of Rwanda in South Sudan are glaring to both parties in conflicts. The Nuer nation will realize after the end of this war that it has lost a generation in a not worthy cause. The Dinka on the other hand has lost a significant number of its population in an equally unworthy cause.

But the impending Armageddon of the two tribes lies in the continuation of this war. Undeniably this conflict is a function of continuous reproduction of hatreds by selfish elites to perpetuate their existence in power. This has resulted in endemic ethnic mistrust that continuously shrinks the development of inter-ethnic social capitals.

Back to repeat of Rwanda in South Sudan, both Dinka and Nuer are vulnerable to possibilities of genocides if this senseless war is not halted. In regards to the Dinka nation, threats are abound, particularly from those other tribes who see the current crisis as an opportunity to avenge historical injustices. Anti-Dinka sentiments are rising each day because of the bullies meted against others by its rogue elements from the regular forces or vulgarity of utterances made by some of it members.

However, that does not exonerate other tribes from all sorts of vulgarities against each other or against the Dinka. Thus continuation of this war will polarize the country enormously. Whilst it continuation means subjecting mostly Nuer to the barrels of sophisticated weapons which devour quite a huge number of poorly armed and ill trained young people.

In a nutshell the continuation of this war will cost South Sudan its young energetic youth which it direly need for development. Given all the above undesirable situations, it is prudent for the International Community to seize this opportunity and impose peace to save the souls of South Sudanese from going to waste.

How to impose peace: Coercing the warring parties (coercive diplomacy)

The possibilities of the warring parties striking a deal unforced are currently next to impossibilities. Therefore, it is high time for the regional countries under the umbrella of IGAD, and the International Community to weigh pros and cons of a failed or belated peaceful settlement of South Sudan crisis.

This author favors a concerted coercive strategy by the IGAD and TROIKA against the warring parties. Coercive diplomacy has been used in various countries, Liberia, Iraq, Afghanistan, Nigeria, and Libya among others. Military interventions were undertaken in order to safeguard freedoms, and security. The aftermaths of military interventions in Iraq and Libya notwithstanding, military interventions have had positive impacts in Liberia and Columbia due to strong commitments shown by ECOWAS and UN respectively.

The coercive strategy should not solely use empty threats to force the warring parties to reach an agreement. If inducements are proven futile, then it is prudent to embark on change of strategy. It is time to actualize the threats of targeted sanctions, arm embargoes, and boots on the ground among others. Sanctions that include freezing of assets, and travel bans will force the warring parties to make a U-turn toward peaceful mechanisms.

Imposition of arm embargoes on both parties will reduce casualties and the arm trafficking across the regional borders as witnessed in the nineties. Boots on the ground will be required to enforce peace by deterring any party that will violate the agreement. It has worked in Liberia when the nine member states of Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) intervened militarily in Liberia. Their intervention paved the way for successful conduct of the peaceful elections which enthroned Charles Taylor. Thanks to the Nigerian military.

The author acknowledges the challenges poses by the absence of hegemonic power in the Horn of Africa like Nigeria in West Africa. Nigeria was able to deploy her troops and contributed 90% of the funds for ECOMOG. State collapse in Somalia was largely a result of the lack of state that would play big boy’s roles in the Horn of Africa. The dearth of the big boy is now playing out in Addis Ababa in regards to resolving South Sudan crisis.

TROIKA’s restlessness behind the scenes micro-managing the negotiation processes is not helpful at all. Instead it encourages intransigence from both sides and has hardened them on pursuing military approach. Better for the TROIKA to come out and crack the whips on the warring parties. It is then that shall peace be realized in South Sudan.

Engaging the external patrons

The two warring parties have received supports from the neighboring countries in terms of arms and finances. For instance, no sooner had the war erupted in Juba, than President Museveni sent in Uganda People’s Defense Forces (UPDF) to help President Kiir dislodge the rebels headed by his erstwhile Vice President Riek Machar, who were advancing toward Juba, after overrunning the town of Bor, Jonglei State Capital.

Sudan, on the other hand, has renewed it support to Machar as it did in 1991 during the infamous split in the SPLM/A. Sudan is giving support to the SPLM-IO along the borders in terms of guns and logistics. Until today, the SPLM-IO is launching attacks on government positions in Northern Upper Nile from the Sudanese territories.

Thus, it is important for the international community to engage the external patrons of the warring parties to cease supporting their allies. And if they are intransigent, the international community ought to adopt other measures such as labeling them as rogue states or states sponsoring terrorism, terminating financial supports (foreign aids) or imposing sanctions on them if need be. Such measures will apparently engender compliance of both the warring parties and their external patrons.

Charles Taylor was pressured by the UN, UK, and ECOWAS to cease supporting the Sierra Leoneans’ Revolutionary United Front (RUF) of Sanko Foday against the government following their intransigence despite signing an agreement with the rebels. Some states like Sudan, and Libya were sanctioned under the same conditions.

From the above analysis, it is imperative that the benefits of an earlier settlement of South Sudan crisis are immense. Continuation of war will impact greatly on the regional and international security. Because majority of South Sudanese will cross over to other countries seeking refugee, with the benefits of hindsight from the security situation in Kenya, hospitality has been massively abused, the Kenyan population is becoming the victims of their own hospitality to Somalis. This is largely due to militarization and radicalization of the refugees by Somalis militant group-Alshabab.

Second security threat will be the exacerbation of cross border cattle raid between South Sudanese pastoralist communities bordering countries like Kenya, Uganda, and Ethiopia among others. This will happen against the backdrops of the non-existence of an authority to enforce order.

The third threat to the region will include massive reduction in trade volumes between South Sudan and East African countries, particularly Kenya and Uganda. The shutdown of significant number of oil wells in Upper Nile and Unity states at the onset of this crisis has subsequently depleted sources of revenues. South Sudan, as an importing economy, has run out of hard currencies to import more goods and services from the neighboring countries.

While in the domestic fronts, South Sudanese communities get polarize everyday along ethnic lines. Imposition of peace will be a face saving move because the retreating social capitals will be dredge up before sinking deep amidst hatreds. Now is the time the world should act.

The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made are the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB) website. If you want to submit an opinion article or news analysis, please email it to paanluel2011@gmail.com. SSB do reserve the right to edit material before publication. Please include your full name, email address and the country you are writing from.

By Hon. Taban Abel Aguek, Rumbek, Lakes State

Dr. Lam Akol of SPLM-DC

Dr. Lam Akol of SPLM-DC

April 18, 2015 (SSB)  —-   In a press conference in Juba last week, the leader of South Sudan Opposition Party SPLM – DC, Dr Lam Akol criticized the government of South Sudan on being against the West. The issue seems to weave around the involvement of TROIKA in the upcoming IGAD Plus talks in Addis Ababa. The Government has since made it position clear that TROIKA should only be involved in observer role, and nothing else. And for that government spelled out its concerns which are convincing to the South Sudanese public.

I believe this position of the government on TROIKA’s role is what Dr Lam has perceived as being against the West. Those people who know Dr. Lam well are now left confused on seeing him swapped his attitudes towards the West in 2015. Dr. Lam, by the time he was National Minister for Foreign Affairs – was a hard critique of the West. Both Lam and Beshir had to depend on Russia and China to thwart the West’s effort for peace and civilians protection in Darfur in 2006.

Now that Dr Lam publicly condemns the government of South Sudan on being harsh to the same West that he used to scorn during our days of the ‘united Sudan’ is quite interesting. Perhaps, it does justify the long-held notion that in politics “there are no permanent enemies, but only permanent interests”. That remains that. But what is trending now is the developing perception among the South Sudan’s public that Dr. Lam Akol might have developed the ‘strange case of Dr. Jekyll and Hyde’.

This was coined from the novel by a Scottish writer Robert Louis Stevenson, “The strange case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde”. And it is commonly associated with the rare mental condition often called “split personality”, referred to in psychiatry as dissociative identity disorder, where within the same body there exists more than one distinct personality. Now this has been taken to describe a person who is vastly different in moral character from one situation to another.

In politics it becomes even much worse. If one cannot agree with himself, then how does he expect people to agree with him? I heard him speak over the Miraya FM the other day and there he made me think about how many faces he has changed over the period he has been in contact with our national issues.

As mentioned earlier, in the prime years of the CPA, when Dr Lam Akol was a powerful Minister of Foreign Affairs in the Government of National Unity, he was a hard critic of the West.

I remember one of the hotly contested issues between the West and Sudan was whether the UN should deploy its forces in Darfur or not. President Beshir opted to term the UN civilian protection in Darfur as an invasion of a ‘sovereign’ state of Sudan. And Dr. Lam worked for him and agreed with him even when he said that he would ‘rather lead the war against a foreign invasion than allowing them abuse the sovereignty of the Sudan’.

The person that was doing all the shuttle diplomacy was none other than Dr. Lam Akol on behalf of President Beshir. Both Dr Lam and President Beshir lost faith in the West; and therefore, they inclined to go to the East and got sanctuary in China and Russia. Yet, in doing that, he was going contrary to the position of his then nominating party, SPLM and the then semi autonomous government in Juba.

In one of his diplomatic trips abroad, Dr. Lam claimed having achieved ‘victory’ on behalf of the Beshir’s NCP when he came back with a green light for the formation of dysfunctional hybrid force “UNAMID” for Darfur. Judged by current events, the deployment of UNAMID became a victory to Khartoum and a bad loss to the people of Darfur.

Working for Sudan Tribune Daily Newspaper in Khartoum, which some circles claimed was sponsored by Dr. Lam himself; I had no any other avenue to lodge my pleas than to take to the internet. I wrote an article titled, “South Sudan: dumped in the mouths of some Khartoum SPLM Traitors” and it was posted in Sudan Tribune. The SPLM traitor was Dr. Lam Akol and his associates that benefitted from CPA but allowed themselves to be used as walking sticks by the same old foe – the NCP.

I thought Dr Lam would stick to his old hard criticism against the West. Or else he needs to tell us what made him change his mind now to be a sympathizer of the same West he stood against during the days he was serving as a minister of Foreign Affairs in a united Sudan. That Dr. Lam has changed face to be a supporter of the same West he fought fiercely against is to me a surprise. That is Dr. Lam’s Change of face number two.

One may wonder why this should be change of face number two. Get it here again fast tracked! Dr. Lam was the architect of the document known to most literate South Sudanese as “ Why Garang must Go!”. Together with Riek Machar they decided to launch a ‘bush coup’ against Dr. John Garang. They proudly announced a coup which did not only end in shambles but, like the current war, caused skirmishes and reduced gains of SPLM/A and South Sudan.

Dr Lam, few months after accepting to work under Riek, opted to form his own party in complete betrayal to Riek. He failed to work with Dr Garang, chose Dr Riek and divorced him again in a very short time. That represents swapping of faces in very short time by him but we can call it Dr. Lam’s Change of face number one that we came to know.

Shortly after the failed coup in Juba on December 2013, Dr Lam Akol appeared to condemn the actions of Dr Riek Machar. He got the public support to lead the team of opposition parties at the Addis Ababa talks. But a few days into the talks Dr Lam changed immediately from standing with South Sudanese public position to confusingly spreading his legs over on the IGAD proposals and bilaterally chose also to hold ‘secret’ meetings with Dr. Riek Machar.

Maybe those people who argue that he was lured into an idea that both President Kiir and Dr Riek will not be allowed to participate in the transitional government impacted his decision. But still he could have been advised but he took the decision. That might have prompted him to lodge himself into possibility of replacing Kiir as the President of South Sudan. From condemning coup to supporting Riek, Dr Lam left many of South Sudanese confused. That is Change of face number three!

It was all announced that South Sudan wanted to hold elections in June this year. But backed up by the International Community and Civil Society Organizations, Dr Lam led a campaign against the conduct of elections. Dr Lam even went further by leading a coalition of political parties to court to challenge the decision. South Sudan, under that pressure, rescinded the decision to hold elections. But the decision not to hold elections also carried legal implications.

There is no way elections can be called off and put nothing in the vacuum. That would lead to constitutional crisis. The best way to accommodate the peace talks without a constitutional vacuum is seeking the parliamentary extension of the term of the Government and parliament to give room for Addis Ababa negotiations with a legitimate ruling system. That there was one Dr Lam Akol who ask for postponement of elections and the same Dr Lam who again oppose the suspension of elections represents an amusing change of mind in the swiftest of times. Change of face number four!

Dr Lam Akol ought to know – and I believe he knows – that the South Sudanese he is dealing with are not the same South Sudanese of the last decades. If Britain were to colonize South Sudan today, they would have found it very difficult. There is no way we can allow any move to go uncalculated and people are so vigilant nowadays.

It is a fact that Dr. Lam has been relevant with the South Sudanese politics since the inception of SPLM. It is a big credit to South Sudan and Democracy that there has always been an opposing voice. According to me, that is healthy politics. But it must be noted that criticism must rightfully be placed. And one should not oppose just for the sake of being in opposition.

The Opposition and all the groups that led a campaign against the holding of elections should not look at the extension of government as means for Kiir to earn extra years in power. Rather, it should be viewed as a concession by the government. President Beshir of Sudan has been constantly extending his rule through bogus elections.

South Sudan has tried to avoid such a case. Kiir would have contested elections and likely win a five year term in office. But the decision to delay elections was taken to give time for peace negotiations. By God’s grace, if the final peace deal is signed, then its terms may take complete precedence to what was done by parliament.

Someone needs to tell me how we can pass peace documents without a functioning Assembly? We need the assembly to enact into law the agreed terms of the peace agreement.

South Sudan is not against the West as alleged by Dr Lam. It’s him who holds records for being so ardently against the West. For him to change sides now is simply foxing.

Nevertheless, Dr. Lam Akol is a role model for so many young people. He is indeed a capable leader. But the society we are in is one of the most difficult ones. Every act is placed under a scrutiny. Therefore, one needs to calculate his actions and take decisions that garner the public support and then stay by them.

To change is not bad, but to keep changing is not healthy. It’s high time that Dr. Lam tries to make up his mind and tell us one thing. South Sudanese should not be told to move to sun and when they are there someone again says come to the moon.

Taban Abel Aguek works in Rumbek – South Sudan as a member of State Legislative Assembly. He can be reached at abelaguek79@gmail.com


By Mayak Deng Aruei, USA

President Salva Kiir with SPLA top Commanders at Bilpma, Juba, South Sudan

President Salva Kiir with SPLA top Commanders at Bilpma, Juba, South Sudan

April 18, 2015 (SSB)  —-  It was not long ago that South Sudan was part of the then united SUDAN. After the secession from the rests of the SUDAN, the new nation went on its own way, taking no system of the host nation. The ululations & giggling shortly after independence poured lots of hopes in the hearts of the civil population, but no enough preparations were put in place to run an independent South Sudan. The worst part being that South Sudanese celebrated their independence for too long, forgetting that the newly independent nation was in need of Infrastructures and Security in order to sustain itself in the face of economically advanced neighbors. Throughout the country, supposedly former army officers took oaths of their offices(constitutional/political posts), but continued to behave in their capacities as military officers despite their new roles as lawmakers and civil servants.

Unlike any other country in the Region, South Sudan submerged under military rule, and all the officers who once served under the SPLA never believe in their minds that fundamental changes have taken place in their lives. While in the governments(Central & states’ levels), they remained as SPLA officers, and even went further and encouraged former child soldiers to take up military trainings in order to fill positions in governments’ institutions. The nation’s leadership(South Sudan) seems to support such mindsets, and H. E dresses in military attires whenever he feel like it, and when he is sharing a security meeting. Well, dressing in military uniforms means being ready for war or showing of superiority. But do majority of South Sudanese really want to see that?

As a matter of raw facts, all the today’s youths grew up in huts that had military uniforms and guns all over. So, dressing in military uniforms means an aggression, and that by itself energize youths raised in wars to entertain and commit more violence against civil population. Verify if terroristic attitudes of Governor Matur Chut Dhuol has reduced violence in Lakes State? Verify if eye for an eye has resolved problems in Jonglei and other states? Verify if military aggression against disoriented SPLA’s deserters has deterred them from committing more atrocities on Government’s supporters and communities in their vicinities?

There is nothing wrong with military as a profession, but our people must know that most people who became soldiers were either conscripted into the Rebels group or forced by conditions that South Sudanese were in, and to liberate the Region from successive Khartoum based regimes that were hostile to African South Sudanese and other nationalities in the SUDAN( Dar Fur, Funj & Nubians). With current military lifestyle being the new reality, majority unknowingly surrendered the nation to be run more like a military camp/base, and the same command has strayed into other areas: economy and social life. As of recent months, the Army Chief of General Staff went head to head with religious leaders, particularly leader of the Cush International Church/Ministries also known Prophet as many of his prophecies have materialized in a rather a bad way. They(national leaders)cannot command every aspect of citizens’ lives and expect a free State where citizens will contribute to development of the country without constraints.

For the last number of years, President Salva Kiir has been making changes in the nation’s military leadership, but never retired Army Generals as it is the norm in other parts of the world(some were short listed as reservists). Over the years(2005-present), Generals/army officers have been serving in civilian posts for extended period of times, and returned to military branches as active Generals. For example, the current SPLA’s Chief of General Staff was Governor of Northern Bahr El Ghazal State between 2008 and 2013. He was removed by presidential decree, reinstated into the Army, promoted to the rank of Lt. General and given his new assignment as the SPLA’s Army Chief of General Staff, and where he doubled as Chairman of the SPLM in his home state (Northern Barh El Ghazal). There are other instances where those who were counties’ commissioners and states members of the parliaments returned to military service. Where can we draw a line between the SPLA as the national Army and the SPLM as the ruling political Party in the Republic of South Sudan? Remember, their military ranks are earned titles, but they cannot practice military while serving in civilian posts.

Along the same line, caretaker Governor of Lakes State, Gen. Matur Chut Dhuol was appointed by a presidential decree as a Governor & retained his military status, run the state more than a military barrack, terrorizing civilians, detaining politicians indefinitely and imprisoning them without charges. He defied call by the Council of States(Constitutional posts holders). Can somebody tell Matur to mature and Malong to adopt rule of law( Lööŋ as his name referred to in Jieeŋ). What kind of State do South Sudanese really want to have? Do they want a Nation where a minister smacks his subordinates in the face, & expect to stay as a minister or do they want a State where Government’s officials are hold to the account? To have a functioning system in a democratic State, it got to start with few steps and should start from somewhere, and be followed by those entrusted with the nation’s highest authority.

The kind of leadership that South Sudanese leaders have shown is likely to be copied by those who worked directly under them. Let’s be factual, “what you sow is what you harvest.” We fear not the current leaders, but those who would be tempted to walk the path walked by their mentors(money can recruit an army of ruthless loyalists). There is no way that South Sudanese would expect to see responsible leaders in the near future if the ones we have misbehaves publicly, oversteps their authorities, abuses their subordinates physically and misappropriates nation’s wealth with impunity. For one thing, the ones being bred in Juba and elsewhere would be no better than their mentors unless they follow the order of the world they live in. No human is made of wires, and those who labors under the presumption that their immunity is God’s given are completely wrong. No wonders, our people(South Sudanese) are very disconnected with the today’s world(no borders & no secrets), and they behaves as if they live in their own isolated Universe.

In conclusion, brutality at the top is too dangerous for the nation of South Sudan. How can youths possibly distinguish good leadership from bad/toxic leadership if national figures keeps doing the unthinkable? For those who were in the bush (SPLA’s controlled areas), stories about officers physically abusing their subordinates were everywhere, and some of us thought those would be things of the past. Sometime, one feels guilt-free for having not worked under brutal leaders in modern South Sudan. In reality, most of these leaders are well known for the bad things that they have done, and the bad image they have created onto themselves and the new republic. The mentality of being an army officer for life must be discarded altogether or South Sudan would keeps producing bad leaders, prone to violence, and who believes in physical abuse of their subordinates and in authoritative running of the State’s affairs.

The author is Mayak Deng Aruei, a doctoral student in Organizational Leadership: Organizational Development. He is also the author of ‘Struggle Between Despair and Life: From Sudan’s Marshland Village, Child Soldiering, Refugee Camp and America.” He can be reached at Kongor.da.ajak@gmail.com


This is a report about the sacking of Governor of Northern Bhar el Gazal Hon Kuel Aguer Kuel. This report is coming from the credible source but translated into English from Dinka. SBS Dinka is regarded for balanced and impartial news and stories. In regard to balancing of this report; we will be seeking the other side of this story in coming days. Johnson Raan is an official who asked not to be identified for his security reasons. Here is the report in text which was also recorded. —-By Ajak Deng Chiengkou, SBS Dinka Radio.

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Read also “The Plight of Caretaker Governors in the Republic of South Sudan: The caretaker governors taking care of some states in South Sudan should start taking care of themselves first before it is too late for them” —-By PaanLuel Wel, Juba, South Sudan, written on January 29th, 2015.


By David Aoloch Bion

The seven false beliefs .

1, He believes that anyone who is appointed by presidential decree with super scale salaries, allowances is the only supporter of government. This is false. Millions support the government without those privileges.

  1. He believes anyone whose name is in Government pay sheet is the only supporter of the government, this is false, Millions support the government when their names are not in pay sheet.
  2. He believes that he is only best friend of President Kiir in Bor community. This is false. There are thousand friends of President Kiir in Bor though; they don’t meet with him on daily basis.
  3. He believes that anyone who say ‘’No to Rebels without justification or valid argument is the only supporter of the government , this is false.   Makuei   presents  the  truth of the  government  in naked  judgment while  others dressed up the truth of the government  in sound judgment . He is good in leading argument where he says no or yes to any question or statement , but other are philosophers; they go beyond yes or no answers with valid explanation.
  4. He believes that everyone must speak like government spokesperson, this is false, there must be a different between views presented by the official spokesperson and common government supporters . There are some views that can’t be expressed by the spokesperson but can be expressed by the pro –government newspapers or writers. This is why you hear in some countries, government pay secretly independent journalists to spin –doctoring the government image. All of us are supporter of the government but we can’t blindly support the government without pointing out its failures.
  5. He believes that, he is philosopher lawyer. This is false , because he has no conceptual understanding of the issues, he muddles issues, he contradicted himself four times, when I talked to  him in his office.  At first , he questioned  me  why should I write about leaked  AU Report , later , he contradicted this by  saying  , ‘’time will come  when the government  will ask those who are quoted  in the AU report’’ .
  6. He believes that anyone who is in the middle, who balances issues in the conflict, is rebel. This is false; the solution to this conflict lie in the middle,  not with extremists  at right or at the left of the conflict .  .Makuei  mind is just preoccupied and obsessed by word ’’ rebel’’ like the song of deaf man, which he sings everyday because he can’t forget it nor he  learn a new song.

The solution of any conflict always lie in the middle unless otherwise , there is absolute  winner  because the two conflicting  parties are always   far apart , one is in the far right , the other is in far left , and to agree or  compromise , they must come into the middle , where there must be concession on both side .

This is why I say the solution of the conflict lie in the middle. If the solution did not lie  in middle, then , military solution would  have been the  option but it has been repeated several times  that the conflict will not be resolved through a military mean by  both Kiir and Riek .

For example, in December 2013 , President Kiir was asked by a BBC journalist ‘’ are you going to share power with Riek Machar ?  Mr . Kiir answered ‘’ No ,  which power ? I can’t reward Riek with power ‘’ but now Mr Kiir is offering Riek the position of the 2 Vice president in power sharing . .Mr . Kiir did change his original stand  because of middle ground principles.

Also Riek in December 2013 ,  Riek told the same BBC that Kiir has lost legitimacy therefore , he had to step down , Now , Riek  did change  his original stand of  Kiir must step down because of middleness am talking about.

To cut the long story short, On April 8, 2015, I ran to Makuei Lueth   for help. Because my writing has been condemned by all Dinka Bor.   I introduced myself  like  this  ‘’  Uncle , am David Aoloch Bion , am student  at  KIU , We ,the youth are divided , some are supporting the government , some are supporting the rebellion . Some are in the middle , so am one of those in middle who fairly  balances the issues in the conflicts at  both sides  in writing  and   my writing has been condemned  by all Dinka Bor now   . I want your judgment based   on my writing too ‘’

Makuei replied ‘’ According to what you have just said  now that you are ‘’in middle’’, you are rebel or with former detainees, so you can’t complain to me  . Secondly, I have not read any single articles you wrote, so I don’t know your writing ‘’

Oh, my God. Am I rebel?

From disinterested point of view, Makuei response to me is nothing but snobbishness and snubbing at their peaks.

How can I write 57 articles defending the government and putting the government in very good position in the conflict and Makuei snubbed me and insulted me as a rebel?

How   can I write 57 articles condemning the rebellion of SPLM/A IO  in the worst terms possible  and  Makuei snubbed me and insulted me as rebel?.

I noticed Makuei is so arrogant to people because he is a friend to President Kiir and he is inside the shadow of President Kiir  but Makuei does  not know that  Kiir can fire him with or without notice any time  .

Makuei  is selfish and jealous of other people who sounds, , if Makuei was judicious ,  he would have appreciated me   and thank me for  my contribution.

Rebel youth are explaining, how the rebels are fighting a  just war in social  media like facebook , on the other hand ,I am also  explaining  , how rebels are killing innocent  people for sake of power only .

Rebel youth are explaining  , how the government has failed South Sudan , I am also explaining, how the rebels have  been contributing to failure  of South Sudan too, how rebels have been the part and parcel of the failure

Rebel youth have coined term ‘’ luethizing ‘’on facebook  to demonize Makuei, but I serious dismiss this and rubbished it. And now Makuei is calling me a rebel. ? , hahahaha

Indeed, am in the middle because I say ‘’ Government has failed but failure of the government do not justify the war of  Riek or SPLM/A IO.  Government has failed but SPLM/A  IO  and SPLM G-10 are the part of the failure of the government’’

Because of the seven reasons above , I conclude that , Makuei has a phantom head or he has the head but a blank head .

ENDNOTE

Am a supporter of the Government, who wants presidential term limits in the constitution.

Am a diehard of President Kiir , who wants  peaceful transfer of power from one  President  to another.


Newly Leaked Minutes: Another high-level meeting of Khartoum regime officials (10 September 2014) stands revealed | 4 April 2015 (English translation with link to Arabic text)


Gen. Paul Malong Awan Anei and Brig. Gen. Malak Ayuen Ajok: The Lionized Extreme “Dinkaists” Army Generals

By Biar D’Chol Biar

MISINFORMATION

April 16, 2015 (SSB)  —-  To the rebels, they’re the extremists, “Dinkaists” army generals they’d ever seen. But, to the pro-government, they’re the lion-hearted stars generals, passionately idolized & glorified for standing tall, fortifying the nation’s sovereignty. And their common core is: shielding President Kiir Mayardit seat at any cost. If it’ll take them to raze down mountain Imatong in the Eastern Equatoria, they’ll do so. They’ve rolled up their camouflage sleeves; ready to squash the rebels through military means. They rightly erected, safeguarding their leader until the last blood will drop out of their veins. And if anyone doubts that, it’s at his/her own perils!

The rebels, however, called them murderous, notoriously killers, and South Sudanese “Hitlers” but it’s an impenetrable to their ears. These names calling are mere shenanigans to them. These generals bottled-up for war, and it doesn’t matter whether a Dinka child’s starving at the displaced camps in Kenya, Uganda and Awerial county -Gulyar, or a Nuer child’s starving, malnourished at the UNMISS camps in Juba, Bortown, Malakal, Bentiu or Warrap state, it’ won’t deter them from pursuing their intended mission.

And their intended mission is only one thing: mangling their adversary militarily. They believed that, a rebel leader, a man who took up arms against the government: Dr. Riek Machar Teny shouldn’t be rewarded with any position within the government. Anything shied of militarily means, doesn’t appease their devouring war appetites. They want to make sure that Dr. Riek isn’t coming back to Juba, either as a first vice president or a prime minister proposed by the IGAD. They want him, to die in exile or, come back, and kissed their butts, apologized; and, accepted that he was involved in their concocted “coup” attempt. Thusly, they don’t care about the rebels quietus in the bushes, since they took up arms against the government; their employer, whom they continuously, and ardently milk until there’ll be no more petro-dollars.

Besides, the UN threateningly sanction doesn’t shake them up, so does their boss, too. But who would blame them since they don’t understand the insidious effects, and consequences of sanction imposed against the country’s top notches? As long as they’re still army generals, they’ll continue to send young South Sudanese to kiss bullets flying their ways, and shout: “SPLA OYEE!” even if one’s dead. And if they ran out of the armies, however, truth must be told; they’ll still find ways to have army. They’ll either conscript the children to fight their antagonist: Dr. Riek Machar. Or if no one’s left to fight, they’ll go to every village; patiently awaited all the baby boys coming out of women’s VJ, and continuously send them to war as long as they’re capable of carrying AK-47.

And quite frankly, the prize of illiteracy, where a few individuals take advantage of the majority, greatly played an enormous role in our country, since this reckless war starts. Because of that, South Sudanese youths at villages; either being Dinka or Nuer had been misinformed orally; that the Nuers are taking power by force when there are Nuers within the government; that Dinka are killing us because they think the government belongs to them alone, when there are Dinkas opposing Kiir regime.

But, what general public doesn’t know is that we’re one people, but only a few opportunists who hijacked the SPLM party to get rid of the others. And we glorified such kind people to the extremes. Many of us haven’t learned how to question our leaders, but rather become the “Yes men.” We continue to glamorize individuals who Balkanized our nation for their own benefits and their families. But these opportunists are just wolves in sheep’s clothing.

These highly decorated military prowess generals; who fought bravely and courageously in North-South civil war continuously degrading their outstanding legacy. Now, they’re only heroes’ to their own tribesmen, but antagonists to the other tribes. They’re believed to be the reason behind the failed peace not inked in Addis, Ababa, Ethiopia on March 6, 2015. And as long as they’re still alive, they’ll never stop singing the slogan of war, on the streets and on the national SSTV. They’ll work hard for that to accomplish their goals: Stops the reinstalling of Dr. Riek as first vice president in the republic of South Sudan.

They continue to fan the flame of war as usual. Their boss, President Kiir Mayardit puts them in charge of army. They’re the center-stage of the war; running their show skillfully tactically; and, are okay with the continuous spill of bloods of the innocent children, women as well as young men who heard their stentorian calls, and now fighting in the frontlines. Nothing will ever stop them from what they’re doing. Only if their adversary is dead, or stopped negotiating with the government.

Thusly, they’re the most trusted generals by the commander-in-chief, the president of the republic of South Sudan: General Kiir Mayardit Kuethping. So, anyone talking peace is rubbish and poppycock. If anyone says, please stops the war, people are dying! He/she would be considered as a rebel “sympathizer” or a western buffoon. But, what they don’t understand is the suffering of our civilians in foreign countries, or in their own country that led many of us to speak out. Also, the economy of the country is now crumbling on her knees because of the war, and this what concerns us all, whether at home or Diaspora. They don’t know that a war is never ‘milked’ to anyone. It’s a destruction of lives and properties and ought to be stopped!

These trustworthy army generals: Paul Malong Awan Anei and Malak Ayuen Ajok completely optimized their works in fighting this ruthless war. The countrymen and women are longing for peace to return, but they aren’t backing down the war. They rolled up their sleeves, gearing up to take it to Dr. Riek Machar and the rebels’ territory. Their oratorical enunciations at the army headquarters, and on SSTV show that they aren’t ready for a peaceful means. And theirs’ staunchly supporters are worshiping them as “lordship,” since their rhetorical speeches on SSTV and radio are stentorian every day.

Gen. Malong Awan Anei, was once fervently admired for his bravely heart in NBS in the 90s. His skillful and nimble tactics, to rid off the notoriously horsemen-Janjaweeds, that terrorized Aweil Community was unanimously praised in the entire South Sudan. And, quite frankly, he did what a son does to his community. Besides, he was praised for the formation of Mathiang Anyaar after Sudanese president, Bashire threatens to take 14 miles at the border of Sudan and South Sudan; to defend our land, and everyone was exuberant and euphoric with what he was doing.

We all know that, Khartoum government will try its best to encroach into our territory by any means. They’d shown several times with bombardments of civilians time and time again in NBS & WBS. But, the nation wasn’t afraid as long as Gen. Malong was in NBS, defending our nation.

But, instead of staying with the course of defending the nation from the north, Gen. Malong brought what was formed to shield the nation against the external enemy, to Juba clandestinely. The reason of why these militiamen were brought to the nation’s capital, remained mystery up today. But, they were in the capital, incandescently walking on the streets days & nights. But, they weren’t the national army to begin with. They weren’t policemen to guide the city either, and everyone falls short to accept the legality of bringing the militia into the capital. And up to today, no one answered why the militias were brought to Juba?

And on December 16, 2013, these militiamen, who weren’t trained as nation armies began to discriminately kill innocent Nuer in Juba when army mutiny happened at the army barrack. Was it justifiable killings? Absolutely no! But, Gen. Paul Malong was believed to have hands in this mess, because the militia belongs to him. He action let the “cat” out of the bag, and now, he’s still calling for war, which he should’ve finished sixteen months ago had he followed Dr. Riek into the bush and faced him.

But, he remained in Juba; allowed these militiamen to kill innocents who’ve nothing to do with the government without stopping them. Then, a few days later, he joined the army; took command at capturing of BorTown from White Army; a news welcomed by many civilians at the time when they don’t understand what killed them or looted their properties. And later on, he surreptitiously lobbied behind the closed-door to replace the general chief of staff of army: James Hoi Mai. And President Kiir rewarded him with chief of staff position.

Now, as a chief of staff of the army, he’s doing things he shouldn’t be doing. But because he likes to be the center stage of everything, he’s doing everything is his power to rid off his opponents. He seems to be acting as if he’s the country’s CEO. He shut down his bosses: KMK and KMJ. Gen. Malong bosses look subordinate to him, based on how he acts. It seems that he doesn’t know his role as the chief of staff of the army. Therefore, Gen. Malong needs to be told that he’s neither the president of the nation nor the minister of defense. His actions are deeply and grossly burying the country to the grave.

On the other hand, Gen. Malong intermediation of the caretaker governor, Kuel Aguer Kuel, isn’t a good approach for a well-respected person. Now, Kuel Aguer Kuel’s relieved as the caretaker governor, because Malong loyalty to the president. He’s a chief of staff of the army, and there’s no point of meddling in the NBS affairs anymore though he believes that he’s still the chairman of SPLM in the state. Well, he was a governor, but not anymore. So, why Gen. Malong keeps harassing citizens? Someone should advice Gen. Malong not to oppress and marginalize citizens. These behaviors let people go back to bush and will impede the progress of the nation.

Besides, the jailing of a journalists, such as Christopher for interviewing Kuel Aguer Kuel to air out what was going on behind closed door in NBS doesn’t look good on him easier. Gen. Malong seems to be holding all the position within South Sudan government. I completely fail to understand why is he treating citizens inappropriately? Now, he’s acting as a president, minister of defense, chief of general of army and a governor of NBS. Gen. Malong, however, needs to think about South Sudan future; a country where all 64 tribes must live together, eat together, laugh together and mix together on the same table.

We love Gen. Malong as our liberator, to be remembered as someone who’d done good deeds for our country, but not some one for bad reputations. Gen. Malong should think about our future, if he cares for our nation. He should learn how to compromise with the opponents and citizens. Gen. Malong, there’s no country in the world built on hatred. Comrade Malong, learn how to negotiate with your opponents to assail our country forwards.

Brigadier gen. Malak Ayuen Ajok is an epideictic orator as I had seen him in most of his speeches on SSTV. He vigilantly works hard every day to make sure our fallen heroes’ songs are played live continuously on SSTV for our young generation to learn more about our brothers, fathers and mothers whom we lost in the civil war. No doubt that they’re our heroes/heroines. Their songs are only our souvenirs we’ve at the moment. The nation is cemented with their precious bloods, and everyone admired Brig. Malak for what he’d been doing. Comrade keeps up a good work, and God’ll shower you abundantly. It’s one of patriots thing you’d been doing for our nation to remember the fallen heroes/heroines. But, something is still missing with Brig. Gen. Malak’s work position.

Most recently since the war starts, he’s digressed to follow a different path: exclusiveness of other countrymen and women in his patriotic works. He’d become the most notorious far leftist “Dinkaist.” He seems to be focusing on Dinka had done this and that… And that’s not what a patriotic and nationalist should be doing. What he needs to know, however, is that, he’s too big to come down, and practice tribalism. Brig. Gen. Malak must be assured that he’s a national figure & should be working on what can bring the nation together as one country regardless of our multiethnic ties and multiculturalism.

Many citizens are looking up to him as an exemplary. I do believe that he’s a paradigm to young generation; a war veteran if he isn’t aware about it. Every child is probably now dreaming to be Brig. Gen. Malak Ayuen. But the speeches he’s been giving to the armies at Bilpam are nothing, but polarizing our nascent nation.

I understand that Brig. Malak Ayuen problem is Dr. Riek Machar. Well, to be honest, Dr. Riek’s entire South Sudan problem, because of the role he played in commanding White Army-Jiech Mibör to discriminately killed, raped and pillaged properties in Bortown, Malakal, Bentiu and many other areas. However, Brig. Gen. Malak should know that one-man life isn’t that important to let the nation suffers by continuously orchestrating the war. Everyone knows that Dr. Riek is avarice, and egocentric individual; we all agree on that.

But, continuing to call for more wars to confront Dr. Riek when’s sleeping at the grandiose hotel in Addis Ababa and South Africa isn’t the best option. Brig. Gen. Malak should know that our children are starving at the camps with empty stomachs with no roofs on top of them. Brig. Gen. Malak, why is it then to keep fighting a man who’s not in the country? To me, I think you’re fighting with a ghost!

If Brig. Gen. Malak Ayuen believed, however, that Dr. Riek staged a coup, then, why did he let him crosses the states’ borders without following him back then? Why didn’t he follow Dr. Riek right away up to his mum’s VJ? Why did he waits that long until Dr. Riek left the country? Brig. Gen. Malak Ayuen keeps shouting through microphone; ingraining war to the newly recruit soldiers’ brains; that we’ve to fight Dr. Riek and Nuers. Yes, it’s understandable to fight Dr. Riek and win triumphantly. But, will fighting change anything in South Sudan? I don’t think so! Brig. Malak Ayuen, is war what you think of when you lay your head on a pillow? Brig. Gen. Malak had repeated what MML had said before, that, a “government can’t negotiate with the rebels.”

Well, it’s true that you’re the government, and Dr. Riek is a rebel. You fundamentally believe that a government can’t negotiate with rebel. If that’s the case, why then, did Khartoum regime negotiate with us, when we were rebels? I know that Dr. Riek is a dumb leader with his sick and charlatan “Democracy.” I understand that most African leaders turn rebels when they’re not happy with the governing system or, had become power greed, and that’s what I believe led Dr. Riek back to bush second times. Or he was forced to bush when he declared to unseat his boss: Salva Kiir Mayardit.

But his rebellion was one of the stupid decisions a man ever made. Majority of people believe that he didn’t stage any coup, but his action to command white army instead of going to exile, and calls for justice for what Killed Nuers in Juba is what pissed everyone off. But, I haven’t proved his claimed innocent in this war. President Kiir Mayardit and Dr. Riek are equally two heads in the same coin. They were the leaders for the last ten years, and nothing they accomplished other than feuding in the offices.

Brig. Gen. Malak Ayuen, I’ve to tell you that what you’re doing doesn’t make you better than those who want peace. Brig. Gen. Malak Ayuen needs to know that, he’s fighting a wrong war. Dr. Riek is a problem, but how long should we continue this war? I’ve to tell you that, you ignore the war we should be fighting for; a war that took the lives of our people for centuries, and nothing is being done about it.

And to give you a head up, our problem is the one you welcomed to Juba last year. You eat with him at the same table, but had not done anything about it. He killed our elders, women and youths, and he’s not been charged with this crime. His militiamen abducted our children every year. So, why isn’t he a huge problem to us?

Brig. Gen. Malak Ayuen, David Yau Yau and his Murle militiamen are the problem we’ve right now. As much as I know Brig. Malak’s older than me and he’s knowledgeable of cattle raiding that took place. He knows how many men, women that’d been killed by Murle every year. He knows how many children abducted by Murle, and they’d never been returned to our villages. Our Greater Bor Community’s assets—cattle had been driven off by Murle every now and then.

But him and sons or Greater Bor elites had been quiet in Juba. And now he’s telling us that, we’ve to go to war of Dr. Riek and Kiir Mayardit. Brig. Gen. Malak Ayuen, it says, “charity begins at home.” Without our home, you and the rest would be nothing in Juba. So, why is Brig. Malak ignored the threats affecting our civilians all the time, and embark on this reckless war?

Brig. Gen. Malak Ayuen should know that the Nuers had been our neighbors; we share the same food together everyday, we inter-married with them, and to think of them as our enemies is outrageous. Hence, continuing to weigh a war isn’t work for you and our community. It’s killing our people and their people as well. Brigadier Malak Ayuen, you’re not helping with what should be done to solve the crisis affecting our nation.

Honestly, you’re teaching the values that don’t belong to our community. We’re a community of wait, a minute! Kɔn kööch! We’re not a community of teat-for-tat as it might be in other communities. We always forgive our enemies. We are resilience community, and that’s what we’re known for.

As of now, Greater Bor people in Bortown and at the villages are back and lively, kicking, energetic and dynamite! Their daily activities had resume. But, only David Yau Yau with his militiamen are what terrorizing them days and nights. Won’t this be something to think of all the time, brother Malak Ayuen? I would think you would think of some ways to help our people; to stop child abduction in our community; stop cattle raiding for our community to live in peace with their neighbors.

Frankly speaking, Dr. Riek destroyed Greater Bor community in 1991, but we forgave him until he made stupid decision to destroy our community second times. But, if forgiving Dr. Riek for second times will bring peace to stop the suffering of our civilians at the refugee’s camp, and the entire nation, then why not? I believe that the people of the republic of South Sudan will determine Dr. Riek kismet once he returned to Juba.

Brig. Malak, and Gen. Paul Malong, though Dr. Riek isn’t admitting publicly, I believe he feels ashamed for what he did to Greater Bor community & the entire nation for the second times. Nonetheless, continuing with the war will not bring back our loved ones. Gen. Malong and Brig. Malak if you need justice to be served in South Sudan, then, let Dr. Riek comes back to Juba first, and nation will determine proper procedures to find justice on both sides.

Brigadier Malak, & Gen. Malong, please stop preaching war, and come up with some strategies to save the lives of the remaining population in our nation. More wars will take away more lives; impede the developments. As the army generals, you should find ways to set up projects and research centers in perfecting the nation army instead. You need to stop war mentality, and work with what’ll bring peace and reconciliation in our nation.

I know that you’re not the men of God, but to bring peace isn’t a rocket science. Instead of being far Dinkaists, you should be moderate politicians; work hard to bring lasting peace for our civilians to return home and rebuild their lives again. I therefore, would advise you to stop weighing war with someone who is living luxury lives in hotel at foreign country.

The people, who’re dying on both frontlines, are South Sudanese citizens, and these citizens should look at each other as brothers, countrymen and women, but not enemies to one another. Comrades, start listening to citizens and bring peace to our beloved nation now!

The author’s a concern South Sudanese; resided in the states, and can be reach @abraham_Chol@yahoo.com

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