Opening Statement by Comrade Pagan Amum Okiech, SPLM Leaders (Former Political Detainees)

20th, October, 2014, Arusha, Tanzania

SPLM chairman Salva Kiir (R) greets former SG Pagan Amum (L) as Riek Machar looks on, January 14, 2010

SPLM chairman Salva Kiir (R) greets former SG Pagan Amum (L) as Riek Machar looks on, January 14, 2010

Your Excellency, Ndugu Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete, President of the United Republic of Tanzania and Chairman of Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM),

Your Excellency, Gen. Salva Kiir Mayardit, President of the Republic of South Sudan and Chairman of the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM),

Your Excellency, Dr. Riek Machar Teny, First Deputy Chairman of the SPLM,

Mzee John Samuel Malecela, Former Prime Minister and Former Deputy Chairman of CCM and Chairman of this Intra-SPLM Dialogue,

Excellencies, the Secretary General of CCMand the Foreign Minister of Tanzania,

Honourable Delegates from the SPLM dividedfamily,

Ladies and Gentlemen,

On behalf of the SPLM Leaders, who were detained following the crisis of December 15th, 2013 for calling for reforms and internal democracy within the party and on my own behalf, I take this opportunity to thank Ndugu Chairman of CCM for extending his solidarity by convening this Intra-SPLM dialogue in the beautiful city of Arusha.  We wholeheartedly appreciate this facilitation by CCM and the support of Crisis Management Initiative (CMI).  Offering the SPLM family this forum and a conducive environment for dialogue is like extending a ladder to somebody who has thrown himself/herself in a deep pit.  Unless we choose to get out of the pit by climbingup, the ladder alone will not get us out.  Therefore, we must climb the ladder provided to us by CMM in order to come out of the abyss we have landedourselves into.

Excellencies, Distinguished Delegates,

The Secretary General of CMM, Ndugu Abdulrahman Kinana, wisely made it clear the other day that their support and solidarity is out of historical commitment to support and help the African Liberation Movements mend their differences and heal their rifts whenever that occurred, without unhealthy interference.  CCM is making it clear that it shall not diagnose our ailment and problem.  In other words, CCM will not give the SPLM a prescription or a recipe but rather it provides only a forum, a conducive environment and the moral encouragement for usthe SPLM leaders to take advantage and thecourage to accept the reality that we have the responsibility, in fact a collective responsibility, forthe current crisis in the country.  This crisis, as we all know, emanated from failure of leadership,resulting in differences among the top SPLM leaders.

Therefore, we must admit this fact and discuss itduring the dialogue when we resume in Novemberwith open minds and hearts so as to correct ourselves and agree to recommit to the core values and fundamental principles of our Movement.  Let us courageously recognize that we have lost direction and have deviated from the vision of the SPLM.  We have fundamentally gone wrong, divided ourselves and have thrown the country into chaos.  However, it is human to err and fall, the greatest of human spirit is in correcting oneself and rising up from the fall. By admitting such facts, our hearts will be ready to reconcile the differences and heal our self-inflicted wounds.  To do this successfully, we have to move away from finger pointing and blame game and go beyond our egos and fears.  Let us leave judgment to history but fornow let us focus our energies in resolving the current crisis by reuniting the divided SPLMfamily so as to rescue the country from falling into total chaos and disorder.

Finally, inspired by the spirit of Mwalimu Julius Nyerere, the founding father of this peaceful and united nation and by the vision of our founding father and hero, Dr John Garang De Mabior, who dreamt of a new and just society at peace with itself and with its neighbours, a common wealth united in its diversity; inspired by this spirit, let us launch this process of the Intra-SPLM Dialogue in order to return the party to its glory and provide collective visionary leadership to the people of South Sudan in this second phase of state and nation building.  We, the SPLM Leaders (Former Political Detainees), are certain that the SPLM vision shall come to fruition.  As SPLM committed cadres, we will engage in this dialogue with open hearts and minds in order to reunite the SPLM andrealize its vision of a free, peaceful and prosperous South Sudan.

Oh God bless South Sudan!

SPLM Oyee!

CCM Oyee!

Thank you.

The Entire SPLM-In Opposition Leadership Owns up to Human Right Abuses and Crime Against Humanity Since 1991
By Sindani Ireneaus, Somaliland
The cat is out of the bag. At least the Tanzanians have made it to jump out of the bag straight to our eyes and ears. No one can longer deny it whether now or in future. The world has also heard. The African Union must have taken heed of it while the ICC prosecutors should be happy and excited that they will not longer delve deep in investigating the heinous crimes in South Sudan in order to unravel the people behind the genocide, mass rape, rampant torture, ethnic targeted killings, disappearance of people, violation of individual rights and mass displacement of people in Bor in 1991 and twice in 2013/2014 making South Sudanese to live destitute lives in their own country.
If you are still wondering what I am talking about, let me make it abundantly clear that I am talking about the surprising admission by the entire leadership of the SPLM-in Opposition that they are responsible for the crisis in South Sudan. Allow me to quote the Arusha communiqué; entitled: The Arusha Communiqué: Intra-SPLM party so as to clearly illustrate the point and make it abundantly plane to everybody. I quote “The parties acknowledge a collective responsibility for the crisis in South Sudan that has taken a great toll on the lives and property of our people”. The communiqué was signed by none other than Cde Paul Akol Kordit on behalf of SPLM in government; Cde Duer Tut Duer on behalf of SPLM in opposition and Cde Kosti Manibe Ngai on behalf of SPLM detainees, dated October 21, 2014.
“The great toll on the lives” means the mass killings, torture, rape, displacement and incarcerations and disappearances”. “Great toll to property” means the destruction to private and public properties such as individual Dinka houses in Bor in 1991, destruction of public homes such as the one of the late icon Dr. John Garang De Mabior, destruction of villages in upper Nile and Bentui, looting of peoples’ houses in Bor, killing innocent civilians in hospital beds, churches, mosques and massive destruction and looting of Kenya Commercial Banks in Bor, Malakal and Bentiu by SPLM-In Opposition.
Right from the start let me make it abundantly clear that the leadership of these tribal factions under the leadership of Dr. Riek Machar, the former leader of Nasir Faction of 1991 have frankly and without shame owned up to the criminal act and brutality that has been meted to the people of South Sudan. My admitting that they are responsible for the “crisis in South Sudan that has taken a great toll on lives and property of the people of South Sudan”, it means they systematically planned, directed and executed all that befell the people. Secondly they are saying that whatever crimes committed by their subordinates that include the rank and file of the Nuer, “white army” soldiers on both side of the divide in this criminal war, was methodically organized, plan and directed by Dr. Riek Machar and his former militia commanders. There is nothing called random killing by rogue and untrained white army soldiers, nothing called revenge killings or being detained innocently.
All have participated in one way or another in brutally murdering innocent children, women and civilians in hospital beds, churches and mosques. They conspired to exterminate Dinka ethnic groups and planned ethnic killings in the country on the pretext that there is no good governance, service delivery, rampant corruption or federalism as if Dr. Riek and his groups have never been part and parcel of the government since 2005. They smartly planned and uprooted South Sudanese from their residences and made them to be refugees and internally displaced in their country. They directed mass rape as a tool of war. They displaced thousands of South Sudanese and forced them to take refuge in neighboring countries. They carried out targeted killing particularly of those perceived to be obstacles to prophesized ascension of Dr. Riek Machar to presidency although Riek failed to get his Agreement of KPA-1997 implemented by Bashir who is now again supporting Riek’s rebellion. It’s not clear why Dr. Riek cannot flex its tribal muscle against Bashir of Jaylin who failed him in 1997 and made him keep changing allegiance and rebelling without being appointed president, not elected, either in Khartoum or Juba since1991.
Now that these rebel leaders of SPLM-In Opposition have admitted and owned up to the genocide, ethnic killings, raping, torture and the whole range of human right abuses in South Sudan. Let me be clear on apportioning the crimes. By owning up to these crimes the leadership of SPLM-In Opposition under Dr. Riek Machar has owned up to:
1.     Targeted ethnic killing of more than 20,000 Dinka civilians in Bor, Bentiu and Malakal, destruction of Dinka property in Bor, Malakal, and Unity state including Kenya Commercial Bank (KCB) and other Banks
2.     The targeted killing and disappearance of people in Bor, Malakal, and Bentiu such as the killing of Gen. Peter Panom Thanypiny in 1991 because of his loyalty to SPLM who liberated South Sudan from Khartoum when they were militias and used by Khartoum
3.     Torturing participants in failed coup attempts of December 15th, 2013 which they turned around and sent the wrong message to regional and international audience that the guns were copied and pasted in our hands although they initially tried coup attempt in 1991
4.     Attacking innocent Dinka and killing two (2) UMNISS peacekeepers who were sheltering in UNMISS compound in Akobo
5.     Illegally using of banned chemical weapons supplied by Bashir on Dinka soldiers on Juba-Bor road where hundreds of soldiers died as a result of Khartoum-made cluster bombs
6.     Carrying out rampant rape of Dinka women in Bor by rebel soldiers, white army and operatives just because of their ethnicity
7.     The fact that Dr. Riek denied a coup attempt because he has PhD in killing since 1991 and deliberate denial before they fled to Khartoum as usual for logistical support
8.     Consciously recruiting, training, arming, directing and commanding tribal militia groups such as untrained Lou-Nuer “white army” in particular to carry out genocide and commit serious human right abuses in Bor in particular and in South Sudan at large
9.     Hiring mercenaries from their terrorist friends LRA, Messeriya, SAF and northern Sudan to deny its genocide and ethnic cleansing policy beautified by Khartoum-made weapons
Likewise by signing the communiqué, the leadership of the SPLM-in-opposition has again owned up to:
1.     Brutal killings that occurred in Akobo in the UNMISS compound.
2.     Killing of innocent people in hospital beds and in a church in Bor
3.     Innocent killing of captured civilians in Bor, Malakal and Bentiu
4.     Ethnic killing of innocent Dinka, Chollo people because of their refusal to join Riek’s rebellion
Lastly the leadership of the SPLM-in-Opposition in collaboration with the other detainees (G10) has owned up to the rampant corruption, tribalism, nepotism, molding a dictator, mismanagement of state affairs, inability to render services to the people of South Sudan while Riek’s and his cohorts denied they were not at all in the government that they rebelled against.
What is the implication of this admission to the future of South Sudan? First these SPLM-In Opposition leaders have admitted that they created chaos in South Sudan since 1991 because of their power greed and failure to stay the course of achieving Nasir Faction objectives of liberating South Sudan from oppressive regime in Khartoum and provide effective leadership although they were in Khartoum. They have admitted that they are criminals, thieves, tribalists and dictators who are repugnant to democracy since 1991. Above all they have committed crime against humanity and human right violations, not only in Bor, Akobo (where they killed two UN peacekeepers), Malakal but also in Bentiu.
They have disunited and completely broken the bridges that had made the people of South Sudan to stick together. They have admitted that they have failed the people of South Sudan especially when they were in Khartoum from 1991, signing KPA of 1997 and returning to SPLM who stay the course of liberation of South Sudan. KPA just to be forgiven by Dr. John Garang de Mabior in Nairobi, Kenya. They have admitted that they cannot unite, lead and administer the nation other than their stomachs and their cronies who often survive on shifting allegiance to Khartoum. They have above all admitted that they have failed the peoples’ mandate and instead turned to kill and maim the very people who forgave them when they were militias designed by Khartoum to keep South Sudan destabilized politically and economically.
The question is whether in any meaningful way these SPLM-In Opposition leaders have any legitimacy left to continue preaching good governance or service delivery when they failed in Khartoum when they were in bed with KPA-1997 and in South Sudan? The fact is that any returned to South to be forgiven through amnesty and later turned against their own brothers and sisters and massacred them, plunger their wealth and property, displaced them, raped and tortured them, in the eyes of those who truly liberated South Sudan from 1983-2005 and up to 2011. They have lost their legitimacy of being forgiven since 2002 and can no longer purport to lead and speak on behalf of the people of South Sudan.
They deserve not to speak on behalf of the people of South Sudan any more without considering their record of shifting allegiance since 1991. Since they have collectively taken responsibility for the heinous crimes against humanity and human right abuses in Bor in 1991 (and again in 2013/2014), Akobo, Malakal and Bentiu, their only option is to stand up and answer to their crimes before the International Criminal Court (ICC) in The Hague. As they stood boldly in their gray suites in front of Kikwete; the Tanzania President and owned up to their crimes, they should likewise stand tall, boldly and upright in front of the ICC to defend themselves individually or collectively.
On the other hand they should also face their victims and relatives of their victims to whole heartedly apologize to them as Dr. Riek did to Bor people at Rebecca Nyandeng’s house before like the great men and women in South African who faced their victims and relatives of their victims and apologized under the tutelage of Bishop Tutu truth and reconciliation commission. Unlike Zulu, most Nuer failed to stay the course but ended up in Khartoum. No zulu or ANC leaders ended up in Apartheid-led regime in Pretoria as Nuer, Nasir Faction or SPLM-In Opposition leaders did in Khartoum.
Finally what is my advice in this circumstance? My brotherly advice first goes to these SPLM-In Opposition leaders to tell them that this is a decision time. Either they make South Sudan to take the path of reconciliation and embark on peaceful co-existence and development of the country or they would like this great nation to sink with them during this period of their demise. Taking path of reconciliation and peaceful co-existence means the SPLM-In Opposition leadership in Hotels should immediately resign or seek no leadership position in the transitional administration.
Similarly the leadership of the SPLM-In opposition and SPLM detainees must negotiate in good faith for peace and transitional government under the leadership of democratically-elected President H.E. Salva Kiir Mayardit who will still forgive them as usual to go through extensive political orientation to ensure that tribal rebellion with or without support from Khartoum is not the way to violently grab power. Elections, not violent tribal rebellion, will determine good leadership based on record and nationalism. Genuine reconciliation will not happen in South Sudan if IGAD mediation effort is to appoint leaders instead of elections. It would be like covering a fire with mud without extinguishing it completely.
Secondly, I must advise these SPLM-IN Opposition leaders that they either face peoples’ truth in elections campaigns and reconciliation commission to ask for forgiveness from the people of South Sudan because there is no South Sudanese who has not been aggrieved by their reckless leadership since 1991 or wait to present themselves to the ICC where they can have the opportunity to clear their names as individual or suffer the consequences of their action. This is the only way to end the impunity that has been the order of the day in South Sudan since 1991 Bor massacre.
My advice to the IGAD peace negotiators is that peace and reconciliation can only come to South Sudan when the root causes of the current conflict are fully discussed, agreed upon and future roadmap for thorough reforms including the institution of “definitively defined” federal system is drawn up because the current system is more or less federal. It is the people of South Sudan to define the federal system which will not negatively affect the wellbeing of South Sudanese people. Once this is achieved then a transitional government without these tribally self-confessed SPLM-In Opposition butchers of South Sudan since 1991 can be established.
Excluding the entire SPLM-In Opposition leadership is crucial so that reconciliation and building of the social fabric of the people of South can begin. The SPLM-In Opposition leaders should be offered the chance to seek forgiveness from the people of South Sudan through truth and reconciliation commission or face the ICC to clear their names. By considering or allowing these leaders to participate in the transitional or future leadership in South Sudan without reconciliation or not answering to the heinous crimes they committed against the people of South Sudan, means IGAD itself is condoning impunity in South Sudan and in fact the South Sudanese will view this as if IGAD is adding salt on the bleeding wounds in South Sudan since 1991. Certainly this will not go unchallenged because there are many patriotic South Sudanese out there who will take over the mettle of liberating the people of South Sudan from the York of murderous tribal leaders, looters and plunderers of the country. It does not matter how long this will take but the people have to be liberated from these tribal criminals supported by Khartoum and impunity must be ended.
My advice to the friends of South Sudan including the troika is that they should continue to stand firm in supporting the people of South Sudan during this trying time. There is no quick fix to the issues in South Sudan neither can there be quick fix by reconstituting SPLM-In Opposition of self-confessed criminals and looters. The current SPLM-In Opposition leaders are bent to continue with their determined efforts to propagate chaotic crisis in the country for their comfort and comfort of their tribes and cronies in expensive Hotels.
South Sudan is not devoid of leaders but the country has been taken hostage by leaders who have no future of the country in their hearts since they signed KPA in 1997. For eight years, after being forgiven by SPLM leadership, they have been in government; they have only perfected the art of looting, corrupting and balkanizing the country into tribal enclaves. Nothing is acceptable than allowing and accepting the impunity that is striding the breath and length of entire South Sudan because of one man’s greed for power. Riek believe that he’s the only educated Nuer with PhD in killing who could govern South Sudan better than any peaceful PhD holders.
What about the Tanzania government. I must extend my sincere congratulations to the government of Tanzania for bringing these SPLM-In Opposition leaders together to finally take responsibility for the crimes they committed in South Sudan since 1991. They have been denying this for long and now they have owned up. My sincere advice is that Tanzania should question the political record of Riek’s in particular and make these SPLM-In Opposition leaders to realize that the confession they made is not the highway to violently assume leadership of a country at any cost but it is the rough road for them to stand up and face their victims or their relatives and say we are sorry or else they must face the law at The Hague in order to end impunity in South Sudan. There is no middle road for these SPLM-In Opposition leaders. They either succumb to the law or are forced to face the law since the record of Bor massacre of 1991 besides of 2013/2014 is clear.
For the AU commission tasked to investigate human rights abuses and crime against humanity in South Sudan, I would say that the Commission‘s work is made easier. The people have already taken responsibility for these crimes. The only work you are left with is to identify who bears the greatest responsibility of massacring people of South Sudan since 1991 so that the law takes its course. There is no time to waste now because the people of South Sudan need closure for their sufferings caused by one man who is always greedy for power and hides behind the word democracy and good governance or federalism. Last but not the least please ICC take up the case of South Sudan as soon as the AU commission presents it to you because Dr. Riek’s political prostitution, power greed, tribal rebellion since 1991 is well recorded in both Khartoum/Sudan and in Juba/South Sudan, but not recorded in capitals of the Regional/East African Bloc, AU and Western countries. South Sudanese are yawning for peace, security, economic development and justice, and they want to see justice prevail for this second-time failed coup attempt of December 15th, 2013 and this should be done as soon as possible for any justice delayed is justice denied.
Sindani Ireneaus, Hargeisa; Somaliland, Contact:

The Problem with Nuer Extremists

Posted: October 23, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël in Commentary

Amb. Gen. Gordon Buay Malek

The Madness in South  Sudan

The Madness in South Sudan

The problem with Nuer extremists supporting war in South Sudan is their inability to accept realities. In this conflict, I have realized that the extremist Nuer believe in fiction more than reality.

The first reality the Nuer rebels need to accept is the fact that the positions of Salva Kiir as the President of South Sudan and Chairman of the SPLM are non-negotiable.

What the IGAD and AU are saying is the accommodation of Riek Machar either as the Prime Minister or First Vice-President. The debate now is not about Presidency but the accommodation of Riek Machar.

Therefore, any reasonable Nuer extremist who has no intellectual disability has two options. The first option is to break away from Riek Machar to tell the world his position so that he is included in the negotiations. The second option is to remove Riek Machar from the leadership of the rebels.

I want the Nuer extremists to know that Riek Machar presented two names for the position of Prime Ministerial post should he decline. The first candidate is his wife and the second one is Taban Deng.

If the Nuer rebels do not like the IGAD power-sharing arrangements, they should eliminate Riek Machar because he accepted the executive position proposed as part of the package. You cannot say that you are against the power-sharing arrangements while Riek Machar accepted it. The IGAD only knows the leader of the rebels who is Riek Machar in reality.

If the Nuer rebels don’t want the deal already arranged, they need to jettison Riek Machar to engage the international community before they are branded as international terrorists.

When I look at it, the cows are more reasonable than Nuer extremists who don’t want to accept reality. The Nuer extremists think that they can reject the position of the international community with impunity. That is not true because anybody who will reject the fact that Salva Kiir is the President of South Sudan will be branded as a terrorist.

It is very unfortunate that cows in Nuer land are more intelligent that the Nuer tribalists in accepting realities.

The Jonglei Conflict is slowly on the Revival

Posted: October 23, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël in Featured Articles, Malith Alier

By Malith Alier, Juba

David Yau-Yau, the Murle militia leader who led a military rebellion against the gov't of South Sudan leading to the creation of the Greater Pibor Administrative of which he (Yau-Yau) has been appointed the administrator by President Kiir.

David Yau-Yau, the Murle militia leader who led a military rebellion against the gov’t of South Sudan leading to the creation of the Greater Pibor Administrative of which he (Yau-Yau) has been appointed the administrator by President Kiir.

Jonglei State shall never be stable as long as the cattle keepers do not change their old habits. The Murle, Dinka Bor, Nuer and Mandari communities are the worst enemies of each other. Each time there is a lull in the conflict, it is short lived as is the case yesterday.

Yesterday morning 21st October 20014, saw the slaying of a victim known as Aguto Makol (R.I.P) at Gere located between Paanwel and Bangachorot. The news of the killing reached Juba in a matter of minutes because of the telephone message that travels faster than sound. The shooting information was received by relatives, family, friends and all people of Bor County with great sadness. The implication about this killing in cold blood concerns everybody in Bor County and other travellers on the Juba-Bor Highway.

In mid December to January 2013, Juba-Bor Highway was a no go territory except for the military and other security operatives because of the activities of the white army. However, when Bor was liberated, the said highway continues to pose challenges to travellers on end. Remember that after the white and SPLA conflict this Highway was awash with arms and munitions which put lives in danger. Some cluster bombs were reported by Non Governmental organisations along that road.

Many commentators and observers on Jonglei State peace and conflict reported that the signing and subsequent creation of Greater Pibor Administrative Area (GPAA) was a major determinant of peace in the embattled State.

My measured view however is that, this is just a lull that should deceive nobody. The old habits will spring back in the face of everybody as long as there is lawlessness on the side of both governments of the two States. The vastly roaming cattle is the property of everybody to grab. Child abduction by any means continues to be more lucrative like never before. Anyone out there should tell us why peace should reign one more time.

Road motor accidents are augmented by such killings as that of the late Aguto. Two pastors of the Episcopal Church of the Sudan of Bor Diocese were killed in the same way between March and April this year by unknown gunmen. The accusing fingers point at Murle, Mandari or other criminals that waylay travellers on the Highway.

Unsurprisingly, the killings are usually near Bor County particularly the Paanwel-Bangachorot-Sudan Safari stretch. Child abduction in the same stretch happened on many occasions prompting the former Bor County Commissioner to request the army to create a permanent post in the area. All this arrangement was affected by the present conflict with Riek Machar.

A colleague of mind whose abduction rendition happened on the vehicle he was travelling in 2012 narrated that they abductors came from Pibor County now self-autonomous under Yauyau.

All the atrocities and abductions are set to resume. Eight months is a long time for professional killers and child abductors. The Highwaymen are back in full swing!

Ayual Community Welfare Association-Bor Town
                                                                                                                                   Date: 2nd Sep, 2014
To Whom It May Concern

Ref: Wrongful dissemination of peace and the withdrawal of Court Case

Dear Sir;

Peace is everybody’s duty, we would have embraced the above cited peace initiative had it come through robust procedures. The conflict between Ayual & Dachuek continued for almost 11 years and the number of deceased during this period has reached an imaginable point which we don’t want it to proceed anymore, for the procedure through which this so called peace between Ayual and Dachuek came has never been a right channel. It is too exclusive to the extent that Ayual members who are residing in Bor Town have been bypassed by the said committee, we have never been incorporated into peace process something which has baffled us outright.
Peace and Reconciliation Initiative:

We the Ayual Community residents in Bor Town hereby expressing our sincere concerns on the aforementioned subject that the currently underway peace initiative being initiated by the Twic East Authority & Church leaders  is unilateral & unsuccessful, for it has never  addressed the root causes of the trouble. What so called priests and Twic East Authority have swiftly jumped into peace leaving an acute problems untouched, on top of them the pending court case which is up to now on the table of Chief Justice has not yet been tried. The issue of deceased between two warring parties is yet to be tried,

Furthermore; the cause of the conflict blew up in the Churches and then spread throughout to be the problem of the community and now are pretending to be well-wishers to bring the stability and tranquility which they caused. We are unanimously rejecting this useless and unilateral peace. We are the brothers, sisters, Mothers and Fathers of the deceased hereby sending our full dislike to this peace.

Another puzzling issue is that the first trial was tried by the Kongoor Head Chief Duot Ajang Duot and the verdict then was not favorable to either side and consequently the warring communities fought, leaving three persons dead as a result of his verdict. To our dismay as a community the above mentioned chief is now the one spearheading the process of withdrawing the court case back to Twic County’s Court while he was the main cause of the first death. We were expecting the paramount Chief of Twic East in Collaboration with Twic East Authority to be the one having a right to disseminate & initiate the process instead of the first failed chief; he” Paramount Chief” has now refused to comply with the so called committee comprising of Twic East Authority, Priests and Chiefs, for the hidden agenda which is behind the scene will hamper the efforts and may result into another unfortunate.

Following Duot Ajang’s verdict another committee comprising of Greater Bor Chiefs was formed headed by Duk County’s Paramount Chief Cueei Leek Deng, his decision was seen to be the optimal solution to the problem according to many people. Now his verdict has been nullified and criticized by the initiators of this invaluable peace and reconciliation while Duot Ajang is not a Paramount Chief to criticize whatever Greater Bor decided.

Well-wishers and those who are so much concerned of our problem, we the Ayual Community in Bor Town would like to assure you that our beloved brothers or foes that we lost as a result of this conflict are so valuable to us. Therefore, we are very keen enough not to forfeit other lives and this is a reason why we condemned this wrongful procedure being followed by this partial committee. The currently peace initiative will not achieve any success other than to claim other lives, it has been tried twice in Twic East in their presence and eventually lives were lost. Therefore; we are unanimously dismissing the so called peace which is being initiated by these interest groups, for they have no notion of solving it.

Withdrawal of the Court Case on the Table of his Majesty Chief of Justice:

The Committee went beyond its capacity to the extent that they proposed the above mentioned without making some deliberations and consultations with plaintiff such that the case is withdrew with their consent. Hence; Ayual Community in its General Assembly’s meeting in Bor Town has hysterically denounced a move by disgruntled Authorities of Twic East and its Cohorts to withdraw the court case which is currently on the table of Chief Justice.

The meeting of the community described the proposal as “RED LINE & UNEXPLODED BOMB” should it happen, For; this case was referred to High Court because of its complexity, three cases were referred to High Court in Juba during by then namely: KOCH & DEER of Makuach Payam, LITH & KUAI of Baidit Payam and AYUAL/DACHUEK of Nyuak Payam the above mentioned two cases were exhausted through Special Court that was formed by the high Court leaving our case pending. We expect fairness in special court; for we have been anticipating unfairness in the withdrawal of our case back to Twic East should you allow these Chiefs and Twic East Authority to deceive you in their own peace, neglecting the concerned warring parties. Court Case is a personal affair it is our own affair as a community to decide who will try our Case and cannot be imposed on us, therefore we need not to be dragged into what we have never planned for,

It is so imperative that the initiators of the said peace are group of opportunists and bad-wishers of our conflict since its inception. We urge all concerned members of Twic East wherever they are, Jonglei Government and the Judiciary not to comply with them, for we have never been convinced beyond reasonable doubt such that we join what they are disseminating.

On the 31st Sep 2014 General Assembly’s meeting held in Bor Town concerning the ongoing peace initiative, the community recommended the following for the success of the reconciliation:

•    Peace initiative must address the root causes of the conflict
•    Court Case must be exhausted first before any peace process made
•    Withdrawal of the Court Case must not be used as a pretext to achieve peace and reconciliation
•    Our Case must be tried at the level of high court for its complexity
•    Wanglei Land must remain as Ayual property in accordance with Greater Bor Committee’s decision.
•    The current committee must go back and start the process afresh should they meant peace in reality

We are not against any peace process, but against wrong procedures being initiated by the committee.

And thanks

Jok Chol Deng.
Ayual Community Chairperson in Bor Town

Understanding Thanyang Jam statements and the so-called Jonglei State Students in Uganda press release


We are disposed in the world were the self-proclaimed-bright ones in their own wisdom tries to drag those ones whom they presumed to be fools in to the abyss of darkness forever.

I sometimes watch this and go back and ask God that in your own infinite wisdom, when do you think this will end? In the ten commandments you gave to Moses you said that,” I am the lord your God who brought you out of Egypt, out of the land of slavery”. You continued after having mentioned other commandments and said, “You shall not give false testimony against your neighbor”.

But now we, the human beings especially in South Sudan are playing cat and mouse games in order to gain subsidy from our masters and you do not seem to care. We are killing ourselves and those ones who can bring it to an end are either quiet, bribed or killed for their righteousness and rejects to alliance with the club of blood suckers and you do not seem to care. So, in your infinite wisdom, when are you showing yourself to our tormentors? When are you planning to rescue the righteous South Sudanese civil populace?

Let me start with Thanyang Jam’s statement as the PART. 1 of this article

Until the truth comes out, we shall not stop talking.

In the infamous and unethical article published by Sudan tribune on Thursday 9 October 2014 with the head line,’ South Sudan Students’ Union in Kampala switches allegiance to rebel’.

In its intro, the article continued that,’ The Greater Upper Nile Students in Uganda has declared its support for South Sudan’s rebels faction led by former vice-president Riek Machar’.

Looking at the headline and the intro that follows, you definitely know that there is no clarity in this article because how can “South Sudan Students in Kampala [headline] abruptly become Greater Upper Nile Student in Uganda [intro]?”

Obviously something is misleading here!

In Kampala, there are so many Students Unions and Associations ranging from clans’, tribal and regional Associations but are all under the umbrella of South Sudanese Students Union formed in 2007 by late molana Akuach (Makerere University) and Panom Koryom (Nkumba University).

So, there is no relationship at all as Sudan tribune claims, it is unethical to release the news without verifying it-no wonder, the government accused it [Sudan Tribune]times back and warned Juba monitor not to publish news from Sudan tribune because of the same issue.

Coming to Thanyang Jam Dhuor, he is a student of masters of Makerere University who has been there for almost 4 years now (instead of 18months); he is a sick-man in the leadership of Greater Upper Nile since its establishment in 2011 in Kampala. He contested with capable Molana Deng Gai Galuak of Cavendish University of which he (Jam) won and sworn into power in June 2013 instead of April but his weaknesses delayed the process. Constitutionally, his term ended in April this year but his weaknesses forced him not to call a meeting and dissolve the leadership, he stays in BweyaleRefugee camp most of his holy days’ times and so has not been around Kampala with students. I can remember when he was sworn in to power, he was getting it hard to read his own speech fromthe script, you get to question yourself whether the former Juba University graduates (Thanyang) was the one who wrote his speech or somebody did.

Since, when he was sworn in to leadership, Thanyang has never called a single meeting as a leader. To make matters worse, he was more muddled by the crises of 15th Dec 2013. I believe he is one of the majorities who believed that South Sudan war is a tribal war not political and so could not stand the most diversified Region of Upper Nile submerged by intellectuals and radical groups undermining his own level of intellectuality. He is the type that feelsblissful and safe when addressing his ancestral acolytes

Thanyang is one of the folks who believe in divisionism based on regionalism, he is among the people who have learned nothing and forgot nothing about how such branding has brought/still bringing devastation in South Sudan, I knew him and still knows him as such, citing the comment he made on Sudan tribune that, “the government is not serious about [the] death of our people in [the] Upper Nile region since the leadership came from Bahr el Ghazal”.

“We have been in support of the government for the last nine months of conflict, but we were surprised by the government for their continued ethnic targeting and poor response to bring peace in the country,” he added

Looking at the statement above, you will eventually know that the guy is either coming from Equatoria region or Upper Nile, and since there is no Nuer in Equatoria, then inevitably the fella is from Upper Nile (simple analysis)

Another thing any can know is that, the guy is quietly hiding behind the ethnic wall and is trying to look for sympathy from the Nuer and Dr. Riek is the other pops (interviewees) in the article, are of course his tribal devotees also shouting the same as Mr. Jam Dhuor, “WE HAVE SHIFTED ALLEGANCE TO THE REBELS and blah blah blah…..” where! If he was right that he is not a member of a tribal backyard, why didn’t he have members from other tribes of upper Nile to back him up since he claims that he is the leader of Upper Nile Students in Uganda?[Because as I earlier said that he is one of those who  have misconstrued the rebellion as a tribal resistant against the government instead of political struggle among the elephants within the party, Thanyang is on a move]

Believe me, Thanyang is not a type that will make his names through in the leadership of the rebels wherever they are! And whatsoever comments he made to quench the hearts of the rebel bosses will still yield zero, I know there are some famous Nuer students who are already rebels clearly knows him than I know him. I am not judging him (Thanyang) but I am just telling out how he exactly is. I am only trying to tell him (in another way) not to put others in his opinion as a leader without getting and considering the views of those ones he lead [this is what we call dictatorship and that forces rebellion in people if he does not know]

No one is clean enough among the leaders either in opposition or in Juba’s leadership to bring South Sudan out of this mess;what can suit my heart is accountability and bringing the culprits to face justice and baring both parties from being partisan in any South Sudan leadership. They are all living embodiments of what they preach! So, there is no different whether to be with the government or rebel. Members in the government are rebels in another image and so are rebels. It is all based on how best you throw your political coin.

In conclusion: Greater Upper Nile Students Union existed but not existing anymore now! It was killed by Thanyang Jam, a coward who assumed that since the government is having a war with rebels in South Sudan, [and Kiir Mayardit-the president is a Dinka whereas the rebel leader-Riek is a Nuer]then, the war is between Nuer and Dinka, we can’t come together to discuss our affairs as an association and straight away switching side to becoming a tribal member contrary to why he was elected (he can’t stand Nuer and Dinka coming together to discuss their future in the Union. Therefore, he killed the Union immediately)

His term ended in April this year and is only operating in dreams and imaginations. Lengthening of one’s term unconstitutionally or breaking of some constitutional articles kills an institution, if you never know, then go back and trace the root course of current South Sudan crises.

“I think, tribalism is a mental prison…and pride of identity couple with arrogance is one of the leading factors that limit one’s ability to abandon it”, Duop Chak Wuol.

The next article [part. 2 of this] will focus on the press release of those ones who claimed to be the “Jonglei State students in Kampala”.

The writer is an independent journalist and a Commentator on Contemporary South Sudan; And can be reached on 0955091449 and

By Morris Mabior Awikjokdit

South Sudan as an internationally recognized state is a liberal democratic society and it should work hard to adopt her national education policy. Dr. Riek Gai Yosh, Minister of Education science and technology is at the right track as wrote by one of the prominent columnist in Juba Telegraph daily English newspaper but I am of the view that more efforts is required for the Minister to pay honorable tour to states so that he can witness himself how education is operating at the grass- root levels. Dr. John Gai is a man who will shape education of South Sudan to the required degree due his bi- literal relations with the foreign countries. With his appointment, there are some gradual changes taking place day and night and more doors have been opened up for scholarship outside the country. That is a very good move Mr. Minister. Hence, it is the values of liberal democracy that must guide the formulation of educational policies and their implementation. The core values of philosophical rational and moral autonomy. Equality, fairness and liberty underpin the concept of a liberal democracy. In this system, the people of the Republic of South Sudan are expected to participate fully and rationally in the affairs of their country.

A basic principle is that their consent is the only legitimate justification for their being governed. In a liberal society, therefore, the state is obliged to protect and promote fundamental human and civil rights, to propound educational policies and aims which focus on nurturing the holistic development of individuals, and to promote the social and economic welfare of society through the provision and renewal of skills, knowledge and competencies necessary for the development of society and the economy of South Sudan.

The philosophical for educational provision is to be informed by these principles which can form the basis for a shared commitment among all partners towards educational development in the country. Clear articulation of the principles for the development of education contribute to establishing the direction such education ought to take. Further, it provides justification and support for resources allocations to educational development in states, counties up to the payam levels. Within this framework, the philosophical rationale for future development of education of South Sudan should be based on three broad- base considerations:-

  1. The role of government in education of South Sudan.
  2. Principles for the development of education policy and practice; and
  3. The aims of the national education system of South Sudan

The role of the government of South Sudan in education

Education is defined in the Transitional constitution of South Sudan 2011 as a right for each individual to learn whether you are young or big. Both ages have equal rights to go to school and learn. It is a mean for enhancing the well- being and quality of life for the entire nation and society. The government’s role in education arises from its overall concern to protect the rights of individuals, promote social well- being and achieve a good quality of life for every person through all embracing economic development. The government must therefore seek to create, promote and support the conditions within which education can realize its potential in society.

The government respects the legitimate interests of various partners in education and supports the distinctive characters of individual schools, colleges and universities. They, in turn, have a corresponding obligation to respect and support the principles and rights upon which a democratic society is based. Because of the centrality of knowledge, skills and technology in shaping the organization and productivity of the economy, education is a productive investment. Since knowledge, skills and technology develop and change so quickly, this investment must be continually renewed.

Individuals must learn continuously throughout their lives acquiring new skills and technologies. The establishment of a liberal economy, in which internal and external competition are central values accentuate dependence on the knowledge and skills of the people and their ongoing access to education. Investment in education, therefore, is of crucial concern in the strongly competitive climate of the modern world. Hence, the government of South Sudan should strongly reaffirms the important role education plays in human resources development as the basis of all other development, it will act therefore, as the watchdog for enhancing the contribution of education and training to economic development and improved social cohesion. There are three major principles that inform the government’s important role in education:-

  1. The government is the custodian of the human rights of all individuals, including their right to education. It’s concern, therefore, will be with how well national education policy and practice promote equality, equity, efficiency, partnership, pluralism, transparency and accountability;
  2. The demands of national development require that the government pay attention to the role education plays in human capital formation, particularly in developing the types of knowledge, skills, values and competencies that are necessary for economic development and social welfare;
  3. Democratization of education, with its demands for partnership in educational provision, requires that the government of South Sudan should create an enabling environment and establishes rules and regulations, that will protect the right of various educational agencies to full and fair participation in educational development.

Conclusion, I would like to apologize to the Editor in Chief and managing Editor of Juba Telegraph daily English newspaper for the promised I gave that I will make a fantastic contribution throughout the week but I have been kept off by Greater Tonj community conference arrangements. The paper should design for me column page for my daily contribution on national education policy of South Sudan.

The author is a freelance opinion writer and a professional experience teacher based in Warrap state- Kuajok. He can be reached by email: or contact: 0954243501