Instead of Imposing Bad Peace, the International Community Should Seek Sustainable Peace in South Sudan.

By Hon. Arop Madut-Arop, Oxford, UK

Waiting for peace from Addis Ababa

Waiting for peace from Addis Ababa

August 1, 2015 (SSB) — As a concerned citizen, who have been at the epicentre of the politics of South Sudan, during its long tortured history of liberation struggle, I find myself obliged to write to the international community, and to the IGAD countries in particular that, they should not look at the political developments in South Sudan; a state which has just emerged from five decades old protracted destructive wars with its people traumatized, in the same way as they look at their own affairs in their developed countries and their affluent societies; a move which is very disheartening and indeed very frustrating to the people of the South Sudan.

As Sudan’s old agenda to destroy the South Sudan or at least to make her weak in order to reclaim the lost paradise, apparently with the connivance with other IGAD countries; and tacitly with the blind support from the international community, I would like to bring into the attention for those who would like to rescue South Sudan with the following comments, which I feel will be very educative and informative. Please bear with me if my comments to enlighten the international community appear lengthy.

Firstly, after the independence of South Sudan from the bondage of the successive Islamic Khartoum rogue regimes in 2011, the people of South Sudan had expected that the international community would have come in and help start sustainable socio economic development, on the top the rehabilitation of the projects and infrastructure totally destroyed during the war; using the pledged multi-donor fund when the peace descended on the South Sudan in 2005. The people of the South Sudan had also expected that, the international community to assist the young nation to organise itself politically, socially and economically. If with genuine move and good will to help the South Sudan to build itself as to become a nation state, the international community with the large money pledged could have assisted the new fledgling state to harmonise is people, who have been scattered by the successive wars to different parts of the world, where they had acquired different cultures and now needed to be harmonised as they converged on their new found country.

Secondly, the people of South Sudan have also assumed that, the US Government which has midwife the birth of the young nation would have been at the forefront of friendly countries that would have come in, with its abundant expertise of all disciplines, right from the time, when their country became an independent state. This could have been the noble USA start of socio economic development in their youngest country and to establish democratic system of governance in which US is renounced. Instead USA waited until the South Sudan descended into the December crisis with a stick holding it on the warring parties without carrots.

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By Mapuor Malual Manguen, Rumbek, Lakes State

kiirieek

August 1, 2015 (SSB) —- After coming across this piece, some readers may wonder why this author has not been writing any story since January this year. The answer is simple: I gave writing a halt. But the content of the so-called IGAD-plus compromise peace proposal to end ongoing civil war in South Sudan broke my silence today.

The proposal to demilitarize Juba, the capital city and seat of govt of South Sudan, and intention to reward rebels with power and control of oil-rich Upper Nile region is not only a mockery to people of South Sudan and govt, but also an insult to element of democracy where power can be transfer through free and fair election. Besides, the proposal indirectly demeans sovereignty and territorial integrity of this country.

This question was manifested this week when Obama, Uhuru Kenyatta, Ghandour, Museveni and Desalegn sat down alone in Addis Ababa to discuss South Sudan internal issues without inviting its participation. This behavior was a diplomatic slap to South Sudan and willfully done to embarrass President Kiir.

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By Paul Duwar Bak Yak, Kampala, Uganda

July 31, 2015 (SSB) — I’m now convinced that the country called south Sudan is officially divided into two social and ideological entities –one comprising the have (s) and the other by the have-Not.

Yes, looking at the politico-economic situation the country has experienced over one year and nine months of politico-crisis, it beats my understanding that a section of our society does not appreciate at all that we are in deep economic crisis that our country is going through since the crisis broke out on December 15, 2013 in south Sudan.

While some people are crying over the biting fuel, lack of hard currencies and high commodity prices that are not regulated, others are simply swimming in obscene wealth, unaware of the situation around them.

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By Sunday de John, NAIROBI, KENYA

July 31, 2015 (SSB) — When it comes to reality, the pride of a nation ought to be projected by presence of robust and competent workforce. The feasibility that such a competent workforce becomes available is through going to school and perhaps going to school very well. To strengthen our dire workforce, the well-wishers have sacrificed their scarce resources to help create or add value to the success of this fledgling nation.

Coupled with their national interests, Egypt took upon itself the leading role of giving chances to South Sudanese students on the basis of availability and merit. The fact that South Sudan is a virgin nation with widely varied resources has attracted adequate possibilities including opportunities on educational sector.

As a well-wisher, Egypt through her successive governments have been philanthropically giving South Sudanese potential students a chance to enter into their prestigious Universities such as University of Cairo, American University in Cairo, Ain Shams University amongst many others. This is a good will.

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By Stephen Par Kuol, Ethiopia

July 31, 2015 (SSB) — Commemorating the 30th of July as martyrs’ day every year brings back the distressing memories of July 30, 2005, the day we lost our great leader, Dr. John Garang De Mabior. Every South Sudanese or Sudanese for that matter vividly remembers where that day found her/him. The life changing news reached me in my Immigrant Counseling Agency Office at The Central Mall in mid-town Omaha, Nebraska (USA). As part of my weekend routines, I just stopped by the office to double -check my billing invoices to the Child Protective Service and Court System at around 2:25PM. My cell phone then rang and it was Commander James Gatduel Gatluak, who came to the United States as a part of Dr. John’s entourage for medical treatment on the phone.

He briefly resided with me in Omaha to pursue his medical treatment but went to visit some relatives in Siouxfalls, South Dakota.  We exchanged some casual greetings and then paused for a moment. His voice was loaded with grief but he did not want to break the horrible news to me. Knowing that the news would reach me any way, James reluctantly blew it into my ear at the end of our conversation, in an interrogative form:  ”Have you heard that Dr. John’s chopper has disappeared in the Immatong Range on its way to New Site from Uganda”?  My mind went blank! We paused for about three seconds. He went on to narrate that none of the senior security officers was with him in this mission. We both lamented and cursed the SPLM/A leadership for failure to deploy senior security officers like Malual Majiok or General Bior Ajang with him on this mission for his physical safety. We went on to discuss other issues of political importance in the SPLM but we closed the conversation on a hopeful note that Dr. John must be safe no matter what happened!

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By Manon Aleu Jok Aleu, New York, USA

The Martyrs

The Martyrs

July 31, 2015 (SSB) — I believe we are free at last!! I pledge to protect and safeguard to the Flag of the Republic of South Sudan; and to the New Republic an earth that build on foundation of over two millions martyrs, for which it stands, one nation, one people, under one God, with liberty, justices and equality for all our people.

Every moment, we remembered you, during our moment of silences in saluting millions of our liberation martyrs, we feel proud, we feel thankful for those who experiences a hard won freedom, because they do not die for no reason; I take time to think about our veterans that have served the nation to keep South Sudan a free nation.

Our Martyrs Day is one of the most important day in every year, where we honors our martyrs and veterans, whose pay a heavy price in protecting our nation, after all they have done for South Sudan, we must ensure that Martyrs Day shall fulfills the duty of honoring every sons and daughters who serves this great nation from all our armies forces policemen, military, security agencies, to men and women in the all armies forces who wear military uniform.

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Who Killed Dr. John Garang?

Commemorating the 10th Anniversary of Dr. John Garang’s Death

By PaanLuel Wël, Juba, South Sudan

  1. Introduction

“When my husband died, I did not come out openly and say he was killed because I knew the consequences. At the back of my mind, I knew my husband had been assassinated,”[1] revealed Mama Rebecca Nyandeng at an award ceremony by the Jaramogi Oginga Odinga Foundation (JOOF) in Nairobi, Kenya, “where Garang was being honored [in 2007] with a posthumous Uhuru Award for his contribution to the liberation of Africa.”[2] Dr. John Garang, the former SPLM/A leader, was killed on Saturday, 30 July 2005, near the town of New Cush in Eastern Equatoria state, in a helicopter crash on his way back from Rwakitura, Mbarara district in western Uganda, to New Site, Eastern Equatoria state, South Sudan, after paying a two-day private visit to his longtime friend, President Yoweri Museveni of Uganda.

Among those killed on-board the M1-172 presidential chopper were Dr. John Garang and his aides: Lt. Col. Ali Mayen Majok, Lt. Col. Amat Malwal, 1st Lt. Deng Majok Kuany, 1st Lt. Mayen Deng Mabior and 1st Lt. Oboki Obur Amaybek on the Sudanese side; on the Ugandan side were: Chief Pilots Col. Peter Nyakairu and Captain Paul Kiyimba; Flight Engineer Major Patrick Kiggundu; a Protocol Officer at the Presidential Palace, Samuel Andrew Bakowa; the helicopter’s Jet Officer Lt. Johnson Bahebya Munanura; a signaller with the Presidential Escort, Corporal Hassan Kiiza; and a flight hostess on the helicopter, Lillian Kabaije.

It is intriguing that when official news came through confirming the death of Garang, “there was a rush to blame the crash on bad weather and to rule out any act of sabotage or foul play.”[3] Both the SPLM/A leadership and the NCP government of President Bashir vehemently declared, “The crash was an accident brought about by poor weather conditions.”[4] A purported message from the SPLM read out on Sudan state television on August 1, 2005, stated, “The SPLM affirms that the cause of the helicopter crash was bad weather, and there were no other reasons behind it, so as to avert the rumours which have been circulating since the announcement of the incident. The SPLM affirms that the crash occurred due to bad weather.”[5] On their part, a communiqué from the office of President Bashir asserted that the helicopter “crashed after hitting the Imatong mountain range in southern Sudan because of visibility problems.”[6]

To some South Sudanese people, the impulsiveness on the side of the SPLM leadership and Khartoum authorities to preemptively rule out foul play and blame bad weather conditions for the plane crash might appear like a big conspiracy to sacrifice the truth on the altar of maintaining law and order in the wake of the massive rioting, death and destruction across the nation after the confirmation of Garang’s death.

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