By Gabriel Garang Atem

Introduction

This week, Ministry for Labor issued a Ministerial Order that ordered all companies, and NGOs to terminate all foreign nationals working in South Sudan by mid-October 2014.

The same circular went further to mention some specific positions to be advertised and filled with nationals with the assistance of the Ministry. Specifying the roles to be South Sudanized, adds further confusion ‘to all’ mention in the circular.

This circular is already making head-line. Kenya Citizen TV reported Kenya Amb. To South Sudan having said that all African ambassadors in South Sudan are considering approaching South Sudan Ministry of Foreign Affairs to discussed this issue.

As usual, though this is a good policy intended to helps localized opportunities to South Sudanese, it seems the Government of South Sudan has done this out of emotions with little due process, without due diligence to diplomatic implications, and operationalization considerations.

This article aims to discuss the impact of this circular from an economic policy perspective, suggest possible implications and policy options.

What does the circular mean?

South Sudan through Ministry of Interior, ordered foreigners nationals driving motor cycles in South Sudan early this year. There was rapid and immediate uproar from Uganda. This got the attention of Ugandans Parliamentarians, with some members looking at South Sudan as attacking her economic interest.

Some members of Uganda Parliament asked the Government of Uganda to pays South Sudan with the same coin. However, these calls died down after it received low reception from the executive.

Though the motors cycle boys’ case was a tangential issue, this circular touch on economic hearts of Kenya, Uganda, Ethiopian, Eritrea, Africa and the World at large.

In a world runs on principle of self interest, will these nations allow South Sudan to edge them off the economic cake and did South Sudan anticipate these nations reaction and her respond?

This is viewed from the background that these nations contributed to significantly to well-being of South Sudan and to some extent; these nations consider themselves as stakeholders in South Sudan.

As an economic student, from theoretical perspective, I surely agreed with the need to put monies in the pockets of South Sudanese. These has multiples merit, first, incomes for the local will be re-invest in South Sudan and hence encourage local economic growth;

Secondly, reduced repatriation of salaries will reduce pressure on South Sudan Pound; and thirdly, improves standard of living for South Sudanese through employment creation.

With all the due advantages, the circular was a wild miscalculation. In late 2013, the Government through Central Bank issued order to devalue South Sudan pound from 3.16SSP to 4.5SSP.

Though at that time, I supported devaluation, I knew the way the devaluation was framed, it was not going withstand test of public pressure. There was no economic helmet to short term economic stones.

Again, the government is at it – a good intention but a wrong thought process and approach. Already Kenya media is leading hype with report of its 30,000 nationals being targeted for termination.

If it is true what Citizen TV reported its evening news of 16 Sep 2014 that Africa ambassadors in South Sudan are planning to see South Sudan Foreign Affairs Ministry on this, it is likely that South Sudan does not have economic and diplomatic muscles to withstand such pressure.

It is possible like the devaluation directive with all the due advantages, this circular will at some point be rescinded. In 2012, as graduate student at University of Nairobi, I overheard two Kenyans saying ‘tumewaletea peace, na wajinga are killing our people’. Translated to ‘though we bring them peace, stupid South Sudanese are killing our people’.

This was at period of hype reporting in Kenya whenever dead body was brought from South Sudan. The media reported another body from South Sudan. This reporting disregarded the realities of South Sudan.

This circular creates the following impact: one, it will create an opportunity for hype reporting in Kenya, Uganda and other nations about how thankless South Sudan is;

Second, it will creates a diplomatic war that South Sudan has no capacity to win, and mostly at such times when she is very vulnerable due to internal challenges.

Thirdly, it paints South Sudan business environment as gloomy and unfriendly. Such directives are done through regulatory frame-work and not through attention-calling approach.

In all economic jurisprudence, no government can participate in directing investors on who run their business, government give guidance and follow up compliance.

Already there are reports that South Sudanese are some of most reliable workers in the world. With this in the air, what will convince investors to invest in South Sudan when they are compulsory provided an option of employing from unreliable labor in the world! This circulate pollutes South Sudan business environment.

This circular point to serious policy contradictions within government establishments. At some point, the government is a number one pro-East Africa Community whose key principles included liberalization.

This circular is a total departure from this understanding. Though it is author’s believes that this circular will never be implemented in spirit and letter, it will cause diplomatic and economic damage.

Conclusions and Recommendations

At such times, the government does not need to piss off her allies and investors.  In economic policy, it is about incentives, understanding the respond of the economic agents involved and prepare for perceived reactions. South Sudan should know better.

Can government tries fiscal policy – say a firm that employ 80% of South Sudanese work force, get tax preferential treatment! There are ranges of policy options to choose from;

It was not necessary to create unnecessary diplomatic and economic war. The government needs to coordinate and analyze her decisions. Was it really necessary to ask for namely calling from the region?

Already there are quotas in some sectors to be employed as South Sudanese. The government should make NGOs and private sector to comply with this for now instead for asking for lofty dreams;

Decisions such as devaluation, or directive to pay local staffs working with NGOs that cannot withstand test of time and realities should be avoided. These decisions portray lack of understanding, and appreciation of local and geo-economic realities;

The government has soft and friendly ways of implementing this directive in non-attention calling fashion. Doing audits to sustain compliance with employment quotas, and do human resource audit in South Sudan and thereafter, regulate entrance through work permits and entry visa. The government can use sectors’ regulators to ensure compliance.

The government has an option of refusing to issue permits and visas base on judgment of cadres that she needs to import.

After all, it is a legal non-sense to ask an employer to terminate an employee with a valid work permit and entry visa to South Sudan;

Economic decisions need to be institutionalized. Economic policy requires systematic analysis likely insufficient on an individual capacity.

It is better to subject policies to independent policy test through think tanks and expert advisers. Otherwise, South Sudan might continue to make short-sighted harmful economic policies.

Garang Atem Ayiik is an independent South Sudan Economic Policy Commentator base in South Sudan. He can be reached garangatemayiik@gmail.c


By Mapuor Malual Manguen

SPLM House

The chaos and insecurity in Lakes State has reached an alarming level as Jieng National Community Leaders’ Council try to salvage methods to arrest the situation.

From 11 to 12 September, 2014, Jieng Elders held meeting with Lakes state community in Juba at Nyakouron Cultural Centre under the theme “Together we stand, divided we fall” to find answers to what should be done to end inter-clan fighting and restore peace in the state.

The meeting was well attended by National and State Legislators, elders, women, traditional leaders and youth residing in Juba.

As meeting was progressing, bad news were coming in from Rumbek. Five people were killed in Mayadh along Cueibet-Rumbek Road when the car they were traveling in was ambushed and sprayed with bullets by suspected local youth of the area in what could be a revenge of their kin killed earlier by youth from Rumbek North.

The incident ignited chaos and panic in Rumbek town and Pachong where relatives of the deceased reside. Three army officers who were enroute to Warrap suffered the same fate at Pachong not on their line of duty but, from intersectional vendetta killings.

The upsurge of crises in Lakes state is a headache to many citizens of this country including the author of this article but, to some elitist politicians from the State; it is bait for cheap politicking.

In Nyakouron for instance, while Jieng elders consistently directed participants to stick to agenda of finding route causes and solutions for Lakes state crises, some MPs were making noise on calling for removal of Caretaker Governor, Matur Chut Dhuol because he did not roll out red carpet for them when they visited Rumbek last July.

This is cheap politics or tag of war if you like which I believe cannot address any crises.

Already, different groups have fronted candidates for Governorship to replace incumbent Governor putting the public at electioneering mood for nothing.

This is what I stated in my previous article that Lakes state politicians are largely united in their call for Matur Chut’s removal but would be divided on who should replace him.

The crises in Lakes state should no longer be seen through lenses of mere communal conflicts. Elements of politics have encouraged in. I am afraid when politicians are on each other’s neck in Juba or Rumbek, the local youth known as Gelweng would hype inter-clan and intersection fights.

This is a questionable coincident if at all there were no political motivations behind the scenes!

If otherwise, a solution to Lakes state crises should include punishing those who might be using Gelweng as tool for settling their political interest.

The author lives in Juba. He can be reached at mapuormalual@yahoo.com

Nuer Community in UNMISS- Malakal PoCs Petition to AUCI

Posted: September 16, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël in Press Release

SUNDAY, 27 JULY, 2014 A.D

To:  AFRICA UNION COMMISSION OF INQUIRY:

 —

In due respect and honor, we the Nuer Community in Malakal hereby submit our Petition to the Commission of Inquiry on South Sudan Conflict and the sequence of Juba and Massacres on Nuer people.

                                                          Root Causes of Conflict:

The root cause of the conflict was formally about the SPLM NATIONAL LIBERATION COUNCIL (NLC).

And, more importantly it was about power struggle amongst the Top SPLM LEADERS during National Liberation Council   (NLC) in Juba which kicks off on 14 December, 2013.

                          The Consequences of SPLM Convention Fallout:

-          Ordered the Presidential Guards Unit Commander, Gen. Marial Chanuong to disarm the fellow Nuer in the unit he commands; the shooting started among the President Kiir guards based on tribal identification.

-          On 16 December, 2013, President Kiir blind fooled the citizen on media that there was a coup plotted against him by his colleagues in the SPLM and as a result, he secretly declared to his militia in juba that this war is between Nuer and Dinka peoples, and swear that Nuer would be taught a lesson they won’t forgot in live.

-          Henceforth, the indiscriminate killing of innocent Nuer civilians went on in all RESIDENTIAL AREAS in Juba by government forces, most of which were the tribal militia who underwent a secret military training before the incident happened,  from December, 15th -20th , 2013 while on hiding in Juba;

-          More than 20,000 Nuer Civilian mostly women and children believed to have been killed.

GENESIS 0F MALAKAL INCIDENT:

-          As the news of continued massacred, maiming and ethnic cleansing of Nuer civilians spread all of the Country, it was unbelievable that no single family in entire Nuer community who didn’t miss someone in that massacre. We were mourning the death of thousand of our innocent civilians in Juba;

-          After Juba massacre, Upper Nile State Governor, Simon Kun Puoch (a Nuer)  invited all media houses in Malakal  denying that there was no killing of Nuer civilians  in Juba and comment that his government  will eliminate or kill the supporters of  Dr.Machar in Upper NileState. That very statements was an additional salt on an injury;

-          SPLA Sector Commander Gen. Johnson Gony Bilieu (A Nuer) mobilized and armed Dinka and Shiliuk youths in order to massacre Nuer Civilians and pursue them up to Ethiopian Border.

With directive from Juba, the UNS government were instructed to form a comminitte to strategize the secod massacre of Nuer civilians in Malakal and the entire state.The following committee were formed and tasked for the job:

-          Hon. Awer Dau Agany, Minister of Culture, Youth & Sports,  Chairperson

-          Hon. Philip Jiben Ogal, Minister of Information, Member

-          Mr. Mayom Pur, Director-General of Ministry of Local Government & Law Enforcement, Member

-          Commissioner of Makal County, menber

-          Commissioner of Fashoda County, member

-          Commissioner of Malut County, member

-          Commissioner of Renk County,member

Your Excellency, these are historical evident toward the fruition of the elimination of the Nuer community in The Republic of South Sudan.

Consequences of Conflict in Upper Nile State:

On Tuesday, 21 January, 2014, President Kiir declared STATE OF EMERGENCY on Greater Upper Nile State, which was a result of mass killing of Nuer civilians in the following locations:

-          Mass killing of Nuer in MalakalCity by government forces;

o   House-to-house killing in Malakal

o   Indiscriminate killing and maiming of Nuer in Malakal Teaching Hospital

o   Killing of Nuer civilians who sought shelter in the Church, including Church Pastor, Rev. Daniel Giel Pal of Presbyterian Church of South Sudan,

o   Killing of Nuer in Malakal Schools

o   Indiscriminate killing of Nuer in the surrounding of UNMISS-Malakal PoCs Area by the government forces,

-          Killing of Nuer civilians who were farming in Baliet County, mainly women & children,

-          Killing of Nuer passengers, including Legislative assembly MPs and Secretary General of Upper Nile State, including Rev. Yohanis Bor Koang, Rev. Simon Diu Rial among others.

-          Mass killing of Nuer in Akoka County by government forces:

-          Killing of Nuer government official and passengers in Akoka.

-          Mass killing of Nuer in  Malut County by government forces:

-          Murdering of Nuer in Paloch Payam, who were working with the oil companies alongside their families and Malut County headquarters.

-          Unlawfull slaughtering  of Nuer in Renk town, Jalhak and GegerPayam

-          Mass killing of Nuer in Fashoda County by Government Forces

-          Killing of Nuer mainly wowen and Children in Kodok.

-           Killing and burning of more than 300 women and children who were traveling by boat from Kodok to Lul payam of Fashoda County.

THE PRESENT SITUATION:

-          Maiming and killing of civilians (Nuer civilians in particular) is continuing up to now under the directives from national and state authorities to target them base on ethnicity.

-          Nuer were being targeted since January, 2014 up to now in Malakal Town, including rape cases against Nuer women and girls, including under aged young girls.

-          Indiscriminate killing of Nuer in Malakal and surrounding of UNMISS-Malakal

-          Our freedom of movement since January, 2014 in order to have access to Charcoal, wood and other necessities in Malakal have been denied by the government forces and their militia allies from Shilluk and Dinka tribes.

-          Disappearance of Nuer in the Airports of Bentiu, Malakal & Juba is constant;

-          Killing of innocent civilians, mainly women and children, raping of women and young girls in Eastern Nuer Counties, Nasir& Longechuk Counties of Upper Nile State by government forces.

-          Burning down of civilian huts or houses in Nasir and Longechuk Counties before and NOW.

SOLUTION TO THE CONFLICT:

The entire Nuer Community, mainly in Upper Nile State calls the African Union, The United Nation, The International Community and Troikas, The IGAD and the region to adopt the following resolution and quickly help the people of South Sudan, NOW! and not later:

  1. President Kiir lost the legitimacy among the South Sudanese people, because he turned against them and discriminately killed and massacred them;
  2. President Kiir is the only stubling block peace, love and unity of the people of South Sudan and in that case, HE MUST GO!
  3. And, a new leadership must be found or created in order to unite the South Sudanese people, because of his actions and failures; genocide occurred.
  4. The Nuer Community in Upper Nile State calls for creation of Federalism for New South Sudan.
  5. The Nuer Community in Upper Nile State calls for the unconditional withdrawal of all foreign forces in South Sudan,i.e. UPDF of Uganda, SPLM-North, Justice and Equality Movement ( JEM ), M23& Egyptian army.
  6. Re-birth of South Sudan based on Federalism system of governance for delivery of services to the citizens and as well as power-sharing.

 CALL FOR FULL AND COMPREHENSIVE ACCOUNTABILITY:

  1. The Nuer Community in Upper Nile State calls the International Community to sanctions these foreign troops who participated in the massacre of South Sudanese people.

2..  The Nuer Community in Upper Nile State calls for the closure of “OIL FLOW” as it’s the only resources being used for fueling the conflict in South Sudan.

  1. The Nuer Community in Upper Nile State calls for COMPENSATION of entire Nuer whose properties been looted or destroyed as a result of this conflict, especially in Bor, Bentiu and Malakal
  2. Finally, we call for full accountability of whoever found guilty of this conflict in South Sudan, whether from the SPLM/A – IO or the Government of Salva KiIr.

PEACE AND RECONCILIATION IN SOUTH SUDAN:

  1. Peace and reconciliation is the only way forward for people of South Sudan to rebuild the Country torn apart by conflict.
  2. With President Kiir in power, Peace & Reconciliation would not be realized.
  3. Reconciliation & healing of wounds is a dire need by the people of South Sudan, but SalvaKiir only hung on power and never cares for SURVIVAL and future of this nation.
  4. Peace, reconciliation & healing of wounds can only be achieved without Salva Kiir on power. He must step down for the sake of peace and people of South Sudan in general.
  5. Kiir may talk peace on one hand, but he meant war on the other side of the coin. How peace, reconciliation & healing of wounds be achieved with him on power?

NUER UNION,

UNMISS – Malakal PoC-Area

Cc: State Coordinator, Upper Nile State Office

Cc: Civil Affairs, UNMISS-Malakal Office

Cc: Human Rights, UNMISS-Malakal Office

Cc: IGAD, Malakal, Upper Nile State Office

Cc: All the displaced persons across the Country and especially Juba, Bentiu and Bor PoCs

Cc: Media

Cc: File.

SPLM Victoria Chapter: Official Press Statement

Posted: September 16, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël in Junub Sudan

SPLM Official Statement

Is South Sudan at the Brink of Disintegration?

Posted: September 15, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël in Junub Sudan


By Kur Wel Kur,

problem

Many communities in the world rinse their souls by shedding tears of sadness when they lost loved ones; however, other communities of different  cultures hire mourners (fake mourners-mirologists-) to mourn for their (communities) loved ones. Before, such communities existed in the Middle East and China; however, as the world globalised, some people practise this tradition in countries like United Kingdom!

I believe the pain experiences in the loss of a life, differs in these communities. Due to emotions, we shed tears for the vacuum left by the deceased, for the privileges and rights entitled to us from the late persons when they had lives, for the earthly separation.  Some mourn in a suicidal manners; they become hopeless; they reduce themselves to emotional and helpless beings.

For these reasons, some communities, Dinka community in particular, consider death a communal issue; family members and friends with the community behind them congregate in the house of the person who has lost someone.  Family friends and the community submerge in the responsibilities, which clothe and soothe the family members of the deceased.

Responsibilities such as burying the deceased, cooking for family members and other mourners, doing the laundry duties, caring for the children of that family, for instance, driving the children to and picking them up from school, paying for basic needs of the mourners and comforters, shaving the family members’ heads.

Shaving symbolises connection and value of the deceased to the family members who shave their heads. The relatives, especially women, take off their jewelleries and change into black clothes and they don’t wear make-up.

In Dinka community, family members surrender their feelings of partying or dancing. They give up their physical beauty for three/four months in honour and memory of the deceased, for example,  their hairs remain unkempt for this period.

The community blankets the family members and friends through their pain for three/four days, after which family members, friends and the community conduct the prayers of  ‘dispersal’ ; many family members and friends,  leave the deceased home, only one or two family member (s) and friend (s) may remain to keep doing the house duties.

Dinka community holds final prayers after three months for a man or after four months for a woman; Dinka people call this prayers as ‘prayers of disconnection’ or (puo kaar), that a person is disconnected from the livings, though the family members could occasionally invoke the names of the deceased, they would do this as a spirit but not as a physical living being.

In these prayers, family members shave (final shaving) their heads and change their mourning clothes; so after these prayers, family members resume their normal lives without their loved ones.

For the Dinka readers, the above background of the rituals involved in the death of our community member, acts as a reminder; however, for other surfers, the background will act as a spotlight or a guide because I will discuss how dangerous politics and funerals’ hunters are enemies within.

The technologies such as mobile phones, Internet, which have become information giants through blogs such as PaanLuel Wel, Gurtong, Borglobe and other sites with social websites such as Facebook (To South Sudanese), have made the world a global village!

A distance of thousands miles by airbus A380, a population on the side of the globe receives either good or bad news about relatives in minutes.  So a small misunderstanding can become big deals on other end, depending on the reporter.

The war in our country has shredded our relationships to a great extent; funerals become as normal as other occasions where we could just spray ourselves with bitter and dirty politics. In the old days and even now back at home (South Sudan), only the experienced seniors speak at the funerals.

They encourage the family members and friends with words full of hopes. They define the death to the whole community, that death is universal, that it takes children and adults; that all people will one day die, only that some people die before Others, that death  is  a process.

However, in diaspora (especially in Adelaide,Australia), young people oblige themselves with responsibilities of the seniors; they encourage themselves to stand in front of the mourners and community members in the funerals. Some young people have become inspirational to many, whereas  others proved their naivety, so instead of consoling the mourners, they discouraged them and indirectly verbalised insults.

Because of their  inexperiences, these young people can’t differiate victims’ words of bitterness and frustration from political articulated words. The inability of these young speakers fail them to understand that some relatives mourn their loved ones by throwing themselves on the graves of their loved ones, and if you come to their rescue, they slap you in the face but you dare not them slap back!

Dirty politics of segregation and  allegiances masked the truths: life and death.  Funerals’ hunters dress as  mourners,  only to push the relatives of the deceased to the lowest points and darkest corners of their emotions.  They feel good when they air venomous words to their target group; they spit in face of the coffin; they defile the cadaver by urinating on the coffin!

An Episcopal church pastor, David Bol Amol, at one time, asserted that the community must dedicate funerals  to prayers only! The man of God,  made this statement because he is worried about the direction our  community members are  steering the community.

In conclusion, as funerals are held for remembering,  celebrating and respecting the deceased, funerals  hunters disgrace  this sacred and last touch moment of the deceased.

The communities must identify funerals hunters and  restrict them from attending funerals; the communities must not allow them to spew their filth on the coffins of loved ones.

The tears of joy and those of sadness must not mingle in the funerals!


RESOURCEFUL MINDS LURED IN DIVISIVE DISCOURSES

By Jurkuch Dengdit

RSS

It’s not the unsaid that divides us; it’s the said divisive words that divide us.

No one had seen this coming. From national politics to communal/clan minds-resourceful minds lured by egos. The egos that had cost South Sudan ten of thousand of people dead, millions displaced and fifty thousand children on the verge of starvation- a man made disaster is taking young innocent souls.

This war has created unprecedented level of hatreds amongst South Sudanese. South Sudan, a nation polarised by tribal affiliations! It doesn’t end tribal per se. A national political disagreement has found its new ‘palace’ in the hearts and minds of Bor and Twic East counties. Myopic political appointment perhaps is an apocalypse between these two sisterly communities of Bor and Twic.

The rants that had surfaced amongst Daidit Maa, Tearz Ayuen, Atong and Amer Mayen had further or somewhat have polarised the two communities of Twic and Bor. It’s creating animosity and division. It eerie! Pause and think. It’s bellowing. It smells-a disastrous putrid smell perhaps. Hate speeches that have given the government of South Sudan an absolute control over its citizens when it should be the citizens that dictate what the government does.

This is because we have abridged our intellects to debate trivial discourses that often compromise our shared values that overrun nation discourses. We are loosing the war to hold the government of South Sudan accountable to be wise and fugal government, which shall refrain men from injuring one another, shall leave their own pursuits of industry and improvement and shall not take from the mouth of labour the bread it has earned. This should be our absolute fight to anyone who wants to extend the hands of the former oppressors in our nascent country.

This rant is an epitome of anathema, and this shouldn’t whatsoever be use to polarised these communities who have fought in various wars side by side. They have witnessed and endured horrific and merciless massacres inflicted upon its people by another brother.

These communities together fought determinedly to see the people of South Sudan living in their own country in decency and in dignity. Their shared values are embroidered in paying an ultimate courtesy and respect for anyone regardless of one’s tribe, gender, social status or political affiliation.

Daidit Maa, Ayuen, Atong and Amer are great writers and thinkers. They can help these communities ‘elate’ their political frontiers through their acumens. They can always thunder the evils of nationalism. They can shun the vices of national developments. More importantly, they can engage our young and ‘learned’ generation of South Sudanese wherever they are on strategic and pertinent national discussions.

Or possibly if they know, they can help Kur Wel Kur rewriting the history of lost boys and redefining the diabolism in the history of the lost boys (twisted history to conquer impossible frontiers).

I must admit, you guys can write wonders. You can move the mountains of lies and institute the archive of the truths. Dust yourselves off from this petty and toxic debate and maybe leave it to less informed and ‘escapegoaters’ who think they can build a strong community base support.

You are tarnishing our shared image and sadly, you are unknowingly goading our friends/enemies-those who want to see Bor and Twic disintegrate to advance their political influence. Your language usage and creativity to craft words out of the existing community’s name, which am hesitant to exhume herein is disheartening and outrageous. Remember, it’s not the unsaid that divides us; it’s the said divisive words that divide us.

In time of crisis, anyone has rights to support any political paradigm, but that doesn’t guarantee one’s a license to names calling. Too, it’s equally true to say that names calling don’t degrade your community. Remember folks, a wise is superior to any insults that’s hurled upon him and the best reply to unseemly behaviour is patience and moderation. We must rise above insults and shame ourselves of evil that litters in us.

If we don’t change this, in my humble view, you are ultimately compromising our long shared and cherished social fabric that holds Bor and Twic people together for time immemorial

As I said above, our focus as this generation is to engage our politicians on the barbarism of caging our own people in an appalling situation in UN managed camps across the country. We must engage our politicians to avoid devouring media laws that compromise the lives of our journalists and writers.

We must shrug off these petty debates and fearlessly tell the president to stop ‘defiling’ our nation’s constitution as if it’s his own book that requires new editions. We must advocate for our girls education to be a nation agenda. We don’t need no education for our girls.

With the same token of determination, we must also echo the same voices for better health facilities that are well equipped with world class trained medical professionals so that the nation must curb the rampant child mortality during childbirth.

The youth must also advocate for the utlisation of untapped national sectors such agriculture to engross our young people in productive activities that will make them sustainable in long term.

This in turn, creates employments and magnanimously ceases idleness in our people. Profoundly, South Sudanese young people should indulge themselves with such debates rather than tribal or clannish debates.

In conclusion, tribal and communal/clan rants are disheartening and we must rise above communal tendencies. We must know that these two sisterly communities of Bor and Twic have co-existed before therefore, no myopic political interests of TODAY will ever compromise this long cherished and well-lived co-existence.

We must abjure the tendencies that drive us apart. We are one people, and no amount of hates speeches from few individuals will darken our ‘ceiling’ of understandings.

The success of Buor and Twic doesn’t lie in tiptoeing and envying on our own selves. No matter what circumstances we are in, we must always diligently and honestly guard our thoughts.