By John Sunday Martin

“The Revolution is all about bringing positive changes, and that positive changes cannot be brought in a Nation by bad minded people;  therefore, the New Revolution will start with individual ideological changes of selfishness, to broader sense of Nationalism”

The fruition of the CPA

South Sudan in turmoil, youth are restless and agitated

April 25, 2015 (SSB)  —  We are in the era of new revolution which begins with personal attitude, and state of mind, that control our individual feelings and reasons toward our nation. The new revolution is to implant strong positive feelings and reasoning toward our nation; whereas, these very feelings, and reasoning will influence our actions – to do good things for our Nation – both as individuals, and as group. The era of liberation is over and therefore, we cannot talk of liberation struggles in south Sudanese because liberation carries certain ideologies – which are dangerous for National Unity and coexistence. The word “Liberation” in most cases, impacts certain negative doctrines of sectarianism in term of ethnical or religious as well political philosophies. Thus, even when the so called liberation is over, true unity and reconciliation remains always far from being achieved because of the negative legacy of doctrines of the word “liberation.”

Of course, if things don’t go well for some people in our community; rebellion will be perceived, which will give birth to revolution. If some of us are in struggle, and starts to complain about certainties; it means some things are not well and therefore, don’t rule the possibilities of rebellion. As matter of facts; some people have been complaining for long in our society, but we were not willing to listen to their grievance with intention of finding solutions to their problems – before that which called as their problems, turned to be our disasters. Yes, when things are not going well, people will be unhappy and when people are not happy, they will become rebels and strive for their happiness and that is the foundation of revolution in society as it is in the case of south Sudan to date. Therefore, do not blame revolts in our society, don’t claim rebels are bad, but try to find solution to the problems of rebels in meaningful manners because no rebellion without any serious reasons.

However as a nation, we cannot call any rebellion as liberation struggle because the struggle for liberation is over, we are now in era of revolution so as to give clear meaning that, the struggle is for meaningful change to enhance our happiness. To date, most south Sudanese are not happy at all with their state of governance under SPLM which has sparkled loud outcry from every society as we all are looking forward for redemption from the regime of the SPLM. These unhappiness amongst the people of south Sudan are angered by the problems of lack of development, and democratic principles in the Country; which has been the main reasons for every struggles; the decades of struggles between North and South, and now, between us, south Sudanese against the Regime of SPLM – which has put many innocent souls in nation to perish.

Lack of democratic principles; as well development in term of socio-services deliverance and the general socio-economic hardship we are facing can be rate as partial some of the problems because these are the contributing factors. However, the real problem of South Sudan is our individualistic ideologies that has manifestation on forms of political corruptions where power is misused by individuals or political organization (SPLM in this regard) for illegitimate private gain of the individual officials, or SPLM as organization; which undermines democratically principles; and to bring the failure to deliver social services and justices to the public.

These ideologies are our problems because it starts with spirit of tribalism, and lack of patriotism. Hence, to bring meaningful changes in the Country for enhancement of national unity and sustainable socio-economic development and democracy; that will rescue south Sudan from the foreseen factional ethnocentric system of governments on regional bases; there is a need for a New National Revolution that will have to target ideologies that are the real problems of our society. To target these wrong ideologies will start with targeting the:

1.Spirit of tribalism that can be defined as a free will of behavior, thinking and attitude which attracts one to his tribe’s determinations than to his social-group and Country. The spirit of tribalism normal corrupts our moral conscience and impacts an ideology in us which then limits our reasoning to only tribal values that produce behaviors, thinking and attitudes that are negatively toward other ethnicities within our societies – which in turn, affects spirit of unity and peaceful coexistence.

It is real hard for us south Sudanese to coexist anywhere among ourselves, without tensions being caused by behaviors, thinking and attitudes of certain kinds that are normal influenced by our ethnocentrism. Thus, tension amongst south Sudanese seem be spreading faster than before, though the rate of inter-tribal marriages as well inter-regional settlement has increased since south and north civil war – due to massive internal displaced.

While some people may attribute the increased in high inter-tribal as well National tensions in south Sudan to some kind of behaviors by certain group of people, but the truth is that, individual or group behavior is not the manufacturer of tribalism. On contrary, tribalism is the manufacturer of some kind of behaviors, attitudes and thinking that is odd to accommodate in some society.

It is becoming even clear that, south Sudanese seemed to be willingly to stay in peace and unity with other foreign nationals within south Sudan, than with themselves as south Sudanese because of tribalism. The problem of tribalism in South Sudan is because of past that we never tried to address it through true justice and reconciliation mechanism. In this regards of the past, tribalism can be taken as systematic making of the SPLM and this started during SPLM’s guerilla era – warfare against various regimes in Khartoum – that became only well known to most south Sudanese with the 1991 leadership crisis in the SPLM/A – that turns to be almost a struggle for tribal supremacy between Dinkas and Nuers.

The current spirit of tribalism in our society can be attributed to the legacy of SPLM/A to the south Sudanese because in first place, SPLM/A never involved in any pure national politics than political propaganda on racism, – sliding the struggle to be between Muslims and Christians, as well Arabs and black south Sudanese. SPLM/A misused the word liberation for the misunderstanding of its’ cadres and supporters – thus the word, “liberation” became widely posed amongst SPLA/M cadres and supporters as liberation from Arab-Islamists; which made unity and reconciliation very convolution even after endorsement of peace deal in 2005.

Due to the dangerous political propaganda by SPLM/A in the face of misuse of the word liberation, south Sudanese developed strong hatred towards the Arab-Islamist, and engineered the use of the Word such as “Moharais” which is referred to as “blood agent”. The word is used for those suspects to not share the ideologies of the SPLA/M by then. By then, if you are not in support of SPLM/A, and if you are considered Moharis without any just reasons – whether you work for Khartoum government, or neutralist, than you will be tortured if unlucky, summary executed. Special with the 1991 leadership struggle between Riek Machar and John Garang, the supporter of Riek Machar which consists mainly of his tribesmen, the Nuers are taken as “Moharaiseen” and this developed into deep tribal hatred between the Dinkas and Nuers and it soon spreaded to other tribes; which will take not only a time, but true national sacrifices to bring unity and reconciliation between the south Sudan’s 64 tribes.

SPLM/A’s infliction of deep hatred amongst her supporters against Arab-Islamist, and those against the principles of SPLM/A and leadership of John Garang; developed into tribalism, – after SPLM/A failed to impact ideology of revolution in the heart and mind of the people, which was the beginning of problems of South Sudan to date; under the regime of SPLM, and possible any other regime, in case if the ideology of revolution not transplanted in the mind and heart of south Sudanese completely. The politics of propaganda is what we are suffering from to date because it made SPLM to remain focused on the Central Government in Khartoum which is dominated by certain characteristics – while forgetting how to change the systems – which is the core of National Revolution that south demanded, for National integration, Peace and socio-economic development.

Therefore, when people talks of liberation than revolution, and regime change than revolution, the job of building good governance and rule of law which is the trademark of democracy remains untouchable – because democracy is functionalized by revolution. No democracy without revolution. Thus, SPLM since its’ guerilla establishment, until it accented into power, it never experienced spirit of revolution that the nation is longing for; which is the ideological changes of minds and attitudes of the power creep and domination over others, and corruptions of any kind that undermines both collective, and individual rights, and values.

The manifestations of lack of revolutionary ideology amongst the cadres of the SPLM/A, thus SPLM/A was not able to bring any changes in the Nation than to transform racial discrimination of the black afro-Sudanese by the Afro-Arab Islamists in the north into tribal discriminations in South Sudan; as well inheritance of authoritarian rules in the north, which is systematical lending South Sudan into fully sectarianism on ethnocentric.

Today, we have developed deep spirit of hatreds towards other ethnic groups, and attempted to categorical blame those tribes for every problems the nation is experiencing while regarding our-tribes to be better, and this act, is indeed the act of the spirit of tribal dominances, which is foundation of nepotism in Government sectors in term of employment where some tribes are found majority in Government while others are not. Because of tribalism, the real ideal of deployment on bases of individual merit is disappearing very fast and therefore, you can only get better position with the government if you are known by some influential individuals within the structure of the Government, and in this regard, tribal affiliation plays great roles too.

Because we are tribal, so we became morally corrupted and therefore, we no longer care whether one is competent for the position to deliver services of high standard as might be required of him by the Nation, as long the position bearer is from our tribes. Even if we do not benefit from him, but only to see that, that someone is from our tribe and all that we enjoy is the name my tribe, and nothing else, in term of services and development.

The issue of tribalism has taken deep root in the nation and therefore, almost every national political cause in South Sudan never takes heed on national interests, but sectarianism and as a result, many people have been innocently killed and tortured on bases of their tribal affiliation in south Sudan. The issues of taking politics on tribal line can be traced from start of the leadership crisis in 1991 between Riek Machar and John Garang, to the moment of Riek Machar and Salva Kirr and that becomes most unfortunate for Riek Machar’s poltical career because wherever Riek Machar seems to be taking lead for National political struggle, tribalism always blankets him and so the innocents Nuers and Dinkas suffers automatically.

The problem of associating politics with tribalism is very dangerous because whenever there is Political crisis, some tribes become soon victims – which always ember bad memories, and spirit of retribution, and this is hindering national unity and reconciliation in south Sudan – special between some ethnicities in our Nation. In despite of these experiences, we are not able to learn and we continue to allow ourselves to be used by individual power hungry politicians for their own individual goals while it is we the ordinary members of their tribes that are sufferings and dying while those very politicians and their families members are enjoying and scoring their political and economic goals. We are to some extent unable to understand so easily that tribalism is our greatest enemy which is putting this nation at the edge of destruction, and because most of us are moral corrupted by tribalism; therefore, we could not even know that, we are tribal in our attitudes and actions, and that tribalism is deep inside us because those of us who are decrying tribalism, are the same people who turns to practices tribalism in fight against tribalism. Thus tribalism is growing faster in south Sudan than ever before; and if solutions are not found quickly, then South Sudan as a Nation will soon never exist, but disintegrated factional ethnocentrism.

It is real painful to see the national socio-political leaders that are in better positions to eradicate tribalism, becoming instrument for spreading tribalism in their own communities and the nation at large – simple to reach their political and economical goal – not minding the danger of their doctrines on the national unity and coexistence for the next generation. As matter of principles, a national position is not a tribal position and therefore, a national leader is not the making of a tribe but that of a nation. So to use tribalism for clipping to power, or to sustain oneself in power like what those leaders are doing now in South Sudan, it is indeed dangerous political game because the tribe that made you into a national leader, will have some feelings of ownership of the Nation, and will attempt to consider other tribes to be inferior through your position. It also develops an ideology of tribal domination because the tribe that put you in power position will interfere in every aspect of your activities as they owned you and your office; thus you robotically become there for them and fulfillment of their interests. Therefore as it is part of your strive to sustain yourself in power, then you will start to became tribal too, and the danger of becoming tribal while holding public office are that, the other tribes becomes marginalized and it is start of national crisis.

We cannot us tribalism in fight against tribalism, because tribalism cannot be eradicated by tribalism as some politicians are practicing by mobilizing their tribe in fight against tribalism in south Sudan to date. The use of tribes in fight against tribalism only creates fertile grounds for wide spreading of tribalism. Therefore, we cannot talk of regime change without focusing of ideological changes of the people in our society because every problems that we encounters in our societies which are resulting in political corruptions and dictatorship, crimes and social injustices, are simple productions of ideologies of some individuals in our societies. Thus, the ideologies of the people in our societies must be the target of revolution if there are to be any meaningful socio-political as well socio-economic development in our nation.

Therefore, any meaningful new revolution will not ignore ideologies of the people – but target these ideologies that pose threats of any kind in our society – thus, the new revolution in our society will be the great revolutionary warfare the nation will experience because it will target the ideologies of individual south Sudanese where seeds of tribalism and lack of spirit of patriotism sprout. It will start by targeting those in power positions, and those having such ideologies in any society of south Sudanese which has become the manufacturer of evil policies, and attitudes that is affecting the national unity and development. The mission of the New Revolution is to target the demolitions of the current systems of the Governance in south Sudan, which is associated with considerable tensions on ethnocentrism and social-injustices that has resulted in the failure to deliver social services and development to the population; then will go on to focus on installations of functional systems that will address the national problems; – to make South Sudan a socialist republic without discriminations of any kind, so as to attain its’ sustainable peace and development; and this requires:-

a)Ban of tribal politics by discouraging use of tribalism for any political purpose where politicians are taking advantages of their vulnerable tribesmen, and politicizing every politics into tribal lines to gain tribal supports to achieve their own individual political goals which again result in political corruptions where nepotism are practices which systematical develops into domination of government and politics by other ethnicities.

As matter of facts when politics are done on tribal sectors in a multi-tribes nation like south Sudan, every tribe will have to take their positions to defend their values and interests which can, to some extent be a threat to the national unity, peace and development. We south Sudanese were afraid from power of domination by Arab-Islamist in north that caused us to fight for our rights, thus we are even now, as well in future, will still be afraid of being dominated by any ethnicity, and to loses our dignities, and values; because where there is tribal domination, there are cultural suppression of tribes; and in same manner, where politics is played on tribal line, democracy fades away faster as majority tribes becomes the dominance force, and threats to other ethnicities, hence problems will start to emerge in Nation on ethnocentrism.

b)Ban of urban settlements in large ethnical settings because this influences spirit of tribalism and hinders inter-cultural integration and coexistence – as locals may feel a systematic crabbing of their lands by that specific ethnicity through such settlements and this is actual the feelings of many south Sudanese –special the Equatorians to date toward other ethnicities who have settled in greater Equatoria in large ethnical settings. The fear is simple because land is the not only our heritage, but also rich resources, and to take the land away from people means to leave people without roots and natural possessions.

c)Encourage Inter-State Civil Servants Transfer Programs on fixed term bases to facilitate spirit of coexistence and cultural unification as the civil-servants will be agents of peace building and promotion of multi-cultural integrations in south Sudanese societies to enhance the national peace and unity in the Country through installation of the spirit of coexistence.

2.The Installation of the Spirit of Patriotism, in this regard, Spirit of Patriotism can be defined as will of civilized affection toward national causes, which embrace one devotional to his Country at all cost, and time. A nation is build by the patriots and it is made a better as well safe place for all law-abiding people by the spirit of patriotism. However, most South Sudanese – specifically the so called “cerebral” seem to be losing the spirit of patriotism nowadays – where they no longer treat South Sudan as Home but “working field” and the only attraction they have to south Sudan are “employment” and “financial” opportunity for their sustainability in their countries of residences abroad. The three major social indicators to show South Sudanese are losing spirit of patriotism it has to do with ideologies as they lost interests in the Country and these indicators are:-

a)The first indicator that south Sudanese are not having spirit of patriotism is because it is now becoming ideology of every financial able south Sudanese to have “a Home” abroad – special East African Countries like Uganda and Kenya. Those that cannot afford to sustain themselves in towns will prefer to voluntarily have their families to stay in the refugee camps in Uganda or Kenya as they remain in South Sudan to earn some cash to support their families in the camps.

It is because we no longer treat South Sudan as our home Country, therefore, we no longer even mind to build it and improve existing infrastructures, and provide services of high quality despising the Country’s riches to meet the demand of services by the citizenry.

It is real surprise but it is fact that, south Sudanese in their very own country, yet became as visitors as they prefer to stay in hotels and not even thinking of having a plot or rent a house in the Country. When I came in the Country, it was real surprise for me to see people who have been in South Sudan some years ahead of me and have stable business and employment in Juba; they have no home and stable properties in Juba, not even mentioning the Country. They stay in hotels and have their permanent rooms in these hotels, as they eat from restaurants while their immediately family members, spouse and children are abroad. When they say I am going home, it simple means they are travelling abroad to a country they call home while they are true south Sudanese. Even when their spouse comes on visitation to the Country, they also end up in hotels and most are not even thinking of bringing their families in south Sudan, rather they themselves are the one going for holidays in their countries of dual citizenship to join their families.

b)The second indicator that south Sudanese are losing spirit of patriotism is in the Country’s Health and education sector: The health sector has suffered the most brutal damages, since the era of Islamic regime in Khartoum, until the era of SPLM. The population of South Sudan is estimated to be around 11 million as of 2013, while there has been no increase in infrastructure development necessary to provide services to South Sudanese as the last batch of hospitals were built by (at least) the former occupying regimes in the North Sudan. Hospitals lack equipment, sufficient staffs, and recurrent expenditure to provide services effectively. As a result, there are no drugs; patients sleep on floors and medical staffs are demoralized and under paid. It is not therefore surprising as political leaders, senior public servants have lost confidence and interest in their own medical services, and instead, they prefer to be flown abroad with their families for medical treatment at taxpayers’ expense, while leaving the taxpayers themselves to die from treatable diseases.

The education sector has seen decline of standards Therefore, it is not a bombshell to many citizens to see SPLM elites and senior government officers dispatching their immediate children and family members to study in better institutions of learning outside the country on taxpayer’s money, while the financial able south Sudanese also does the same by sending off their children out of the Country for educational purpose – leaving the poor south Sudanese children to study in poor equipped schools, without proper systems in place. This shows clearly how the SPLM is a visionless regime, has no interests in human development of the citizenry, and have never treated all citizens the same in term of services. In fact, any good regime, will never serve the interests of its officials highly, than the interests of the nation and its ordinary citizen as in the case of the SPLM regime today.

There is no quality education in the Country, therefore, it is becoming dreams of every south Sudanese to send off their children to other countries for studying purpose and this is not for the high institution of learning but starting even from the preparatory schools such as kindergarten to primary schools till Universities. As a nation, we spend millions of United States dollars on sending off our children to foreign countries and if the amount we spent to send off children to foreign countries for studies can be used to improve and provide adequate educational facilities in the Country and only send off selective high institutions students to other foreign High Institutions of learning for academic exchange programs, this would have saved our economy and provided better opportunities for poor south Sudanese who are unable to send off their children abroad for studies.

c)Properties and Funds: the third indicator that south Sudanese are losing spirit of patriotism because instead of building and owning properties in South Sudan. We are fond of owning properties such as Houses abroad, including saving our money in foreign Banks than in South Sudan.

d)Dual Citizenship is the fourth indicator that south Sudanese are losing the spirit of patriotism because even if the person is a politician or government employees, they still maintain dual citizenship – those that have dual citizenship are the most so regarded “cerebrals” of South Sudan that the Nation looks upon for, as National asset to enhance the development of South Sudan.

Therefore, when we talk of the New Revolution, we are talking of desired changes that will first target the ideologies of every citizens because even if there are regime changes, or general change of leadership as well change of political system in the Country; if the people remains with the same ideologies, then revolution has not taken place because never will there be any meaningful changes in the nation to faster the spirit of the national identity as one people – which starts from individual ideological realm – to enhance sustainable eradication of ethnocentric South Sudan is facing.

Besides; any meaningful changes in the Country that will enhance sustainable peace and development starts from individual changes of ideologies toward his Country, to enhance their positive contributions for sustainable peace and development of the Country. People do not depend of their Government to develop their Nation, because it is not the Government that develops the Country, but patriotic citizens dose develop the Nation through positive contributions in socio-economic investments. The role of Government in the National development is to create socio-political and socio-economic as well provide socioeconomic infrastructures atmosphere for facilitation of development by citizens – in substantiate partnership with other foreign investors.

Therefore, the new revolution will target to eliminate the ideologies of tribalism that is first problem of south Sudan, and then it will inspire the installation of the spirit of patriotism in south Sudanese – which is very difficult tasks for of all, because it will in some case affect both individual and collective rights. However, if it can bring national coexistence and development, then it will have to be pursued – because there is no revolution without intrude on some people within any society – special those that are abstract to the revolutionary agenda and goals.

The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made are the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB) website. If you want to submit an opinion article or news analysis, please email it to SSB do reserve the right to edit material before publication. Please include your full name, email address and the country you are writing from.

General Oyay Deng Ajak released Statement on SBS Dinka Radio


“Some one called me from Juba and told me that ‘military Generals were talking about my presence in Kosti and that i have joined SPLM in O’. Again i was told of SPLM in O claiming that, “i joined them and that i was in Pagak.” These are all lies because iam here with my children. Iam celebrating with my family because of my sister in law who recently got married. I and my colleagues have stated it very clear to both Riek and Kiir that we have no intention to raise arms against any South Sudanese. And if I were to fight; why joined any of them? They shouldn’t create a problem with their loyal General who fought defending Kiir for the last one year and wanted to drag those who have nothing to do with it into their own failure.” The statement will be posted on SBS Dinka website Later.

So according to SBS Dinka Radio, Oyai Deng Ajak is in Kampala, Uganda, with his wife and children, not in Pagak with the rebels. Now, I understand how indispensable propaganda is to any warfare but there should be a limit to how it is deployed lest one lose sense of its value. If rebels and their sympathizers do respect the memories of their dead ones, if they do take seriously the tragedy unfolding in our nation, if they do care for their own integrity as contending party who aspire to lead our nation and people, then they shud stop lying. It severely undercut whatever truth their cause have and make them the laughing stocks of concerned South Sudanese. In the past, the rebel leadership repudiated one of the blatant lies authored by Lul Ruai about Kenyi; Riek Machar should learn to control his foot soldiers because they are undercutting whatever cause he might be fighting for. It is called shooting oneself in the foot—-PaanLuel Wel’s fuming.

By Deng Kuol Ajith Jok, Saudi Arabia

President Salva Kiir Mayaardit and his former Vice President, Dr. Riek Machar Teny

President Salva Kiir Mayaardit and his former Vice President, Dr. Riek Machar Teny

April 25, 2015 (SSB)  —-   Dr Machar war was diligently fought without critical assessment and lack of vision as well as exile strategies, to why war was fought and what need to achieve. Our poor innocents Nuer were mislead unknowingly through deception that Nuer were killed in Juba in 15-16Dec2013 cooked without logically independent thinking to what caused their death, who are they that died, their names etc and no properly analysis and exploring of options available on how to achieve justice for those that they claimed to have died love.

The community of Nuer were total confusion and misled by Dr Riek using propaganda and deception styles in order to win sympathies and win heart and mind of desperate Nuer without with them realising that the war is about Riek Machar to negotiate himself back to his position as a vice or prime but no about a life loss in first place.

To every South Sudanese knowledge’s and minds Riek Machar killed more innocents Nuer this war than what he claimed to have died in Juba Dec2013. Traditional when you are going to carrying out revenge attacked, it would not be done in disadvantage of you not wins or losing more but it must precisely and carefully calculated in order for you achieve victory, however, Riek Machar poor strategies, lack of visions and poor planning put the whole community of Nuer at risk and make them to be known as an enemies of the state of South Sudan

To be realistic, no one on the side of rebels can give the precise account of many lives that were loss on Dec 2013 on particularly two days war of Riek Machar failed coup attempted in Juba, I failed to understand how come Riek Machar came up with 20,000 lives loss, who give proper account on that day. Consequently Nuer people were not wiser enough to asked questions of accuracy of information and reason behind they killing before they can decided to go to war with brothers Dinka.

They should have wait to ratify and able accurately aware and rely on rightful information if the war was they only alternatives to bring justice those died. To justify the course of war against their brotherly Dinka, Nuer would have needs an independent investigation that will verify how war occurred and many have loss lives and who are they according to their names.

Therefore, no question if vice president James Wani, became president of South Sudan, Dinka Bor would have still be victims of Riek Machar because what is in his mind is that the seat and road to presidency in South Sudan is with Dinka and it foot is in Bor, regardless of division created by this war to divided Bor between South and North, we remain defined as one community as greater Bor.

Despite unknowingly, the number of Nuer killed on that every day in Juba, Peter Gatdat Yaak went on killing his second in commander in cold blood Ajak Yen, someone who was not harmful him, war time hero of North and South war of liberation unlike to Peter Gatdat who used by the government of Khartoum against Southerners. After killing Ajak, went on attacking Bor unarmed civilians who were under his protection.

Peter Gatdat like his brother Riek, acted without reasoning that he was station in Bor town, a historical town as son and not an enemy of the Bor in general, living peacefully in beautiful land of wonderful and well great people, a land that produced leaders, sons and daughters give their lives for liberation struggle and many never return home after struggle, were cowardly massacres without mercy.

Peter Gatdat would have taken vital roles to changes his mind and heart, furthermore thinks positively not to harm innocents civilian, and see alternative way of holding responsibly whoever carrying a out tribal killing in Juba. Whatever, happened in Juba, no one known it from Bor and they should not be victims of Juba government war with his vice who wanted to take government by force.

Without realization, the war spread like a wild fire a cross three states that are highly inhabited by Nuer who went door to door hunting down from town to town and villages to villages as well as churches and hospital were Dinka seek refuged were not spared, they Dinka a cross the three states became victims of Dr Riek Machar propaganda war with slogan that Nuer were killed in Juba by Dinka, which was purely lies and lack evidences to suggest that they war in Juba was focused on Nuer as Dinka in Juba also loss innocents people in Juba war.

To me this is not an isolated ferocity to 1991 couped against Dr John Garang, which was also weight heavily on Dinka Bor after Riek Machar failed to reach to Dr John Garang in Torit. They victims were Bor people; they were massacre, displaced and having their lives destroyed, they Dinka suffered massively and carried large bondages but they remains focus for liberation struggle, this has repeat itself in 2013 Riek Machar still using the same propaganda style pitted Nuer against Dinka. Furthermore Riek Machar have developed habit of pitting Nuer against Dinka in order to achieved his political ambition which make him always failed and stemmed to seek help from Khartoum in 1991.

Therefore, criticism and slogan of target killing have again emerged as a tools use by our enemies of South Sudan government who wanted to used it as weapons to implicated and replaced President Kiir that he have killed unknown number of Nuer, it was another lies played by those countries who are hosting and arming rebels despites the atrocities they rebels have committed, ignore from those countries remains to played vital roles in our country.

To me, Nuer and Dinka are brothers they needs one another despite propaganda division created by Riek Machar to put them against it each other. The common enemy of these two communities should know is Riek Machar, no Dinka is interesting of killing Nuer that is why the still hosted them in Bor Duk ku Duk and President Kiir home state but brothers on the opposite side should asked themselves, if its true that they are seeking justice to those killed in why Juba, then why killing more, why are u creating and endanger ever life of young Nuer in the name of Juba killing in Juba. Why are you not honest and open to Nuer community that you are fighting the war that you will never win even if devils is on your side.

Brothers from Nuer who are fighting in frontline while knowing that Riek Machar is living happily and waiting to have his lion share in the beautiful hotel in Addis Abbas while they are offering their life for those claimed to have died while they are living and eating free meals in UNMISS camp in Juba.

Moreover, just reflected and thinks twice of what you will achieve in this war, to prove to you that Dinka are not your enemies, despite killing in Bor, today Bor community in Duk ku Duk are holding Nuer civilians who are venerable and killers of their people but one have to used logical judgement which you people from opposition are lacking.

As we seen it in they state of Warrap where president came from, they are hosting your relative, feeding and provides them with protection, so why are you continuing with useless war if you are unable to provides protection and feeding they people you claimed they are your people. Stop the war and let realise that you have fought wrong war of one-man seat.

Writer is South Sudan living in Australia and working in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. One of South Sudan lost boy who fought in the liberation struggles, it can be reached by By Deng Kuol Ajith Jok.

The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made are the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB) website. If you want to submit an opinion article or news analysis, please email it to SSB do reserve the right to edit material before publication. Please include your full name, email address and the country you are writing from.

By Biar D’Chol Biar, NY, USA

South Sudan's President Salva Kiir (C) acknowledges his supporters as he arrives to address a rally at John Garang's Mausoleum in the capital Juba March 18, 2015.

South Sudan’s President Salva Kiir (C) acknowledges his supporters as he arrives to address a rally at John Garang’s Mausoleum in the capital Juba March 18, 2015.

April 25, 2015 (SSB)  —-  President Salva Kiir Mayaardit Kuethpiny Lual, it’s well over a year and some months, and our hearts are still conspicuously burning with umbrage against the Juba, Bortown, Malakal, and Bentiu atrocious of December 2013 & 2014! …

When the smoke of a gun barrels clearly shocked our nascent nation; citizens recklessly and mercilessly killed; bodies littered the streets in the cities; businesses and houses ransacked & demolished by the very citizens; everything was in disarray. Citizens displaced from their homes.

The dead bodies sprawlingly left everywhere; vultures and animals fed on them. The deceased bodies weren’t buried with dignity, because their loved ones were on the run for their own lives. This ruthless war was thought to end with in a week or a month, but it’s now interminable.

And even today, we’re still grieving with no glimpse of hope for peace, yet to heal our hearts! President Kiir, when can we have smiles back on our faces: One year from now, or another 22 years of civil war?

This government-rebel war, though some elements termed it as Dinka vs. Nuer, suddenly dawning on us. Nevertheless, the citizens still look up to you as the legitimately elected president to deliver peace to the suffering civilians.

As a national figure, however, we’ve criticized, denigrated, and inveighed you for the speck we see, but it doesn’t mean the entire nation disrespects or hates you. Of course, there’re people, in the past & now, who had, and continuously called you: a “despot & dumb” president. Ostensibly, they may’ve done so out of frustration on how the nation’s comprehensibly descending to hell.

But, that’s not the case! I genuinely believe, that you’re not a ‘despot’ leader, as it’s being said in the social media. I know many ample things you’ve done in the past as a magnanimous, charismatic & a caring leader. You’ve amnestied many rebels more than any leader in Sudan. No one doubts that!

However, we mostly disagree with you on how you handled the nation’s affairs. I know that the cause of the government-rebel war was the power struggled between you & Dr. Riek…that the lives, bloods and monies of the South Sudanese were and still being used to protect your seat, & Dr. Riek quest for power. But, is it right to use citizens lives for you & Dr. Riek quests of power?

President Kiir Mayardit, I’ve seen it last year, very clearly, that you can easily vanquish the rebels. No doubts about that. I know that you’ve Uganda people defense force (UPDF) as an ally, stationed in Juba & Bortown; well-equipped SPLA generals & elephantine forces of the SPLA, defending nation’s sovereignty.

You can slaughter the rebels by thousands if you choose to. The rebels maybe slaughtered in hundreds or, thousands, and pursued to their territory if you decided to take that cause. That is, you can conquer their areas as you’ve shown yesteryear, in Bentiu, Malakal, and Nasir…etc.

But, what good can you achieve as the leader of the nation, continuing with such unending war? I know that as a general, you’ve fought in both Anya I & II wars, and had immensely seen the consequences, and insidious effects of the war. Generally, we just emerged out of a twenty-two years civil war a few years ago.

And the memories of the war were remarkably still fresh in our minds. The nation was still lamenting & healing from the calamities of South-North’s civil war. Believe it or not, I thought the erroneous and odious war of south & north, ingeniously taught us, and will never go back to war. But those who thought so and I were deadly wrong.

In that war, two and half million lives were lost, & that enormous would never be recovered. President Kiir, looking at that many lives lost now and in the past, why, then, continuing with this useless war? Do we want 2.5 million lives lost again? If that’s the case, then, whom are you going to rule as a president for the next extended three years that you’ll be in power?

Strictly speaking, you’re the constitutional legitimate president of the nation; unanimously voted to the office with 93 percent votes. As a constitutional president, we don’t agree with anyone trying to remove you by military means. The nation believes that you came to the office through ballot box, and will be removed through ballot box.

The entire nation believes in the constitutionality of your presidency. Thusly, where’s that pride you walked cheerfully to the stage during the inauguration in 2010? Why’re you continuing to lead down the very citizens who voted you into the office, president Kiir?

Now, the peace’s way overdue! The nation expected peace as the top agenda this year. But it seems both of you deviated into a different path. The peace wasn’t inked on March 6, 2015. President Kiir, is your instinctive gut is calling more lives lost? I’m not exactly sure!

Mr. President, let me clearly reiterated that, the rebel leader: Dr. Riek Machar is not the president of South Sudan. You’ve to know that! And since he’s not the president, he wouldn’t be the person to have a final say in the peace process, though he’s commanding the rebels.

His goal as an individual is to be a president just like you are, as he expresses it earlier in 2013. We clearly had seen that! However, he has the right as a citizen, to express his willing to compete for the top notch. But there’s different between expressing and what citizens want.

Nevertheless, the citizens will determine his kismet. Since he’s not the president, we can’t rely on him to bring peace, as his intended goals aren’t visible to the citizens yet. Hence, the nation relies on you for peace to happen. Having said that, why not use the power invested in you by the people, to bring the smiles back to the faces of Sudanese; who’re now suffering due to this reckless war?

Your attention seemed to be divided between peace & war. If you know that you’re the legitimate president of the nation, then, what’s your intended goal for the suffering citizens? It seems that you’re only worried of your presidency than the peace the entire Nation’s yearning for. As a leader, what’s your next move since the peace collapsed?

Perhaps, the nation still owns the trust in you, as a constitutional president, I believe that peace could come today if it’s your top agenda. I understand that the demands by the rebels’ negotiators convoluted the process, making peace impossible. But what can we do as a nation? Continuing to watch the nation sinking?

You’ve to know that, the rebels don’t care about the innocents suffering at the UNMISS & refugees’ camps. They’re not in any way to give in what they asking for. They may continue to demand more for their own benefits. But, the time is running out for us president Kiir. The public wants more from you. Thus, it isn’t a bad idea to temporary seeks the solution for now to save lives.

Having read last month that the peace talks in Addis Ababa, had failed. This shows that both the government & rebels weren’t genuinely negotiating a peace deal. They negotiators on both sides are taking time; because they’re sleeping at impressive hotels; they get paid by the days. So, why would they bother to expedite the peace process when they benefitting from it?

Mr. president, you’re holding the nation hostage! Don’t tell us that you’re not the problem as you said it many times. Yes, you are the problem with your fraternized! You’ven’t articulated very clearly that, “peace is the top priority.” You seem to be hiding behind the doors, & your sycophants are speaking in the media on your behalf.

Mr. president, why’re you afraid to speak publicly for the nation to see you, to hear & feel you? You always immure yourself in Juba; heavily guarded, not visiting the states to have a first look on the civilians’ lives. In fact, leave alone the civilians! You’ve never even visited your soldiers in the front lines as we speak.

And that doesn’t look good on you as the national leader. The public would love an active leader, but not a taciturn & sedentary leader. You expect the public to support you & you don’t heed for their advises. President Kiir, gets yourself in the media & be a people president!

The war shouldn’t be the focal point, president Kiir Mayardit. Having peace in the country is the only way forward to get back on track. I sincerely think bringing peace to the nation would be away to improve lives and the economy. Nothing that will make the entire nation feels happy toward you than bring smiles in their faces with “peace.” If you’re afraid that if peace comes today, you’ll not win election.

That’s not true, Mr. President! Even if Dr. Riek returns today, and starts campaigning, I don’t think anyone would vote for him if that what you’re afraid of.

The nation still stands with you, and will continue to do so if you bring peace to them. We don’t want another insurgency as a result of failed peace talk. We want peace to be delivered to the citizens. Peace is the only what the nation wants, and nothing else. May peace returns to South Sudan.


© Copyright Biar D’Chol Biar.

The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made are the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB) website. If you want to submit an opinion article or news analysis, please email it to SSB do reserve the right to edit material before publication. Please include your full name, email address and the country you are writing from.

By Karin Zeitvogel, WASHINGTON, D.C.—

The U.S. Special Envoy to Sudan and South Sudan, Donald Booth, said in a major policy speech that South Sudan’s political leaders are responsible for nearly 11 months of conflict that has displaced 1.8 million people, claimed thousands of lives and pushed the young country to the edge of famine. 

“This conflict is the product of a failure of leadership, a collective failure by those who helped to deliver South Sudan its independence, not least among them, the dominant political party that controls the government, the SPLM,” he said in the speech delivered Thursday at the Atlantic Council’s Africa Center in Washington.

Booth said that instead of all South Sudanese uniting around a common cause — “building a peaceful and prosperous state” — after independence in 2011, the world’s newest nation became mired in a battle of political ambitions and a power struggle within the SPLM.

“The people of South Sudan are now paying the price, as the aspirational principles of justice, equality, diversity, human rights and decentralization that catalyzed the struggle (for independence from Sudan) lie abandoned,” Booth said.

‘Shame on us’

Around a month into the conflict in South Sudan, Booth said a “prominent” government party official told him, “Shame on us, shame on us. We failed to learn the lessons of those African liberation movements that have gone before us.” He did not name the official.

Booth said the main task the country faces is  ending the fighting that has driven the country to the edge of ruin. The only way to bring llasting peace to South Sudan, Booth said, is through an inclusive peace process, not just a deal between political elites.

“A concentration on the interests of elites was a prime ingredient in the making of this conflict,” Booth said. “Yet another elite accommodation among the very actors responsible for the fracturing of South Sudanese society will not and cannot deliver a sustainable peace.

​”There has been, throughout the crisis, too great an emphasis on who can and should lead the country going forward, an unfortunate but familiar characteristic of South Sudan’s highly personalized politics,” he said.

Negotiators at peace talks in Ethiopia have focussed too much on who should head a transitional government, and too little on what the country’s leaders need to do to bring peace and development to the young nation, he said.

“The focus cannot only be on who occupies the presidential palace but on what needs to be done to put South Sudan on a path to peace and prosperity,” he said.

Man-made crisis

Booth called the crisis in South Sudan “man-made.” Millions of people face severe food insecurity, and, in spite of the international community stepping up with aid — the United States alone has pledged three-quarters of a billion dollars for South Sudan, Booth said — enough help is not getting through to people who need it.

“The warring parties bear full responsibility for this crisis and the suffering of the South Sudanese,” the U.S. Special Envoy said.

He also slammed the government and opposition for failing to fully commit to the peace process, led since January by regional bloc, the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD).

Both sides have “attempted to walk back” on commitments made when they signed a cessation of hostilities agreement in January, Booth said, accusing the government and opposition of weakening the peace process, narrowing its scope and “excluding others from the negotiating table, all the while continuing a senseless fight on the battlefield.”

“We cannot stand idly by as the warring parties neglect the suffering of their own people,” he said, adding that the United States is mulling imposing tageted sanctions on more individuals who it says are fueling the crisis in South Sudan.

The United States and the European Union between them have already levied sanctions, including asset freezes and visa bans, on several South Sudanese officials who they say have been fueling the crisis.

Booth said the time might be right for the “broader international community to … authorize targeted United Nations Security Council sanctions” on South Sudanese individuals. This would send a “unified signal that this senseless war is unnacceptable and that those responsible for its continuation will pay a price.”

U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations Samantha Power said early this month that the world body could impose sanctions on individuals on both sides of the South Sudan conflict, if the IGAD-led peace talks do not make substantial progress soon.

By David Aoloch Bion


April 25, 2015 (SSB)  —   Food for thought:  ‘’There is NO Rebel movement that defeats a legitimate Government unless there is a weak leadership’’.

In 1991 , Riek Machar staged theoretical coup against Dr John Garang  at  Nasir in Upper Nile  while John Garang was at  Torit in Eastern Equatoria . In his hallucination, he sent his forces to go and arrested John Garang .

On their way to Torit , they started killing any living things from Duk , Twic , Bor. Within weeks of Riek forces marching to Torit , thousands of civilians were killed- a bloodbath.

After bloodbath in Duk , Twic , Bor and Mangalla  , John Garang  understood  that Riek is rabid dog  and his murderous acts  would not be underestimate under any normal circumstances ,

Thus , John Garang resolutely decided to deal with Riek  militarily  . Dr John Garang authorized military action against  Riek , so SPLA Mainstream attacked Riek forces at Magalla , they defeated Riek forces , SPLA  Mainstream swept Riek  forces through Bor , Twic and Duk until they returned to  Nasir .

The war between SPLA Mainstream and Riek Stream continued for 4 years from 1991 to 1994 until Riek accepted defeat and he ran to Khartoum .

After defeat, Dr Riek Machar realized the legitimate demand and rights of all South Sudanese so he called Dr John Garang to make peace him . Dr John Garang said , he had no problem with him . He told Riek to reconcile first with those who he killed . The people who Riek killed were Dinka and Nuer , so Riek organized Nuer and Dinka to  reconcile  and  indeed they  made peace at Wunlit Conference  At Wunlit Conference , it was community to community peace process , there were no observers and there were no protocols .

After  Wunlit Conference ,  Riek reported himself  to John Garang ,  he apologized to Garang  ,then  Garang reinstated him into the SPLM/A in 2002 .

Back to my original question to President Kiir .  How did John Garang defeat Dr Riek Machar ?

Garang defeated by virulent force

It is up to President Kiir to revisit history, to find out what theories, methods and practical  did John Garang use to defeat Dr Riek ? , what virulent force needed to crush the rabid dog Riek Machar .

It is up to President Kiir to stop endless negotiation and first weaken Riek militarily as it is said; there is rebel that can defeat legitimate leader unless the leader is weak. Look,  fighting has been taking place in Damascus for  6 months but because Assad is strong, he defeated the rebels. Look in neighbouring Sudan . what is the fate of Darfur rebels now ?

It is up to president Kiir to” give war a chance for at least 5 years”  and rabid dog Riek  will accept peace. Riek does not know the legitimate rights of others, he claims to be the only person who have a legitimate right.

Even if peace is signed now ,  you will see  fighting again in Juba , the day Riek will arrive there .

South Sudanese peace must come like in Wunlit way   . SPLM/A IO peace with Government do not need mediators, because in Wunlit , there were no mediators , it does not observers because in Wunlit , there were no observers .. It does not need protocols, there were no protocols .

it must be people to people peace .

President Kiir must revisit  how John Garang dealt with Riek . Period .

The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made are the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB) website. If you want to submit an opinion article or news analysis, please email it to SSB do reserve the right to edit material before publication. Please include your full name, email address and the country you are writing from.

By Biar D’Chol Biar, USA

South Sudan Rebels: Nuer White Army Fighters

South Sudan Rebels: Nuer White Army Fighters

April 24, 2015 (SSB)  —-   In olden days, Southerners, mostly the Dinka and Nuer were well-known warriors; using bludgeon to bash their heads, cracked and fractured their skulls during the fight; shells & spears were only weapons used to fight one another at villages and cattle camps. The fighting would either be Dinka vs. Dinka, Nuer vs. Nuer or Nuer vs. Dinka. They’re Nilotic people, livings along the Nile River, and their fighting never ceased! Theirs’ feuding has been going on for centuries and even today at twenty-first century is continuing.

The Dinka, however, called themselves: Muɔnyjäŋ, and the Nuer: Nääth. And the meaning of these names sometimes sounds crazy, when one thinks of them. Each of this tribe thinks one’s better than the other. But, there are other sixty-two tribes that they lived, and shared country with, but looked invisible to them.

And now, with newly proliferated acquired modern weaponries such as AK-47s, hand grenades & rocket propel grenade (RPG), in which one could kill someone in matter of milliseconds, it hard to think of what future will bring among these tribes with their backwardness thinking. These tribes think of war as the only mean to settle disputes, rather than dialogue. The world’s robustly changing at speedy path, but Dinka and Nuer are not.

Their disputes always resulted in bloodsheds. Many people among these tribes had been to school and are holding Bachelors, Masters and PhDs; they had learnt of human values, but nothing has change their way of thinking. They’ve degrees, but their degrees are of no used or whatsoever. The only thing that might have changed is the dressing code. I could be wronged with the dressing code; but believe it or not, no one wears animal skins anymore.

And now, with the current war going on in the country, every now and then, it’s about attacks and counterattacks; capture and recaptured. They cycle has been going on for nearly sixteen months now. But, who’s fighting whom? They said it’s the government fighting the rebels. But, the majority fighting in the government side is Dinka, and on the rebel side is Nuer. So, when one hears of killings that took place, who do you think of being killed? The same Dinka and Nuer men who lost lives!

Generally, there’s no single day one logs onto a face book, Talk of Juba, Sudantribune and many other websites, and haven’t read reports of killings that happened in the country. It’s either a Dinka man or, a Nuer man that lost a live. And these killings are all about who should control the country leadership and resources, mainly, the government center in Juba. And the killings happening today have nothing to do with hatreds toward Dinka or Nuer. It’s purely megalomania and avarice of the top-notch jobs. Nevertheless, the citizens are supporting these narcissistic leaders.

These egocentric leaders are bragging of their sickened “democracy and federalism.” This leaves one to wonder, what kind of democracy that killed, intermediate, tortured, jailed opponents, practicing rampant corruption and cronyism? Realistically, there are many countries in the world, practicing “democracy,” but no one kills civilians for the sake of “democracy.” This kind of behavior is purely bedeviled!

We do have a bountiful country size of France or Afghanistan, with rich minerals, huge oils reserved under the ground which other countries don’t have, abundant lands with rainfalls for agriculture, unique animals that can attract tourism, Nile River whereby fisher could be enormous support to the economy of the country. But still, we’re fighting over the bone: the leadership only in Juba. These leaders had ignored the aforementioned to propel our nascent nation forwards instead, they’re locked-down in leadership style. But does presidency position matter then the lives being lost everyday? I don’t really know!

More interestingly, this brought me to think of the saying I heard while at Kakuma refugees’ camp in the late 90s, where one elder said, “How could Sudan be a peace nation when those who’re now in power were the “offenders” or misbehaved kids at their homes, sent away by their parents, but found ways to educate themselves, and the parents left the well-intended kids at home; tending parents’ cattle. These people don’t have hearts of humanity; nothing changed them from when they were kids; not the school nor the life they’ve been through.

Don’t expect anything to change even if we’ve our own country. They’ll rob, manipulate in their wills to be in power.”  Well, is it true these leaders were sent to school because they misbehaved at home? I doubt that, because there are many fine educators in the South Sudan government; thinking about the nation day and night, and have no chance or whatsoever to save the nation. But only few individuals that ruined the country for their own benefits.

But the situation leave me to think of this saying, and question myself, do our leaders really have sense of humanity? If so, then, when are they going to think of our people; to stop the killings and find ways for us to live in peace and harmony? This killing is taking lives of citizens everyday, and no one averts this endless situation. This reckless killing left so many scares and wounds in our hearts. But more annoying is, we’ve our nation, and are the only one tearing it apart. We have no one to blame as the scapegoat.

We used to blame the Arabs; that they marginalized, and oppressed our people. But, now, who’s marginalizing and oppressing whom? It’s we oppressing and marginalizing one another! So, what’s the real solution to this mess? I don’t really know, but it’s up to these leaders to figure out way forward.

I wish and hope these leaders find some ways in ending this reckless killings peacefully. If they don’t, then, there’s no future for us, and our kids if this killing continues. I’m yearning for peace to return so does many others as well. I wish our leaders put aside their differences, and save the nation from collapsing.

A nation and civilians are the backbone and foundation of any country. Let’s stop killing one another, and find ways to live together as brothers and sisters. SAY NO TO TRIBALISM! ONE NATION, ONE PEOPLE! SOUTH SUDAN IS MY TRIBE AND YOUR TRIBE!

© Copyright, Biar D’Chol Biar

The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made are the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB) website. If you want to submit an opinion article or news analysis, please email it to SSB do reserve the right to edit material before publication. Please include your full name, email address and the country you are writing from.