By David Aoloch Bion

Yesterday on 27 , October 2014 , at 8pm on the BBC Focus on Africa , the two spokespersons  of the warring parties in South Sudan crisis announced , they disagreed on the powers of Prime Minister . Salva Kiir spokesman Ateny Wek  says  ‘’we offer the non-executive Prime Minister  to rebels ’’while  Riek Machar spokesman James Dak  says ‘’  we  reject non-executive Prime Minister ‘’

Last week  the rebel SPLM/A In O leadership met in Nairobi and passed two resolution  1 ,Dr Riek must be executive Prime Minister of  South Sudan  , if this is impossible , then  2 .   Greater Upper Nile must  be annexed to Sudan .

On Friday ,24 , October , 2014,  Taban Deng Gai went to  Khartuom  to ask Sudan to help them implement the two resolutions  , he was there to plan , how Sudan will aid Riek to be executive Prime Minster or how Greater Upper  Nile will be annexed to Sudan  . Taban mission to Sudan   was an anticipation of the unintended outcome of the peace talk which actually announced yesterday by Ateny and Dak.

Sudan had responded positively to Taban  by giving unspecific number of tanks, mounted vehicles to SPLM/A  in Opposition . These tanks and mounted vehicles are now stationed both in Pan Akuach near  Heglig   and Joda  near Kosti  at border . They are on standby .

As it was agreed by SPLM/A O leadership in Narobi   that   if Salva Kiir does not give up executive powers  to Riek  in Addis Abba on 27 October ,2014 ,  the SPLM/A In Opposition with help of Sudan will liberate  Greater Upper Nile and Dr Riek will establish   the Government  like government of  Somaliland  in  Somalia  ( in 1991 when Somalia became chaotic , the people of Somaliland region declared themselves Independent from  rest of Somalia ).. this what SPLM/A O is up to now .  After Riek declared himself the President of Upper Nile he will call for referendum to determine whether  Greater Upper Nile will remain as the part of South Sudan or  it will be annexed  back  to Sudan .

Indeed, yesterday,  President Kiir refused to give Riek executive powers , which was the first resolution of Nairobi meeting of the rebels to resolve the conflict. Therefore it is the annexation of Greater Upper Nile to the Sudan which was the second resolution of Nairobi meeting  . indeed , yesterday rebels tanks on standby moved in to Unity .

And the liberation of Greater Upper Nile started yesterday when the rebels attacked Bentiu., after the liberation of Upper Nile , referendum will be called by Dr Riek

Definitely, given the so-called Juba Massacre and the refusal of Salva Kiir to give Riek presidency, the people of Greater Upper Nile will vote to join Sudan temporarily.

Upper Nile will temporarily join Sudan until South Sudan given up claim over it. Then it will become the country of its own, it will first be annexed to Sudan for protection. And then later it will be declared a independent country of it owns.

The rebels will be aided by Sudan ,this is why the rebels recently call for the withdrawal of Ugandan troops, if Uganda troops do not withdraw, it will justify the involvement of the Sudan army alongside the rebels forces.

It is now up to President Kiir to choose between the two alternatives , losing Greater Upper Nile or losing the presidency.  Hopefully , he will lose the presidency and keep the territorial integrity and sovereignty of South Sudan by declaring the two presidential term limits . He should publicly declare ‘’ I , president Kiir ,declare that the President of South Sudan will rule for two terms .  I started in 2011 and am stepping down in 2020 . And all South Sudanese  will defense the country from annexation forces.

Dear Mrs. Vickers,

Reference to the publication by Global Witness of the report “Scrutinizing South Sudan’s First Post-Independence Oil Deal”, dated 27th October 2014, STAR PETROLEUM would like to make the following statements:

  • Again, we reiterate that we highly appreciate the role of Global Witness and other non-governmental organizations that investigates and campaigns to prevent natural resources-related conflicts and corruption and associated environmental and human rights abuses. We fully share those values.
  • Since the Independence of the Republic of South Sudan, STAR PETROLEUM, always, has been confident about the future of the country. It has always trusted its Legal System and its Public Administration.
  • STAR PETROLEUM, since its incorporation in 2005, and since the beginning of its activities in the Republic of Sudan, and after independence, in the new Republic of South Sudan, proved to be a serious and responsible investor, and has fulfilled fully its financial, technical and legal obligations required by laws and regulations. All proofs required by the Government of South Sudan have been already provided. Additionally, it is fair and important to mention that Star Petroleum always believed in the future of the independent Republic of South Sudan. We have been present in the country (first in Khartoum, before the separation, and afterwards in Juba) since 2008, and we have invested during all these years, having local presence and professional team.

ü  The following statements of your Report are not correct:

  • The Company is closely connected to a businessman convicted of a million Euro fraud”:
  • Mr. Merino is the beneficial owner of a small minority current participation interest (around 3%) in the Company and was a Director during a short period of time. He presented his voluntary dismissal and now he has no role in any Company activity. According to Court´s public information, presumably committed the illegal conduct in period of time in which he did not have any responsibility in Star Petroleum as Director.
  • The Court accusation against Mr. Merino doesn’t have any relation, directly or indirectly, with Star Petroleum or derived from his position as minority shareholder or former Director.
  • Mr. Merino is not a convicted as the Spanish Court has not still given a definitive resolution.
  • “The ultimate ownership of STAR PETROLEUM itself is opaque”.
  • The ownership of STAR PETROLEUM as shown on page 3 of the Report is not correct in 2014.
  • International Public Authorities and STAR PETROLEUM’S Compliance Department are fully aware of the identity of all beneficial shareholders of the Company in compliance with all European Union Directives and especially to 2005/60/CE and 2006/70/CE as well as the GAFI recommendations. STAR PETROLEUM is implementing international global standards against money laundering, corruption and terrorist financing, therefore, increasing transparency and enable STAR PETROLEUM to successfully take action against illicit use of financial or corporative instruments. As per the request of the Government of the Republic of South Sudan, a list of ultimate beneficial shareholders was provided recently to them.
  • Disclosure of beneficial shareholders identity to citizens in a private Company is a matter of confidentiality as such information is irrelevant to them.
  • “The deal is being negotiated behind closed doors, and through a loophole in the law, which means that Star Petroleum has faced no competition from other companies in its negotiations for the concession”.


  • STAR PETROLEUM currently has valid legal title of a working interest in Blocks E and B, of the Republic of South Sudan.  Block E: STAR PETROLELUM signed a perfectly valid EPSA on the 6th August of 2010 in Khartoum for Block E. This EPSA was agreed fulfilling entirely with the legislation of Sudan and approved at the time by the National Petroleum Commission. Currently STAR PETROLEUM is in negotiations with the Ministry of Petroleum and Mining of the Republic of South Sudan, to adapt the above mentioned EPSA, into the new Republic of South Sudan’s Legislation (Petroleum Act 2012), implying the signature of a new EPSA for Blocks E. Block B: Following that, parties involved are expected to sign a new EPSA for Block B.
  • STAR PETROLEUM  participated in a competitive process and we were able to become successful.
  • International prestigious Law Firms have been involved advising during the negotiation process both the Government of South Sudan and STAR PETROLEUM.
  • “The company isn´t producing oil anywhere else in the world”.
  • STAR PETROLEUM’s Oil & Gas Management Team is highly qualified and has large experience and track-record in the sector. They lead and participated in all technical, legal and commercial negotiations and meetings with highly qualified teams of Government of Sudan, and the Independent Government of the Republic of South Sudan. The Technical Team of Star Petroleum is particularly strong on the upstream business, in which the great experience accumulated by former senior Repsol’s International and African Oil & Gas executives (including Star Petroleum’s COO, a top executive with 35 years in Repsol, of which 18 years as No. 2 Executive of the Company- Repsol’s Vice Chairman- and Head of E&P).
  • This Team is strengthened with engineers and professionals of other areas of expertise (professionals with expertise in Natural Resources, Consulting, Finance, Equity and Debt Capital Markets). All the CVs and personal data of the Management Team has been fully provided to the Government of the Republic of South Sudan. Star Petroleum´s Technical Team, throughout their professional carriers, has the following aggregated experience in the international up-stream sector:
  • Experience in a variety of up-steam environments (including complex on-shore and off-shore blocks and marginal blocks)
  • Responsible for more than 1,200 exploration blocks
  • Managed Annual Up-Stream exploration budgets of more than $9,000m
  • Discovered more than 6bn Boe
  • Generating production of more than 1,04m boepd
  • Operated in more than 30 different countries (in all continents), among others: Congo Brazzaville; Kazakhstan; Australia;  Kurdistan; Colombia; Brazil; Uganda; Tanzania; Argentina; Algeria; Libya; Bolivia; Peru; Venezuela; Trinidad & Tobago; United States; Russia; Canada; and Nicaragua;


  • In addition, we would like to mention:


  • STAR PETROLEUM commissioned, to an international consultant, a full study on the environmental impact regarding exploration activities in Block E, and will be executing its activity according to best international practices and the South Sudanese 2012 Petroleum Act in force. STAR PETROLEUM will take full care not to cause any risk to the environment and local communities in the concessions’ areas. The Government of the Republic of South Sudan has a copy of said report.
  • Financially STAR PETROLEUM is a solid Company since its incorporation in 2005, having a paid-up share capital of 229,736,784 Euros and is not having any debts with banks or any financial liabilities to third parties. All company’s costs and expenses are self-financed through the bid up capital and shareholders’ loans. Star Petroleum is ready to finance its further investments in the Republic of South Sudan (Capex and Opex) as it has been proved to the Ministry of Petroleum and Mining of the Republic of South Sudan.

Accordingly, STAR PETROLEUM will not accept any accusations based on rumors, jealousy and unfounded facts that may affect the reputation and activities of the company.

The Ministry of Petroleum and Mining of the Republic of South Sudan is copied to prevent any damages that could affect also to the reputation and image of the Ministry of Petroleum and Mining and the Government of the country.

I would appreciate if you could make public this information in order to clarify and make your report more rigorous and professional.

Sincerely yours,

Ignacio Lacasa

Head of Legal & Compliance

Pso. de la Castellana 42-8º,

28046 Madrid (Spain)

Tel.+34 91.7811260 Fax +34 91.7811261



Kenyan intellectuals have never been kind to foreigners of more superlative endowments and achievements.

In the early 1960s Ezekiel (Es’kia) Mphahlele came here and established Chemchemi Cultural Centre.

A leading Kenyan daily editor and a leading Kenyan editor for a foreign publishing house managed to frustrate him and send him packing.

The best artist from South Africa, Selvon Mvusi, with great ideas for the development of art died in West Africa where he had gone for a conference.

His office was broken open and all his papers confiscated by the head of department. Had they been presented to his family, perhaps they would have been donated to the university. Instead an individual grabbed them. And they disappeared. Used up selfishly.

John Ruganda, upon his return from Canada, with a PhD on how Francis Imbuga tells the truth laughingly, was thrown out of Kenya through the machinations, largely, of one Chris Wanjala.

The ground for the action was that he had no work permit to stage a play in Kenya. What was wrong with going to get him a work-permit so that he could train and employ Kenyan actors and actresses? So that he could help develop theatre in Kenya?

Sometime in 1973 or 1974, Okot p’Bitek and I used to be feted by the Goethe Institute, Paa ya Paa Art Gallery, the USIS, British Council, etc.


One day after we had read our poems and were drinking the whisky or Tusker with which Franz Nagel entertained us and our followers after work, four of our young Kenyan followers turned nationalistically nasty.

They demanded to know why we were so popular in the cultural circuit of Nairobi. Why should we Ugandans monopolise these houses?

Why were they (Kenyans) being shunned? Why don’t we go back to our country? Okot started driving to Kisumu that very night in his Jaguar. In reverse!

After I had installed Ngugi wa Thiong’o as the head of literature department and realising that my presence was an interference I left for Papua New Guinea and headed a literature department there.

Okot also left for Makerere where he was appointed professor of creative writing.

Of the four Kenyans who gave us our marching orders that night, there was Wanjala, Robert Angira Otieno, Aloo Ojuka, Atieno Odhiambo, and perhaps Robert William Ochieng. (If I got any name wrong, Wanjala can set the record right. He had barked the most that night.)


Whenever I pass through Nairobi and find that scholarly publications on literature are increasing in Kiswahili only, I ask myself were we foreigners sent back to our countries because mediocre Kenyan scholars in English literature wanted to perpetrate the literary barrenness?

I do not agree that there are no intellectuals in South Sudan. There is the lawyer, anthropologist, ethnologist and novelist Francis Mading Deng. There is the international jurist Abel Alier.

There is the young autobiographer Steven Wondu and up and coming economist Bure Yongo.

I defy anybody who says The Last Word, Meditations of Taban lo Liyong, Corps Lovers and Corps Haters, Words that Move a Mountain; Ballads of Underdevelopment, Carrying Knowledge up a Palm Tree, Homage to Onyame, an African God, Culture is Rutan, are not intellectually leading products from me in the field of essay-writing, post-modernist novel writing and poetry writing in the whole of Africa.

Meditations ranks among the world’s best 50 post-modernist novels. In the field of essay writing I would rank high, among the world’s first writers, mostly Americans, if any five best essays are rated in communication, persuasion and exploration of new ideas.

I have been modest too long among non-readers, non-experts on literature and writers of students’ guides for secondary schools who call themselves professors.

When Kenyan universities start to insist on published critical works as ground for appointment to associate professorships and professorships then we shall know that the universities have come of age.

But that will not happen when so-called professors gather their shillings from parallel students. Do they lie on top of them, parallel? Or sideways, parallelly?


As far as intellectual progress is concerned, I bet on Rwanda giving eastern Africa a lead. Banda Academy did produce exemplary Malawian intellectuals.

The leading economist among them is Prof Thandiwe Mkandawire, the economist who was like me, an African Scholarship Programme of American Universities – scholar, then an American MA and finally an American PhD.

Okot p’Biket is Okot p’Bitek. Taban lo Liyong is Taban lo Liyong. To say “Taban is not as deep as Okot p’Bitek” is no criticism. Has Ochieng read and understood my books?

A critic who is at the same time an intellectual would read them to find out what they are all about. If he still has time he would then read Okot p’Bitek’s books to find out what each is about.

If there is any reason, or need, for comparison or contrast then he could do that on the strength of the corpuses of the two authors.

When I find myself at the age of 77 showing directions about how the scholars should approach my writings to those I had associated within my first year in Nairobi University’s Institute of African Studies, and when I say I am frustrated, then younger scholars laugh at me and my frustrations, as if it is an individual thing, I know that our salvation is still far.


For Ngugi is neither read nor critiqued, Meja Mwangi is not read and assessed; David Mailu is just read; Okot p’Bitek’s Song of Lawino was just read; Okello Oculli is not dismissed, Susan Kiguli is not read nor made a subject of weekend seminars; Tim Wangusa in not read; Imbuga is read as a secondary school textbook.

John Nagenda is not read, Peter Nazareth is not read, Elvania Zirimu is not read, Margaret Ogola is read as a textbook, and Marjorie Oludhe is read as a textbook.

I am only known as the loud mouth who claimed that East Africa is a literary desert!

The article in question is NEVER READ. The text is out of context. My books do not fit in the secondary school curriculum.

The university students are not brought up to the standard that would make them feel at home in the intellectual word that we share with Ayi Kwei Armah, Kwame Nkrumah, Mkandawire, especially about the nature of the western world, and the world.

I am bemoaning all the books that are not read. What texts do our MA and PhD students study so that they produce unpublishable books? I do not know what specialisations the lecturers have for appointments, and promotions.

In this regard, I may be excused if I say university appointment and promotion boards are barren of criteria for selecting the best teachers for Kenyan graduate students.


So, as an old “prefect” for scholarship, made so by my appointment by VC Arthur Porter in 1969, I am here again to say it is the universities that are maintaining low standards in Kenya (and Uganda, leave alone South Sudan).

Why not, for the next 10 years appoint professor of literature from America, Europe and a few West Africans?

If, like the elephant, I repeat the same stuff, it is because the old stuff keeps on presenting itself before me.

The profit motive, when publishers have fallen prey to profits that killed the Heinemann African Writers series, so that the books that sell the most were produced, those that were not ‘popular’ were discontinued, then be sure Taban’s works would not be republished.

I have asked a reputable East African publisher to reproduce The Last Word. After over 20 years, I have given up. I have brought from London Rex Collings Publishers a copy of Meditations of Taban lo Liyong, he has it by his bedside.

He has had it for more than six months.

Why don’t these our publishers, for every 10 titles that become school textbooks, publish one title to enhance intellectual development in East Africa?

Or why don’t authors and publishers jointly talk to the Ministry of Education to underwite classics to enhance intellectualism in Eastern Africa?


Finally, it may be asked, why am I insisting on making the literary intellectual breakthrough in Kenya?

The simple answer is: Because I invested much intellect in producing intellectual Kenyans, using my best seven years, 1968–1975.

And because, somewhere in my mind I suspect the breakthrough in intellectual self-sufficiency as far as East Africa is concerned will be made in Kenya.

When it is made in Kenya, Uganda will follow, Rwanda will follow, and South Sudan will follow!

At times, instead of behaving like the addressed audiences, the Kenyan hearers seem to think they are interlopers.

Sometimes other Eastern Africans instead of reading themselves into my writings, think I am addressing Ugandans, or Kenyans only; without disciple, I am reduced to throwing my arms in the air and saying those with ears, let then ear.

This article is a part of the response of an interview by Prof William Ochieng (Maseno University). Professor Peter Amuka also wrote a separate response. All the articles first appeared in Daily Nation.

Kiir promises to retain loyal Nuer in transitional govt–Radio Tamajuz

“…I will do all I can to protect the interests of my Nuer brothers and sisters who stood with me during this difficult time. Your interest will never be affected; I will ensure all of you remain in your current position and add also more portfolio to what you currently have.”…….Salva Kiir Mayardiit reassures the top Nuer politicians in Juba

South Sudan’s President Salva Kiir met top loyalist Nuer politicians over the last few days in Juba where the politicians expressed concern over their positions if peace is reached with the rebels.

Ateny Wek Ateny, the president’s press secretary, told Radio Tamazuj that the Nuer politicians wanted assurance from the president that their positions would not be affected in any transitional government of national unity.

The officials include Manase Magok Rundial, Riek Gai Kok, John Gai Yoah, Barnaba Marial Benjamin, Kuong Danhier Gatluak, General James Hoth Mai, and various members of parliament.

Ateny said that Kiir reassured them that their positions will not be affected by the peace talks, but pointed out that members of the next government will be based on merit.

“A Nuer official will not be removed because there is another Nuer in opposition coming in to take over, thus all the Nuer who are in opposition faction will get chances in a transitional government,” he said.

The spokesman further said the issue of the internality displaced persons (IDPs) who are sheltering in UN bases across the country was also discussed as well as the reconciliation process.

Ateny said nearly 70% of contentious issues at the peace talks have already been completed, adding the main hindrance in the talks is powers of the prime minister.

He indicated that South Sudan is being governed by a presidential system which gives powers to the president only not prime minister as demanded by the rebels.

“The rebels want to change the system to a parliamentarian, but that one needs referendum with participation of citizens ـــــ and that should be done after elections,” he said, likely referring to the proposed 2015 vote.

Kiir to meet Bashir  

Ateny also said that Kiir’s long-awaited visit to Khartoum is not cancelled, but he disclosed that they have not yet been notified by the Sudanese government on the visit.

He said Sudan’s President Omar al-Bashir has been busy with his party’s general convention which concluded over the weekend.

Ateny pointed out that the visit was a request by Kiir to meet al-Bashir to discuss the implementation of the Joint Cooperation Agreements between Juba and Khartoum.

Understanding Thanyang Jam statements and the so-called Jonglei State Students in Uganda press release

By KON Joseph LEEK

We are disposed in the world were the self-proclaimed-bright ones in their own wisdom tries to drag those ones whom they presumed to be fools in to the abyss of darkness forever.

Seemingly South Sudanese culture, recently adopted from nowhere by known people hiding in the darkness [few in the light fenced themselves] doing the unholy to the ‘innocence’ in order to succeed in their assignment of betrayal – to – rise, and ignoring the truth and live by deceits, dishonesty, corruption, exploitation, bribery, treachery mention them.

This is practiced by none other than the club of robbers and killers together with their angels of death and apostles of darkness who are always there to execute their bosses’ orders and given little – for – water thrown from nowhere in to their pit of darkness.

What is heart breaking most is seeing those ones who call themselves the future leaders of this country involved in such exercise; the case of Thanyang Jam and the 11 students of Cavendish who claimed in their press release to be the students of Jonglei state.

On 12th October, 2014 a press release by certain 11 students appeared on Paanluel wel [website] claiming to be concerned Jonglei students in rejection to Thanyang’s statements on Sudan tribune on 8th same month, with the headline; Jonglei Students Studying in Uganda Reject Generalized statement released by Thanyang Jam Dhuor.

Below is one of the statements from the press release;

‘We would like to reiterate, that there is nothing called the Greater Upper Nile students Union in Uganda and hence no statement will be attributed to any students of Jonglei State studying in Uganda as having switched allegiance to the Rebels.

Above statement and others are the ones my 11 friends have stated in their press release.

As far as I know and, as somebody who have stayed in Uganda since 1995 and in Kampala since 2006, has been participating in students leadership and associations since my entire living in Kampala, Jonglei state has never had a unitary union or association. What have been existing, are tribal associations like Bor Youth & Students Association, BOYSA (currently GBOYSA, Greater Bor Youth & Students Association), Gokrial, Rumbek, Aweil among others also exists, and there are other States’ associations like unity state students association though solely comprise of Nuer of Bentiu.

Jonglei state has never been together (never existed in an association in Kampala)

Other regions like greater Bahr-el Ghazal and Equatoria have been prevailing, though at minimal speed. Until 2010, three self-assured students [Gai Peter Manyuon of Unity State (St. Lawrence University), Haak Madol of Unity State (Kampala University), and Adier Simon Deng of Jonglei State (Kampala and Ndejje University later)] tested the waters of forming the Greater Upper Nile Students Union.

It became hard for them in mobilizing and sensitizing the Greater UPPER Nile students across the other universities and colleges.

The first meeting by the founders to sensitize was held at St. Lawrence University in my presence. The three members were given a go – ahead and were to exist as the founding leaders where Adier was chosen as their leader, Gai as the Vice and Haak as the secretary.

In 2012, when they [the three leaders] came to realize that most of the students were cognizant, another General meeting was called at St. Lawrence University, the leadership of the three was dissolved [Though no financial accountability after having stepped down], and I was appointed as the acting chairperson as well as the chairperson of the electoral committee despite the fact that I was finishing my course in the same year, the students could not accept my excuse of tests, course works and research dissertation, they requested me to add it (electoral chairpersonship) in to my problems, I was deputized by Deng Panchol, then Magok Chuol as the SG, Dak Tap Kulang, Suzan Pasquale, and others as members.

Two weeks later, elections were held, almost all the positions were contested for. John Thon Ajuong [may God save him wherever he lives] emerged the winner of ‘chairmanship’.

A week after the elections was inauguration at Hotel Equatoria, Gier Chuang [then, minister of roads] was the guest of honor; he came with other two – the current deputy minister of foreign affairs Hon. Peter Bashir Gbandi and the current deputy minister of roads Prof. Mijak Mijok Bilkuei.

Another function was done in November [same year] and the governor of Upper Nile H.E Kun Puoch was the guest of honor, he was accompanied by one of our unsurpassed national singer Gordon Koang Duop.

And during the inauguration of Thanyang Jam, the guest of honor was the current minister of petroleum Hon. Dhieu Dau but was too busy that he was represented by our current minister of telecommunication and Postal services, Hon. Rebecca Joshua Okuachi

One funny thing is how the 11 members masked their face with ‘Jonglei State’ as their identity and generalized the rest under their opinion. In fact, the 11 are members of three Dinka – Bor Counties [Duk, Twic East & Bor], one member of Fiji County and one member of GPAA [Greater Pibor Administrative Area under Yauyau’s leadership] all coming from one – University, Cavendish.

Looking at the above details, who are the Cavendish 11 to claim that there, is nothing that exists as GUNSU – U (for that is the abbreviation of Greater Upper Nile Students Union in Uganda)? Where did they come from? When did they come to Kampala any way and join that fast – tract university where people finish within the shortest time possible? In fact, it is since 2013 when I stopped being partisan in any student politics in Uganda and i do not know almost all the writers of this press release, so they might have come around 2013 and 2014, more likely, they are the ones rocking South Sudanese in Uganda’s student politics!

Since when, has Jonglei or Dinka Bor students studying at Cavendish became Jonglei Students? Since when has Cavendish been representing students of Jonglei? Or is this another bit of I am – representing you and don’t – forget – me game?

My Cavendish 11 friends are another Thanyang Dhuor [in another image] who tend to talk loudly such that they are heard by their god – fathers, and as well as trying to demonstrate where they belong while ignoring the truth of something here!

Well, as a knowledgeable person, you do not need to belong to somewhere for the sake of gain or consideration, you need to belong somewhere because you find sagacity there, and this fast and haphazard press release by my friends left me aghast! [Releasing something without finding its details or ignoring them [details]

If not for some Universities of these years [business minded] that admits anyone that later makes them [students] to pass through the [universities] and not giving any chance for the universities to pass through them [the students]! We would not have many sycophants as compared to what we are detecting here already

The Cavendish 11 like Thanyang, are birds of the same colors flogging together, at divergent directions. The 11 are flying higher to the Dinka direction where as Mr. Thanyang is break – necking to the Nuer’s direction. All running at a very wild and immense speed that prompts them not to see anything that they might stumble on or collide with

Thanyang is supposed to keep quiet and munch happily in his dwelling the $ 10,000 that was given to the association by Hon Dhieu Dau, and now is publicizing himself from his hidey-hole.

My 11 Cavendishians wherever they are, are the angels dressed in political attires [with tribal designs] already prepared to dance at the arena flocking the dance floor in tribal undertones. I am afraid, you are not gonna get hired for the government is already seeing you wanting to drive it at the tribal direction [which it is trying with hooks –and – crooks to avoid]

I have no problem with someone praising the rebels or government [as long that you have your reason to do so, please yourself] but if you support with a mental – assumption that “everyone has to believe what I do” or putting others in your opinion without others’ contribution/awareness, then you need psychological care/attention!

No one is clean enough among the leaders either in opposition or in Juba’s leadership to bring South Sudan out of this mess; what can suit my heart is accountability and bringing the culprits to face justice and baring both parties from being partisan in any South Sudan leadership. They are all living embodiments of what they preach! So, there is no different whether to be with the government or rebels. Members in the government are rebels in disguise and so are rebels. It is all based on how best you throw your political coin. So whatever you are doing is a waste of time [I always say this because I want everyone to live by facts not just tribal – acquaintances and connections]

“I think, tribalism is a mental prison…and pride of identity couple with arrogance is one of the leading factors that limit one’s ability to abandon it”, Duop Chak Wuol.

The writer is an independent journalist and a Commentator on Contemporary South Sudan who live in Juba, And can be reached on 0955091449and

Will Star Shine for South Sudan?

Posted: October 28, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël in Press Release

For immediate release: 27Oct 2014

Will Star Shine for South Sudan?

Scrutinising South Sudan’s first post-independence oil deal

South Sudan’s first post-independence oil deal is high-risk and in urgent need of further scrutiny, according to a new Global Witness report released today. The seven month investigation into the deal between the South Sudanese government and the Spanish-owned oil company Star Petroleum for two of the country’s last remaining oil blocks, uncovered that:

  • the company is closely connected to a businessman convicted of a million euro fraud;
  • no information about who owns Star Petroleum is available to the public. Instead the company’s shareholders are all other companies registered in tax havens or unknown jurisdictions;
  • the company isn’t producing oil anywhere else in the world;
  • the deal is being negotiated behind closed doors, and through a loophole in the law, which means that Star has faced no competition from other companies in its negotiations for the concession.

“The block E concession covers 45,000 square km in four states – that’s a lot of ordinary people’s farms and grazing land,” said Emma Vickers, Global Witness’ South Sudan campaigner. “The government has to prove that this deal will help, not harm, those farmers and cattle herders by being open about who the company is, what kind of a contract they’re giving it, and what kind of rewards citizens can expect. From our research, it’s not clear that doing a deal with this company will benefit ordinary people. Without showing people that it will, the government risks fuelling mistrust among a vulnerable population who have often associated oil with conflict.”

The deal is being done at a time of crisis in South Sudan. The ongoing conflict has sparked a humanitarian calamity and left 1.7 million people displaced. South Sudan’s oil dependent economy is in trouble: oil production has been halved by the instability and international oil prices have fallen in recent months, depleting government income.

The government has repeatedly stated that it will use oil money to bring development to its people and to broaden the economy away from oil but, this year, a third will be spent on army salaries. Not only is the company an unknown, and the country is in turmoil, but the benefits of developing South Sudan’s oil industry both to the economy and to ordinary people, have yet to be proven.

“One of the fundamental problems with this deal is that the public know very little about it,” Vickers added. “Politicians have promised their citizens transparency and yet they’re negotiating behind closed doors. It’s time for them to lift the lid on who Star is and why they are negotiating with the company.”

South Sudanese law makers have already gone a long way to making sure this type of information is available to the public by putting strong transparency provisions in their oil laws. Global Witness’ research has discovered that the Ministry of Petroleum has activated those provisions and asked Star for documentation. Star Petroleum reports that it has provided a list of who the company’s owners are, evidence of its technical expertise, and an assessment of the possible environment impact of oil exploration. This is a positive step. The government must now take the next step and allow parliamentarians to review the deal and the documentation before it is signed. Star should also make this information publically available and easily accessible. When the contract is agreed, this must be made public too.

Global Witness put its concerns about the company and the deal to Star Petroleum. In its response, the company stated that it is “doing its business in compliance with local and European laws and all business ethical standards with full[y] transparency”.

/ Ends

Contact: Emma Vickers, South Sudan Campaigner +44 (0)7715 076 548 or +44 (0) 207 492 5838 or Sarah Morrison, Senior Communications Advisor +44 (0)207 492 5840.

Notes to editors:

  1. Global Witness’ report ‘Will Star Shine for South Sudan?’ is available here:
  2. Before publication, Global Witness sent questions to Star Petroleum on 18 September 2014 ( Star responded to Global Witness on 22 September 2014 in an email the text of which is available here: Global Witness sent Star Petroleum further clarification questions on 2 Oct 2014 ( Star Petroleum responded in a letter on 3 October 2014 available here:



In a meeting on the 19th of October 2014, SPLM members met in Victoria Australia and resolved to support on principle, the new developments to achieve peace in South Sudan through the recent SPLM intra party consultations in Arusha Tanzania, the recent regional East African Leader’s meeting in Juba, consultaions between the rebel leadership team with the Kenyan President Uhuru Kenyata in Nairobi and the on going ‘hopefully final’ Peace negotiations in Addis Ababa Ehiopia.

The SPLM in Melbourne Victoria is highly appreciative to the continuous serious efforts being made by the East African Leaders and the Country leadership (and encourage them to continue doing so) to bring the war in South Sudan to an end so that South Sudanese people embark on concentrating on developing their Country with total peace to all the cizens around the new Country.

SPLM members here will continue to monitor the peace process and keep updating the communities in Australia and work hard on humnitarian efforts to help those adversely affected by the war.