Where will I work If interim government starts-off? Some people at pressure now
By Kur Wel Kur
Dinka and Nuer tribes acquired the hatred from the years of successive struggles for the stolen dignity and land, their pride occupy the central place in their lives. However, when it comes to consistency, Dinka people strode into burning sulphur, choosing death than to surrender their dignity; a decision termed by others as stupid and arrogant.
Most Dinka people holds their dignity close to their hearts because of thousand reasons, but the pride of owning a country today tip-topped these reasons. Nuers oscillated thousand times. For this reason, Nuers, calling for a “change of governance”, “democracy”, “federalism” or creating “21 or 23 states” will relieve us not! But desperate moves in attempt of permanently burying the Dinka tribe in the depth of the ocean.
A crystal clear message for every Dinka to digest; though we must critically and creatively do something about it, the Dinka people must absorb information in our current situations and operate in the parameters of saving our beloved country. Nevertheless, those citizens or tribes that preach hatreds or a country or leadership free of Dinka must challenge themselves with the task to accomplish their wishful thinking if they can.
This article will discuss why Dinka don’t trust Nuer today. In successive years, Dinka and Nuer people led liberation struggles and waged wars against the Khartoum governments. The liberation struggles came in phases: first Sudanese civil war (phase Ⅰ), and the second Sudanese civil war (phase Ⅱ).
I will concentrate on the second Sudanese civil war (phase Ⅱ) for sake of this article. PhaseⅡ: in 1975, dissatisfied ex-soldiers took arms in eastern Upper Nile and formed AnyanyaⅡ, the majority of Nuers with negligible numbers of Dinka led this movement and Gai Tut as its leader. The 1972 Peace Agreement disintegrated gradually because Jafaar Nimeiri’s government began conducting policies that violated the Addis Ababa Agreement as Abel mentioned in his book. The Agreement finally collapsed in 1983 when fully trained soldiers with some officers defected from the government army. They then, moved to Ethiopia, which became the SPLM/A (some called it phase Ⅲ of liberation struggle) nursing home.
The SPLM/A and Anyanya Ⅱ disagreed over who to lead the movement, in that incident, Gai Tut (Nuer) lost his life. Akuot Atem, a Dinka, lost his life too in the hands of Nuers as a revenge for Gai Tut’s death. As a result, AnyanyaⅡ split, some soldiers led by commander Gordon Kong Chuol joined the SPLM/A and some soldiers opted to join the Khartoum government, where the Khartoum used them to fight the SPLM/A, they attacked SPLM/A recruits on their way to BilPam, Ethiopia. SPLM/A with the help of Ethiopia trained thousands of soldiers so SPLM/A liberated most towns in the south Sudan except Juba, Wau and Malakal.
With South Sudan in the horizon of falling altogether into the hands of the SPLM/A, SPLM/A concentrated all its operations around Juba! The Nuers freedom fighter, Riek Machar defected from the SPLM/A in 1991, a defection, which devastated Bor people. Most of Nuers’ officers including a highly valued high commander, William Nyuoon Bany followed Riek. The Khartoum government capitalized on the split and recaptured most towns in S.Sudan including the SPLM/A’s headquarters, Torit.
The movement in a weak state deployed two guerrilla tactics: • Moved its headquarters into poorly defined borders of Sudan-Uganda (e.g. Pogee) and Sudan-Kenya (e.g. Nadapal and Key Base). • Set up army barracks and internally displaced camps in mountainous terrains, for instance, New Cush, Natinga, omerie and lobone The tactics worked because the enemy couldn’t dare to aerial bombarded the SPLM/A in these poorly defined borders and their ground offensive was always a disaster on their sides as they could not accessed the camps and barracks because of the terrains.
Meanwhile, Riek signed peace deal with The Khartoum, 1997 peace Agreement. An agreement, which the Khartoum dishonoured, yet again. Riek prodigally returned to SPLM/A head down leaving some Nuers working and fighting for the Khartoum government. Thereafter, in 2005, SPLM/A and Khartoum government signed a Compressive Peace Agreement under vigilant eyes of Dr. John Garang Mabior. So why hate Dinka? In the Second phase of liberation process, Dinka and Nuer obtained much of bitterness and hatred we see today.
So most of harsh writings, which denounced Dinka received their energies from such histories facts; writings such as Lul Ruai Koang’s, regarded the defectors and power-minded likes of Gai Tut. However, the Dinka despised the Nuers because they killed Akuot Atem, a politician who collaborated with them in AnyanyaⅡ; and that’s why, some Dinka people are worried about Mabior Garang because he occupies the same situation as Akuot did!
The history repeats itself, we saw it in 1991 and saw it again in 2013 when a mad man ran away with his same fake democracy as reason in both rebellions. So if one of them, Gatdet or Riek, loses his life today in the hands of government forces, Mabior will lose his in the hands of Nuers, his friends, God forbids but that’s Nuers’ nature.
In conclusion, my South Sudanese, I know Mr. Kiir must shoulder the blame, the cross, regardless of the heavy criticisms from the world, regardless of public humiliation, regardless of exhaustion, regardless of how many times he fell, he must get on his feet before the Simon of Cyrene comes to his rescue because he is the PRESIDENT However, his failures as a person, weigh less than being a Dinka; he committed no crime as a citizen than a crime he ‘committed’ for having come from the Dinka tribe.
This, represents the true nature of our problems today. Dinka must think twice every time they join the dance of pseudo-democracy, pseudo-federalism and pseudo-21 states because most people from other tribes covet a country or leadership free of Dinka.
N/B, Readings: Sudan: Independence through Civil Wars, 1956-2005 (by Mollie Zapata) and too many agreements dishonoured (by Abel Alier Kwai).
By David Aoloch Bion
(a) List of Martyrs in history of Republic of South Sudan.
In South Sudan some people want to steal the history and for that reason, they are mixing up the names of martyrs with names of heroes, these spectators who contributed nothing during the war don’t want to make clear distinction between these two categories of the elites, so that they get a chance to fix their names in-betweens the unclear history
The names of real martyrs who died in battle are follows;
Name of the martyr and the Battle they died in
Pte Maker Jol Bor 1983
Cdr Francis Ngor MACIEK Malual gahoth
Composer Mangok Kuch of Muor Muor Khor Makuach , Juba- Bor road
Compose Magiir Deng of Muor Muor Khor Makuach ,, ,,
Cdr Kuai Kuei Juba 1992
Spiritual leader Bith Juba 1992
Cdr Majok Mach Aluong Kapoeta 1994
Cdr Anyar Apiu Kapoeta 1994
Composer. Capt . Luol Kapoeta 1994
Capt. Akech Mach Kapoeta
Major Thon Nyok
Capt Alier Bior Ashwa Brige 1994
Cdr Mayen Akuek Yei 1997
Cdr Tito Tong Yei 1997
Cdr Geu Athar kuei Bor
Capt Thon Agot Terekaka
Cdr Lino Langar Lueth Gorial
Pilot Cdr . Caesar Madut Ring Gorial
Cdr Anyar Mayol Gorial
Cdr Dhieu Warabak Ayuel Torit 2002
Maj Alier Aguto maker Torit 2002
Cdr Inasio Torit 2002
This is an example of the martyrs, you can finish the list with names and a battle each was killed.
Note ; 1 only the battles of SPLA against Arabs not South –South Battles.
2 Don’t include anyone who died of a disease in the hospital.
(b) list of heroes and heroine in history of South Sudan
Hon . William Deng Nhial
Gen . Joseph lagu
Dr . John Garang de Mabior
Gen .Salva Kiir Mayardit
Gen .Kuol Mayang Juuk , the Mobliser
Gen . Daniel Awet Akot , the Mobliser
Gen . Jok Reng Magot
Gen . James Hoth Mai
Gen. Oyai Deng Ajak
Gen. Pagan Amum
Gen . Gabriel Jok Riak
Gen . Wilson Deng , deng wek
Gen . Malual Ayor
Gen . Obote Mamur
Gen . Majak Agot
This is an example; you can finish the list according
(c) list of defenders of constitution 2013 war in History of South Sudan
Brig . Ajak Yen Aayak
Brig Abraham Jongroor Deng
Lt . Col .Ajak Madit
2lt Santino Yel Makuach
Maj . Deng Mayom
Pte Mamer Garang Ayol
2LT Santino Tong
2lt Manyang Anyang
This is an example , you finish the list accordingly
(d) List of unclassified or the questionable leaders in history of South Sudan
Cdr . Kerbino Kuany Bol , the architect of the liberation , killed by Peter Gatdet an SPLA Ally
Gen Samuel Gai Tut killed by SPLA Forces
Hon . Akuot Atem Mayen killed by Anya Anya 2 itself
Cdr . William Nyuon Bany killed by unclear forces of Elijah Hontop
Justice . .Martin Majier Gai , the author of SPLM/SPLA manifesto killed by SPLM/SPLA itself
Cdr Arok Thon Arok , backslider
Dr Riek Machar Teny . leader of 1991 bloody coup in Nasir
Dr Lam Akol Ajawin , backslider
Cdr Martin Makur Alaiyau killed by SPLA /SPLA itself
Dr Juach killed by SPLA itself
Dr Madut killed in Nimule by SPLA itself
Cdr Benjamin Bol Akok killed by SPLA itself
Cdr Glario Modi , killed by SPLA forces
Cdr Theophlus Ocheing , the leader of EDF , SAF ally that captured Torit from SPLA in 2002
This is an example; you can finish the list accordingly
Commission of Inquiry on South Sudan
The African Union Commission of Inquiry on South Sudan (AUCISS), led by H.E. Chairperson, Chief Olusegun Obasanjo, former President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, on Sunday, 20 July 2014 in continuation of the fact finding work which African Head of State and Government tasked the Commission to carry out as a means of reaching sustained peace and stability in South Sudan.
The visit is the third by the Commission to South Sudan and the second to be led by the Chairperson of the Commission of Inquiry on South Sudan. During the first visit, the of Inquiry on South Sudan had the opportunity to meet with the President of the Republic of South Sudan, H.E. General Salva Kiir Mayaardit as well as a segment of the society; while during the same period, the Commission was able to meet the opposition leader, Dr Riak Machar in Nasir. As part of the Commission’s engagement, it also met with the Group of 11 politicians that were accused of planning a coup d’état. The Commission of Inquiry had the opportunity of visiting the affected states of Upper Nile, Unity and Jonglei, where it had the first hand experience of the events that took place in these states.
The Commission of Inquiry on South Sudan is again in Juba to continue its fact finding mission and had the opportunity of meeting again with H.E. General Salva Kiir Mayardit and other very senior Cabinet Ministers including senior members of the SPLA, Police and the Intelligence services. This exercise is intended to offer more in-depth attempt at understanding and establishing the facts as it pertains to the events of December 15 and beyond.
It is equally important to point out that current exercise will not be restricted to Juba, its environ and to government circle, but also include wide engagement with the other states of the Republic and segments of the society including the academia, political parties, media, youth and faith based organizations. In this regard, the Commission engaged and held useful discussions with the Ministers of Defence, Internal Affairs and Cabinet Affairs, where different dimensions of the current situation were explored in a frank and open manner. The Commission of Inquiry also had the opportunity of meeting with the Governor of Central Equatoria who also gave another dimension to the on-going situation.
The Commission met with the Chief of General Staff of the Armed Forces as well as the Commander of the Presidential Guards. The Commander of the Presidential Guards invited the Commission on a tour of the Unit’s cantonment which threw light into the on-going narrative of the current situation in the country. Other key individual that was met was the Director-General for National Intelligence and Security who also gave useful explanations as to the events that unfolded and are still unfolding in the country.
Commission of Inquiry on South Sudan met and consulted with the IGAD Mediators, Amb Mesfin Seyoum and General Simbeyou his team during which useful information was exchanged between the parallel processes. The Commission also had useful discussions with the IGAD Verification and Monitoring Team.
The Commission of Inquiry on South Sudan will extend the scope of the current activities to the other States of the Republic that were not affected by current conflict in order to obtain first hand, their impression of the situation in the country and what in their opinion may be the way forward for the nation.
The civil society including women’s group, the private sector, academia and the media were also consulted here in Juba and this engagement will still continue in the other states of the Republic.
The Commission of Inquiry on South Sudan further intends to commence its investigative work to enable it ascertain or otherwise the facts already obtained in order to come to relevant conclusions for transmission to the Peace and Security Council.
The African Union Commission of Inquiry on South Sudan seizes this opportunity to once again, express its appreciation to H.E. General Salva Kiir Mayardit, the cabinet and other government officials, including the good people of South Sudan who have all given their time to engage faithfully with the Commission.
Press Releases and Announcements
SPLA CHIEF OF GENERAL STAFF SPENT NIGHT IN NASIR
For Immediate Release
July, 26, 2014
The SPLA Chief of General Staff, Gen. Paul Malong Awan, flew to Nasir on Friday to boost the morale of the SPLA soldiers. The SPLA soldiers danced and sang the songs of the liberation struggle when Gen. Malong stepped out of helicopter. Gen. Malong himself started singing the song of Tiger Battalion in Nuer language saying “Nasir shall be liberated”. The song was composed in Nuer language by late Captain Tut of Tiger Battalion in 1983. Unfortunately, Captain Tut was killed by the forces of Riek Machar in Nasir in 1992 because he was protecting Muolana Manyuon and Commander Kim Aluong from being killed after Riek Machar gave orders for their executions.
Gen. Paul Malong and the Deputy Chief of General Staff, Lt. Gen. James Ajongo Mawut, flew to Malakal on Saturday morning after spending the night in Nasir town with SPLA forces. The Chief of Staff met with all the SPLA officers to sensitize them about the Cessation of Hostilities signed on January, 23rd. Gen. Paul Malong Awan explained to the SPLA forces that their job in Nasir is self-defense and urged them to respect the Cessation of Hostilities signed between the Government and the rebels in Addis Ababa. Gen. Malong seriously advised them to only exercise the right of self-defense if under attack from the rebels and no SPLA force should launch any offensive against the rebels as per the agreements signed in Addis Ababa to cease all the hostilities.
The Constitutional army of the Republic of South Sudan, the SPLA, sent a reinforcement to Nasir after the rebels of warlord Riek Machar violated the Cessation of Hostilities signed in Addis Ababa on January, 23rd, 2014. The international community was shocked on July, 20, when the rebels of Riek Machar attacked Nasir town while the IGAD forces were being deployed to eight points as agreed by the Government and the rebels in Addis Ababa on May, 9 and June, 10 agreements.
Gen. Gordon Buay
Member of the Other Armed Groups Integration Committee
Juba, South Sudan
By David Aoloch Bion
Women were circling dancing
Husband of one woman
Came to watch circle dance
His wife put song in snide
‘’ the lion metamorphoses
The cannibal of our forest
Will eat me
I give him calabash full
And the gluttony needs more
The cannibal will eat me
My dear friends’’
The husband understand the innuendo
And he jumped in to dance
He put song
‘’ silliness of this woman
Is displayed in her red gum
Is it beauty of her gum
Or is it to be thanked for
By David Aoloch Bion
Racism is self deception
of illusionist mind
Deception says because of
I am the best race
Illusion says because of my
I am superior race
And all races are as simple as
Elephant eating single termite
at three o clock at noon who
laughs at movement
of his chewing mouth shade
And am as complex as angel flying
between heaven and earth
Are triplets of insect none of them bath in
Running holy water
But all bath in stagnant water
at cobra and fox pond